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Analyses of West Virginia Coals

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over studies of West Virginia coal fields. Characteristics of coals and mines are discussed. This paper includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: 1942
Creator: Price, Paul H.; Heck, E. T.; Fieldner, Arno Carl; Toenges, Albert L.; Anderson, R. L.; Snyder, N. H. et al.

Antimony Deposits of the Stampede Creek Area, Kantishna District, Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Stampede Creek area lies about 120 miles southwest of Fairbanks, Alaska. It is most readily accessible by air during the summer and by tractor road during the winter. Since 1936 approximately 2,400 tons of shipping-grade antimony ore and concentrates, containing about 1,300 tons of metallic antimony, have been produced at the Stampede mine. The mine was closed down in the spring of 1941, principally because of the high cost of transportation. The area is underlain largely by metamorphosed rocks of the Birch Creek schist. The schist has been warped and crumpled into many broad, open folds which strike northeast and also plunge to the northeast. The Stampede mine is in the schistose quartzite member of the Birch Creek schist.
Date: 1942
Creator: White, Donald Edward

Chromite and quicksilver deposits of the Del Puerto area, Stanislaus County, California

Description: From Introduction: "The present report is based on 10 weeks of field work from mid-November 1940 until late January 1941, and 4 days in May 1941. An area of 5 1/2 square miles in and about Del Puerto Canyon was mapped on a scale of 600 feet to 1 inch, and two small areas in the vicinity of the Adobe Canyon and Black Bart chromite mines were mapped on a scale of 200 feet to 1 inch."
Date: 1942
Creator: Hawkes, H. E., Jr.; Wells, Francis G. & Wheeler, D. P., Jr.

Chromite Deposits of Red Bluff Bay and Vicinity, Baranof Island, Alaska

Description: From introduction: The Red Bluff Bay area was examined briefly for the Geological Survey by John C. Reed and others in 1939. During the summer of 1941 the writers, with R. E. L. Rutledge, mapped this area on a scale of 1:12,000, and examined the serpentine masses in the interior during the course of reconnaissance trips into the surrounding region.
Date: 1942
Creator: Guild, Philip White & Balsley, James R., Jr.

Coal-Mine Accidents in the United States, 1939

Description: Report compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Mines including statistics on fatal and non-fatal accidents in coal mines located in the United States as well as data regarding the various operations (e.g., number of miners employed and average production). The information is organized into tables for comparison and the text draws some overall conclusions in the summary.
Date: 1942
Creator: Adams, William W.; Geyer, L. E. & Parry, M. G.

Coal-Mine Accidents in the United States, 1940

Description: Report compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Mines including statistics on fatal and non-fatal accidents in coal mines located in the United States as well as data regarding the various operations (e.g., number of miners employed and average production). The information is organized into tables for comparison and the text draws some overall conclusions in the summary.
Date: 1942
Creator: Adams, William W.; Geyer, L. E. & Parry, M. G.

Contribution to the ideal efficiency of screw propellers

Description: From Summary: "The stipulation of best thrust distribution is applied to the annular elements of the screw propeller with infinitely many blades in frictionless, incompressible flow and an ideal jet propulsion system derived possessing hyperbolic angular velocity distribution along the blade radius and combining the advantage of uniform thrust distribution over the section with minimum slipstream and rotation losses. This system is then compared with a propeller possessing the same angular velocity at all blade elements and the best possible thrust distribution secured by means of an induced efficiency varying uniformly over the radius. Lastly, the case of the lightly loaded propeller also is discussed."
Date: January 1942
Creator: Hoff, Wilhelm

The Design of Propeller Blade Roots

Description: Predicated on the assumption of certain normal conditions for engine and propeller, simple expressions for the static and dynamic stresses of propeller blade roots are evolved. They, in combination with the fatigue strength diagram of the employed material, afford for each engine power one certain operating point by which the state of stress serving as a basis for the design of the root is defined. Different stress cases must be analyzed, depending on the vibration tendency of engine and use of propeller. The solution affords an insight into the possible introduction of different size classes of propeller.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Cordes, G.

Drag and Propulsive Characteristics of Air-Cooled Engine-Nacelle Installations for Large Airplane

Description: "An investigation was conducted in the NACA full-scale wind tunnel to determine the drag and the propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller arrangements for a large range of nacelle sizes. In contrast with usual tests with a single nacelle, these tests were conducted with nacelle-propeller installations on a large model of a four-engine airplane. Data are presented on the first part of the investigation, covering seven nacelle arrangements with nacelle diameters from 0.53 to 1.5 times the wing thickness" (p. 301).
Date: 1942
Creator: Silverstein, Abe & Wilson, Herbert A., Jr.

Geology of the Gerstle River District, Alaska, with a Report on the Black Rapids Glacier

Description: From abstract: The area here described includes most of the north side of the Alaska Range between the Delta and Johnson Rivers, in one direction, and the axis of the Alaska Range and the Tanana River in the other. Besides the Delta River, its principal streams are Jarvis Creek, the Gerstle and Little Gerstle Rivers, and, at the extreme east, the Johnson River, all of which have glacial sources.
Date: 1942
Creator: Moffit, Fred H.

High-Speed Tests of a Model Twin-Engine Low-Wing Transport Airplane

Description: Report presents the results of force tests made of a 1/8-scale model of a twin-engine low-wing transport airplane in the NACA 8-foot high-speed tunnel to investigate compressibility and interference effects of speeds up to 450 miles per hour. In addition to tests of the standard arrangement of the model, tests were made with several modifications designed to reduce the drag and to increase the critical speed.
Date: 1942
Creator: Becker, John V. & Leonard, Lloyd H.

