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Recent Development of the Producer-Gas Power Plant in the United States

Description: From Introduction: "A summary of the tests made at St. Louis and a resume of the conclusions to be drawn from the tests and from the opinions of gas-producer manufacturers on the status of the gas producer and gas engine was published in a Survey bulletin in 1907. As it is desirable to repeat much of the material that appeared in the former bulletin (now out of print), this presentation may be regarded as a revision of the previous one, although considerable information not previously available for publication has been added."
Date: 1910
Creator: Fernald, Robert Heywood
Item Type: Report

Commercial Deductions from Comparisons of Gasoline and Alcohol Tests on Internal-Combustion Engines

Description: From Introduction: "The following report is a summary of the commercial results which were obtained from 2,000 tests conducted by technologic branch of the United States Geological Survey at St. Louis, Mo., and Norfolk, Va., in 1907 and 1908, under the technical supervision of R.H. Fernald, engineer in charge of the producer-gas section."
Date: 1911
Creator: Strong, Robert M.
Item Type: Report

Comparative Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal on the Torpedo Boat Biddle

Description: From Introduction: "With the particular equipment used in the tests both coal and briquets were far from smokeless; consequently the data of this bulletin are applicable only by analogy to parallel operation with a coal more nearly smokeless, but nevertheless applicable with much reliability. It was the original intention to make a set of preliminary steaming tests alongside a dock (which tests furnish material for this bulletin) an to finish with a set of running tests at sea; but the running tests were never made. for lack of time and men."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry
Item Type: Report

Essential Factors in the Formation of Producer Gas

Description: From Introduction Scope and Purpose of Inquiry: "The Bureau of Mines, to which the testing and analyzing of fuels as carried on by the United States Geographical Survey has been transferred, is continuing producer-gas investigations at the testing station at Pittsburgh, Pa. Results of the gas-producer tests made at the coal-testing plant erected at St.Louis, Mo., and of a study of some of the problems that came up in the tests have been published by Geological Survey. Results of the tests made at Norfolk, Va., and Pittsburgh, Pa. and of further studies of particular problems, will be published by the Bureau of Mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Clement, J. K.; Adams, L. H. & Haskins, C. N.
Item Type: Report

Incidental Problems in Gas-Producer Tests

Description: From Introduction: "In the course of this study many incidental problems of prime importance have demanded consideration. Among them is the determination, under practically constant conditions, of the duration of gas-producer tests necessary to reduce the possible error to minimum. A discussion of this proper length of test period forms the part of this bulletin."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernald, R. H.; Smith, C. D.; Clement, J. K. & Grine, H. A.
Item Type: Report

Resume of Producer-Gas Investigations: October 1, 1904-June 30, 1910

Description: From Scope of Report: "The purpose of this report is, therefore, to present in convenient form all the more important data accumulated in the course of the tests described, in order that the results may be readily accessible both to the Government officials having charge of the design, purchase, or care of power plants and to all persons interested in the development of the internal-combustion engine and the gas producer as means for utilizing the energy of fuels."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernarld, R. H. & Smith, C. D.
Item Type: Report

Tests of Coal and Briquets as Fuel for House-Heating Boilers

Description: From Introduction: "Perhaps the most important result obtained is that showing the relative value of different fuels for domestic purposes. From Table 16. on page 39, it is possible by comparison to arrive at the probable value of any fuel in any part of the country. The figures in the table show that with a sectional boiler the effectiveness of different fuels depends on the number of thermal units they contain. A brief summary of the results of this investigation is given on page 41."
Date: 1911
Creator: Randall, D. T.
Item Type: Report

Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal in a Locomotive Boiler

Description: From Object of Tests: "The primary object of the tests was to study the relative performances of the two types of briquets and of the coal, with reference to efficiency, tendency to smoke, and the ease with which steam could be kept up, when each of the three varieties of fuel was burned at several rates of combustion. Many secondary objects were in mind, the data concerning which are discussed under "Effect of varying rates of combustion," pages 20-27."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry
Item Type: Report

City Smoke Ordinances and Smoke Abatement

Description: From Introduction: "In connection with the fuel investigations conducted by the Bureau of Mines much information has been accumulated as to the smoke abatement activities in various cities. The essential features of the information are presented in this report, which, it is believed, will be of public interest and benefit, especially to those communities that are just beginning organized effort to abate unnecessary smoke."
Date: 1912
Creator: Flagg, Samuel B.
Item Type: Report

Comparative Fuel Values of Gasoline and Denatured Alcohol in Internal-Combustion Engines

Description: From Introduction: "Under the terms of the act establishing the Bureau of Mines, this bureau was authorized to carry on the work of testing and analyzing fuels which had been conducted by the technologic branch of the United States Geological Survey. Therefore, the first investigations of the liquid mineral fuels logically embraced a careful series of comparative tests of gasoline and denatured alcohol in engines. The report is published by the Bureau of Mines because of the transfer of the fuel-testing investigations to this bureau."
Date: 1912
Creator: Strong, R. M. & Stone, Lauson
Item Type: Report

