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The Relations of the Traps of the Newark System in the New Jersey Region
From introduction: This contribution is a summary of the more complete results of a systematic study of the relations of the traps of the Newark system in New Jersey and New York
A Geographic Dictionary of New Jersey
From letter of transmittal: SIR: I have the honor to. transmit herewith a geographic dictionary of New Jersey.
The Cretaceous Foraminifera of New Jersey
A report which contains a biography and examines the fossil Foraminifera of America.
Macadam Roads
"This bulletin is intended as a brief discussion and discussion of the several processes and essential features entering into the construction of macadam roads in rural [areas]. Some data as to costs especially for the information of road officials who have not undertaken such work, are included." -- p. 5
The Control of the Chestnut Bark Disease
Report discussing the spread of the chestnut bark disease, including its causes, symptoms, modes of transmission, financial consequences, and the possible methods of controlling it.
Systems of Farming in Central New Jersey
Report discussing different cropping systems used on New Jersey farms, including the three-crop rotation system, small grain cropping systems, and alfalfa rotation systems. Includes an analysis of tenant farm which has successfully employed a four-crop system.
City Smoke Ordinances and Smoke Abatement
From Introduction: "In connection with the fuel investigations conducted by the Bureau of Mines much information has been accumulated as to the smoke abatement activities in various cities. The essential features of the information are presented in this report, which, it is believed, will be of public interest and benefit, especially to those communities that are just beginning organized effort to abate unnecessary smoke."
The Culture of Winter Wheat in the Eastern United States
Report discussing best practices for growing winter wheat in the eastern United States. Topics discussed include soils adapted to wheat cultivation, fertilizers, seed selection and preparation, and crop rotation.
How to Attract Birds in Northeastern United States
"The means of increasing the number of birds about our homes are few and simple. They comprise adequate protection and the provision of suitable nesting places, food, and water.... This bulletin [recommends] practicable methods of attracting birds about homes [in the northeastern United States]. Especial attention will be given to the value of fruit-bearing shrubs and trees." -- title page. Protection for birds, winter feeding, water supplies, and nesting boxes and birdhouses are also discussed.
The Roundheaded Apple-Tree Borer
This report discusses the roundheaded apple-tree borer, an insect in the eastern and midwestern United States that, in its larval stage, destroys the bark and wood of apple trees. Several methods of control are discussed, including worming, paints and washes, and sprays.Apple-tree borers.
The Culture of Winter Wheat in the Eastern United States
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for growing winter wheat in the eastern United States. Topics discussed include soils adapted to wheat cultivation, fertilizers, seed selection and preparation, and crop rotation.
How to Attract Birds in the Middle Atlantic States
"For economic as well as for aesthetic reasons an effort should be made to attract and protect birds and to increase their numbers. Where proper measures of this kind have been taken an increase of several fold in the bird population has resulted, with decreased losses from depredations of injurious insects. This bulletin is one of a series intended to describe the best methods of attracting birds in various parts of the United States, especially by providing a food supply and other accessories about the homestead." -- p. 2. This particular bulletin focuses on birds in the Middle Atlantic states of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia, and North Carolina.
A Simple Way to Increase Crop Yields: Methods Followed by Farmers of the Coastal Plain Section of the Central Atlantic States in Building Up Soil Fertility
"The soils of the coastal plain section of the Central Atlantic States, as a rule, are light in character, have been farmed for generations, and need first of all a liberal supply of organic matter. This need should be met by growing such legumes as crimson clover, cowpeas, soy beans, red clover, and hairy vetch. Rye, buckwheat, and the grasses are also valuable in this connection. Commercial fertilizer and lime should be used freely when necessary to stimulate the growth of these soil-improving crops. By arranging the cropping system to include one or more legumes that supply the land with nitrogen and humus, crop yields have been greatly increased on many farms scattered throughout this region. The systems followed on a few of the more successful of these farms are described in detail in the following pages." -- p. 2
The Wheat Jointworm and Its Control
Revised edition. "The wheat jointworm is a very small grub which lives in stems of wheat, sucking the juices of the plant and causing a swelling in the stem. The egg from which it hatches is laid in the stem by an insect resembling a small black ant with wings. This insect attacks no other kind of plant. The injury which it does to wheat is very distinct from that caused by the Hessian fly, yet the depredations of these two insects are often confused by farmers. This paper is intended, therefore, to give a brief outline of the life history and the nature of the injury to the plant by the jointworm so that any farmer may readily recognize its work and be able to apply the measures of control herein recommended." -- p. 3-4
Alsike Clover
Report discussing the distribution and cultivation of the leguminous crop alsike clover, which grows primarily in the northeastern United States. Topics discussed include soil requirements, seeding, uses, and insect enemies and diseases.
