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Ordnance maintenance : Browning machine gun, caliber .50, all types
Contains detailed instructions for the inspection, maintenance, and repair of six types of caliber .50 Browning machine guns.
Experience with Bi-Fuel LPG Pickups in Texas
The State of Texas requires state agencies to purchase alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). In 1996, Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) representatives added about 400 bi-fuel liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) pickup trucks to their fleet. The fleet managers were willing to share information about their fleets and the operation of these vehicles, so a study was launched to collect operations, maintenance, and cost data for selected LPG and gasoline vehicles (as controls) throughout 18 months of vehicle operation. This case study presents the results of that data collection and its subsequent analysis.
Pulte homes - Las Vegas, Nevada: Cost-saving system trade-offs for hot, dry climates: Building America fact sheet
Building America houses in Las Vegas, Nevada, are using state-of-the-art building materials and systems to provide residents with much lower energy bills than standard construction. The houses use unvented roofs, high-performance windows, and combo domestic hot-water and air-conditioning units.
CARBON DIOXIDE FIXATION.
Solar carbon dioxide fixation offers the possibility of a renewable source of chemicals and fuels in the future. Its realization rests on future advances in the efficiency of solar energy collection and development of suitable catalysts for CO{sub 2} conversion. Recent achievements in the efficiency of solar energy conversion and in catalysis suggest that this approach holds a great deal of promise for contributing to future needs for fuels and chemicals.
CARBON DIOXIDE (REDUCTION)
No abstract prepared.
REFLECTIONS ON THE TWO-STATE ELECTRON TRANSFER MODEL.
There is general agreement that the two most important factors determining electron transfer rates in solution are the degree of electronic interaction between the donor and acceptor sites, and the changes in the nuclear configurations of the donor, acceptor, and surrounding medium that occur upon the gain or loss of an electron Ll-51. The electronic interaction of the sites will be very weak, and the electron transfer slow, when the sites are far apart or their interaction is symmetry or spin forbidden. Since electron motion is much faster than nuclear motion, energy conservation requires that, prior to the actual electron transfer, the nuclear configurations of the reactants and the surrounding medium adjust from their equilibrium values to a configuration (generally) intermediate between that of the reactants and products. In the case of electron transfer between , two metal complexes in a polar solvent, the nuclear configuration changes involve adjustments in the metal-ligand and intraligand bond lengths and angles, and changes in the orientations of the surrounding solvent molecules. In common with ordinary chemical reactions, an electron transfer reaction can then be described in terms of the motion of the system on an energy surface from the reactant equilibrium configuration (initial state) to the product equilibrium configuration (final state) via the activated complex (transition state) configuration.
NREL PV Working With Industry, v. 27, Third Quarter 2000
NREL PV Working With Industry is a quarterly newsletter devoted to the research, development, and deployment performed by NREL staff in concert with their industry and university partners. The third quarter, contains articles on several important PV-related conferences held in the prior three months: the REAP/HBCU Conference and the IPS-2000 Photochemistry Conference. The issue also contains a preview article of the PV Specialists conference held in Alaska in September. The editorialist is John Benner, PV Specialist Conference Program Chairman.
Measurement and Verification Guidelines for Federal Energy Projects, Version 2.2
This document provides guidelines and methods for measuring and verifying the savings associated with federal agency performance contracts. It contains procedures and guidelines for quantifying the savings resulting from energy efficiency equipment, water conservation, improved operation and maintenance, renewable energy, and cogeneration projects implemented under federal agency-financed energy savings performance contracts.
Driving the Nation Toward a Clean Energy Future: Fuels Utilization Program Fact Sheet
The transportation market in the United States is evolving. As the number of vehicles and miles traveled on American roadways continues to grow, the nation is looking toward advanced vehicles and fuels to meet the increasing demand for more energy efficient, environmentally friendly modes of transport. At the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, the Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems' Fuel Utilization Program is doing its part. We're developing and demonstrating engine and fuel technologies that allow alternative and advanced petroleum fuels to compete with their conventional counterparts.
