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Notes on Explosive Mine Gases and Dusts: with Special Reference to Explosions in the Monongah, Darr, and Naomi Coal Mines

Description: From Introduction: "The studies herein reported were begun as a part of researches undertaken by the United States Geological Survey looking to the more efficient utilization of the coal in the United States through the reduction of the waste in its extraction, and were continued as part of further researches having regard to the conversation of the fuel resources of this country and to the lessening of injuries and fatalities in coal mining."
Date: 1909
Creator: Chamberlin, Rollin Thomas
Item Type: Report

The Coke Industry of the United States as Related to the Foundry

Description: From Introduction: "The present bulletin, published by the Bureau of Mines because of the analyzing and testing of fuels have been transferred from the Geographical Survey to the Bureau of Mines, briefly reviews the status of the coke industry, some features of practice in the use of coke in the foundry, the probable happenings of a cupola heat, and the reasons for modifying charging practice so that a particular coke can be used to best advantage."
Date: 1910
Creator: Moldenke, Richard
Item Type: Report

The Purchase of Coal by the Government Under Specifications with Analyses of Coal Delivered for the Fiscal Year 1908-9

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin is the third of a series showing the results of government purchases of coal according to specifications as its quality and giving typical forms of proposals for supplying coal and general information relating to government coal purchases. This paper gives in detail the results of government purchases of coal for the fiscal year 1908-9 and the list of contracts with abstracts of specifications for the fiscal year 1909-10, and summarizes the information on this subject obtained by the Survey. "
Date: 1910
Creator: Pope, George S.
Item Type: Report

Purchase of Coal by the Government Under Specifications: with Analysis of Coal Delivered for the Fiscal Year 1908-9

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin is the third of a series showing the results of government purchases of coal according to specifications as to its quality and giving typical forms of proposals for supplying coal and general information relating to government coal purchases. This paper gives in detail the results of government purchases of coal for the fiscal year 1908-9 and the list of contracts with abstracts of specifications for the fiscal year 1909-10, and summarizes the information on this subject obtained by the Survey."
Date: 1910
Creator: Pope, George S.
Item Type: Report

Recent Development of the Producer-Gas Power Plant in the United States

Description: From Introduction: "A summary of the tests made at St. Louis and a resume of the conclusions to be drawn from the tests and from the opinions of gas-producer manufacturers on the status of the gas producer and gas engine was published in a Survey bulletin in 1907. As it is desirable to repeat much of the material that appeared in the former bulletin (now out of print), this presentation may be regarded as a revision of the previous one, although considerable information not previously available for publication has been added."
Date: 1910
Creator: Fernald, Robert Heywood
Item Type: Report

Alaskan Coal Problems

Description: Report discussing coal problems existing in Alaska, which Alaskan coal has high value.
Date: 1911
Creator: Fisher, Walter L.
Item Type: Report

Apparatus and Methods for the Sampling and Analysis of Furnace Gases

Description: From Introduction: "It is the purpose of this paper to describe some apparatus and methods which have proved satisfactory to those engaged in the chemical work of the investigations mentioned. While these methods and apparatus have been designed more particularly with regard to analysis of furnace gases, their use is by no means limited to that purpose."
Date: 1911
Creator: Frazer, J. C. W. & Hoffman, E. J.
Item Type: Report

Coals Available for the Manufacture of Illuminating Gas

Description: From Introduction General Statement: "The investigations were so directed as to permit the testing of coals from different parts of the united States. The results show that certain coals from which good yields of gas had been expected can not be considered as available for illuminating-gas manufacture, whereas other coals give promise and should investigated further. The data contained in this report are the outcome of the cooperative work at the laboratory mentioned during parts of the years 1908 and 1909."
Date: 1911
Creator: White, A. H. & Barker, Perry
Item Type: Report

Commercial Deductions from Comparisons of Gasoline and Alcohol Tests on Internal-Combustion Engines

Description: From Introduction: "The following report is a summary of the commercial results which were obtained from 2,000 tests conducted by technologic branch of the United States Geological Survey at St. Louis, Mo., and Norfolk, Va., in 1907 and 1908, under the technical supervision of R.H. Fernald, engineer in charge of the producer-gas section."
Date: 1911
Creator: Strong, Robert M.
Item Type: Report