Beekeeping in the Buckwheat Region
"The production of the full honey crop from buckwheat requires a plan of apiary management quite different from that of most other beekeeping regions. A system of management is here given which will result in a full honey crop and at the same time control European foulbrood, which is so prevalent in the buckwheat region. Methods are also given which may be used in case the clovers are valuable as sources of nectar." -- p. 2
Beekeeping in the Clover Region
"Beekeeping methods suitable for the clover region are well developed but many beekeepers of this region are failing to obtain the full available honey crop because of deficiencies in their practice. A system of management is here given which will result in a full crop from these sources. The variation in the value of the clovers to the beekeeper is also discussed and the methods to be followed in bringing the clover region back to its former prominence in honey production are outlined." -- p. 2
Beekeeping in the Tulip-Tree Region
"Many thousand colonies of bees occur in the region where the tulip-tree is abundant but the honey crop from tulip-tree flowers inconsiderable. Too few beekeepers in this region have modern equipment, it is true, but the greatest loss comes from the fact that they do not care for their bees so as to have them ready to gather the abundant nectar from this early-blooming tree. In this bulletin a methods is given for the management of the apiary so that the full honey crop from this source may be obtained." -- p. 2
Quarry Problems in the Lime Industry
From Introduction: "The purpose of this bulletin is not to describe individual quarries but to describe general methods of operation and give typical illustrations. The methods employed are discussed critically in an effort to elucidate the best working principles and to assist manufactures of lime in correcting errors and establishing their industry on the most economical and efficient basis."
The Crystal Cavities of the New Jersey Zeolite Region
From abstract: The crystal cavities present in the mineral complex of the New Jersey traprock region have long excited the interest of mineralogists. In 1914 Fenner made the first detailed and comprehensive study of these cavities and suggested that babingtonite was the original mineral. Soon after this anhydrite was found occupying parts of some of the cavities at one of the quarries. At this time, too, Wherry concluded that glauberite was the original mineral of some of the cavities because of his studies of similar crystal cavities in Triassic shale at different places.
Microscopic Structure and Concentratability of the Important Iron Ores of the United States
Outline of Problem: "This paper covers a survey of 19 ores collected from seven of the more important iron-ore districts of the United States and is a contribution by the ore-dressing section of the United States Bureau of Mines to general research program on iron and steel being conducted by the Bureau."
Wildlife Conservation Through Erosion Control in the Piedmont
"Erosion has left scars on a majority of farms in the Southeast. Too poor to produce crops, the eroding spots are usually abandoned. Unless they are treated to stop further washing of the soil they grow steadily larger and continually rob the farmer of more of his land. Fortunately, soil conservation and wildlife management can be effectively combined, and otherwise worthless areas made to produce a crop of game, fur bearers, and other desirable types of wildlife. The general principles of wildlife management on the farm are described in Farmers' Bulletins 1719 and 1759. The purpose of this bulletin is to show how gullies, terrace outlets, waterways, eroding field borders, pastures, and woodlands in the Piedmont region may be protected against erosion through the use of vegetation that will also provide food and cover for wildlife." -- p. ii
Soil Defense in the Northeast
This bulletin discusses methods of soil conservation in the northeastern United States that can prevent erosion. Soil conservation practices vary with the type of agriculture being used. In addition to general farming, conservation for dairying, orcharding, market gardening, and single-crop farming are discussed.
United States Earthquakes, 1938
Report discussing earthquake activity in the United States during 1938. The report is broken down by regions and has sections for specific earthquakes.
Rural planning : the village.
Describes various types of planned villages and provides examples of features in such communities.
The Wheat Jointworm and Its Control
Revised edition. "The wheat jointworm is a very small grub which lives in stems of wheat, feeding on the juices of the plant and causing a slight swelling or distortion of the stem above the joint. The egg from which it hatches is laid in the stem by an insect resembling a small black ant with wings. This insect attacks wheat only. The injury which it causes to wheat is very distinct from that caused by the Hessian fly, yet the effects caused by these two insects are often confused by farmers." -- p. 1-2. This bulletin gives a brief outline of the life cycle and the nature of the injury to the plant by the jointworm so that any farmer may readily recognize its work and be able to apply the measures of control herein recommended.
