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Fuller's Earth

Description: For Introduction: "For these reasons an investigation of the mining, preparation, and use of fuller's earth in this country, especially in its application to edible oils, was conducted in order to ascertain why our own raw material has been deemed inapplicable to our needs."
Date: 1913
Creator: Parsons, Charles L.

Potash Salts from Texas-New Mexico Polyhalite Deposits: Commercial Possibilities, Proposed Technology, and Pertinent Salt-Solution Equilibria

Description: From Introduction: "Figure 1 shows the location of sources that have been either exploited or seriously considered at one time or another, super-imposed upon a map indicating by small letters the order of consumption of K2O in the leading States; the amount used in these States, together with the percentage of the total consumption of potash used as fertilizer in the United States in 1939, is given in table 1. Figure 2 shows the domestic production and total consumption of potassium salts, in terms of tons of K2O, with the value per unit at the plants, for each year since 1913. Considered together, these two figures tell a significant story."
Date: 1944
Creator: Conley, John E. & Partridge, Everett P.

Magnetic Survey of the Florida Peninsula

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines over magnetic surveys conducted on the Florida peninsula. Measurements, methods, and instrumentation used for the survey are presented. Tables and maps are included in this report.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Lee, Frederick William; Swartz, J. H. & Hemberger, S. J.

Reserves of Phosphate in the Land-Pebble Phosphate Field, Hardee, Hillsborough, Manatee, Osceola, Pasco, and Polk Counties, Florida

Description: From abstract: Investigations of the land-pebble phosphate deposits of Florida by the Geological Survey began in November 1947. This report presents the computation of reserves of phosphate rock in the northern part of the district.
Date: January 1951
Creator: Cathcart, James Bachelder; Tillman, C. G. & Dutro, H. B.

Uranium and Phosphate in the Western Part of the Bonny Lake Mine, Polk County, Florida

Description: From abstract: During the month of May 1950, the Davison Chemical Corporation, under contract with the Atomic Energy Commission, drilled 24 phosphate prospecting holes in the western part of the Bonny Lake mine, in the SW NW4 and the NW*SW4 sec. 32, T. 29 S., R. 24 E., Polk County, Fla. The purpose of this drilling was to obtain a comparison between tonnage and grade of uranium in the phosphate as indicated by prospecting, and the tonnage and grade of uranium in the phosphate products recovered in the mill. The results presented in this paper are based upon a study of drill cores, drill logs, gamma-ray logs, and the chemical analyses of drill-core samples.
Date: February 1951
Creator: Peterson, Richard G.

Distribution and Origin of Phosphate in the Land-Pebble Phosphate District of Florida

Description: From abstract: The land-pebble phosphate district of Florida is a part of the Gulf Coastal Plain. The geologic formations cropping out in the district are the Miocene Hawthorn, Pliocene Bone Valley, and Pleistocene terrace sands. The Bone Valley formation consists of a lower strongly phosphatic unit and an upper less phosphatic unit. This paper is concerned principally with the lower unit, which contains the bulk of the minable phosphate deposits of the district.
Date: June 1952
Creator: Cathcart, James B. & Davidson, David F.

Airborne Radioactivity Surveys for Phosphate in Florida

Description: Introduction: Deposits of phosphate in Florida, located beyond the limits of known producing areas, have been reported by prospectors and mining companies. Much of the information has been based upon prospecting and exploration which was undertaken many years ago and as a result the published data relating to the occurrence of these deposits are fragmentary, and few details relating to specific locations and extent are available.
Date: August 1953
Creator: Moxham, Robert Morgan

Geologic Features of Areas of Abnormal Radioactivity South of Ocala, Marion County, Florida

Description: From abstract: Areas of abnormal radioactivity south of Ocala, Marion County, Fla., discovered in 1953 by aerial survey, were investigated by surface examination and by 10 power auger drill holes. Interbedded clay, clayey sand, and uraniferous phosphorite occur in the areas of anomalous radioactivity. Miocene fossils occur at three localities in these beds which are evidently outliers of Miocene sediments on the Ocala limestone of Eocene age. The preserved outliers are southwest of the main belt of Miocene sediments. The principal uraniferous rocks are clayey, sandy, pellet phosphorite that occurs in beds a few feet thick, and very porous, phosphatic sand rock which makes abundant float at many places. Apatite forms the phosphate pellets in the unweathered phosphorite. The very porous, phosphatic sand rock is the highly leached residuum of the pellet phosphorite and is composed mainly of quartz, kaolinite, wavellite, and crandallite ( pseudowavellite2). It closely resembles the aluminum phosphate rock of the "leached zone" of the Bone Valley formation in the land-pebble phosphate district.
Date: March 1956
Creator: Espenshade, Gilbert H.