Glass--Industry of the Future; Industrial Partnerships: Advancing Energy and Environmental Goals
This tri-fold brochure describe the partnering activities of the Office of Industrial Technologies' (OIT) Industries of the Future (IOF) for Glass. Information on what works for the Glass industry, examples of successful partnerships, and benefits of partnering with OIT are included.
Cambridge Homes Increases Energy Efficiency in a Mix of Housing Types
New houses designed by Cambridge Homes in Crest Hill, Illinois, with technical support from the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Program, save their homeowners money by applying the principles of ''whole-building'' design to the entire home product line. Regardless of the model chosen, home buyers can enjoy consistently high levels of comfort and performance with the added benefit of reduced operating costs.
State Renewable Energy News, Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 2000
This newsletter is prepared for the NARUC Subcommittee on Renewable Energy to promote information sharing on state-level renewable electric activities. It is sponsored by the Office of Power Technologies of the U.S. Department of Energy.
What's New: Spring 2001 Update. EPAct Fleet Information and Regulations, State and Alternative Fuel Provider Program Newsletter
A general update of things fleet managers and fuel providers need to know regarding the State and Alternative Fuel Provider Program.
BAF(2) POST-DEPOSITION REACTION PROCESS FOR THICK YBCO FILMS.
The basic processes of the so-called BaF{sub 2} process for the formation of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}, YBCO, films as well as its advantages over the in situ formation processes are discussed in the previous chapter. The process and the properties of YBCO films by this process were also nicely described in earlier articles by R. Feenstra, et al. Here, we will discuss two pertinent subjects related to fabrication of technologically viable YBCO conductors using this process. These are (1) the growth of thick (>> 1 {micro}m) c-axis-oriented YBCO films and (2) their growth rates. Before the detail discussions of these subjects are given, we first briefly discuss what geometrical structure a YBCO-coated conductor should be. Then, we will provide examples of simple arguments for how thick the YBCO films and how fast their growth rates need to be. Then, the discussions in the following two sections are devoted to: (1) the present understanding of the nucleation and the growth process for YBCO, and why it is so difficult to grow thick c-axis-oriented films (> 3 {micro}m), and (2) our present understanding of the YBCO growth-limiting mechanism and methods to increase the growth rates. The values of critical-current densities J{sub c} in these films are of primary importance for the applications,. and the above two subjects are intimately related to the control of J{sub c} of the films. In general, the lower the temperatures of the YBCO formation are the higher the values of J{sub c} of the films. Thus, the present discussion is limited to those films which are reacted at {approx}735 C. This is the lowest temperature at which c-axis-oriented YBCO films (1-3 {micro}m thick) are comfortably grown. It is also well known that the non-c-axis oriented YBCO platelets are extremely detrimental to the values of J{sub c} ...
MICROSTRUCTURE OF SUPERCONDUCTING MGB(2).
Recently, Akimitsu and co-workers [1] discovered superconductivity at 39 K in the intermetallic compound MgB{sub 2}. This discovery provides a new perspective on the mechanism for superconductivity. More specifically, it opens up possibilities for investigation of structure/properties in a new class of materials. With the exceptions of the cuprate and C{sub 60} families of compounds, MgB{sub 2} possesses the highest superconducting transition temperature T{sub c}. Its superconductivity appears to follow the BCS theory, apparently being mediated by electron-phonon coupling. The coherence length of MgB{sub 2} is reported to be longer than that of the cuprates [2]. In contrast to the cuprates, grain boundaries are strongly coupled and current density is determined by flux pinning [2,3]. Presently, samples of MgB{sub 2} commonly display inhomogeneity and porosity on the nanoscale, and are untextured. In spite of these obstacles, magnetization and transport measurements show that polycrystalline samples may carry large current densities circulating across many grains [3,4]. Very high values of critical current densities and critical fields have been recently observed in thin films [5,6]. These attributes suggest possible large scale and electronic applications. The underlying microstructure can be intriguing, both in terms of basic science and in applied areas. Subsequent to the discovery, many papers were published [1-13], most dealing with synthesis, physical properties, and theory. There have yet been few studies of microstructure and structural defects [11, 14]. A thorough understanding of practical superconducting properties can only be developed after an understanding of microstructure is gained. In this work we review transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies of sintered MgB{sub 2} pellets [14]. Structural defects, including second phase particles, dislocations, stacking faults, and grain boundaries, are analyzed using electron diffraction, electron-energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), high resolution imaging, and structural modeling.
