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Feasibility Study, Optimum Natural Uranium, Gas Cooled, Graphite Moderated Nuclear Power Plant for United States Atomic Energy Commission, Idaho Operations Office
Report containing "a discussion of the feasibility design and cost estimates for a gas cooled, natural uranium, graphite moderated power plant optimized for minimum power cost" (p. 3).
Feasibility Study, Optimum Partially Enriched Uranium, Gas Cooled, Graphite Moderated for United States Atomic Energy Commission, Idaho Operations Office
Report that contains "a preliminary design and feasibility studies of gas cooled, graphite moderated, nuclear power plants" (p. 1).
Savannah River Project Site Report: 30,000 KW Prototype Partically Enriched Uranium Gas Cooled, Graphite Moderated Nuclear Power Plant for United States Atomic Energy Commission Idaho Operations Office
Report describing a modified prototype of a nuclear reactor that uses partially uranium-enriched fuel and is cooled by helium. The construction site, site safety aspects, and design and construction costs are included.
S>Optical tooling has been evaluated for the measurement of physical dimensions of radioactive parts through hot cell windows. Instruments were set up outside of a four foot thick lead glass window and by means of a grid plate which had been accurately scribed, a ''contour map'' or calibration chart of the window variations was recorded. Although the window was not specially selected, the readings were within 1.0% of the true dimension without using correction factors. One of the calibration chart with the window reduced the error to plus or minus 0.1%. The method is considered feasible and sufficiently fast for a wide variety of hot cell measurements. A pin point light source is suggested as a simple check for selective assembly of lead glass laminates during manufacture of hot cell windows to provide control of optical properties. (auth)
A commercial light-weight portable bandsaw was fitted with a grip to permit it to be maneuvered remotely in a hot cell by means of a General Mills manipulator The bandsaw was supported in various positions to make cuts on typical pieces. Photographs show the saw in operation. (auth)
The Theory and Operation of Shock-Load Ferroelectric Transducers
A report discussing "an explosive ferroelectric power supply and the experimental approach followed in determining its operating characteristics."
The Neutron Sensitive PCP Ionization Chamber
Manual of operation for a neutron sensitive ionization chamber for reactor instrumentation.
Liquid Thermal Diffusion
This volume is one set of a series which has been prepared as a record of the research work done under the Manhattan Project and the Atomic Energy Commission.
Interim Report on the Location of Nonsaline Uraniferous Waters Suitable for Ion-Exchange Process
From introduction: The Trace Elements Section Washington Laboratory had developed the methods used in anticipation of handling an increased volume of water analyses as this preliminary project is expanded into a full-scale investigation. The efforts of these groups were coordinated by the Trace Elements Planning and Coordination Office.
A Low Cost Experimental Neutron Chain Reactor Part 2
Description of cooling, shielding, controls are discussed for 100 kw and 1 Mw operation of a low cost experimental neutron chain reactor.
Preliminary Safety Evaluation of the Sodium Reactor Experiment
A description is given of the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE) facilities and program of objectives. The hazards associated with equipment failures and malfunctions, personnel errors, natural causes, and operation are evaluated (C.J.G.)
Low Temperature Distillation of Hydrogen Isotopes
No Description Available.
No Description Available.
The commercial feasibility of the electrolytic process for Th production has been demonstrated. The cell produced 7 lb. of good quality metal per hour. A cathode cooling system was developed. The major construction materials, Ni and graphite, were satisfactory. The process yield was 86%. (T.R.H.)
Theoretical Investigation of the Performance of Proportional Navigation Guidance Systems: Effect of Method of Positioning the Radar Antenna on the Speed of Response
Memorandum presenting a linear theoretical analysis made of the performance of three proportional navigation guidance systems installed in a given supersonic, variable-incidence, boost-glide, antiaircraft missile at Mach numbers of 2.7 and 1.3. Three guidance systems are compared on the basis of the maximum obtainable speed of response of the missile and guidance-system combination consistent with adequate stability. Results regarding the effect of method of positioning the radar antenna on the speed of response, effect of Mach number on response, and effect of networks are provided.