North Dakota Lignite as a Fuel for Power-Plant Boilers

Description: From Introduction: "The tests described in the following report were made by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Reclamation Service, which, in connection with its Williston project, had erected a large pumping plant at Williston, N. Dak., and had installed steam boilers with furnaces designed to burn a "brown lignite" that was mined on adjacent government land. The results of the tests made at Williston, set forth in this report, show that this fuel, through generally considered unsatisfactory, may be used with fair economy under boilers that generate their full rated capacity."
Date: 1912
Creator: Randall, D. T. & Kreisinger, Henry
Item Type: Report

The Volatile Matter of Coal

Description: From Introduction Scope of Report: "This bulletin is a report on an investigation of the volatile matter in several typical coals-its composition and amount at different temperatures of volatilization. As the investigation is still in progress and will doubtless include other coals than those already examined, the bulletin may be considered a preliminary report, stating the problems studied, the methods used, and the results thus far obtained."
Date: 1912
Creator: Porter, Horace C. & Ovitz, F. K.
Item Type: Report

Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910 Part 2. Descriptions of Samples

Description: From Introduction: "This volume contains the descriptions of the samples whose analyses are published in the preceding volume, Part I of this bulletin. The descriptions have been compiled from the notebooks of the persons who collected the samples, have been condensed from accounts given in published reports of the United States Geological Survey, or have furnished by the collection themselves. Inasmuch as the descriptions represent the work of many persons during a period of six years, and inasmuch as they were recorded under widely differing conditions, they necessarily vary in fullness detail."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.
Item Type: Report

Coal-Mine Accidents in the United States and Foreign Countries

Description: From Introduction: "The lack of comparable and accurate statistics of coal-mine accidents in the united States as a whole led the Bureau of Mines in 1911 to undertake the collection of such data. The mining departments of the leading foreign coal-producing countries have long taken cognizance of the importance of statistics. The bureau feels that in presenting the tables embodied in this report it is offering the and comparable statistics of coal-min accidents for the country as a whole that have ever been published."
Date: 1913
Creator: Horton, Frederick W.
Item Type: Report

Foundry-Cupola Gases and Temperatures

Description: From Introduction: "Among the investigations that the Bureau of Mines is conducting with a view to increasing efficiency in utilization of fuels belonging to or for the use of the Government is an investigation of the processes that take place in a foundry cupola during a melt."
Date: 1913
Creator: Belden, A. W.
Item Type: Report

Operating Details of Gas Producers

Description: From Introduction: "During the early years of these plants little success was anticipated from the use of bituminous coals and lignites, but in 1904 and 1905 it was fully demonstrated at Government testing station at St. Louis that these fuels could be utilized to excellent advantage. However, although many producer-gas plants in daily operation are still skeptical regarding the successful commercial use of these fuels."
Date: 1916
Creator: Fernald, R. H.
Item Type: Report

Siliceous Dust in Relation to Pulmonary Disease Among Miners in the Joplin District, Missouri

Description: From Introduction: "This report describes the lead and zinc deposits and the mining methods employed in the sheet-ground area of the Joplin district, Missouri, and discusses the causes and the methods of abating rock dust in the mines, the chemical and physical characteristics of the dust, and the quantities present in mine air."
Date: 1917
Creator: Higgins, Edwin; Lanza, A. J.; Laney, F. B. & Rice, George S.
Item Type: Report

Mining and Milling of Lead and Zinc Ores in the Missouri-Kansas-Oklahoma Zinc District

Description: From Introduction: "This report of investigations carried on by the Bureau of Mines gives the methods used in mining and milling and indicates in some detail the conditions that affect the efficiency of those methods; it does not attempt to discuss the geology of the district, except incidentally, as this has been described in numerous reports by several geologists."
Date: 1918
Creator: Wright, Clarence A.
Item Type: Report

Recovery of Zinc from Low-Grade and Complex Ores

Description: From Introduction: "Vocalization in retorts has been, until recently, the only commercial process of producing spelter, hence the zinc mine operators have had to meet the terms of the zinc mine operators have had to meet the terms of the zinc smelters in regard to the following requirements: (1) Minimum percentage of zinc the ore must contain; (2) the chemical combination of the zinc in the ore; (3) the proportion present of those elements that interfere with the successful recovery of the zinc when the ore is retorted. As stated previously, and as will be shown later, a large part of the valuable mineral content of the ore is lost in effecting this concentration. As a result of the other requirements that have to be met in zinc smelting, much zinc is lost in the mining and milling of zinc ore."
Date: 1919
Creator: Lyon, Dorsey A. & Ralston, Oliver C.
Item Type: Report