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31st Annual Report
The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Affordable Spacecraft: Design and Launch Alternatives
This background paper examines several proposals for reducing the costs of spacecraft and other payloads and describes launch systems for implementing them. It is one of a series of products of a broad assessment of space transportation technologies undertaken by OTA at the request of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology.
Alaskan Water for California?: The Subsea Pipeline Option
This background paper focuses on one technological option for increasing the supply of fresh water to the Southwest-that of building a freshwater subsea pipeline to transport water from Alaska to California. Originally a suggestion by Governor Walter Hickel of Alaska, the proposal has recently attracted attention in southern California.
Application of geophysical methods for fracture characterization
One of the most crucial needs in the design and implementation of an underground waste isolation facility is a reliable method for the detection and characterization of fractures in zones away from boreholes or subsurface workings. Geophysical methods may represent a solution to this problem. If fractures represent anomalies in the elastic properties or conductive properties of the rocks, then the seismic and electrical techniques may be useful in detecting and characterizing fracture properties. 7 refs., 3 figs.
The application of vertical seismic profiling and cross-hole tomographic imaging for fracture characterization at Yucca Mountain
In order to obtain the necessary characterization for the storage of nuclear waste, much higher resolution of the features likely to affect the transport of radionuclides will be required than is normally achieved in conventional surface seismic reflection used in the exploration and characterization of petroleum and geothermal resources. Because fractures represent a significant mechanical anomaly seismic methods using are being investigated as a means to image and characterize the subsurface. Because of inherent limitations in applying the seismic methods solely from the surface, state-of-the-art borehole methods are being investigated to provide high resolution definition within the repository block. Therefore, Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP) and cross-hole methods are being developed to obtain maximum resolution of the features that will possible affect the transport of fluids. Presented here will be the methods being developed, the strategy being pursued, and the rational for using VSP and crosshole methods at Yucca Mountain. The approach is intended to be an integrated method involving improvements in data acquisition, processing, and interpretation as well as improvements in the fundamental understanding of seismic wave propagation in fractured rock. 33 refs., 4 figs.
An Asymmetric B-Meson Factory at PEP
A preliminary design for a B-factory has been made using asymmetric collisions between positrons in the PEP storage ring and electrons in a new, low-energy ring. The design utilizes small-aperture, permanent-magnet quadrupoles close to the interaction point (IP). Optimization of optical and beam parameters at the IP will be discussed, as well as the lattice design of the interaction region and of the rings.
Building of a conceptual model at UE25-c hole complex
US Geological Survey and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory are attempting to construct a conceptual model of the UE25-c hole complex. An interdisciplinary approach is discussed where all the available data are integrated. Site geology, borehole geophysics and hydraulic test results at UE25-c hole complex suggest that groundwater flow may be controlled by fractures and faults. Significant clusters of fractures in the C-holes are perpendicular to bedding and may be cooling cracks or may be tectonically induced. Unresolved evidence indicates that a fault may intersect the C-holes. For these reasons a porous medium approximation of the rock in the saturated zone at the scale of a well test may be inappropriate. Instead, an Equivalent Discontinuum Model is proposed to model the UE25-c complex hydrology. EDM does not reproduce every geometrical detail of the real system, but instead, attempts to reproduce the observed behavior of the fracture system while preserving the inherent discontinuous nature of the system. 6 refs., 7 figs.
Changing public attitudes on governments and taxes, 1990
The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document addresses changing public attitudes on governments and taxes.
The Charge Form Factors of the Three- and Four-Body Nuclei
The charge form factors of 3H, 3He, and 4He are calculated using the Monte Carlo method and variational ground-state wave functions obtained for the Argonne two-nucleon and Urbana-VII three-nucleon interactions. The model for the charge density operator contains the two-body exchange contributions of longest range. With some spread due to the uncertainty in the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon the calculated charge form factors are in good agreement with the empirical values over the whole experimentally covered range of momentum transfer.
Closed Orbit Analysis for RHIC Insertion
Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Annual Implementation Work Plan for Fiscal Year 1990.
The Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Program) was developed by the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) in accordance with Public Law 96-501, the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act (Act). The purpose of the Program is to guide the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and other Federal agencies in carrying out their responsibilities to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife of the Columbia River Basin. The Act explicitly gives BPA the authority and responsibility to use the BPA fund for these ends, to the extent that fish and wildlife are affected by the development and operation of hydroelectric generation in the Columbia River Basin. This document presents BPA's plans for implementing the Program during Fiscal Year (FY) 1990. The Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Annual Implementation Work Plan (AIWP) reflects the primary goals of the Council's Action Plan (Section 1400 of the Program): to provide a solid, timely, and focused basis for budgeting and planning. In addition, the AIWP provides a means to judge progress and the success of Program implementation. The FY 1990 AIWP also follows the outline developed by the Policy Review Group (PRG) during Step 1 of initial cycle of the Implementation Planning Process (IPP), which is described in Section III. A number of new FY 1990 projects were still under review by the PRG as the AIWP went to press. These projects have been noted in Table 2, New FY 1990 Program Projects, and in the text of the AIWP. This AIWP has been organized and written to meet the specific needs of Program Action Items 10.1-10.3. The AIWP includes schedules with key milestones for FY 1990 and beyond, and addresses the Action Items assigned to BPA in Section 1400 of the 1987 Program. All BPA-funded Program projects discussed in ...
Combined analytical/numerical approaches to solving fluid flow problems in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain
Various analytical and numerical approaches are presented for the study of unsaturated flow processes in the vicinity of the Yucca Mountain, Nevada, the proposed site of an underground radioactive waste repository. Approximate analytical methods are used to study absorption of water from a saturated fracture into the adjacent rock. These solutions are incorporated into a numerical simulator as fracture/matrix interaction terms to treat problems such as flow along a fracture with transverse leakage into the matrix. An automatic fracture/matrix mesh generator is described; it allows for more efficient mesh generation for fractured/porous media, and consequently leads to large savings in computational time and cost. 21 refs., 6 figs.
Comparison of Two Freshwater Turtle Species as Monitors of Environmental Contamination
Two species of turtles that occupy different ecological niches were compared for their usefulness as monitors of contamination in freshwater ecosystems. Trachemvs scrinta (Agassiz) (yellow-bellied slider) and Chelvdra sernentina (Linnaeus) (common snapping turtle) were selected for comparison based on species abundance and differences in food habits and sediment contact. A review of the literature on contaminants in turtles and results of preliminary surveys conducted at the field sites, which are included in this study, were used to direct and focus this research project. White Oak Lake, a settling basin for low-level radioactive and nonradioactive contaminants, and Bearden Creek Embayment, an uncontaminated reference site upriver, were used as study sites in the investigation of turtles as indicators of chemical contamination. Turtles were analyzed for concentrations of strontium-go, cesium-137, cobalt 60, and mercury in specific target tissues, and for single-stranded DNA breaks, a non-specific indicator of possible exposure to genotoxic agents in the environment. Significantly higher concentrations of {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 60}Co, and mercury were detected in turtles from White Oak Lake than in turtles from the reference site. In addition, turtles from White Oak Lake contained a significantly greater amount of DNA damage than those from the reference site. Although this suggests greater exposure of White Oak Lake turtles to genotoxic agents, further studies are needed to establish the cause of the enhanced amount of single-stranded breaks. Interspecific comparisons of the turtles from White Oak Lake indicated that diet may play a significant role in the exposure of turtles to certain contaminants. No difference was detected between the concentrations of {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 60}Co between the two species.