Theoretical Investigation of the Performance of Proportional Navigation Guidance Systems-Effect of Method of Positioning the Radar Antenna on the Speed of Response
Memorandum presenting a linear theoretical analysis of the performance of three proportional navigation guidance systems installed in a given supersonic, variable-incidence, boost-glide, antiaircraft missile at Mach numbers of 2.7 and 1.3. It is shown that, with the antenna stabilized in space, the effect of component lags on the response is small, so that the speed of response is small, so that the speed of response can be made to approach closely that of the airframe alone.
Theoretical Investigation of the Performance of Proportional Navigation Guidance Systems: Effect of Missile Configuration on the Speed of Response
Memorandum presenting a comparison of the maximum speed of response that can be attained by three missile configurations, a variable-incidence-wing, a canard, and a tail-control, in combination with a particular proportional navigation guidance system. The configuration that allows the most rapid overall guidance-system response depends on the control-system characteristics. Results regarding the rate-only feedback and rate and normal acceleration feedback are provided.
The effect of stick-force gradient and stick gearing on the tracking accuracy of a fighter airplane
Report presenting steady straight-and-level and steady turning tracking runs against an aerial target using an F-51H airplane equipped with a fixed optical sight and with various combinations of maneuvering stick-force and stick-deflection gradients. Results regarding aim wander, elevator movement, and stick-force variation for various test conditions are provided.
Theoretical Investigation of the Effects of the Artificial-Feel System on the Maneuvering Characteristics of the F-89 Airplane
The possibility of overshooting the anticipated normal acceleration as a result of the artificial-feel characteristics of the F-89C airplane at a condition of minimum static stability was investigated analytically by means of an electronic simulator. Several methods of improving the stick-force characteristics were studied. It is shown that, due to the lag in build-up of the portion of the stick force introduced by the bobweight, it would be possible for excessive overshoots of normal acceleration to occur in abrupt maneuvers with reasonable assumed control movements. The addition of a transient stick force proportional to pitching acceleration (which leads the normal acceleration) to prevent this occurring would not be practical due to the introduction of an oscillatory mode to the stick-position response. A device to introduce a viscous damping force would Improve the stick-force characteristics so that normal acceleration overshoots would not be likely, and the variation of the maximum stick force in rapid pulse-type maneuvers with duration of the maneuver then would have a favorable trend.
Investigation of the Use of a Stick Force Proportional to Pitching Acceleration for Normal-Acceleration Warning
Report presenting an investigation of the feasibility of modifying the transient portion of the stick force in abrupt maneuvers in order to eliminate inadvertent normal-acceleration overshoots. The modification consists of additional stick force proportional to a quantity which leads the normal acceleration. The characteristics introduced by the inclusion of the force were considered to be very desirable by pilots.
Investigation of Materials for Water Lubricated Thrust Bearings: Period Covered - March 5, 1951 to June 30, 1953
From abstract: The test program gave information about compatibility of materials and demonstrated the particular requirements of bearing surface preparation.
Investigation of internal film cooling of exhaust nozzle of a 1000-pound-thrust liquid-ammonia liquid-oxygen rocket
Report presenting an investigation of internal film cooling of the exhaust nozzle of a 1000-pound-thrust liquid ammonia liquid-oxygen rocket engine. With water as a coolant, approximately 16 percent of the total propellant and coolant flow was required to film-cool the entire nozzle and with anhydrous liquid ammonia, approximately 19 percent of the total flow was required. Results regarding the coolant results and performance results are provided.
Progress Report on Zirconium Pilot Plant Research and Development
No Description Available.
Zirconium Pilot Plant Research and Development Progress Report
The following progress report was compiled by the research and development division of the zirconium pilot plant. This report discusses two iodination and deposition runs that were completed as of August 20, 1951, as well as the third iodination run that uses a vaporizer condenser that condenses approximately 40 pounds of zirconium iodide.
