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Industrial Alcohol: Uses and Statistics

Description: "It is important that the farmer should have a general idea of the uses to which industrial alcohol (usually denatured) may be devoted. While this information is not necessary for the production of the raw materials, it is nevertheless valuable in indicating the particular lines of industrial development which may be promoted by free alcohol in the arts as related to the welfare of agriculture. The technical uses of alcohol are extremely numerous, and no attempt will be made to give them all, but only to mention those which are of the greatest importance." -- p. 5. Topics include the use of alcohol for heating and illumination in stoves and lamps, as fuel for motors, as a product in farm operations, and as a drink. Statistics on alcohol production in the United States, Great Britain, France, and Germany are included at the end.
Date: 1906
Creator: Wiley, H. W.

Comparative Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal on Locomotives

Description: From Introduction: "For purpose of procuring data that could be using in estimating the value of the briquetting process as applied to American fuels, the United States Geological Survey, in cooperation with other interests, began in 1904, at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, certain experiments involving the production and use of bituminous-coal briquets."
Date: 1911
Creator: Goss, W. F. M.

Stone Dusting or Rock Dusting to Prevent Coal-Dust Explosions, as Practiced in Great Britain and France

Description: From Introduction: "Coal dust as an agent of widespread explosions had been under suspicion, and watering to allay the dust was recommended by some mining engineers but the watering of coal-mine dust was adopted in comparatively few mines of the United States and Great Britain, and had not been introduced widely in any country except Germany. Rock dusting, another method of preventing explosions of coal dust, was early tested with success by the Bureau of Mines in its first gallery at Pittsburgh and, beginning in 1911, at the experimental mine, Bruceton, Pa."
Date: 1924
Creator: Rice, George S.

Potash Mining in Germany and France

Description: From Scope of Bulletin: "This paper is confined largely to a discussion of methods of mining potash salts in France and Germany, in view of the possible application of similar methods when mining of the deposits in the southwestern part if the United States is undertaken, but it also includes a brief history of the German and French potash industry, a discussion of the geology of the deposits, a short description of the refining of crude salts for export, and an estimate of the cost of production."
Date: 1927
Creator: Rice, George S. & Davis, John A.

Mining Petroleum by Underground Methods: A study of Methods used in France and Germany and Possible Application to Depleted Oil Fields under American Conditions

Description: From Introduction: "That the percentages of extraction of petroleum from the ground may and undoubtedly will be greatly increased in the future by underground mining methods where natural conditions will permit seems logical. The limitations imposed by depth, temperature, and flow of water under high pressure through the sands will be discussed later."
Date: 1932
Creator: Rice, George S.

Coal Mining in Europe: A Study of Practices in Different Coal Formations and Under Various Economic and Regulatory Conditions Compared with Those in the United States

Description: From Introduction: "The major purpose of this bulletin, as indicated in the preface by Dr. John W. Finch, Director of the Bureau of Mines, is to give a critical review of the coal-mining methods used in the principal producing countries of Europe, to describe the reasons underlying the adoption of these methods, and to contrast them with coal-mining methods employed in the United States."
Date: 1939
Creator: Rice, George S. & Hartmann, Irving

Newsmap. Monday, May 11, 1942 : week of May 1 to May 8

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: Navy announces victory -- End for Corregidor -- Rationing moves closer -- Japs push into China -- Marblehead limps in -- Stark for new fronts -- Iceland has its first air fight -- Army of 6,000,000 -- Launch four destroyers -- Anti-Axis move in Spain -- Army camps inspected -- Germans strike convoy -- Malta downs 154 planes -- Madagascar tip seized -- U.S. aids Middle East -- Nazi drive predicted -- RAF attacks roar on. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps: Corregidor -- Madagascar. Includes photographs: Lt. Gen. Wainwright -- Maj. Gen. Brereton -- Navy raid on Marshall Islands in February -- Under Sec. Patterson -- Kearney destroyer -- Bombs being readied for planes -- Four-engined bomber flying somewhere in Europe -- Cavalry regiment changes mounts to speedy steel.
Date: May 11, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, May 25, 1942 : week of May 15 to May 22

