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Wing-Fuselage Interference - Comparison of Conventional and Airfoil-Type-Fuselage Combinations

Description: Report presenting tests of wing-fuselage combinations employing an airfoil-type fuselage in the variable-density wind tunnel as part of a wing-fuselage program. The models were designed to simulate an existing moderate-size transport airplane of that type. Results regarding some general comparisons, lift distribution and induced drag, and drag in high-speed flight are provided.
Date: March 1937
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N. & Sherman, Albert

Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 4-Engine Monoplane Showing Effects of Enclosing the Engines in the Wing and Comparisons of Tractor- and Pusher-Propeller Arrangements

Description: Report presenting testing in the full-scale wind tunnel on a model of a large 4-engine monoplane to determine the overall aerodynamic efficiency of a conventional wing-nacelle-engine installation as compared with power-plant installations enclosed in the wing with extension shafts to the propellers. Results regarding power-on and power-off performance for the installations as well as propeller noise are provided.
Date: April 1938
Creator: Silverstein, Abe & Wilson, Herbert A., Jr.

Effects of Simulated Ice Formation on the Aerodynamic Characteristics of an Airfoil

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the size and distribution of ice particles on the wings of aircraft and how they affect the aerodynamic characteristics. A simulated ice formation was generated from survey information received from aircraft pilots and was tested to determine the impact on the lift characteristics.
Date: May 1938
Creator: Gulick, Beverly G.

Comparison of free-spinning wind-tunnel results with corresponding full-scale spin results

Description: Report presenting a study of comparable information on full-scale spinning results and NACA free-spinning wind-tunnel results in order to determine the degree of reliability of tunnel results in predicting the spinning behavior of airplanes. Satisfactory agreement between model and airplane was found in 16 instances and disagreement was found in 5 instances.
Date: December 1938
Creator: Seidman, Oscar & Neihouse, A. I.

Pressure drop in tank and float vent tubes on diving airplanes

Description: Report presenting an experiment regarding tank and float venting conditions that exist on diving airplanes undergoing rapid changes in altitude. The results indicated that large pressure differences build up between the outside and inside of tanks and floats on diving airplanes unless the correct size of venting tube is used.
Date: January 1939
Creator: Waldron, C. D.

Preliminary Report on Laminar-Flow Airfoils and New Methods Adopted for Airfoil and Boundary-Layer Investigations

Description: "Recent developments in airfoil-testing methods and fundamental air-flow investigations, as applied to airfoils, are discussed. Preliminary test results, obtained under conditions relatively free from stream turbulence and other disturbances, are presented. Suitable airfoils and airfoil-design principles were developed to take advantage of the unusually extensive laminar boundary layers that may be maintained under the improved testing conditions" (p. 1).
Date: June 1939
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N.

Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 4-Engine Monoplane Showing Comparison of Air-Cooled and Liquid-Cooled Engine Installations

Description: From Introduction: "An investigation has been conducted in the N.A.C.A. full-scale wind tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a 1/4-scale model of a 4-engine monoplane when equipped with comparable air-cooled engine and liquid-cooled engine installations. The air-cooled engine installation consisted of nacelles equipped with N..A.C.A. cowlings and oil coolers located in the leading edge of the wing."
Date: July 1939
Creator: Silverstein, Abe & Wilson, Herbert A., Jr.

Heat-Transfer Tests of a Steel Cylinder Barrel With Aluminum Fins

Description: Report presenting tests conducted on a steel cylinder barrel with aluminum fins in order to determine the heat-transfer coefficients of the cylinder and the excellence of the bond between the steel barrel and the aluminum fins. Results regarding the heat-transfer tests and physical tests are provided.
Date: August 1939
Creator: Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr.

Tests of Several Model Nacelle-Propeller Arrangements in Front of a Wing

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 20-foot wind tunnel to determine the drag, propulsive and net efficiencies, and cooling characteristics of several scale-model arrangements of air-cooled radial-engine nacelles and present-day propellers in front of an 18-percent-thick, 5-by-15-foot airfoil. Two 3-blade propellers with differing diameters were tested in conjunction with a 12-inch-diameter nacelle in three positions in front of the wing and with a 16-inch-diameter nacelle in six positions in front of the wing. Lift, drag, cooling-air flow, and propeller characteristics were determined for each arrangement.
Date: September 1939
Creator: McHugh, James G.