Effects of inlet icing on performance of axial-flow turbojet engine in natural icing conditions
A flight investigation in natural icing conditions was conducted to determine the effect of inlet ice formations on the performance of axial-flow turbojet engines. The results are presented for icing conditions ranging from a liquid-water content of 0.1 to 0.9 gram per cubic meter and water-droplet size from 10 to 27 microns at ambient-air temperature from 13 to 26 degrees F. The data show time histories of jet thrust, air flow, tail-pipe temperature, compressor efficiency, and icing parameters for each icing encounter. The effect of inlet-guide-vane icing was isolated and shown to account for approximately one-half the total reduction in performance caused by inlet icing.
Accelerations in fighter-airplane crashes
From Introduction: "This report describes some measurements of these quantities obtained by crashing fighter aircraft under circumstances approximating those observed in service."
Investigations on Wings With and Without Sweepback at High Subsonic Speeds
Drag tests at zero lift have been made at Mach numbers from 0.7 to approximately 0.95 in the high speed wind tunnel of the Institute of Aerodynamics, ETH, Zurich, on a group of untapered wings of aspect ratio 3.25, having sweep angles of 0 degree and 35 degrees. For each sweep angle, a series of geometrically similar models was tested at a constant Reynolds number to provide a verification of computed tunnel blocking corrections. Tests were also made for wings having thickness ratios of 0.09 and 0.12 and the results compared with results predicted by von Karman's similarity law.
The High Temperature, High Vacuum Vaporization and Thermodynamic Properties of Uranium Dioxide
No Description Available.
Although the oxides such as Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/, MgO, UO/sub 2/, ThO/sub 2/ , Be O, and ZrO/sub 2/ are used as refractory materials, very little reliable thermodynamic data predicting the stabilities of the gases in equilibrium with the solids at temperatures above 1700 deg C exist. In most cases the vapor pressures are not accurately known and in some cases the gaseous molecules are uncertain. Hence one experiences difficulties in attempting to predict ihe interaction of these oxides with the refractory metals such as tungsten and tantalum. The problems are made even more difficult because of a lack of reliable information concenning the gaseous oxides of tungsten and tantalum. As a means towards establishing the thermodynamic stabilities of these refractory oxides, the authors propose to survey the existing results and to describe some rather crucial experiments relating to the interaction of these oxides with tungsten and tantalum. Although not establishing accurate free energies, these experiments, neventheless, hnve shown conclusively the unreliability of some supposedly accurate thermodynamic properties because of a failure to examine the investigations in this manner. In addition, they indicate more reliable limits of free energies in certain cases. (auth)
Van Slyke Factors for Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, and Carbon Monoxide
Tables of data calculated on an IBM 610 automatic computer are given to convert the measured pressure differences in the Van Slyke gas analysis apparatus into micromolar concentration of gas in solution for hydrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide in water. Measured solubility coefficients for carbon dioxide in various aqueous solutions of formic acid are given together with the conversion factors for use with the Van Slyke analysis apparatus. (auth)
A kinetic study was made of the formation of very thin anodic oxide films on niobium at constant current over the temperature range --10 to 70 deg C. Formation voltages were limited to the range below the oxygen evolution potential to eliminate possible interaction of an electronic component of the current with the measured formation field. It was found that the measured temperature dependence of Tafel slope agreed with that predicted by the theory of Mott and Cabrera. Using this theory, a zero field interfacial barrier height of 1.19 ev and a half-jump distance of 2.40 A were obtained. Values of the differential formation field are reported at current densities of 1000, 100, 10, and 1 mu a/ cm/sup 2/ at ten degree intervals over the temperature range studied. (auth)
No Description Available.
