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Industrial Alcohol: Uses and Statistics

Description: "It is important that the farmer should have a general idea of the uses to which industrial alcohol (usually denatured) may be devoted. While this information is not necessary for the production of the raw materials, it is nevertheless valuable in indicating the particular lines of industrial development which may be promoted by free alcohol in the arts as related to the welfare of agriculture. The technical uses of alcohol are extremely numerous, and no attempt will be made to give them all, but only to mention those which are of the greatest importance." -- p. 5. Topics include the use of alcohol for heating and illumination in stoves and lamps, as fuel for motors, as a product in farm operations, and as a drink. Statistics on alcohol production in the United States, Great Britain, France, and Germany are included at the end.
Date: 1906
Creator: Wiley, H. W.

Comparative Tests of Run-of-Mine and Briquetted Coal on Locomotives

Description: From Introduction: "For purpose of procuring data that could be using in estimating the value of the briquetting process as applied to American fuels, the United States Geological Survey, in cooperation with other interests, began in 1904, at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, certain experiments involving the production and use of bituminous-coal briquets."
Date: 1911
Creator: Goss, W. F. M.

Features of Producer-Gas Power-Plant Development in Europe

Description: From Introduction: "Because the limited time available would not permit a careful inspection, much less a detailed study of all the plants visited, the writer has not aimed in this bulletin to present a comprehensive review of producer-gas power-plant development in Europe, or even to give such conclusions as might be drawn from what he saw, but has simply described some interesting features of European practice that attract the attention of even a casual observer."
Date: 1911
Creator: Fernald, R. H.

The 300 H.P. Benz Aircraft Engine

Description: This report provides a description of the Benz 300 H.P. aircraft engine containing 12 cylinders placed at a 60° angle. It includes a detailed description of the development of the constructional points, particularly the cylinders, pistons, and connecting rods, as well as the engine fitting, lubrication, oil pumps, bearings, oil tank, fuel pump, carburetors, and cooling system. There are seven pages of illustrative figures at the end of the report.
Date: January 1921
Creator: Heller, A.

Stone Dusting or Rock Dusting to Prevent Coal-Dust Explosions, as Practiced in Great Britain and France

Description: From Introduction: "Coal dust as an agent of widespread explosions had been under suspicion, and watering to allay the dust was recommended by some mining engineers but the watering of coal-mine dust was adopted in comparatively few mines of the United States and Great Britain, and had not been introduced widely in any country except Germany. Rock dusting, another method of preventing explosions of coal dust, was early tested with success by the Bureau of Mines in its first gallery at Pittsburgh and, beginning in 1911, at the experimental mine, Bruceton, Pa."
Date: 1924
Creator: Rice, George S.

Potash Mining in Germany and France

Description: From Scope of Bulletin: "This paper is confined largely to a discussion of methods of mining potash salts in France and Germany, in view of the possible application of similar methods when mining of the deposits in the southwestern part if the United States is undertaken, but it also includes a brief history of the German and French potash industry, a discussion of the geology of the deposits, a short description of the refining of crude salts for export, and an estimate of the cost of production."
Date: 1927
Creator: Rice, George S. & Davis, John A.

The 1926 German seaplane contest

Description: The report discusses the problem of rating the various seaplane designs from the 1926 seaplane contest. The whole process of rating consists in measuring the climbing speed, flying weight and carrying capacity of a seaplane and then using these data as the basis of a construction problem.
Date: March 1928
Creator: Seewald, F; Blenk, H & Liebers, F

Mining Petroleum by Underground Methods: A study of Methods used in France and Germany and Possible Application to Depleted Oil Fields under American Conditions

Description: From Introduction: "That the percentages of extraction of petroleum from the ground may and undoubtedly will be greatly increased in the future by underground mining methods where natural conditions will permit seems logical. The limitations imposed by depth, temperature, and flow of water under high pressure through the sands will be discussed later."
Date: 1932
Creator: Rice, George S.

Coal Mining in Europe: A Study of Practices in Different Coal Formations and Under Various Economic and Regulatory Conditions Compared with Those in the United States

Description: From Introduction: "The major purpose of this bulletin, as indicated in the preface by Dr. John W. Finch, Director of the Bureau of Mines, is to give a critical review of the coal-mining methods used in the principal producing countries of Europe, to describe the reasons underlying the adoption of these methods, and to contrast them with coal-mining methods employed in the United States."
Date: 1939
Creator: Rice, George S. & Hartmann, Irving

Newsmap. Monday, May 11, 1942 : week of May 1 to May 8

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: Navy announces victory -- End for Corregidor -- Rationing moves closer -- Japs push into China -- Marblehead limps in -- Stark for new fronts -- Iceland has its first air fight -- Army of 6,000,000 -- Launch four destroyers -- Anti-Axis move in Spain -- Army camps inspected -- Germans strike convoy -- Malta downs 154 planes -- Madagascar tip seized -- U.S. aids Middle East -- Nazi drive predicted -- RAF attacks roar on. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps: Corregidor -- Madagascar. Includes photographs: Lt. Gen. Wainwright -- Maj. Gen. Brereton -- Navy raid on Marshall Islands in February -- Under Sec. Patterson -- Kearney destroyer -- Bombs being readied for planes -- Four-engined bomber flying somewhere in Europe -- Cavalry regiment changes mounts to speedy steel.
Date: May 11, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, May 25, 1942 : week of May 15 to May 22