Coupled Thermal and Electrical Analysis of Obstructed RTGs
A Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) with an unsymmetrically obstructed heat rejection path can have significant axial and circumferential variations in the temperatures, currents, and voltages of its thermoelectric couple network. The present paper describes a methodology for analyzing the thermal and electrical performance of such an RTG, and the development of a computer code for implementing that emthodology. The code derives coupled solutions of the RTG's thermal, thermoelectric, and electrical equations. It accounts for the Peltier effect, Ohmic heating, and the Thomson effect, and treats the electrical power produced in each couple as an effective heat sink. It satisfies the condition that all parallel couples produce the same voltage, and that all series-connected couple groups produce the same current. Finally, the paper illustrates the use of the code by applying it to the detailed analysis of the RTGs for the CRAF and Cassini missions. In each of these, there are two adjacent RTGs which are obstructed by each other and by the nearby spacecraft. The results of the analysis will be used by the spacecraft designers in selecting the location, orientation, and spacing of the two RTGs. There are two copies in the file.
Designing Equipment for Use in Gamma Radiation Environments
High levels of gamma radiation are known to cause degradation in a variety of materials and components. When designing systems to operate in a high radiation environment, special precautions and procedures should be followed. This report (1) outlines steps that should be followed in designing equipment and (2) explains the general effects of radiation on various engineering materials and components. Much information exists in the literature on radiation effects upon materials. However, very little information is available to give the designer a step-by-step process for designing systems that will be subject to high levels of gamma radiation, such as those found in a nuclear fuel reprocessing facility. In this report, many radiation effect references are relied upon to aid in the design of components and systems.
Diffusive release of radionuclides into saturated and unsaturated tuff
In the proposed Yucca Mountain repository, packages of high-level waste are separated from surrounding unsaturated rock by a 2-cm air-gap annulus. If a waste package contacts the surrounding rock, if the annulus becomes filled with rock and rubble, or if the rock becomes saturated, there can exist pathways for release of dissolved radionuclides by liquid diffusion. We have applied the analytical solutions for time-dependent mass transfer of dissolved species through porous rock to predict the time-dependent release rates of key radionuclides. The expected ground-water velocities are so low that mass-transfer is predicted to occur predominantly by molecular diffusion in pore liquid. Conservatively, we neglect mass-transfer resistance from fuel cladding and failed metal containers. 6 refs., 3 figs.
This report describes progress on work to develop a cost effective, rapid response system for measuring Technology Assessment National Laboratory. momentum and kinetic energy of span for the Advanced Center (ATAC) Armor/Anti-Armor (As) program at Los Alamos The system will exploit data contained in two sets of simultaneous co-planar flash radiographs taken along the center line of anticipated span motion. Data contained in each set (which is proportional to the mass and z-number of the span material intersected by the exposing x-ray at each point) is digitized and used to construct a three dimensional model (called the reconstructed span image) that approximates the original span cloud. From the model the mass of span fragments is computed. The two sets of radiographs, separated in time, represent the span configuration at two instants of time. Span fragments from the first instant are matched with those from the second instant to determine velocity. Evaluation of the fidelity of candidate reconstruction algorithms is the highest priority task in. this development program for the obvious reason that the efficacy of the projected span analysis system depends upon the fidelity of the reconstruction techniques.
Digital spall radiograph analysis system: Report on simulated three- dimensional digital spall image reconstruction fidelity
This report describes progress on work to develop a cost effective, rapid response system for measuring momentum and kinetic energy of spall for the Advanced Technology Assessment Center (ATAC) Armor/Anti-Armor (A{sup 3}) program at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The system will exploit data contained in two sets of simultaneous co-planar flash radiographs taken along the center line of anticipated spall motion. Data contained in each set (which is proportional to the mass and z- number of the spall material intersected by the exposing x-ray at each point) is digitized and used to construct a three dimensional model (called the reconstructed spall image) that approximates the original spall cloud. From the model the mass of spall fragments is computed. The two sets of radiographs, separated in time, represent the spall configuration at two instants of time. Spall fragments from the first instant are matched with those from the second instant to determine velocity. Evaluation of the fidelity of candidate reconstruction algorithms is the highest priority task in this development program for the obvious reason that the efficacy of the projected spall analysis system depends upon the fidelity of the reconstruction techniques. The purpose of this document is to report the results of analysis of the fidelity of best reconstruction procedure (for one radiograph set) investigated to date. The reconstruction procedure uses data from four simultaneous radiographs representing two sides and two diagonals of a cube. The procedure makes use of an available space algorithm, two probabilistic devices (a mass placement probability heuristic, and a mass clumping heuristic), and a stochastic procedure for mass that cannot be placed by the algorithm or either of the heuristics. The procedure is fully described in the body of the report.
