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Notes on Explosive Mine Gases and Dusts: with Special Reference to Explosions in the Monongah, Darr, and Naomi Coal Mines

Description: From Introduction: "The studies herein reported were begun as a part of researches undertaken by the United States Geological Survey looking to the more efficient utilization of the coal in the United States through the reduction of the waste in its extraction, and were continued as part of further researches having regard to the conversation of the fuel resources of this country and to the lessening of injuries and fatalities in coal mining."
Date: 1909
Creator: Chamberlin, Rollin Thomas

The Coke Industry of the United States as Related to the Foundry

Description: From Introduction: "The present bulletin, published by the Bureau of Mines because of the analyzing and testing of fuels have been transferred from the Geographical Survey to the Bureau of Mines, briefly reviews the status of the coke industry, some features of practice in the use of coke in the foundry, the probable happenings of a cupola heat, and the reasons for modifying charging practice so that a particular coke can be used to best advantage."
Date: 1910
Creator: Moldenke, Richard

Recent Development of the Producer-Gas Power Plant in the United States

Description: From Introduction: "A summary of the tests made at St. Louis and a resume of the conclusions to be drawn from the tests and from the opinions of gas-producer manufacturers on the status of the gas producer and gas engine was published in a Survey bulletin in 1907. As it is desirable to repeat much of the material that appeared in the former bulletin (now out of print), this presentation may be regarded as a revision of the previous one, although considerable information not previously available for publication has been added."
Date: 1910
Creator: Fernald, Robert Heywood

Apparatus and Methods for the Sampling and Analysis of Furnace Gases

Description: From Introduction: "It is the purpose of this paper to describe some apparatus and methods which have proved satisfactory to those engaged in the chemical work of the investigations mentioned. While these methods and apparatus have been designed more particularly with regard to analysis of furnace gases, their use is by no means limited to that purpose."
Date: 1911
Creator: Frazer, J. C. W. & Hoffman, E. J.

Briquetting Tests at the United States Fuel-Testing Plant, Norfolk, Virginia, 1907-8

Description: From Briquetting Tests: "The briquetting work undertaken at Norfolk had these specific objects: 1. To determine what percent of pitch or other binder was necessary to make a satisfactory briquet out of the coals tested. 2. To investigate the relative merits of different binders. 3. To provide briquets for comparative combustion tests of run-of-mine coal and the same coal briquetted."
Date: 1911
Creator: Wright, Charles L.

Commercial Deductions from Comparisons of Gasoline and Alcohol Tests on Internal-Combustion Engines

Description: From Introduction: "The following report is a summary of the commercial results which were obtained from 2,000 tests conducted by technologic branch of the United States Geological Survey at St. Louis, Mo., and Norfolk, Va., in 1907 and 1908, under the technical supervision of R.H. Fernald, engineer in charge of the producer-gas section."
Date: 1911
Creator: Strong, Robert M.

Comparative Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal on Locomotives

Description: From Introduction: "For purpose of procuring data that could be using in estimating the value of the briquetting process as applied to American fuels, the United States Geological Survey, in cooperation with other interests, began in 1904, at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, certain experiments involving the production and use of bituminous-coal briquets."
Date: 1911
Creator: Goss, W. F. M.

Comparative Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal on the Torpedo Boat Biddle

Description: From Introduction: "With the particular equipment used in the tests both coal and briquets were far from smokeless; consequently the data of this bulletin are applicable only by analogy to parallel operation with a coal more nearly smokeless, but nevertheless applicable with much reliability. It was the original intention to make a set of preliminary steaming tests alongside a dock (which tests furnish material for this bulletin) an to finish with a set of running tests at sea; but the running tests were never made. for lack of time and men."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry

Essential Factors in the Formation of Producer Gas

Description: From Introduction Scope and Purpose of Inquiry: "The Bureau of Mines, to which the testing and analyzing of fuels as carried on by the United States Geographical Survey has been transferred, is continuing producer-gas investigations at the testing station at Pittsburgh, Pa. Results of the gas-producer tests made at the coal-testing plant erected at St.Louis, Mo., and of a study of some of the problems that came up in the tests have been published by Geological Survey. Results of the tests made at Norfolk, Va., and Pittsburgh, Pa. and of further studies of particular problems, will be published by the Bureau of Mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Clement, J. K.; Adams, L. H. & Haskins, C. N.

The Flow of Heat Through Furnace Walls

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin contains a statement of certain results that will be embodied in a report describing investigations of the combustion of fuel made by the United States Geological Survey and the Bureau of Mines in a specially constructed long furnace."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry

Incidental Problems in Gas-Producer Tests

Description: From Introduction: "In the course of this study many incidental problems of prime importance have demanded consideration. Among them is the determination, under practically constant conditions, of the duration of gas-producer tests necessary to reduce the possible error to minimum. A discussion of this proper length of test period forms the part of this bulletin."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernald, R. H.; Smith, C. D.; Clement, J. K. & Grine, H. A.