Description: Front : Text describes action on various war fronts: Axis hunts Shangri La -- Shadow on Australia -- New threat to China -- Gandhi still passive -- More Yanks in Ireland -- U.S. gets Panama bases -- Spain would trade -- Island volcano erupts -- Axis people grumble -- Axis battles Chetniks -- Air travel curtailed -- Prinz Eugen torpedoes -- Attack on Kharkov -- Vichy downs RAF planes -- Africa drive hinted -- Malta counts bombings. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show the Burma Road and a map of a portion of Europe overlaying a map of the United States. U.S. cities are shown in italics, European cities in capitals. Includes photographs: Doolittle did much -- North American B-25 -- Gandhi opposes [scorched earth policy] -- School of 'tin fish' ready for their deadly work -- Shell casings stacked in Moscow factory -- Rommel might move -- Catalinas from America keep an eye on the Mediterranean -- RAF salvages wrecked planes from desert. Includes 1 cartoon. Back: Know Your Enemies: the Nazi Army. Includes photographs: Supporting Fire, Howitzer in Action, Moving Up, Mountain Troops, Tank Destroyer, Anti-Aircraft Alert, No. 2 Man, Quick Crossing, Battle Practice, Flame Thrower, Mopping Up. Inset has text details for each photograph.
Date: May 25, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, June 8, 1942 : week of May 29 to June 5

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Cologne and Essen flattened -- Tiny subs find Sydney ready -- the Japanese "save face" -- Army of 4 1/2 million for '42 -- Mexico welcomed into war -- Rommel's forces turned -- Hitler's hangman dies -- Poison gas used in China -- Armies shift in Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Libyan battle, Dutch Harbor, Axis drives and British attacks at Libyan; Unalaska Is.; Unalaska Bay. Includes photographs: Producing the big seacoast rifles; Red gound defense on the Russian front; Nazis' Focke-Wulf 190 fighter; Yanks saw a motor show put on by Aussies; 4-motored Stirling bombers used over Cologne. Back: Enemy Tanks Are Vulnerable. Includes 10 photographs with descriptive text below each.
Date: June 8, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, June 15, 1942 : week of June 5 to June 12

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Midway, China, India, Libya, RAF, Australia, Madagascar, East Indies, Russia; The second front: Allies, production. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Russian Front; Midway Islands; Battle of Libya. Includes 15 photographs. Back: Color illustration of a German Gruppe. Text and drawings detailing the organization, uniforms, insignia and weapons of the basic German army unit.
Date: June 15, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, August 3, 1942 : week of July 24 to July 31

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: New Guinea -- China -- Philippines -- Siberia --Mediterranean -- Western Europe -- Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Action in New Guinea -- Drive to the Caucasas -- Vital distances in Europe, Africa, and Western Asia. Photographs: Combat photo taken through a submarine's periscope of a sinking Japanese destroyer -- U.S. aid to Russia -- Tommy goes over [method of crossing a river] -- Jap 'Belly tank' -- Stingers on the Flying Fortress.
Date: August 3, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, August 31, 1942 : week of August 21 to August 28

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: New phase, Solomon Islands, Gilbert Islands, East Indies, China, Burma, Russia, Iraq and Iran, Mediterranean, Western Europe, Brazil. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Battle for the Hangchow-Nanchang Railway; Southern Russia. Includes photographs: A Maori's best friend; Dive bomber tail brake; Vought-Sikorsky helicopter; Back from Dieppe; The run to Malta; Airborne command lands.
Date: August 31, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, September 14, 1942 : week of September 4 to September 11

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, Madagascar, New Guinea, North Africa, China, Solomon Islands, Shipping, Galapagos Islands, Western Europe, Iceland. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show The push on Port Moresby; The Russian front. Includes photographs: The flag goes up, Marine bombers take off, Badly damged hangar, Inspecting a Flying Fortress at Malta, Memorial services for those killed during the Battle of Midway, Business end of Pom-Pom, Catafighter, U.S. Marines toughen up each other. Back: Maps Are Not True For All Purposes. 15 illustrations are accompanied by text describing some of the methods used to represent the world on a two-dimensional surface.
Date: September 14, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, September 28, 1942 : week of September 18 to September 25

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: North Africa, Russia, Madagascar, Solomons, New Guinea, China, Burma, Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show the drive on Port Moresby, East China, South Russia. Includes photographs: "Jap midget starts new mission", Testing M4 tanks, Japanese target [Port Moresby air field], Russian front-- Kuban sector, Victory fleet. Back: Jungle Warfare. 18 photographs showing scenes of jungle warfare accompanied by text describing the challenges faced by soldiers in that environment.
Date: September 28, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, October 5, 1942 : week of September 25 to October 2

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, New Guinea, Solomons, Aleutians, China, Madagascar, Shipping, Mediterranean. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show South Russia, New Guinea, Target in Europe with inset of Industrial areas bombed in the Ruhr Valley. Includes photographs: WAFS report for duty, Armored "super jeep", South of Bengazi, Tank landing, "Guiding plane back home to roost". Back: Training (Action! -- Solomons -- Landing operations -- Europe). 21 photographs accompanied by descriptive and explanatory text.
Date: October 5, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course

Newsmap. Monday, October 19, 1942 : week of October 9 to October 16

Description: Front: Text describes action on various fronts: Solomons, New Hebrides, New Guinea, Aleutians, Far Eastern waters, Russia, Mediterranean, Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Guadalcanal Island, Tulagi; Russian front. Includes photographs: Alaska road in use by December (construction of the Alaska Defense Highway); Zero fighter; in the Solomons; German mobile gun; Insect protection. Back: Airborne Command. 12 photographs with descriptive text and explanation of the role of airborne troops.
Date: October 19, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course