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The Law Relating to Air Currents

Description: In the subdivided wing section profile, the diagram of the current is entirely changed and the harmful formation of eddies is avoided through premature deflection. Pressure equalization does not occur between the upper and under sides. This report presents a discussion of the various laws relating to wing design with the conclusion being that lift increases with more acute angles of attack.
Date: March 1921

The Coupling of Engines

Description: This report examines the idea of coupling numerous engines together to turn a single propeller, which the author feels would free aircraft design from the problems of multi-engine and propeller design.
Date: April 1921
Creator: Boccaccio, Paul

On the Definition of the Standard Atmosphere

Description: "On April 15, 1920, the under Secretary of State for Aeronautics and Aerial Transport decided to adopt as Standard Atmosphere for official airplane tests in France, the atmosphere defined by the following law, known as the Law of the S.T.You.(Technical Section of Aeronautics): From 0 to 11,000 m. - 0=15-0.0065 Z and above 11,000 m. - 0= -56.5 degrees being the temperature in centigrade degrees at altitude Z expressed in meters. For altitude 0 the pressure is 760 mm of mercury. In the magazine "L'Aeronautique" Mr. A. Toussaint has already written at length on the first studies which led to the elaboration of this law. Since that time the results obtained have been confirmed by fuller and more abundant data which have justified the official adoption of the Law of the S.T.Ae" (p. 1).
Date: April 1921
Creator: Grimault, P.

Resume of the Theory of Naval and Aerial Propulsive Propellers and of Airplanes in the Rectilinear Flight

Description: Though dissimilar, these two subjects have been united because they have some points in common. The computation of the movement of an airplane can only be correctly established if we are in a position to know exactly the thrust and resisting torque of the propeller for the various values of slip, which may vary greatly according to circumstance. The first part of the work concerns propellers and introduces as a fundamental variable, the true slip (delta) with respect to the effective pitch, which is the advance per revolution of the propeller corresponding to no thrust. The second part deals with characteristic curves of an airplane.
Date: April 1921
Creator: Rateau, A.

Some New Tests at the Gottingen Laboratory

Description: The tests at the Gottingen laboratory included: friction tests on a surface treated with emaillite, verification tests on the M.V.A. 356 wing, and comparative tests of wing no. 36 at the Eiffel laboratory. The examination of all these experiments leads to the belief that, at large incidences, the speeds registered by the suction manometer of the testing chamber of the Eiffel laboratory wind tunnel are, owing to pressure drop, greater than the actual speeds. Therefore, the values of k(sub x) and k(sub y) measured at the Eiffel laboratory at large incidences are too low.
Date: April 1921

The Technical Development of the Transport airplane: Report of the Aero-Technical Conference of the Scientific Association for Aeronautics, March 5, 1919

Description: The abolition of military qualifications gives free scope to new technical possibilities in the development of transport airplanes. This report notes the various considerations that must be made when designing aircraft to meet the needs of commercial passengers. Comfort and safety must be emphasized.
Date: April 1921

Distant-Compass

Description: Report presenting a description of fluid compasses that are being used in aircraft, including why magnetic compasses are not usable. Details of the distant compass are provided, which is an improved form of the compass that has a practical application in seaplanes.
Date: June 1921
Creator: Friedensburg, Walter & Miner, D. M.

The Dynamometer Hub and the Flywheel of the Engine

Description: Report presenting a description of the interaction between the dynamometer hub and the flywheel of the engine in aircraft. The negative rotary moments in propellers generally allow for the cessation of one cylinder without any lifting on the part of the propeller, and without depriving the engine of its flywheel.
Date: June 1921
Creator: Everling, E.

Observations on the Method of Determining the Velocity of Airships

Description: To obtain the absolute velocity of an airship by knowing the speed at which two routes are covered, we have only to determine the geographical direction of the routes which we locate from a map, and the angles of routes as given by the compass, after correcting for the variation (the algebraical sum of the local magnetic declination and the deviation).
Date: June 1921
Creator: Volterra, Vito

The Drawing of Experimental Curves

Description: This report presents a discussion of how to determine the location of a line or surface from experimental data. What we desire to know practically is the number of ordinates required to obtain a certain probable precision in drawing a line or surface.
Date: July 1921
Creator: Norton, F. H.

Flexible Petrol Pipe

Description: Report presenting an examination of flexible piping and some of the difficulties involved in creating satisfactory flexible pipe. The joint used to assist in the flexibility of the pipe is illustrated and described.
Date: July 1921