Potash Salts from Texas-New Mexico Polyhalite Deposits: Commercial Possibilities, Proposed Technology, and Pertinent Salt-Solution Equilibria
From Introduction: "Figure 1 shows the location of sources that have been either exploited or seriously considered at one time or another, super-imposed upon a map indicating by small letters the order of consumption of K2O in the leading States; the amount used in these States, together with the percentage of the total consumption of potash used as fertilizer in the United States in 1939, is given in table 1. Figure 2 shows the domestic production and total consumption of potassium salts, in terms of tons of K2O, with the value per unit at the plants, for each year since 1913. Considered together, these two figures tell a significant story."
Andover-Sulphur Hill Iron Mines, Sussex County, New Jersey
Report issued by the Bureau of Mines on the iron mines of Sussex County, New Jersey. Descriptions of the physicality, location, and drilling methods used on the deposits are presented. This report includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
An Analysis of the Transition of a Helicopter From Hovering to Steady Autorotative Vertical Descent
"This report is the second phase of a broad program of study of the transient motions of helicopters in autorotative flight. The first phase (reference 1) dealt with the steady-state condition of autorotative vertical descent. This report is concerned with the the transition from the steady condition of hovering to the steady autorotative descent" (p. 1).
Radiometric Reconnaissance Examination in Southeastern Pennsylvania and Western New Jersey
Abstract: In May 1950, 350 miles of road was traversed in the vicinity of a torbernite locality in New Jersey. The radioactivity of the area traversed was two to three times above normal, averaging 0.003 percent equivalent uranium. It is estimated that there is 1,000 tons of rock averaging 0.009 percent uranium at the torbernite locality. The presence of this area of above-normal radioactivity suggests that further study is needed in the Piedmont belt and the flanking sediments, which may contain economic deposits of uranium minerals.
Mine Pumping Plants: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Summary: "To obtain a reliable picture of the anthracite-mine-water problem and to solve that problem, it is necessary to have factual data on the volume and the quality and character of mine water handled by pumping plants in the anthracite region, as well as kinds of pumps utilized and problems concerning their operation. The main conclusion that be drawn from an investigation of drainage practices in the anthracite region is that, although efficient pumping layouts, tunnels for draining active mines, and large-scale surface-drainage facilities for keeping water out of mines are in use, the anthracite industry still is threatened with curtailment, to a major degree, and premature extinction because of the encroachment of water, unless remedial action is undertaken in the vary near future by all interests concerned."
Performance of the Disassembly Equipment : NYX Test No. 2.9.1, 2.9.3
Abstract: "The NYX testing of the component disassembly equipment comprised repeated operation of both the quatrefoil disassembly machine and the foil press and shear to evaluate the suitability of these machines to perform their design function with reliability and convenience of operation. During testing, both design and operational deficiencies were found and corrected in the NYX equipment. In general, both machines operated satisfactorily after modification."
Reconnaissance for Radioactive Materials in Northeastern United States During 1952
Report discussing reconnaissance for radioactive materials in parts of Maine, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania during 1952. From Abstract: "The primary objective was to examine the iron ore deposits and associated rocks in the Adirondack Mountains of New York and the Highlands of New Jersey."
Reconnaissance for Radioactive Materials in Northeastern United States During 1952
The following report covers a reconnaissance for radioactive materials that was made in parts of Maine, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. It's primary objective was to examine the iron ore deposits and associated rocks in Adirondack Mountains of New York and the Highlands of New Jersey. Additionally, several deposits known or reported to contain radioactive minerals were examined to delimit their extent. However, most of the deposits examined are not significant as possible sources of radioactive elements and the data pertaining to them are summarized in tables provided.
Occurrences of Uranium at Clinton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Report discussing the U.S. Geological Survey's investigation of uranium occurrences, which were discovered after submission of a sample containing 0.068 percent uranium, at Clinton, New Jersey. Information produced from sampling, mapping and radioactivity testing is included.
The Distribution of Uranium in the Alkalic Rocks of Sussex County, New Jersey
Report discussing a study in which "a suite of alkalic rocks from the Beemerville, NJ, intrusive body was separated and the percentages of their accessory minerals were determined."