Theoretical Damping in Roll and Rolling Moment Due to Differential Wing Incidence for Slender Cruciform Wings and Wing-Body Combinations
"A method of analysis based on slender-wing theory is developed to investigate the characteristics in roll of slender cruciform wings and wing-body combinations. The method makes use of the conformal mapping processes of classical hydrodynamics which transform the region outside a circle and the region outside an arbitrary arrangement of line segments intersecting at the origin. The method of analysis may be utilized to solve other slender cruciform wing-body problems involving arbitrarily assigned boundary conditions" (p. 1).
No Description Available.
Progress in the Fluorox program is reported. The chemical reaction of primary interest in the Fluorox program is the oxidation of UF/sub 4/ with O/sub 2/, 2UF/sub 4/ + O/sub 2/ = UO/sub 2/F/sub 2/ + UF/sub 6/; however, to study this process at higher temperatures, the thermal decomposition of UO/sub 2/F/sub 2/, 3UO/sub 2/F/sub 2/ = 2/3 U/sub 3 /O/sub 8/ + UF/sub 6/ + 1/3 O/sub 2/, is being investigated by thermogravimetric methods in the temperature range 750 to 900 deg C. A fluidized bed reactor and a flame reactor have been used successfully to perform the continuous oxidation of UF/sub 4/ with O/sub 2/. The 3-in. fluidized bed reactor was operated up to 825 deg C on both a continuous and batch basis while the flame reactor was used to continuously react finely divided UF/sub 4/ with O/sub 2/ in a CO-O/sub 2/ flame at temperatures greater than 1200 deg C. (auth)
Theoretical study of the lateral frequency response to gusts of a fighter airplane, both with controls fixed and with several types of autopilots
Report presenting a theoretical approach to determine the lateral frequency response of a fighter airplane to side gusts and rolling gusts at a Mach number of 0.7 and an altitude of 30,000 feet. Frequency response and power spectral density were determined with the controls fixed and in combination with three different basic types of attitude autopilots.
Flying qualities of a high-performance personal-owner airplane
Report presenting an investigation to measure the flying qualities of a high-performance personal-owner airplane to investigate the possible causes of instrument flying accidents with that type of aircraft. Testing indicated that the lack of aerodynamic stall warning and rapid roll-off at the stall could contribute to stall-spin accidents with high-performance personal-owner aircraft. Results regarding the handling qualities and the control under instrument flying conditions are provided.
Tests of a centering spring used as an artificial feel device on the elevator of a fighter airplane
Report presenting tests to investigate the use of a simple centering spring, which had no variation of force gradient with impact pressure, as an artificial feel device for the elevator control of a fighter airplane. Testing was conducted using a Chance Vought F4U-4B airplane equipped with power controls. Results regarding the force experienced and effects of the feel system are provided.
Beryllium Deposits of the Mount Antero Region, Chaffee County, Colorado
Report discussing the possible existence of pegmatites containing beryllium deposits in the granite stock in the vicinity of Mount Antero and White Mountain, Chaffee County, Colorado.
Wall-Rock Control of Certain Pitchblende Deposits in Golden Gate Canyon, Jefferson County, Colorado
Report discussing a geological study of the Union Pacific prospect near the Golden Canyon in Jefferson County, Colorado.
Uranium Occurrences in the Golden Gate Canyon and Ralston Creek Areas, Jefferson County, Colorado
From abstract: Pitchblende, associated with base-metal sulfides, has been found at eight localities in the northern part of Jefferson County, Colo., in shear zones that cut pre-Cambrian metamorphic and igneous rocks, chiefly hornblende gneiss, biotite schist, and granite pegmatite. The pitchblende deposits, with one exception, are in major shear zones that contain vein-like bodies of carbonate-rich breccia. The breccia bodies range from 1 to 5 feet in thickness and are related probably to the Laramide faults, or "breccia reefs" of similar trend, mapped by Lovering and Goddard (1950).
