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Proceedings of the Sixth Meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources

Description: Representatives of the Laboratories of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources gathered between 28 June and 2 July, 1982 at Argonne National Laboratory for their sixth meeting, ICANS-VI. The meeting was the first opportunity for participants to see Argonne's Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, which went into full operation in August, 1981, and in an important sense celebrated the coming-on-line of this most recent entry into the world's complement of the new generation of neutron sources. The main topics of the meeting were "Targets and Moderators" and "Neutron Scattering Instrumentation", following what has become the customary rotation of subjects. An additional topic, "Nuclear Data and Codes" emerged this time as a separate entity, closely related to the Targets and Moderators subjects. These Proceedings are organized roughly in the order and organization of presentations. In addition, a record of some of the discussions is included following each Status Report, and separate summaries of discussions on various subjects of the topical sessions. The manuscripts have been reproduced essentially as received.
Date: January 1983
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Proceedings of the Workshop on Electronic and Ionic Collision Cross Sections Needed in the Modeling of Radiation Interactions with Matter, Held at Argonne National Laboratory December 6-8, 1983

Description: The term modeling in the Workship title refers to the mathematical analysis of the consequences of many collision processes for characterizing the physical stage of radiation actions. It requires as input some knowledge of collision cross sections. Traditionally, work on cross sections and work on the modeling are conducted by separate groups of scientists. It was the purpose of the Workshop to bring these two groups together in a forum that would promote effective communication. Cross-section workers described the status of their work and told what data were available or trustworthy. Modeling workers told what kind of data were needed or were most important. Twenty-two items from the workshop were prepared separately for the data base.
Date: May 1984
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Proceedings of the Workshop on the Interface Between Radiation Chemistry and Radiation Physics; Held at Argonne National Laboratory, September 9-10, 1982

Description: This conference evolved out of an idea that originated Department of Energy contractor's meeting in Gettysburg to have a conference devoted to topics of interest to both radiation chemists and physicists in radiation research. Radiation chemists tend to operate in a time domain where chemical reactions can be observed and to deduce values from that data. Meanwhile, physicists naturally focus considerable attention on initial energy deposition events and perform calculations which should predict the same initial yields. Contributed papers and remarks have been grouped according to broad subjects.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Testing and Development of Electric Vehicle Batteries for EPRI Electric Transportation Program : Technical Report for January 1985 - April 1986

Description: The battery is a key element in the acceptance of electric vehicles, and R and D efforts are being undertaken to improve battery performance and lifetime. In this electric-vehicle battery program, controlled laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the effects of selected factors on the performance and life of the EV-2300 lead-acid battery manufactured by Johnson Controls, Inc. These factors included simulated driving profiles with different levels of peak power demands for vehicle acceleration, long rest times after charge or discharge, and different methods of recharging. The performance and cycle life of a 12-module full-scale battery pack and its support system were also evaluated. This report summarizes the work carried out on this program from January 1985 through April 1986. This work involved tests of the battery pack and support system, statistical analysis of capacity and power data from earlier tests of six-cell modules, and post-test analysis of selected modules and cells.
Date: January 1988
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Workshop on Artificial Superlattices. October 30-31, 1980 at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA

Description: The program and 24 abstracts are given. The abstracts are divided into the following categories: structure and elastic properties, transport and electronic properties, magnetism and superconductivity, and phonons. The engineering of novel materials using sophisticated preparation techniques has received considerable attention in recent years. This interest has been mainly stimulated by recent developments in preparation techniques such as Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Thermal Vapor Deposition and Sputtering. These advances in deposition technology allow for the first time the preparation of layered materials with well defined layer thicknesses approaching interatomic spacing and opens up new avenues for the production and stabilization of materials that do not occur in nature. In addition to the extensive experimental work on artificial semiconductor superlattices there has been a parallel, almost independent, development relating to artificial metallic superlattices. Although the experimental sophistication of the field is considerable the development of major related theoretical ideas has not kept pace. In view of the large body of experimental work, a pressing need exists for the development of conceptual ideas relating to the novel physics that is created by artificially adding a new periodicity to the lattice. Because of this the Office of Naval Research is sponsoring the first "Workshop on Artificial Superlattices", October 30-31, 1980 at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. It is hoped that a small workshop, where theorists and experimentalists in metal and semiconductor physics are brought together, will be conducive to intimate interaction and development of new conceptual ideas.
Date: October 1980
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Reactor Physics Studies in the GCFR Phase III Critical Assembly

Description: The third phase of the gas cooled fast reactor (GCFR) program, ZPR-9 Assembly 30, is based on a multi-zoned core of PuO2-UO2 with radial and axial blankets of uranium dioxide. Studies performed in this assembly will be compared to the previous phases of the GCFR program and will help to define parameters in this power-flattened demonstration plant-type core. Measurements in the Phase III program included small sample reactivity worths of various materials, central reaction rates and reaction rate distributions, absorption-to-fission ratios and the central point conversion ratio and the worth of steam entry into a small central zone. The reactivity change associated with the construction of a central pin zone in the core and axial blanket was measured. Reaction rate and steam entry measurements were repeated in the pin environment. Standard analysis methods using ENDF/B-IV data are described and the results are compared to measurements performed during the program.
Date: March 1980
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Applied Physics Division.

Chemical Engineering Division Annual Technical Report 1981

Description: Highlights of the Chemical Engineering (CEN) Division's activities during 1981 are presented. In this period, CEN conducted research and development in the following areas: rechargeable lithium-alloy/iron sulfide batteries for electric vehicles and other applications, aqueous batteries--improved lead-acid, nickel/zinc, and nickel/iron--for electric vehicles, as well as advanced lead-acid batteries for electric.-utility load leveling, energy-efficient industrial electrochemical processes, molten carbonate fuel cells for use by electric utilities, coal technology, mainly fluidized-bed combustion of coal in the presence of an SO2 sorbent of limestone, heat- and seed-recovery technology for open-cycle magnetohydrodynamic systems.
Date: April 1982
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Engineering Division.