Search for Radioactive Intrusive Rocks in New Jersey, New York, and New England
Report discussing an investigation of intrusive igneous rocks for radioactivity in New Jersey, New York, and New England during August and September 1951. This was aimed at finding uranium contents of economic significance in these rocks and determining the geological cause for any radioactivity. Results of the investigation are given by region, and a summary is included.
Radioactive Rare-Earth Deposit at the Scrub Oaks Mine, Morris County, New Jersey
The following report studies a rare-earth deposit in the Scrub Oaks iron mine, Morris County, New Jersey, that was mapped and sampled in the 1955.
Strontium Program: Quarterly Summary Report, November 19, 1958
From Abstract: "This report up-dates certain sections of HASL-42, "Environmental Contamination from Weapon Tests". In particular, the levels of Strontium-90 in fallout, milk, tap water, air, and soil are included for data available up to November 1, 1958."
Radioactive Rare-Earth Deposit at Scrub Oaks Mine, Morris County, New Jersey
From abstract: A deposit of rare-earth minerals in the Scrub Oaks iron mine, Morris County, N. J., was mapped and sampled in 1955. The rare-earth minerals are mainly in coarse-grained magnetite ore and in pegmatite adjacent to it. Discrete bodies of rare-earth-bearing magnetite ore apparently follow the plunge of the main magnetite ore body at the north end of the mine. Radioactivity of the ore containing rare earths is about 0.2 to 0.6 milliroentgens per hour.
Strontium Program: Quarterly Summary Report, May 29, 1959
From Abstract: "This report is one of a sequence of quarterly reports, each designed to up-date its predecessor beginning with HASL-42, "Environmental Contamination from Weapon Tests". Herein are presented data which have accrued since HASL-55. Levels of strontinum-90 in fallout, milk, air, water, vegetation, foods, and bone are given, based on data available from February 1, 1959 to May 20, 1959."
Nuclear Merchant Ship Reactor Final Safeguards Report, Volume 6: Environmental Analysis OF NS "Savannah" Operation at Camden
"An analysis is presented of the accidental release of activity following the operation of the NS "Savannah" at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation docks in Camden, New Jersey. Although a number of accidents are considered, the report is primarily concerned with the environmental activity levels and subsequent exposures which would result from the "maximum credible accident" (p. v).
Camden-Delaware Valley Area (ARMS-II)
Report regarding an Aerial Radiological Measuring Survey (ARMS) of the Camden-Delaware Valley area that was part of a national program to measure environmental levels of gamma radiation. 6,000 traverse miles were examined around Camden, New Jersey.
Preliminary Data on Fallout From the Fall 1961 USSR Test Series: Staff Report
From introduction: "Following the USSR announcement of its intention to resume testing, arrangements were made for the three stations collecting individual rainfall samples to begin analyses for short-lived nuclides. Some of the data are now available and are reported here." From Data: "The available data, including samples for Houston, Texas and Louisville, Kentucky are given in the tables at the end of this report."
Engineering Study of the Potentialities and Possibilities of Desalting for Northern New Jersey and New York City
Report that includes results and methodology from an engineering study regarding drought in Northern New Jersey and New York City. Topics include the area's water systems, the possible integration of desalting plants, and the potential costs of such plants.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey: Salisbury National Topographic Map, Virginia/New Jersey/Delaware/Maryland
Final report documenting a high-sensitivity airborne gamma radiation and magnetic field survey of the Salisbury National Topographic Map segment (NJ 18-5 quadrangle) including a description of the program and results with the flight line profile data and statistical analysis results.
Army - Ft. Dix Visit Materials
Army - Ft. Dix Visit Materials. Box 12, A-014.
[Average Record Data Listings for Salisbury Quadrangle]
Average record data listings taken during aerial gamma-ray and magnetic surveys of the Salisbury Quadrangle in New England.
Bayonne Military Ocean Terminal, NJ - COBRA; COBRA estimates - Ft. Drum, NY and Oakland Army Base, CA
Bayonne Military Ocean Terminal, NJ - COBRA; COBRA estimates - Ft. Drum, NY and Oakland Army Base, CA. Tabular data, memos, documents. Box 110, L-031.
Correspondence - Fort Lee
Correspondence - Fort Lee. Box 3, A-002.