Description: Front : Text describes action on various war fronts: Axis hunts Shangri La -- Shadow on Australia -- New threat to China -- Gandhi still passive -- More Yanks in Ireland -- U.S. gets Panama bases -- Spain would trade -- Island volcano erupts -- Axis people grumble -- Axis battles Chetniks -- Air travel curtailed -- Prinz Eugen torpedoes -- Attack on Kharkov -- Vichy downs RAF planes -- Africa drive hinted -- Malta counts bombings. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show the Burma Road and a map of a portion of Europe overlaying a map of the United States. U.S. cities are shown in italics, European cities in capitals. Includes photographs: Doolittle did much -- North American B-25 -- Gandhi opposes [scorched earth policy] -- School of 'tin fish' ready for their deadly work -- Shell casings stacked in Moscow factory -- Rommel might move -- Catalinas from America keep an eye on the Mediterranean -- RAF salvages wrecked planes from desert. Includes 1 cartoon. Back: Know Your Enemies: the Nazi Army. Includes photographs: Supporting Fire, Howitzer in Action, Moving Up, Mountain Troops, Tank Destroyer, Anti-Aircraft Alert, No. 2 Man, Quick Crossing, Battle Practice, Flame Thrower, Mopping Up. Inset has text details for each photograph.
Date: May 25, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, June 8, 1942 : week of May 29 to June 5

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Cologne and Essen flattened -- Tiny subs find Sydney ready -- the Japanese "save face" -- Army of 4 1/2 million for '42 -- Mexico welcomed into war -- Rommel's forces turned -- Hitler's hangman dies -- Poison gas used in China -- Armies shift in Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Libyan battle, Dutch Harbor, Axis drives and British attacks at Libyan; Unalaska Is.; Unalaska Bay. Includes photographs: Producing the big seacoast rifles; Red gound defense on the Russian front; Nazis' Focke-Wulf 190 fighter; Yanks saw a motor show put on by Aussies; 4-motored Stirling bombers used over Cologne. Back: Enemy Tanks Are Vulnerable. Includes 10 photographs with descriptive text below each.
Date: June 8, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, October 5, 1942 : week of September 25 to October 2

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, New Guinea, Solomons, Aleutians, China, Madagascar, Shipping, Mediterranean. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show South Russia, New Guinea, Target in Europe with inset of Industrial areas bombed in the Ruhr Valley. Includes photographs: WAFS report for duty, Armored "super jeep", South of Bengazi, Tank landing, "Guiding plane back home to roost". Back: Training (Action! -- Solomons -- Landing operations -- Europe). 21 photographs accompanied by descriptive and explanatory text.
Date: October 5, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, October 19, 1942 : week of October 9 to October 16

Description: Front: Text describes action on various fronts: Solomons, New Hebrides, New Guinea, Aleutians, Far Eastern waters, Russia, Mediterranean, Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Guadalcanal Island, Tulagi; Russian front. Includes photographs: Alaska road in use by December (construction of the Alaska Defense Highway); Zero fighter; in the Solomons; German mobile gun; Insect protection. Back: Airborne Command. 12 photographs with descriptive text and explanation of the role of airborne troops.
Date: October 19, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, October 26, 1942 : week of October 16 to October 23

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Solomons -- New Guinea -- Aleutians -- Russia -- Shipping -- Mediterranean -- Yugoslavia -- Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Southwest Pacific -- Stalingrad. Includes photographs: Airport on Guadalcanal Island -- Somewhere in India [field artillery pieces and Gen. Stillwell's troops wearing German-type coal scuttle helmet] -- Supplies for Russia [Arctic convoy attacked by enemy torpedo planes and U boats] -- Freight cars with wings. Back: Foxholes are Lifesavers. 9 photographs show details of foxhole construction. Text describes advantages and proper use of foxholes in combat.
Date: October 26, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, November 16, 1942 : week of November 6 to November 13