Notes on Explosive Mine Gases and Dusts: With Special Reference to Explosions in the Monongah, Darr, and Naomi Coal Mines

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing coal mining gas and dust explosions, specifically those at the Monongah, Darr, and Naomi mines of Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Studies on mine explosions, as well as methods and analyses are presented. This report includes tables, and an illustration.
Date: 1911
Creator: Chamberlin, Rollin Thomas

A Primer on Explosives for Coal Miners

Description: From Introduction: "Much of the information in this primer has been obtained from experiments conducted by the technologic branch of the United Sates Geological Survey at the mining experiment station at Pittsburgh, Pa. These investigations have shown the recent development of a new type of short-flame explosives, which can be used with greater safety than black powder in mines where there is dangerous gas or inflammable dust, because the flame from the explosion of black powder lasts from 2,500 to 3,500 times as long does the flame from these newer explosives and is therefore more likely to ignite the gas or dust in such mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Munroe, Charles E. & Hall, Clarence

Resume of Producer-Gas Investigations: October 1, 1904-June 30, 1910

Description: From Scope of Report: "The purpose of this report is, therefore, to present in convenient form all the more important data accumulated in the course of the tests described, in order that the results may be readily accessible both to the Government officials having charge of the design, purchase, or care of power plants and to all persons interested in the development of the internal-combustion engine and the gas producer as means for utilizing the energy of fuels."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernarld, R. H. & Smith, C. D.

Tests of Coal and Briquets as Fuel for House-Heating Boilers

Description: From Introduction: "Perhaps the most important result obtained is that showing the relative value of different fuels for domestic purposes. From Table 16. on page 39, it is possible by comparison to arrive at the probable value of any fuel in any part of the country. The figures in the table show that with a sectional boiler the effectiveness of different fuels depends on the number of thermal units they contain. A brief summary of the results of this investigation is given on page 41."
Date: 1911
Creator: Randall, D. T.

Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal in a Locomotive Boiler

Description: From Object of Tests: "The primary object of the tests was to study the relative performances of the two types of briquets and of the coal, with reference to efficiency, tendency to smoke, and the ease with which steam could be kept up, when each of the three varieties of fuel was burned at several rates of combustion. Many secondary objects were in mind, the data concerning which are discussed under "Effect of varying rates of combustion," pages 20-27."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry

The Uses of Peat for Fuel and Other Purposes

Description: From Introduction: "The bulletin sets forth the results of an investigation that was undertaken to determine whether peat, a fuel widely used in some countries, could be made serviceable in the United States, where, through labor and economic conditions differ from those in peat-using countries, there are opportunities for the introduction of a fuel selling at prices that should make the mining and shipment of peat to near-by markets profitable."
Date: 1911
Creator: Davis, Charles A.

The Utilization of Fuel in Locomotive Practice

Description: Report that investigates the possibility of conserving coal despite its extensive use in railroad locomotives across the United States. Includes an experiment using different grades of coal in an approximation of a locomotive, as well as data regarding fuel utilization and loss.
Date: 1911
Creator: Goss, W. F. M.

Briquetting Tests of Lignite at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1908-9 : With a Chapter on Sulphite-Pitch Binder

Description: From Results of Briquetting Tests: "The results of the briquetting investigations conducted by the Government are expected to prove of considerable value, not only to the Government itself as the owner of extensive lignite deposits and largest single purchaser of fuel, but also to the people living in the the regions where lignite is found. The problem assumes still larger proportions when one realizes that the development of manufacturing industries in those regions depends upon the ability to obtain a cheap and satisfactory fuel. Although the results presented in this bulletin are not conclusive, they warrant the continuation of the investigators as soon as funds can be available for the purpose."
Date: 1912
Creator: Wright, Charles L.

City Smoke Ordinances and Smoke Abatement

Description: From Introduction: "In connection with the fuel investigations conducted by the Bureau of Mines much information has been accumulated as to the smoke abatement activities in various cities. The essential features of the information are presented in this report, which, it is believed, will be of public interest and benefit, especially to those communities that are just beginning organized effort to abate unnecessary smoke."
Date: 1912
Creator: Flagg, Samuel B.

Comparative Fuel Values of Gasoline and Denatured Alcohol in Internal-Combustion Engines

Description: From Introduction: "Under the terms of the act establishing the Bureau of Mines, this bureau was authorized to carry on the work of testing and analyzing fuels which had been conducted by the technologic branch of the United States Geological Survey. Therefore, the first investigations of the liquid mineral fuels logically embraced a careful series of comparative tests of gasoline and denatured alcohol in engines. The report is published by the Bureau of Mines because of the transfer of the fuel-testing investigations to this bureau."
Date: 1912
Creator: Strong, R. M. & Stone, Lauson