1,3-Propanediol Made From Fermentation-Derived Malonic Acid: Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Agriculture Project Fact Sheet
1,3-Propanediol is one of two ingredients used in producing polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), a polymer which can be used in polyester and nylon applications. Researchers are developing a process to ferment biomass feedstock to malonic acid using filamentous fungi and then catalytically convert malonic acid to 1,3-propanediol.
Clean Fractionation for the Production of Cellulose Plastics: Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Agriculture Project Fact Sheet
Clean Fractionation is a new technology that enables energy-efficient and environmentally-clean separation of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin from lignocellulosic biomass.
Education Initiative: Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Agriculture Project Fact Sheet
The Department of Energy launched the Education Initiative in 1999 to promote the establishment of multi-disciplinary, graduate-level education and research programs.
Functionalized Vegetable Oils for Utilization as Polymer Building Blocks: Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Agriculture Project Fact Sheet
Vegetable oils such as soybean oil will be converted to novel polymers using hydroformylation and other catalytic processes. These polymers can be used in the construction, automotive, packaging, and electronic sectors.
Industrial Membrane Filtration and Fractal Separation Systems: Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Agriculture Project Fact Sheet
Improved membrane filtration and separation technologies reduce energy use, capital and maintenance costs of separation and purification systems for biomass sugars. Other areas of application include waste treatment, and chemical and food processing.
New Continuous Isosorbide Production from Sorbitol: Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Agriculture Project Fact Sheet
Isosorbide is a new polymer additive derived from corn (via sorbitol) that when copolymerized with polyethylene terephthalate (PET), increases the strength and rigidity of the plastic. This project will develop an economically-viable, continuous catalytic process to convert sorbitol to isosorbide.
CLOUD PARAMETERIZATIONS, CLOUD PHYSICS, AND THEIR CONNECTIONS: AN OVERVIEW.
This paper consists of three parts. The first part is concerned with the parameterization of cloud microphysics in climate models. We demonstrate the crucial importance of spectral dispersion of the cloud droplet size distribution in determining radiative properties of clouds (e.g., effective radius), and underline the necessity of specifying spectral dispersion in the parameterization of cloud microphysics. It is argued that the inclusion of spectral dispersion makes the issue of cloud parameterization essentially equivalent to that of the droplet size distribution function, bringing cloud parameterization to the forefront of cloud physics. The second part is concerned with theoretical investigations into the spectral shape of droplet size distributions in cloud physics. After briefly reviewing the mainstream theories (including entrainment and mixing theories, and stochastic theories), we discuss their deficiencies and the need for a paradigm shift from reductionist approaches to systems approaches. A systems theory that has recently been formulated by utilizing ideas from statistical physics and information theory is discussed, along with the major results derived from it. It is shown that the systems formalism not only easily explains many puzzles that have been frustrating the mainstream theories, but also reveals such new phenomena as scale-dependence of cloud droplet size distributions. The third part is concerned with the potential applications of the systems theory to the specification of spectral dispersion in terms of predictable variables and scale-dependence under different fluctuating environments.
Visual Data Exploration and Analysis -- Report of theVisualization Breakout Session at the 2003 SCaLeS Workshop - VolumeII
This article describes the role of scientific visualizationin computational and experimental sciences with emphasis upon futureresearch challenges.
Base Visit Book - Army - Fort Hood Texas
Base Visit Book - Fort Hood Texas dated 22 June 2005
Base Visit Book from Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow, CA to the BRAC Commission
Base Visit - Base Visit Book from Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow, CA to the BRAC Commission. Includes itinerary, base summary sheet, chart, questions, state map and statistics, closure history and any other additional information.
Base Visit Report Bolling Air Force Base, D.C.