Investigation of Drag and Pressure Distribution of Windshields at High Speeds

Description: Report presenting tests in the 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel to determine the loads and the load distributions at high speeds for a number of windshields of the cockpit-canopy type. Ten windshields of various designs similar to those in general use were included in these tests. Results regarding drag, loads, and design considerations are provided.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Delano, James B. & Wright, Ray H.

Manganese Deposits in the Paymaster Mining District, Imperial County, California

Description: Abstract: The manganese deposits of the Paymaster district, in Imperial County, Calif., extend along steeply inclined normal fault fissures which cut Tertiary (?) volcanic breccia and fanglomerate. The ore deposits are in part open-space fillings composed largely of psilomelane, and in part fault breccia replaced by psilomelane, pyrolusite, and manganite. Calcite and rock fragments are the chief impurities. High-grade ore now exposed averages about 40 percent manganese, and contains much barium. About 3,000 tons of ore averaging 42 percent manganese was produced from the district by hand-sorting in 1917-18. It is estimated that nearly the same amount could be produced again, largely from present workings. In addition, a few tens of thousands of tons of milling ore, estimated to contain between 10 and 30 percent of manganese, are believed to exist in veins one to three feet wide within one or two hundred feet of the surface.
Date: 1942
Creator: Hadley, Jarvis B.

Manganese Deposits of Cedar Creek Valley, Frederick and Shenandoah Counties, Virginia

Description: From abstract: The Cedar Creek manganese mining district is in the southwestern part of Frederick County and the northwestern part of Shenandoah County, Virginia. The manganese ore consists chiefly of the oxides pyrolusite and psilomelane, and forms replacement pockets and fracture fillings in the Oriskany sandstone and in residual sandy clay and chert derived from the New Scotland limestone. Both these formations are of Devonian age, and both form low ridges. The minable bodies have been deposited by ground water in the zone of weathering, and most of them lie above present ground-water level. The manganese-bearing formations, together with the older and younger formations exposed in Cedar Creek Valley, have been compressed into numerous folds, and at the southwestern end of the district one of these folds passes into a normal fault with a displacement of 1,000 feet or more.
Date: 1942
Creator: Monroe, Watson Hiner

Manganese Resources of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington: a Preliminary Report

Description: Abstract: The northern, eastern, and southern parts of the Olympic Peninsula, Wash., contain many small deposits of manganese. Most of the deposits consist of complex manganese silicates with some carbonates, although 16,275 tons of hausmannite (Mn304) ore was mined at the Crescent mine during 1924-26. About a hundred tons of silicates have been mined from various properties, mainly for experimental purposes. Future production probably will not be large, because the silicate ores are of low grade and are difficult and expensive to treat. Moreover, most of the deposits are difficult of access, and most of the ore bodies are small isolated lenses and thin tabular bodies. The deposits are mostly in red limestone or red argillite near contacts with basalt, but a few of them are in basalt.
Date: 1942
Creator: Park, Charles Frederick, Jr.

Maximum permissible engine performance of eight representative fuels of 100-octane number

Description: Report presenting knock-limited performance tests made with eight representative fuels rated at 100-octane number using the CFR aviation method. All eight fuels were mixtures of representative blending agents and bases. Results regarding the effect of inlet-temperature air changes, effect of octane numbers in a full-scale single-cylinder engine, effect of addition of aromatics to the fuels, and type of spark plug used are provided.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Rothrock, Addison M.; Biermann, Arnold E. & Corrington, Lester C.

Metal- and Nonmetal-Mine Accidents in the United States During the Calendar Year 1940 (Excluding Coal Mines)

Description: Report published by the U.S. Bureau of Mines regarding accidents at mines located in the United States for all operations except coal mines. The report includes statistics about the number and kinds of accidents as well as information about the mining operations (i.e., number of persons employed, average amount of work performed per person, etc.).
Date: 1942
Creator: Adams, W. W. & Kolhos, M. E.

Mica-Bearing Pegmatites of New Hampshire: a Preliminary Report

Description: From abstract: Mica has been mined in New Hampshire since 1803. Production from 1908 through 1939 has aggregated 13,326,990 pounds of sheet and punch mica, an annual average of 416,470 pounds. Since 1931 production has been below this average, because of economic conditions rather than depletions. The mica-bearing pegmatites of the Grafton and Keene districts occur mostly in sillimanite-mica schist adjacent to large areas of biotite gneiss. The pegmatite bodies range from a fraction of an inch to more than 200 feet in thickness; most of them are crosscutting, and about 75 percent strike northeast. Mica occurs sporadically in most of them but where present in commercial quantities it is localized in one or more of the following zones: (1) In quartz-plagioclase-muscovite zones 2 to 10 feet from the walls of large pegmatite bodies, (2) in or near quartz masses that occur mostly near the centers of the bodies, (3) in thin dikes 5 to 15 feet thick or in similar offshoots from larger bodies, (4) within large pegmatite bodies, in more or less tabular streaks or zones composed principally of plagioclase, quartz, and muscovite.
Date: 1942
Creator: Olson, J. C.

Muscovite in the Spruce Pine District, North Carolina

Description: From Abstract: "This report describes the occurrence of the mica and its physical properties among which is an unusually wide range of colors. A table is presented showing the results of power-factor measurements made by the National Bureau of Standards on 196 samples of sheet mica from 109 mica mines and 15 feldspar mines.It is concluded that more systematic planning of mica mining, for the district as a whole. would result in an average yearly production of at least 90,000 pounds of relatively clear sheet and possibly much more."
Date: 1942
Creator: Kesler, Thomas L. (Thomas Lingle), 1908-1997 & Olson, J. C. (Jerry Chipman), 1917-2013