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: North Africa, Libya, Southern Europe, New Guinea, Solomons, Russia, Aleutians, Far East waters, Madagascar. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Smaller map (3 insets): Invasion of Africa. Photographs: Practice led to invasion -- Tanks land for beach operation -- German planes caught by long-range fighters -- Captured Nazi officers perch on hood of British jeep. Back: Why we fight! Also includes photographs.
Date: November 16, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, March 15, 1943 : week of March 5 to March 12, 183rd week of the war, 65th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, Air offensive, Unrest (France, Belgium, Norway), Southwest Pacific, Tunisia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Russia, Tunisia. Includes photographs: Convoy to Russia; American tank in Russia; Joint Assignment; Airborne engineers; Shower bath - desert style. Back: Learn to recognize these vehicles (half-track vehicles). Labelled illustrations of American, Canadian and German vehicles with a quick guide to features for comparison.
Date: March 15, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, August 9, 1943 : week of July 29 to August 5, 204th week of the war, 86th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Italy, Sicily, Rumania, Russia, Germany, Burma-China, Southwest Pacific. Map: Strategic air distances across the Mediterranean./ Relief shown by hachures. Photographs: Army engineers work in the Aluetians; A Tommy reads "Soldier's guide to Sicily"; Royal Artillery Detachment stationed north of Syracuse, Sicily examines damage done by Italians to a mobile anti-aircraft train; Nazis surrender to U.S. Infantrymen near Carlentini; Junkers-290 transport shot down by an RAF Marauder near the coast of Bastia, Corsica; U.S. Marines push a generator into position near Munda; Japanese interpreters of the U.S. Army decipher papers found on a wounded Japanese officer; A winch pulls a mud-splattered jeep free on Rendova; 155mm rifle sends rounds into Munda from Rendova Island. Back: [text and ill.]: The long, tough fight ahead : beyond sunny Italy!/ Back text includes quote from the President of the United States, July 28, 1943: "I confess that I myself am sometimes bewildered by conflicting statements that I see in the press ..."
Date: August 9, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, August 30, 1943 : week of August 19 to August 26, 207th week of the war, 89th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Italy, Russia, Kiska, Berlin, Conference, Burma, China, New Guinea, New Georgia. Maps show Russian front -- Southern Italy. Includes photographs: Kiska, Sicily. Back: Weapons of the German Infantry Division. 17 weapons are identified and described, including the size, maximum range, and number found in various German Army units. Each weapon is keyed by number to a battle illustration.
Date: August 30, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, September 6, 1943 : week of August 26 to September 2, 208th week of the war, 90th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Germany, Russia, Italy, Denmark, Sweden, New Georgia, New Guinea, Marcus Island. Maps show air offensive in western Europe, New Georgia Is., Russian front. Includes photographs: Army Air Forces report on Warnemunde; Tough customer [Gourmiers, Berber fighting men]; The first wave [Yanks at Rendova I.]. Back: Typical German infantry division. Illustration of a division with descriptive text keyed to the illustration. Regiments described including size, officers and enlisted men, types and numbers of weapons.
Date: September 6, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, November 15, 1943 : week of November 4 to November 11, 218th week of the war, 100th week of U.S. participation

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, Italy, Air offensive, Southwest Pacific, China-Burma, Submarines, Greenland. Maps: Eastern Front, Advance toward Rome, Southwest Pacific. Photographs: Moving into Lae, New Guinea; Jap bases in the South and Southwest Pacific; Rocket glider used against Allied ships during the invasion of Italy; Germans trying to hold up the advance of the Allied Fifth Army on the Naples-Benevento Road fastened these aerial bombs to notched trees; Italian bombs unloaded from a rail car at an airfield captured in Italy. Back: U.S. Army ribbons representing decorations and awards. Includes a large color illustration of the Medal of Honor.
Date: November 15, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, November 29, 1943 : week of November 18 to November 25, 220th week of the war, 102nd week of U.S. participation

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: USSR; New Guinea; Gilbert and Marshall Islands; Bougainville; Air Offensive; Italy. Maps: Berlin; Global map. Inset map: Areas under Jap Control. Photograph: An American Army Signal Corps telephone lineman repairs a line in Capriatti. Back : Surprise... a powerful weapon. Photographic sequence of a hatchet attack on a Nazi soldier illustrates text urging whole-hearted cooperation of all to guard military information.
Date: November 29, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, December 6, 1943 : week of November 25 to December 2, 221st week of the war, 103rd week of U.S. participation

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: Italy, USSR, Germany, Central Pacific, Southwest Pacific, China, Plans. Inset maps: central Italy, northeast New Guinea, Action areas in central and southwest Pacific, Truk Is., Nauru, Wotje, Jaluit, Makin, Tarawa. Photographs: Australian Air Force Beaufighter, Sgt. Ben Kuroki of Hershey, Nebraska, Captured Soviet equipment, Rescued blindfolded Nazi. German built road in Isernia. Back: Text and 11 illustrations highlight the 11 general orders that must be known by sentinels.
Date: December 6, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, January 10, 1944 : week of December 29, 1943 to January 5, 1944, 226th week of the war, 108th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: U.S.S.R., Southwest Pacific, Italy, Air offensive Maps: Central Italy, Rumania/Poland, New Britain Island./ Inset maps: Cassino region; Chieti region. Photographs: Delivering supplies to troops in Central Italy, Gen. Eisenhower with Sir Charles Poetal and Sir Arthur Tedder after the Tehran conference, Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, and Gen. Sir Alan Brooke inspect Nazi prisoners on the Italian front in New Zealand; Germans prepare to evacuate the Crimea, Landing craft are protected by B-25 medium bombers at Arawe. Back: Illustration and photographs show the many ways Army nurses serve.
Date: January 10, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course