Base Visit Report - Commissioner Gen Chairman Principi- includes list of attendees, summary of base's present mission, SECDEF's recommendations, key issues, installation and community concerns
Base Visit Report DFAS Charleston
Base Visit Report, Lead Commissioner Gen James T. Hill - includes list of attendees, summary of base's present mission, SECDEF's recommendations, key issues, installation and community concerns
Base Visit Report - Fort Lee, Virginia
Base Visit Report - includes list of attendees, summary of base's present mission, SECDEF's recommendations, key issues, installation and community concerns
Base Visit Report - Fort Riley Kansas
Base Visit Report - LTC Kevin Felix (Army Senior Analyst for IGPBS Recommendation: includes list of attendees, summary of base's present mission, SECDEF's recommendation and justifications, facilities reviewed, key issues identified, installation and community concerns and requests for staff as a result of visit.
COBRA Summary Realignment Report for Pope Air Force Base
Department of Defense Clearinghouse Response: DoD Clearinghouse response to an e-mail from the BRAC Commission requesting that the Air Force produce an official run of the recommendation after accounting for the discrepancies. Request the .cbr file be provided as well as a .pdf copy of the output files. (Attached is the PDF copy, the CBR file is document number 3952)
Memorandum of Meeting- Supplement Briefing Book - Malcolm Grow Medical Center
Briefing Book - 89th Medical Group (AMC) Management Summary Fiscal Year 2004
AF Review-Draft Final Military Value Analysis Reports_30 Mar 04
DISREGARD RESTRICTION HEADER AND FOOTER - AF Review-Draft Final Military Value Analysis Reports_30 Mar 04
Calendar No. 96 108th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 1050 [Report No. 108-46] IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES May 13, 2003
Calendar No. 96 108th CONGRESS 1st Session S. 1050 [Report No. 108-46] IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES May 13, 2003
Memorandum in reference to: Congressional Reporting Requirements on BRAC dtd 16 Dec 03
DISREGARD RESTRICTION HEADER AND FOOTER - Memorandum in reference to: Congressional Reporting Requirements on BRAC dtd 16 Dec 03
Title 10 , Section 2687, Extract from 1995 DBCRC Report
DISREGARD RESTRICTION HEADER AND FOOTER - Title 10 , Section 2687, Extract from 1995 DBCRC Report
Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes
The very high theoretical capacity of lithium (3829 mAh/g) provided a compelling rationale from the 1970's onward for development of rechargeable batteries employing the elemental metal as an anode. The realization that some transition metal compounds undergo reductive lithium intercalation reactions reversibly allowed use of these materials as cathodes in these devices, most notably, TiS{sub 2}. Another intercalation compound, LiCoO{sub 2}, was described shortly thereafter but, because it was produced in the discharged state, was not considered to be of interest by battery companies at the time. Due to difficulties with the rechargeability of lithium and related safety concerns, however, alternative anodes were sought. The graphite intercalation compound (GIC) LiC{sub 6} was considered an attractive candidate but the high reactivity with commonly used electrolytic solutions containing organic solvents was recognized as a significant impediment to its use. The development of electrolytes that allowed the formation of a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) on surfaces of the carbon particles was a breakthrough that enabled commercialization of Li-ion batteries. In 1990, Sony announced the first commercial batteries based on a dual Li ion intercalation system. These devices are assembled in the discharged state, so that it is convenient to employ a prelithiated cathode such as LiCoO{sub 2} with the commonly used graphite anode. After charging, the batteries are ready to power devices. The practical realization of high energy density Li-ion batteries revolutionized the portable electronics industry, as evidenced by the widespread market penetration of mobile phones, laptop computers, digital music players, and other lightweight devices since the early 1990s. In 2009, worldwide sales of Li-ion batteries for these applications alone were US$ 7 billion. Furthermore, their performance characteristics (Figure 1) make them attractive for traction applications such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and electric vehicles (EVs); a market ...
NLM Web Resources for Environmental Health and Biomedical Research
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is sponsoring this course to increase awareness of the availability and value of NLM’s online environmental health and toxicology information resources that provide invaluable tools to address these issues—for professionals and consumers alike. Participants will receive hands-on practice with selected NLM resources, and demonstrations of other valuable resources will be provided.
Empowering Minority Communities with Health Information - ASU
Training Manual updated for United Negro College Fund Special Programs Corporation/National Library of Medicine - HBCU ACCESS Project for Alcorn State University, Natchez, Mississippi, November 12, 2010