Drill-back studies examine fractured, heated rock
To investigate the effects of heating on the mineralogical, geochemical, and mechanical properties of rock by high-level radioactive waste, cores are being examined from holes penetrating locations where electric heaters simulated the presence of a waste canister, and from holes penetration natural hydrothermal systems. Results to date indicate the localized mobility and deposition of uranium in an open fracture in heated granitic rock, the mobility of U in a breccia zone in an active hydrothermal system in tuff, and the presence of U in relatively high concentration in fracture-lining material in tuff. Mechanical -- property studies indicate that differences in compressional- and shear-wave parameters between heated and less heated rock can be attributed to differences in the density of microcracks. Emphasis has shifted from initial studies of granitic rock at Stripa, Sweden to current investigations of welded tuff at the Nevada Test Site. 7 refs., 8 figs.
Effect of the Vertical Bends in ATR Transfer Line on the Polarized Proton Operation
The effective diffusion coefficient for porous rubble
Each waste package in the proposed Yucca Mountain repository is to be separated from surrounded unsaturated rock by a 2-cm air gap annulus. However, if the annulus becomes filled with rock and rubble, there can exist pathways for diffusive release of radionuclides through pore liquid, even if the repository remains unsaturated. The effective diffusion coefficient for radionuclide release through pore liquid in a rubble bed depends on the porosity and moisture content of rubble material and on the geometry and contact area of individual pieces of rubble. Here we present a theoretical analysis of the effective diffusion coefficient for a bed of rubble spheres. The results give a rough indication of the magnitude of the effective diffusion coefficient, and the analysis identifies the parameters that will affect experimental measurements of mass transfer through unsaturated rubble. 3 refs., 1 fig.
Effects of Position Errors of the Magnetic Center in Dipoles
Eleventh annual U.S. DOE low-level radioactive waste management conference: Executive summary, opening plenary, technical session summaries, and attendees
The conference consisted of ten technical sessions, with three sessions running simultaneously each day. Session topics included: regulatory updates; performance assessment;understanding remedial action efforts; low-level waste strategy and planning (Nuclear Energy); low-level waste strategy and planning (Defense); compliance monitoring; decontamination and decommissioning; waste characterization; waste reduction and minimization; and prototype licensing application workshop. Summaries are presented for each of these sessions.
Estimate of the coupling impedance and individual bunch instabilities for the low energy booster (SSC)
FCC Record, Cumulative Index, Volumes 1-5
Index of the first five volumes of a biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.
FCC Record, Volume 5, No. 1, Pages 1 to 258, January 2 - January 12, 1990
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.
FCC Record, Volume 5, No. 2, Pages 259 to 555, January 16 - January 26, 1990
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.
Fixed Mask Assembly Research for APS Insertion Devices
The Fixed Mask Assembly (FMA) is the first component to interact with the photon beam. Two sets of a pair of FMA channels, vertically and horizontally disposed, contain the beam rather than define it. They are subject to very large heat fluxes during containment. In current practice, the FMA channels are made of heavy, seamless copper, have rectangular cross-sections, and are cooled internally with water. Channels are set at grazing angles ranging from 1 to 6 degrees with respect to the beam, depending on the type of insertion device. APS insertion devices will impose higher heat fluxes on FMAs. Therefore, a need exists to improve the FMA engineering, keeping in the mind the current design criteria and philosophy of FMAs. Preliminary analysis of current heat transfer practice indicates that the major resistance to heat transfer is on the coolant side. Therefore, FMA cooling would benefit from enhanced heat transfer on the coolant side. With this principle in mind, an experimental program has been undertaken to explore the feasibility of using high-performance copper tube configurations which are expected to yield heat transfer coefficients, h, '' in single phase flow systems 2 to 5() times higher than equivalent plain tubes. In this report, the experimental scope and a preliminary analysis of high-performance copper tube configurations are described.