Chemical Engineering Division Research Highlights 1979

Description: Report of activities of Argonne Chemical Engineering Division, including advanced battery project, electro-chemical project management, advanced fuel cell development, utilization of coal, magnetohydrodynamics heat and seed recovery technology, solar energy, fast reactor chemistry research, nuclear fuel cycle studies, magnetic fusion energy research, and basic energy science.
Date: June 1980
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Engineering Division.

Experiments on Cold-Trap Regeneration by NaH Decomposition

Description: Cold-trap regeneration may be very important in future LMFBRs because of the expected high hydrogen source from the steam generators. This hydrogen precipitates as NaH in the cold trap and may fill the trap within one year of operation. Several methods of cold-trap regeneration were considered, but the simplest and least expensive appears to be decomposition of NaH under vacuum at elevated temperatures. Experiments were done to assess the feasibility of this method for cold-trap regeneration. Small-scale simulated cold traps (SCT) were loaded with NaH and NaH plus Na2O, and were heated both under vacuum and under a sweep gas at 100 kPa. The evolved hydrogen was converted to water by a CuO bed and collected in a weighing tube.
Date: June 1980
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Engineering Division.

Annual Technical Report

Description: Report of Argonne Chemical Technology division activities, including high-performance batteries, aqueous batteries, advanced fuel cells, and coal utilization.
Date: May 1988
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.

Chemical Technology Division Annual Technical Report: 1986

Description: Annual report of Argonne National Laboratory's Chemical Technology (CMT) Division. In this period, CMT conducted research and development in areas that include the following: (1) high-performance batteries--mainly lithium-alloy/metal sulfide and sodium/sulfur; (2) aqueous batteries (lead-acid, nickel/iron, etc.); (3)advanced fuel cells with molten carbonate or solid oxide electrolytes; (4) coal utilization, (5) methods for recovery of energy from municipal waste; (6) methods for the electromagnetic continuous casting of steel sheet; (7) techniques for treatment of hazardous waste such as reactive metals and trichloroethylenes; (8) nuclear technology related to waste management.
Date: June 1987
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.

Chemical Technology Division Annual Technical Report 1988

Description: Highlights of the Chemical Technology (CMT) Division's activities during 1988 are presented. In this period, CMT conducted research and development in the following areas: (1) high-performance batteries (mainly lithium-alloy/metal sulfide, sodium/metal chloride, and sodium/sulfur); (2) aqueous batteries (lead-acid, nickel/iron, etc.); (3) advanced fuel cells with molten carbonate or solid oxide electrolytes; (4) coal utilization, including the heat and seed recovery technology for coal-fired magnetohydrodynamics plants and the technology for fluidized bed combustion; (5) methods for recovery of energy from municipal waste and techniques for treatment of hazardous chemical waste; (6) nuclear technology related to a process for separating and recovering. transuranic elements from nuclear waste and for producing 99Mo from low-enriched uranium targets, the recovery processes for discharged fuel and the uranium blanket in a sodium-cooled fast reactor, and waste management; and (7) physical chemistry of selected materials in environments simulating those of fission and fusion energy systems.
Date: May 1989
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.

Chemical Technology Division Annual Technical Report for 1984

Description: Report on studies of advanced batteries, aqueous batteries, advanced fuel cells, coal utilization, methodologies for recovery of energy from municipal waste, solid and liquid desiccants, nuclear technology related to waste management, and physical chemistry of selected materials in environments simulating those of fission, fusion, and other energy systems.
Date: February 1985
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.

Annual Research Summary

Description: Report on activities of the Division of Biological and Medical Research in carcinogenesis, low level radiation, molecular biology, and toxicology.
Date: August 1984
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Division of Biological and Medical Research.

Division of Biological and Medical Research Annual Report 1980

Description: The research during 1980 in the Division of Biological and Medical Research, Argonne National Laboratory, is summarized. Research related to nuclear energy includes the delineation, in the6 eagle, of the responses to continuous low level Co gamma radiation and the development of cellular indicators of preclinical phases of leukemia; comparison of lifetime effects in mice of low level neutron and Co gamma radiation.
Date: August 1981
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Division of Biological and Medical Research.

Division of Biological and Medical Research Annual Technical Report 1981

Description: This report summarizes research during 1981 in the Division of Biological and Medical Research, Argonne National Laboratory. Studies in Low Level Radiation include comparison of lifetime effects in mice of low level neutron and gamma irradiation, delineation of the responses of dogs to continuous low level gamma irradiation, elucidation of mechanisms of radiation damage and repair in mammalian cells, and study of the genetic effects of high LET radiations.
Date: June 1982
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Division of Biological and Medical Research.

Division of Biological and Medical Research Annual Technical Report 1982

Description: Computer graphic representation of the antigen-binding sites of two Bence-Jones proteins (antibody light chain diners), Loc (left) and Mcg (right). The spheres represent individual amino acids. Each binding site is composed of two variable domains and each domain consists of framework segments and the hyper-variable segments which confer the specificity to the antibody molecule.
Date: May 1983
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Division of Biological and Medical Research.

Materials Technology for Coal-Conversion Processes Quarterly Report: January-March 1980

Description: Quarterly report on the activities of the Argonne National Laboratory Materials Science Division regarding economical conversion of coal into clean and usable alternate fuels will be advanced through the use of durable materials systems. This program is designed to provide part of the materials information necessary for successful operation of coal-conversion systems.
Date: June 1980
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Materials Science Division.