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Pilot Plant Fluorination of Uranium Fuel Elements by Bromine Trifluoride

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing methods of processing reactor fuels such as uranium. As stated in the objective, "the primary objective of the project was to determine the effect of temperature, solution composition, and flow rate on the dissolving time for natural uranium slugs of varying history" (p. 2). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: July 26, 1957
Creator: Strickland, G.; Horn, F. L. & Johnson, R.

Propellant vaporization as a criterion for rocket-engine design : experimental effect of fuel temperature on liquid-oxygen - heptane performance

Description: Characteristic exhaust velocity of a 200-pound-thrust rocket engine was evaluated for fuel temperatures of -90 degrees, and 200 degrees f with a spray formed by two impinging heptane jets reacting in a highly atomized oxygen atmosphere. Tests covered a range of mixture ratios and chamber lengths. The characteristic exhaust-velocity efficiency increased 2 percent for a 290 degree f increase in fuel temperature. This increase in performance can be compared with that obtained by increasing chamber length by about 1/2 inch. The result agrees with the fuel-temperature effect predicted from an analysis based on droplet evaporation theory. Mixture ratio markedly affected characteristic exhaust velocity efficiency, but total flow rate and fuel temperature did not.
Date: July 26, 1957
Creator: Heidmann, M F

HASL Aerial Survey System

Description: Radioactive debris from nuclear detonations may fall out over an extensive area. A rapid evaluation of the distribution of such surface contamination cam be obtained by an aircraft mounted detector. The gamma field measured in the aircraft can be related to the intensity on the ground. The HASL Top Hat'' system measures the radiation intensity, in an aircraft, at any altitude up to 1500 feet. The data are continuously compensated to the reading that would be obtained if the measurements were taken at three feet from thc ground surface. It will record the ground radiation field intensities from 0.01 mr/hr to 1000 r/hr. The Telepulse Coding Unit converts this information to a signal suitable for transmission to a plotting center via a standard voice radio transmitter. The transmitted signal is decoded by a Telepulse Receiving Unit and is automatically recorded on a strip chart. The radiation data must be correlated with the aircraft position to determine the location amd intensity distribution of the contaminated area.
Date: July 29, 1957
Creator: Cassidy, M. E.; Graveson, R. T. & LeVine, H. D.

Preliminary Internal Performance Data for a Variable-Ejector Assembly on the XJ79-GE-1 Turbojet Engine, II, Afterburning Configurations

Description: Internal performance of an XJ79-GE-1 variable ejector was experimentally determined with the primary nozzle in two representative after-burning positions. Jet-thrust and air-handling data were obtained in quiescent air for 4 selected ejector configurations over a wide range of secondary to primary airflow ratios and primary-nozzle pressure ratios. The experimental ejector data are presented in both graphical and tabulated form.
Date: July 30, 1957
Creator: Bloomer, Harry E. & Groesbeck, Donald E.

A discussion of cone and flat-plate Reynolds numbers for equal ratios of the laminar shear to the shear caused by small velocity fluctuations in a laminar boundary layer

Description: By use of the linear theory of boundary-layer stability and Schlichting's formula for the maximum amplification of a disturbance, an approximate relation is derived between the Reynolds number on a cone and the Reynolds number on a flat plate for equal closeness to transition. The indication is that the ratio of the cone Reynolds number for transition, based on the distance to the cone apex, to the plate Reynolds number for transition, based on the distance to the leading edge, is not in general equal to 3, as has been suggested by other investigators, but varies from 3 when transition occurs at the minimum critical Reynolds number to unity when transition occurs at a large multiple of the critical Reynolds number.
Date: August 1, 1957
Creator: Tetervin, Neal

Handbook of structural stability part III : buckling of curved plates and shells

Description: Available theories and test data on buckling of curved plates and shells are reviewed. For torsion and external-pressure loadings, the test data are correlated in terms of linear buckling theories for both the elastic and inelastic ranges. The cases which exhibit a marked disagreement between linear theory and test data include those of curved plates and cylinders under axial compression, cylinders under bending, and spherical plates under external pressure. These cases have been analyzed by a unified semiempirical approach for both the elastic and inelastic ranges which is satisfactory for analysis and design purposes. The effects of internal pressure on buckling of elements under uniaxial loads are discussed and data on various combined loadings are presented in interaction form. (author).
Date: August 1, 1957
Creator: Gerard, George & Becker, Herbert

Handbook of structural stability part IV : failure of plates and composite elements

Description: Available theories on failure of flat plates are reviewed, and test data on the postbuckling behavior, effective width, and failure of flat curved plates are correlated. Test data on the crippling strength of various formed and extruded shapes are reviewed, from which a generalized method of crippling analysis is formulated. This analysis is then applied to a variety of sections and materials in common use.
Date: August 1, 1957
Creator: Gerard, George

Handbook of structural stability part V : compressive strength of flat stiffened panels

Description: A generalized crippling analysis for short monolithic panels with formed or extruded stiffeners is presented. Methods are presented for determining if riveted panels act in a monolithic manner and for determining the strength of those which do not. The failure modes of intermediate-length and long stiffened panels are discussed and methods given for estimating column strength. Theory and test data on optimum stiffened panels are presented and the various factors of importance in box types of construction are considered.
Date: August 1, 1957
Creator: Gerard, George