The Frontier Formation and Associated Rocks of Northeastern Utah and Northwestern Colorado
From abstract: The Frontier Formation of the Mancos Group in northeastern Utah and northwesternmost Colorado (proposed new rank designations; formerly known as the Frontier Sandstone Member of the Mancos Shale) consists of several facies of marine and nonmarine rocks of Late Cretaceous (Turonian) age that grade eastward into totally marine rocks in easternmost Utah and northwestern Colorado.
Geochemistry of Mariano Lake-Lake Valley Cores, McKinley County, New Mexico
From abstract: The primary goal of the U.S. Geological Survey-Bureau of Indian Affairs drilling project in the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation in McKinley County, New Mexico, was to better understand the relationship between host-rock stratigraphy and uranium mineralization. As part of this project, geochemical studies of approximately 280 samples from 8 cores and 1 outcrop were undertaken; samples from 4 of the cores show uranium enrichment. Geochemical relationships between samples of weathered outcrop, oxidized core, reduced (unmineralized) core, and ore-bearing core were contrasted by comparison of element abundances.
Guidance Specifying Management Measures For Sources of Nonpoint Pollution in Coastal Waters
This is the introduction chapter for the 1990 CZARA.
Guidance Specifying Management Measures For Sources of Nonpoint Pollution in Coastal Waters
This is the second chapter for the CZARA.
Hadron Spectroscopy
This review summarizes contributions to the Parallel Workshop Session on Hadron Spectroscopy at the PANIC XII conference.
A Hamiltonian-Free Description of Single Particle Dynamics for Hopelessly Complex Periodic Systems
We develop a picture of periodic systems which does not rely on the Hamiltonian of the system but on maps between a finite number of time locations. Moser or Deprit-like normalizations are done directly on the maps thereby avoiding the complex time-dependent theory. We redefine linear and nonlinear Floquet variables entirely in terms of maps. This approach relies heavily on the Lie representation of maps introduced by Dragt and Finn. One might say that although we do not use the Hamiltonian in the normalization transformation, we are using Lie operators which are themselves, in some sense, pseudo-Hamiltonians for the maps they represent. Our techniques find application in accelerator dynamics or in any field where the Hamiltonian is periodic but hopelessly complex, such as magnetic field design in stellarators.
No Description Available.
Heat flow patterns of the North American continent: A discussion of the DNAG Geothermal Map of North America
The large and small-scale geothermal features of the North American continent and surrounding ocean areas illustrated on the new 1:5,000,000 DNAG Geothermal Map of North America are summarized. Sources for the data included on the map are given. The types of data included are heat flow sites coded by value, contours of heat flow with a color fill, areas of major groundwater effects on regional heat flow, the top-of-geopressure in the Gulf Coast region, temperature on the Dakota aquifer in the midcontinent, location of major hot springs and geothermal systems, and major center of Quaternary and Holocene volcanism. The large scale heat flow pattern that is well known for the conterminous United States and Canada of normal heat flow east of the Cordillera and generally high heat flow west of the front of the Cordillera dominates the continental portion of the map. However, details of the heat flow variations are also seen and are discussed briefly in this and the accompanying papers.
Holding the Edge: Maintaining the Defense Technology Base—Vol. II, Appendices
The report notes that America’s defense technology base has weathered significantly, with challenges to U.S. high-Technology firms from abroad, increasing dependence on foreign and civilian sources of technology for use in military systems, and growing technological sophistication of our adversaries.
