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Estimates of the Catch and Effort by Foreign Tuna Longliners and Baitboats in the Fishery Conservation Zone of the Central and Western Pacific, 1965-77

Description: From introduction: The primary purpose of this report is to summarize available information on the nominal effort and the catch of tunas and billfishes by these foreign longline fleets in the U.S. FCZ (Fishery Conservation Zone) of the central and western Pacific during the period 1965-77.
Date: May 1980
Creator: Yong, Marian Y. Y. & Wetherall, Jerry A.

Planning Double-Tagging Experiments

Description: This report provides guidelines for planning experiments to determine how many fish should be double-tagged, the run-time of the experiment, and how the recovery data should be regrouped.
Date: June 1981
Creator: Wetherall, Jerry A. & Yong, Marian Y. Y.

Structured Flotsam as Fish Aggregating Devices

Description: Abstract: A modern adaptation of an old fishing technique is gaining recognition in the Pacific and elsewhere as an effective means to increase fishing productivity in the open sea. The use of man-made, free-floating, and anchored floating devices to aggregate pelagic fishes for subsistence, recreational and commercial fishing has increased markedly in recent years; estimates of deployed and planned units exceed 1,000. These devices have been anchored in depths ranging from several hundred to several thousand fathoms. This report reviews the development and present use of fish aggregating devices in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Date: October 1982
Creator: Shomura, Richard S. & Matsumoto, Walter M.

An Annotated Bibliography of the Ecology of the Co-Occurring Tunas (Katsuwonus pelomis, Thunnus albacares) and Dolphins (Stenella attenuata, Stenella longirostris and Delphinus delphus) in the Easter Tropical Pacific

Description: From introduction: This bibliography was compiled to provide a source of information on the ecology of the co-occurring tunas and dolphins in the Eastern Tropical Pacific (ETP). While some of the articles give information concerning distribution and ecology of tunas and dolphins in other geographic areas, the primary focus is on the tunas and dolphins that occur together in the ETP.
Date: November 1982
Creator: Hawes, Sandra D.

The Hawaiian Monk Seal on Laysan Island, 1988

Description: This report is based on the observational studies of the Hawaiian monk seal studied on Laysan Island in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands from 28 February to 20 June and from 24 October to 13 November 1988. The data collected covers haul-out patterns, population structure, reproductive patterns, and patterns affecting survival (primarily adult male aggression toward adult female and immature seals).
Date: September 1990
Creator: Johanos, Thea C.; Becker, Brenda L.; Brown, Mary A.; Choy, Barry K.; Hiruki, Lisa M.; Brainard, Russell E. et al.

Population Monitoring of the Hawaiian Monk Seal, Monachus schauinslandi, and Captive Maintenance Project at Kure Atoll, 1988

Description: Abstract: Data on the Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi, were collected at Kure Atoll from 23 February to 20 October 1988. Beach counts made on 54 atoll-wide censuses averaged 30.0 seals, including pups of the year. Eight pups (five females and three males) were born; seven survived to weaning. Thirteen injuries to 12 seals were documented, and 5 seals became entangled in marine debris. An estimated 1,195 kg of debris were removed from beaches. Thirty-two of 40 seals tagged at Kure Atoll since 1981 were resighted. Five weaned female pups were maintained in a protective enclosure until 20-21 September, and a yearling Kure Atoll seal, which had been rehabilitated in Honolulu, was maintained in the enclosure from 22 March to 12 May.
Date: September 1990
Creator: Henderson, John R. & Finnegan, Michael R.

United States Agency for International Development and National Marine Fisheries Service Workshop on Tropical Fish Stock Assessment, 5-26 July 1989, Honolulu, Hawaii

Description: From introduction and summary: This is a report that summarizes a 3-week workshop convened to assist fishery scientists from selected Pacific island countries in analyzing their research and commercial catch and effort data on deepwater snappers.The ultimate objective of the analyses were to estimate the maximum sustainable yield (MSY) and the fishing effort that achieves the MSY for deepwater snappers in each country.
Date: September 1990
Creator: Polovina, Jeffrey J. & Shomura, Richard S.

The Hawaiian Monk Seal, Monachus schauinslandi, at Kure Atoll, 1982-83

Description: This report describes an observational research on the population of the Hawaiian monk seal at Kure Atoll taken from the March to October of 1982 to the April to June of 1983. The study focuses on deaths, injuries, reproduction rates, and data gathered during seal captivity.
Date: February 1991
Creator: Bowlby, C. Edward; Scoggins, Penelope D.; Watson, Rodney T. & Reddy, Michelle L.

Research Plan for Marine Turtle Fibropapilloma

Description: The following report is the results of a workshop held to determine the cause of fibropapilloma (lobulated tumors), thereby ultimately leading to solutions and effective strategies for containment. The urgent need to solve this problem arises from the unanimous belief among the workshop participants that this disease will continue to affect populations of turtles locally and worldwide, adding further to their survival difficulties. The workshop was held in December of 1990 and the research behind the workshop results from about 10 years of observing the species.
Date: March 1991
Creator: Balazs, George H. & Pooley, Samuel G.

A Compilation of Historical Monk Seal, Monachus schauinslandi, Counts

Description: The following document is meant to facilitate an analysis and review of historical counts of the Hawaiian monk seal. Provided here are tables ordered on an island-by-island or atoll-by-atoll basis, beginning in the early 1800s and on through the 1980s.
Date: September 1992
Creator: Hiruki, Lisa M. & Ragen, Timothy J.