Study and Field Evaluation of Solar Sea-Water Stills

Description: From Introduction: "This report describes the progress of the study and field evaluation of solar sea-water stills during the first 2 years of a research program being conducted for the Office of Saline Water, United States Department of the Interior, by Battelle Memorial Institute. The period covered by the report extends from January 20, 1958, to January 31, 1960."
Date: September 1961
Creator: Bloemer, J. W.; Collins, R. A. & Eibling, J. A.

Orlando Area (ARMS-II)

Description: From Abstract: "The data are presented as aeroradioactivity units or areas with similar gamma radiation counting rates at 500 ft., at two map scales: (1) generalized at about 1: 1,000,000 and (2) detailed at 1:250,000. The maximum aeroradioactivity in almost all the area was less than 400 counts/sec. Aerial measurements of ground radioactivity in the ARMS-II Orlando area were consistent with what was expected, considering the geology of the area."
Date: April 1964
Creator: Guillou, R. B.

Second Two Years' Progress on Study and Field Evaluation of Solar Sea-Water Stills

Description: From Introduction: "The investigation of solar distillation described in this Summary Report is part of the wide-ranging program of the Office of Saline Water to develop economical processes for the conversion of saline water to fresh water." From Summary: " Since the submission of the Summary Report which covered the first two years' progress, several new stills have been constructed, including four basin-type stills for the evaluation of basin liners and other materials."
Date: July 1965
Creator: Battelle Memorial Institute

Salt-Water Movement in the Lower Withlacoochee-Cross-Florida Barge Canal Complex

Description: The intent of the investigation was to determine how salt water from the Gulf moves in the river-canal complex under the influence of various combinations of fresh-water discharge and ocean tide. Information about the extent of inland movement, concentration, frequency of occurrence, and residence times of salt water in the river and canal was sought, particularly during times of farthest upstream movement of the salt water.
Date: January 1973
Creator: Bush, Peter W.

Potential for Downward Leakage to the Floridan Aquifer, Green Swamp Area, Central Florida

Description: From introduction: For the purpose of this evaluation, which is qualitative, and which is based on an arbitrary numerical ranking of the thickness and hydraulic conductivity of the different materials involved, the intent was to include only the relatively pure sand beds, which would most readily store and transmit appreciable quantities of water and the clay beds, which would most effectively retard the downward movement of water to the Floridian aquifer.
Date: 1977
Creator: Grubb, Hayes F.

Experimental Study of Artificial Recharge Alternatives in Northwest Hillsborough County, Florida

Description: Abstract: Extensive water withdrawal from Floridian aquifer in the urban Tampa Bay area has induced leakage from the overlying surficial aquifer adversely effecting the water table and lake levels. Artificial recharge could reduce the impact of these adverse effects. Four experiments were conducted to investigate possible recharge alternatives; sinkhole recharge, water-spreading, connector wells, and subsurface-tile drainage to a deep well. Experiments indicate that all four methods can be effective. However, the sinkhole recharge experiment moved the greatest potential for draining the surficial aquifer. Combinations of the four methods could be used where potential exists for downward movement of water and sufficient unsaturated aquifer for water storage.
Date: May 1977
Creator: Sinclair, William C.

The Effect of the Faka Union Canal System on Water Levels in the Fakahatchee Strand, Collier County, Florida

Description: From purpose and scope: The purpose of the investigation was to make a preliminary evaluation of the effects of the Faka Union Canal system on water levels in the Fakahatchee Strand. The evaluation includes more of a data collected specifically for the report as well as other data.
Date: September 1977
Creator: Swayze, L. J. & McPherson, B. F.

Saline-Water Intrusion Related to Well Construction in Lee County, Florida

Description: Purpose and scope: This report is intended to identify many of the causes of saline-water intrusion into freshwater aquifers in Lee County, and to describe some of the effects of the intrusion on ground-water quality. Particular emphasis is placed on saline-water intrusion as related to the construction, operation, and maintenance of wells drilled primarily for water-supply, and to the plugging of wells that are no longer used.
Date: September 1977
Creator: Boggess, D. H.; Missimer, T. M. & O'Donnell, T. H.