Hot Dry Rock; Geothermal Energy
The commercial utilization of geothermal energy forms the basis of the largest renewable energy industry in the world. More than 5000 Mw of electrical power are currently in production from approximately 210 plants and 10 000 Mw thermal are used in direct use processes. The majority of these systems are located in the well defined geothermal generally associated with crustal plate boundaries or hot spots. The essential requirements of high subsurface temperature with huge volumes of exploitable fluids, coupled to environmental and market factors, limit the choice of suitable sites significantly. The Hot Dry Rock (HDR) concept at any depth originally offered a dream of unlimited expansion for the geothermal industry by relaxing the location constraints by drilling deep enough to reach adequate temperatures. Now, after 20 years intensive work by international teams and expenditures of more than $250 million, it is vital to review the position of HDR in relation to the established geothermal industry. The HDR resource is merely a body of rock at elevated temperatures with insufficient fluids in place to enable the heat to be extracted without the need for injection wells. All of the major field experiments in HDR have shown that the natural fracture systems form the heat transfer surfaces and that it is these fractures that must be for geothermal systems producing from naturally fractured formations provide a basis for directing the forthcoming but, equally, they require accepting significant location constraints on HDR for the time being. This paper presents a model HDR system designed for commercial operations in the UK and uses production data from hydrothermal systems in Japan and the USA to demonstrate the reservoir performance requirements for viable operations. It is shown that these characteristics are not likely to be achieved in host rocks without stimulation processes. However, the long ...
Impact Assessment of Exploratory Wells Offshore South Florida
This report investigates five older and two newer exploration oil wells to determine the environmental impact in a tropical climate. The five older sites were created prior to the OCS and MMS regulations for drilling, and the newer two were created with the OCS and MMS regulations. This investigation was set to determine if these sites had a positive, negative, or no impact on the environment.
Indian Adolescent Mental Health
This report reviews the mental health needs of Indian adolescents (those of American Indian and Alaska Native descent) and the services available to them. It summarizes the findings of the review, suggests options that Congress might consider, and provides an overview of other special health needs of adolescents (ages 10 to 18).
Indoor Radon and Its Decay Products: Concentrations, Causes, and Control Strategies
This report is an introduction to the behavior of radon 222 and its decay products in indoor air. This includes review of basic characteristics of radon and its decay products and of features of the indoor environment itself, all of which factors affect behavior in indoor air. The experimental and theoretical evidence on behavior of radon and its decay products is examined, providing a basis for understanding the influence of geological, structural, and meteorological factors on indoor concentrations, as well as the effectiveness of control techniques. We go on to examine three important issues concerning indoor radon. We thus include (1) an appraisal of the concentration distribution in homes, (2) an examination of the utility and limitations of popular monitoring techniques and protocols, and (3) an assessment of the key elements of strategies for controlling radon levels in homes.
Information management as an aspect of and experimental facility and its support
No abstract prepared.
Laser Range Camera Modeling
This paper describes an imaging model that was derived for use with a laser range camera (LRC) developed by the Advanced Intelligent Machines Division of Odetics. However, this model could be applied to any comparable imaging system. Both the derivation of the model and the determination of the LRC's intrinsic parameters are explained. For the purpose of evaluating the LRC's extrinsic parameters, i.e., its external orientation, a transformation of the LRC's imaging model into a standard camera's (SC) pinhole model is derived. By virtue of this transformation, the evaluation of the LRC's external orientation can be found by applying any SC calibration technique.
Many-Body Correlation Effects on the Longitudinal Response in the Quasielastic (e, e') Reaction
A study is made of the influence of many-body corrections on the longitudinal response function for the inclusive quasielastic (e, e') reaction. This response function is well known to be suppressed, by about a factor of two, when compared with theoretical predictions based on the concept of single nucleon ejection. This is a characteristic of the data that persists through a wide range of different nuclei and suggests a violation of the Coulomb sum rule. It is here shown how an estimation of the effect of many-body correlations, including a consistent treatment of inelastic final state interactions, can be computed through a relationship to the nuclear optical model. The approximations are such that the Coulomb sum rule in guaranteed to remain satisfied providing the optical potential is hermitian analytic. Calculations of the longitudinal response are carried out within the Fermi Gas Model using phenomenological parameterizations of the nuclear optical potential. The reductions
Mineral Resources of the Adobe Town Wilderness Study Area, Sweetwater County, Wyoming
From abstract: This report concerns the resource extraction potential for the Adobe Town Wilderness Study Area. There are no identified resources in the study area.
