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City Smoke Ordinances and Smoke Abatement

Description: From Introduction: "In connection with the fuel investigations conducted by the Bureau of Mines much information has been accumulated as to the smoke abatement activities in various cities. The essential features of the information are presented in this report, which, it is believed, will be of public interest and benefit, especially to those communities that are just beginning organized effort to abate unnecessary smoke."
Date: 1912
Creator: Flagg, Samuel B.

Recurrent Tropidoleptus Zones of the Upper Devonian in New York

Description: From introduction: This report describes the four zones, three well-marked and one subordinate, in the Upper Devonian rocks, each of which contained several species that are common in the typical Hamilton formation of the Cayuga Lake section and are associated with very few of the really characteristic species of the faunas normal to the formations in which they are found.
Date: 1913
Creator: Williams, Henry Shaler

Metallurgical Coke

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over studies on metallurgical coke. As stated in the introduction, "in this paper the attempt is made to summarize the history of coke making in the United States, to indicate the development of different methods and the modern types of ovens, and to point out the composition and physical properties of the metallurgical cokes produced in this country" (p. 5). This paper includes tables, illustrations, photographs, and a map.
Date: September 1913
Creator: Belden, A. W.

Mining and Preparing Domestic Graphite for Crucible Use

Description: From Prefactory Statement: "In this bulletin are presented the results obtained in the first two phases of the work outlined above. The bulletin is in two parts. The first part describes the methods of mining and milling used, suggests a standard method of sampling finished graphite, and describes a rapid and convenient method of analysis developed at the Pittsburgh station of the Bureau of Mines, to which has been assigned the analytical and microscopic work. The second part describes experiments on the concentration and milling of graphite, which were made at the Salt Lake City, Utah, station."
Date: 1920
Creator: Dub, George D. & Moses, Frederick G.

Talc Mining in New York

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on the talc deposits in New York state. The report includes details on the geology of the deposits, and the mining and milling of the talc. This report contains illustrations.
Date: October 1920
Creator: Ladoo, Raymond B.

Regulation of Explosives in the United States: with Especial Reference to the Administration of the Explosives Act of October 6, 1917, by the Bureau of Mines

Description: From Origin of Federal Explosives Act, October 6, 1917: " A competent force from the Bureau of Mines was then assigned to study the laws and ordinances of countries, States, and municipalities in which lawas and ordinances regulating explosives have been enacted, and especially to ascertain how these laws had been modified by the necessities of the existing state of war, and, also, wherein the proposed law might conflict with or overlap the jurisdiction of existing laws. This incomplete enumeration of the peace-time uses of explosives shows that the quantity consumed is large. A more definite conception is given by the following statistics of production, to which is added statistics for exportation that disclose something of the effect of war on the explosives industry."
Date: 1921
Creator: Munroe, Charles E.

Gas Masks for Gases Met in Fighting Fires

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over the development of gas masks designed for fighting fires. The characteristics of the different types of masks in development are presented. This paper includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: August 1921
Creator: Fieldner, Arno Carl; Katz, Sidney H. & Kinney, Selwyne P.

Geologic Structure and Occurrence of Gas in Part of Southwestern New York: Part 1. Structure and Gas Possibilities of the Oriskany Sandstone in Steuben, Yates, and Parts of the Adjacent Counties

Description: From introduction: Since the discovery of the Wayne-Dundee gas field in 1930 and the more recent discovery of large quantities of gas in the Oriskany sandstone about 2 miles north of the village of Greenwood the search for similar favorable structural features has been greatly stimulated in the Finger Lakes region and southwestward to the Pennsylvania line. To aid those interested in the area to gain a clearer understanding of the regional structure and its relation to the subsurface structure, parties in charge of the senior author were assigned during the field seasons of 1934 and 1935 to make a geologic study of Steuben County and parts of the adjacent counties.
Date: 1938
Creator: Bradley, Wilmot H. & Pepper, J. F.

Geologic Structure and Occurrence of Gas in Part of Southwestern New York: Part 2. Subsurface Structure in Part of Southwestern New York and Mode of Occurrence of Gas in the Medina Group

Description: Abstract: Based on the records of several hundred deep wells, contour maps have been prepared showing the monoclinal structure of part of western New York, and isopach lines have been drawn showing the westward convergence of the rocks. The mode of occurrence of natural gas in the Medina group is briefly discussed. The location of the gas fields has not been determined by structural traps, but rather stratigraphy and lithology are the controlling factors in trapping the gas, which occurs in porous lenses and streaks of sandstone sealed within impermeable beds. This mode of occurrences of the Medina gas makes the search for new fields in western New York more hazardous than in most natural gas regions. As structure has not formed traps for the gas there is no surface guide to favorable sites for testing, and new fields are found by haphazard drilling. It would be helpful, however, when wells are sunk, to study the lithology of the gas-bearing zone by an examination of the drill cuttings and core samples of the sand and to have electrical logs made of the wells to obtain measurements of permeability and porosity. Such tests may indicate the direction of greatest porosity in which the sand is more likely to contain gas.
Date: 1941
Creator: Richardson, G. B. (George Burr)

Mine Pumping Plants: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania

Description: From Summary: "To obtain a reliable picture of the anthracite-mine-water problem and to solve that problem, it is necessary to have factual data on the volume and the quality and character of mine water handled by pumping plants in the anthracite region, as well as kinds of pumps utilized and problems concerning their operation. The main conclusion that be drawn from an investigation of drainage practices in the anthracite region is that, although efficient pumping layouts, tunnels for draining active mines, and large-scale surface-drainage facilities for keeping water out of mines are in use, the anthracite industry still is threatened with curtailment, to a major degree, and premature extinction because of the encroachment of water, unless remedial action is undertaken in the vary near future by all interests concerned."
Date: 1953
Creator: Ash, S. H. (Simon Harry), b. 1889; Hower, C. S.; Kennedy, D. O. & Lesser, W. H.

Injury Experience in the Coking Industry, 1951

Description: From Introduction and Summary: "Reports from operating companies showed that 25,715 men worked at coke ovens in 1951, about 6 percent more than were employed in 1950 and, except in 1943, the largest work force since 1930, when 28,139 men were employed. The work time for all employees was 70,190,493 man-hours. The returns indicated an average of 344 work days per man as compared with 341 days in the previous year. Accidents at the ovens resulted in the death of 10 and injury to 768 workers, both of these figures representing fewer injuries than in 1950."
Date: 1954
Creator: Reese, Seth T.; Kearney, Naomi W. & Miller, Elizabeth A.

Aerodynamics of slender wings and wing-body combinations having swept trailing edges

Description: From Introduction: "In the present paper, a general method is developed for solving low-aspect-ratio problems involving shed vortex sheets. Both direct and inverse problems are considered. The method is applicable for all planar problems where the velocity boundary conditions can be made homogeneous by differentiation in either the streamwise or the spanwise directions."
Date: March 1954
Creator: Mirels, Harold

Geochemical Relations of Zinc-Bearing Peat to the Lockport Dolomite, Orleans County, New York

Description: From introduction: Geochemical studies of zinc-bearing peats in western New York State show them to be related genetically to underlying mineralized beds of the Lockport dolomite of Niagaran age. (...) Intermittent field work was begun in the area by the United States Geological Survey in September 1946; after some interruptions, field work was completed in June 1948. In 1950, 1,900 feet of diamond drilling was completed in the area.
Date: 1955
Creator: Cannon, Helen L.