Distribution of Ichthyoplankton around Southeast Hancock Seamount, Central North Pacific, in Summer 1984 and Winter 1985: Data Report

Description: From introduction: This report presents data on ichthyoplankton distribution over and near Southeast Hancock Seamount in the central North Pacific during summer 1984 and winter 1985. Described here is the sampling program and sample handling and provide only data summaries of the distributional patterns; analyses of this data base will be presented in detail elsewhere.
Date: December 1992
Creator: Boehlert, George W. & Mundy, Bruce C.
Location Info:

The Hawaiian Monk Seal at French Frigate Shoals, 1988-89

Description: This report is based on an observational study on the Hawaiian monk seal, located at French Frigate Shoals in the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Study took place from April 4th to August 31st 1988 and from March 25th to September 4th 1989. Data was made to conduct atoll-wide beach censuses of monk seals to assess productivity, survival, movements between atolls and islands, and population structure and distribution; furthermore, the study was made to monitor reproduction rates, movement between islands, tagging weaned pups, record injuries and deaths, perform necropsies, and catalogue and destroy debris capable of entangling wildlife.
Date: December 1992
Creator: Craig, Michael P.; Alcorn, Doris J.; Forsyth, Robert G.; Gerrodette, Tim; Brown, Mary A.; Choy, Barry K. et al.

Hawaiian Monk Seal Observations at French Frigate Shoals, 1984

Description: The following report is based on an observational study on the Hawaiian monk seal conducted at French Frigate Shoals in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The study takes place with various intervals between the 26th of December of 1983 and the 20th of October of 1984. The data collected are based around population structure, reproduction, and factors affecting survival.
Date: December 1992
Creator: Eliason, Julie J.

The Hawaiian Monk Seal on Lisianski Island, 1988 and 1990

Description: The following document is a report on an observational study around the Hawaiian monk seal on Lisianski Island in Northwestern Hawaiian Islands between 16-18 of May to 29th of August and the 10th of June to the 11th of August 1990. The data collected is based around reproduction and factors affecting survival as well ashaul-out patterns and population structure.
Date: March 1993
Creator: Lee, Margaret M.; Timme, Leslie K.; VanToorenburg, Richard & Becker, Brenda L.

The Hawaiian Monk Seal and Green Turtle at Pearl and Hermes Reef, 1990 and 1991

Description: This report presents data collected from the observational studies on Hawaiian monk seals and green turtles at Pearl and Hermes Reef in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The data presented was taken on 9-8 of June 1990 and 1 August to 13 September 1991. The data collected was limited to objectives conducting atoll-wide seal censuses, resighting tagged seals, tagging weaned pups, and surveying and destroying debris capable of entangling wildlife. Additionally, efforts in 1991 included retagging seals, tagging unknown-age seals, weighing and measuring immature seals, and bleach-marking seals for ID purposes. Also, interatoll movement, survival, injuries, and entanglement of seals were monitored, seal scats and spews were collected, turtles were tagged, and previously tagged turtles were resighted.
Date: May 1993
Creator: Finn, Michele A.; Henderson, John R.; Becker, Brenda L. & Ragen, Timothy J.

The Biology and Population Status of Marine Turtles in the North Pacific Ocean

Description: From objectives and scope of work: The objective of this report is to provide a comprehensive review of the biology and population status of sea turtles potentially subject to entanglement in North Pacific high-seas driftnet fisheries. The report will assist National Marine Fisheries Service efforts to assess the impacts of the driftnet fisheries on threatened and endangered sea turtle populations.
Date: September 1993
Creator: Eckert, Karen L.

Hawaiian Monk Seal Observations at French Frigate Shoals, 1985

Description: This report presents the results of observational studies on the Hawaiian monk seal at French Frigate Shoals in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands from April 4 to September 11 1985, and during 2-19 of December. The data recorded is on the population structure, reproduction, and factors affecting survival.
Date: September 1993
Creator: Eliason, Julie J.; Henderson, John R. & Webber, Marc A.

Fishery Interaction Between the Tuna Lonline and Other Pelagic Fisheries in Hawaii

Description: Abstract: The Hawaii pelagic surface fisheries and more recently the longline fisheries have grown dramatically. As a result, competition between fisheries on the fishing grounds and in the marketplace has also increased. Physical conflicts between vessels and claims of decreased fishing success by surface (troll and handline) fishermen led to the enactment of Federal regulations limiting the number of domestic longline vessels and the areas in which they can operate. The scientific evidence of biological or economic fishery interaction between longline and small-vessel fishermen is limited but suggests that intense longline fishing near the Hawaiian Islands has the potential to affect catch rates in other Hawaii fisheries. Better data collection and more research are needed to document fishery interaction and to improve fishery management.
Date: October 1993
Creator: Skillman, Robert A.; Boggs, Christofer H. & Pooley, Samuel G.

Statistical Guidelines for a Pilot Observer Program to Estimate Turtle Takes in the Hawaii Longline Fishery

Description: Abstract: Statistical guidelines are described for the development of a pilot scientific observer sampling program to collect turtle interactions data from the Hawaii longline fishery. The best available data are presented and potential sources of variability in longline turtle take rates are discussed. A stratified sampling design for a pilot survey is developed based on time and target species. An array of sample size choices for the pilot program is presented covering a range of tolerance levels and confidence levels for estimation of total turtle take.
Date: November 1993
Creator: DiNardo, Gerard T.

Economic Effects of the United Nations Moratorium on High Seas Driftnet Fishing

Description: This report presents documentation of the status and trends in the driftnet fleet (Asian fishing vessels carrying large driftnet fishing gear), a summary of the industry and governmental plans for the near future, and an assessment of possible fleet adaptations to the moratorium from a political/economic perspective.
Date: December 1993
Creator: Huppert, Daniel D. & Mittleman, Todd W.