Mineral Resources of the Black Mountains North and Burns Spring Wilderness Study Areas, Mohave County, Arizona
From abstract: At the request of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, approximately 19,300 acres of the Black Mountains North Wilderness Study Area (AZ-020-009) and 23,310 acres of the Burns Spring Wilderness Study Area (AZ-020-010) were evaluated for mineral resources and mineral resource potential. In this report, the area studied is referred to, collectively or individually, as the 'wilderness study area' or simply 'the study area'; any reference to the Black Mountains North or Burns Spring Wilderness Study Areas refers only to that part of the wilderness study area for which a mineral survey was requested by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. The study area is located in western Arizona, about 30 mi northwest of Kingman. There are no identified resources in the study area.
Mineral Resources of the Buffalo Hump and Sand Dunes Addition Wilderness Study Areas, Sweetwater County, Wyoming
From abstract: This report is on an investigation of the Buffalo Hump and Sand Dunes Addition Wilderness Study Areas for the purpose determining the resource extraction potential.
Mineral Resources of the Coal Canyon, Spruce Canyon, and Flume Canyon Wilderness Study Areas, Grand County, Utah
From abstract: The Coal Canyon (UT-060-1000), Spruce Canyon (UT-060-100D), and Flume Canyon (UT-060-100B) Wilderness Study Areas are in the Book Cliffs in Grand County, eastern Utah. Demonstrated coal reserves totaling 22,060,800 short tons, and demonstrated subeconomic coal resources totaling 39,180,000 short tons are in the Coal Canyon Wilderness Study Area. Also, inferred subeconomic coal resources totaling 143,954,000 short tons are within the Coal Canyon Wilderness Study Area. No known deposits of industrial minerals are in any of the wilderness study areas. All three of the wilderness study areas have a high resource potential for undiscovered deposits of coal and for undiscovered oil and gas.
Mineral Resources of the Cockscomb and Wahweap Wilderness Study Areas, Kane County, Utah
Summary: At the request of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, two wilderness study areas in southern Utah (fig. 1) were studied in order to appraise their identified mineral resources and assess their potential mineral resources. The areas studied are the Cockscomb (UT-040-275) Wilderness Study Area, 5,100 acres (8 square miles), and the Wahweap (UT-040-248) Wilderness Study Area, 70,380 acres (110 square miles), both in Kane County, Utah. In this report the areas studied are called "wilderness study areas," simply "study areas," or "Cockscomb area" or "Wahweap area," as appropriate. The Cockscomb area (fig. 1) lies along the steeply east-dipping East Kaibab monocline, and the Wahweap area, farther to the east, consists of flat-lying but gently folded rocks. These areas adjoin the Paria-Hackberry Wilderness Study Area (UT-040-247) to the west.
Mineral Resources of the Deep Creek Mountains Wilderness Study Area, Juab and Tooele Counties, Utah
From abstract: The Deep Creek Mountains Wilderness Study Area (UT-020-060/UT-050-020) includes most of the Deep Creek Range of west-central Utah. The area is near the Utah-Nevada State line, south of Wendover, Utah, and northwest of Delta, Utah. Eleven areas of mineralized rock in and near the study area were evaluated by the U.S. Bureau of Mines. Four of these areas contain identified resources: (1) an indicated resource of 5,000 short tons of 16.5 ounces silver per short ton, 4.1 percent lead, 4.6 percent zinc, and 0.25 percent copper, at the Willow Springs area, which is almost surrounded by the study area in the northeast corner although it is not part of the study area; (2) an indicated gold resource of 774,000 short tons of 0.4 ounces per short ton and an inferred gold resource of 5.7 million short tons of 0.4 ounces per short ton in the Goshute Canyon area immediately east of the study area; (3) an indicated gold resource of 75,000 short tons of 0.22 ounces per short ton in the Queen of Sheba mine just west of the study area; and (4) an inferred gold resource of 3,800 short tons of 0.26 ounces per short ton in the Gold Bond area immediately east of the study area.