Effects of Propellers and of Vibration on the Extent of Laminar Flow on the NACA 27-212 Airfoil

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the effects of propellers and of vibration on the extent of laminar flow on the NACA 27-212 airfoil by testing the airfoil in conjunction with a tractor and a pusher propeller and with a mechanical vibrator. The results show that neither the pusher propeller nor vibration with amplitudes up to 0.094 inch and with a frequency of 1650 cycles per minute had any consequential effect on the extent of laminar flow but that the tractor propeller had a very pronounced effect.
Date: October 1939
Creator: Hood, Manley J. & Gaydos, M. Edward

Ground-cooling and flight tests of an airplane equipped with a nose-blower engine cowling

Description: Report presenting flight and ground-cooling tests with a Northrop A-17A attack airplane to determine the merits of a nose-blower engine cowling designed and built at the NACA laboratory. The main objective was to determine the cooling characteristics of the nose blower, especially for ground and low-speed operation. Results regarding the cooling properties, engine pressure drop, and maximum speed and drag are provided.
Date: October 1939
Creator: Turner, L. I., Jr.

The Effect of Streamlining the Aterbody of an N.A.C.A. Cowling

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the drag and power cost associated with the changing of the nose of a nacelle from a streamline shape to a conventional cowling shape. Full-scale propellers and nacelles were used. The results of the tests showed that the streamline afterbody drag approached that of an airship form and that the added drag due to the open-nose cowling was only a quarter of the drag increase obtained with the other afterbody.
Date: December 1939
Creator: Stickle, George W.; Crigler, John L. & Naiman, Irven

Boundary-Layer Transition on the N.A.C.A. 0012 and 23012 Airfoils in the 8-Foot High-Speed Wind Tunnel

Description: Report presenting determinations of boundary-layer transition on the NACA 0012 and 23012 airfoils in the high-speed wind tunnel over a range of Reynolds numbers. For all of the lift coefficients that testing occurred at, transition occurred in the region of estimated laminar separation at low Reynolds numbers and approached the point of minimum static pressure as a forward limit at high Reynolds numbers.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Becker, John V.

Estimation of Critical Speeds of Airfoils and Streamline Bodies

Description: Report presenting methods and charts for estimating the critical compressibility speeds of a large number of airfoils and streamline bodies. The systematic effects of thickness, thickness distribution, camber, camber location, leading-edge radius, and lift coefficient are considered. The results indicate that with a given lift coefficient, the thickness of the airfoil or of the body is the primary factor controlling its critical speed.
Date: March 1940
Creator: Robinson, Russell G. & Wright, Ray H.

Consideration of Auxiliary Jet Propulsion for Assisting Take-Off

Description: Report presenting an analysis and simple method to help solve the problem of assisting the take-off of an airplane by means of auxiliary jet propulsion by determining the jet thrust and weight of jet fuel required to provide a desired reduction in take-off distance or increase in pay load or fuel load for a fixed take-off distance. The use of previous experimental work to verify the analysis is also provided.
Date: May 1940
Creator: Turner, L. Richard

Requirements for Unit Fuel-Injection Systems

Description: "A unit injector was operated under various test conditions with a cam outline giving a high rate of plunger displacement. The rate of discharge of the unit injector followed the plunger displacement for the outwardly opening injection valve (open nozzle) except under conditions of high fuel pressures when the effect of fuel compressibility decreased the rate of discharge as the pressure increased. The rate of discharge for the inwardly opening injection valve (closed nozzle) did not directly follow the plunger displacement" (p. 1).
Date: July 1940
Creator: Marsh, Edred T.

Heat-Transfer Tests of Two Steel Cylinder Barrels With Aluminum Fins Manufactured by Factory Production Method

Description: Report presenting testing of two engine cylinder barrels with aluminum fins. The primary purpose was to determine the heat-transfer coefficients and the excellence of the bonds between the aluminum fins and the aluminum base and between the aluminum base and the steel of the two barrels when manufactured by a large-volume production method.
Date: August 1940
Creator: Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr.

High-speed drag tests of several fuselage shapes in combination with a wing

Description: Drag testing was conducted in the high-speed wind tunnel of 23 conditions combining six streamline shapes and three conventional cowling-fuselage bodies. All of the models were tested in combination with a wing in order to include wing-fuselage interference effects. The critical speeds of combinations tested were, in general, determined by the wing-fuselage juncture.
Date: August 1940
Creator: Draley, Eugene C.