The Effect of Oxygen in Coal

Description: From Introduction: "This paper is the result of a comparative study of ultimate coal analyses made and published by the United States Geological Survey. The initial comparisons, made from a relatively small number of analyses, not only confirmed a previous conviction that the elimination of oxygen incident to the development of a coal is economically far more important than has been generally suspected, but also showed that oxygen is very nearly as harmful as ash in coal."
Date: 1911
Creator: White, David
Item Type: Report

Essential Factors in the Formation of Producer Gas

Description: From Introduction Scope and Purpose of Inquiry: "The Bureau of Mines, to which the testing and analyzing of fuels as carried on by the United States Geographical Survey has been transferred, is continuing producer-gas investigations at the testing station at Pittsburgh, Pa. Results of the gas-producer tests made at the coal-testing plant erected at St.Louis, Mo., and of a study of some of the problems that came up in the tests have been published by Geological Survey. Results of the tests made at Norfolk, Va., and Pittsburgh, Pa. and of further studies of particular problems, will be published by the Bureau of Mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Clement, J. K.; Adams, L. H. & Haskins, C. N.
Item Type: Report

The Explosibility of Coal Dust

Description: "This bulletin traces the growth in the belief in the explosibility of coal dust, summarizes the experiments and mine investigations that have established this belief, and gives the present status of preventive measures" (p. 9). Index begins on page 201.
Date: 1911
Creator: Rice, George S.
Item Type: Report

Features of Producer-Gas Power-Plant Development in Europe

Description: From Introduction: "Because the limited time available would not permit a careful inspection, much less a detailed study of all the plants visited, the writer has not aimed in this bulletin to present a comprehensive review of producer-gas power-plant development in Europe, or even to give such conclusions as might be drawn from what he saw, but has simply described some interesting features of European practice that attract the attention of even a casual observer."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernald, R. H.
Item Type: Report

The Flow of Heat Through Furnace Walls

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin contains a statement of certain results that will be embodied in a report describing investigations of the combustion of fuel made by the United States Geological Survey and the Bureau of Mines in a specially constructed long furnace."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry
Item Type: Report

Incidental Problems in Gas-Producer Tests

Description: From Introduction: "In the course of this study many incidental problems of prime importance have demanded consideration. Among them is the determination, under practically constant conditions, of the duration of gas-producer tests necessary to reduce the possible error to minimum. A discussion of this proper length of test period forms the part of this bulletin."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernald, R. H.; Smith, C. D.; Clement, J. K. & Grine, H. A.
Item Type: Report

Notes on Explosive Mine Gases and Dusts: With Special Reference to Explosions in the Monongah, Darr, and Naomi Coal Mines

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing coal mining gas and dust explosions, specifically those at the Monongah, Darr, and Naomi mines of Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Studies on mine explosions, as well as methods and analyses are presented. This report includes tables, and an illustration.
Date: 1911
Creator: Chamberlin, Rollin Thomas
Item Type: Report

A Primer on Explosives for Coal Miners

Description: From Introduction: "Much of the information in this primer has been obtained from experiments conducted by the technologic branch of the United Sates Geological Survey at the mining experiment station at Pittsburgh, Pa. These investigations have shown the recent development of a new type of short-flame explosives, which can be used with greater safety than black powder in mines where there is dangerous gas or inflammable dust, because the flame from the explosion of black powder lasts from 2,500 to 3,500 times as long does the flame from these newer explosives and is therefore more likely to ignite the gas or dust in such mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Munroe, Charles E. & Hall, Clarence
Item Type: Report

Resume of Producer-Gas Investigations: October 1, 1904-June 30, 1910

Description: From Scope of Report: "The purpose of this report is, therefore, to present in convenient form all the more important data accumulated in the course of the tests described, in order that the results may be readily accessible both to the Government officials having charge of the design, purchase, or care of power plants and to all persons interested in the development of the internal-combustion engine and the gas producer as means for utilizing the energy of fuels."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernarld, R. H. & Smith, C. D.
Item Type: Report

The Significance of Drafts in Steam-Boiler Practice

Description: Report containing experiments that illustrate the possibility of increasing steam power by increasing the amount of air passing through coal fuel beds and boilers in steam engines.
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry
Item Type: Report