The Transfer of Plutonium Hexafluoride in the Vapor Phase
Plutonium hexafluoride is decomposed by heat, by its alpha radiation, and by reactions with most materials of construction. Laboratory experiments were performed to investigate means by which plutonium losses due to these reactions can be minimized during vapor-phase transfers of the compound. The experiments showed that plutonium hexafluoride vapor could be transferred satisfactorily through well fluorinated nickel equipment in a stream of fluorine or helium. The decomposition product of plutonium hexafluoride was refluorinated at 250 deg C by fluorine. (auth)
The extraction of uranium, magnesium, cerium, zirconium, and niobium from bismuth with a molten mixture of sodium fluoride and zirconium fluoride was demonstrated. Comparative rates of extraction were obtained. The effects of high concentrations of magnesium and of hydrogen fluoride sparging on the extraction process were investigated. Tracer studies demonstrated that exchange occurs between zirconium dissolved in the bismuth and zirconium in the fused salt. The applicability of the fused fluoride extraction step to the processing of the Liquid Metal Fuel Reactor'' solution fuel is discussed. (auth)
Determination of Shapes of Boattail Bodies of Revolution for Minimum Wave Drag
"By use of an approximate equation for the wave drag of slender bodies of revolution in a supersonic flow field, the optimum shapes of certain boattail bodies are determined for minimum wave drag. The properties of three specific families of bodies are determined, the first family consisting of bodies having a given length and base area and a contour passing through a prescribed point between the nose and base, the second family having fixed length, base area, and maximum area, and the third family having given length, volume, and base area. The method presented is easily generalized to determine minimum-wave-drag profile shapes which have contours that must pass through any prescribed number of points" (p. 1).
Technical basis for establishing process tube pressure limits for KER loops 2 and 3 and for the NPR Prototype Facility
In compliance with a request from Coolant Testing Operation, the Reactor Engineering Operation has made a study to determine the maximum operating pressure limits for the pertinent Zircaloy-2 process tubes. Since these tubes shall be used for testing NPR fuel elements, it is considered desirable that KER Loops 2 and 3 permit operation at temperatures of around 300{degrees}C while the NPR prototype facility permit operation at about 316{degrees}C in a manner such that there is minimum hazard to the KE-Reactor and to personnel.
Emergency cooling and air filtration systems for HAPO reactors
This report represents a critical review of existing reactor cooling systems and discusses suggested supplementary-cooling system which might be employed in emergencies resulting from such natural hazards as earthquake, equipment failure, or personnel error. In addition the subject of building filtration is discussed. Maintenance of an uninterrupted flow of cooling water is of major concern to the safety of any HAPO reactor. For some time supplementary cooling systems which would be capable of removing heat output in the event of failure in the existing emergency backup systems have been under scrutiny. Loss of coolant may cause damaging power excursion (should this occur during operation) or will inevitably result in fuel melting and a subsequent release of fission products to the atmosphere, even if the reactor is shut down prior to the loss of coolant.
Stress Analysis of Bulk Effluent System Components in B and C Reactors
This report presents a study of the stresses induced in the elbow and downcomer of the B and C Reactors (bulk effluent systems) by flow momentum and pressurization effects. It is desirable to ascertain the limitations on the bulk outlet temperatures and flow rates from a stress viewpoint; the elbow, top coverplate of downcomer, and top baffle plate being the most severely stressed components.
An accidental release of gaseous fission products from an ORR fused salt capsule, containing 26 mg. of U/sup 235/, was postulated and the resuiting hazard estimated by calculating the maximum external and internal dose an individual could receive from exposure to the gaseous fission products and their decay products. Assuming all the contained gaseous fission produets are released, the resulting external and internal dosc, to organs other than the thyroid, arc insignificant. The dose to the thyroid by radioiodine is considered to be significant. By retaining at least 90% of the iodine isotopes in the experiment system through use of an iodine trap, a large reduction in both the external whole body and internal thyroid doses may be achieved. Therefore, assuming an iodine trap is utilized, it appears that the consequences of am accidental gaseous fission product release from an ORR fused salt capsule experiment would not be serious. (auth)
BS>The igition temperature of Columbia G activated charcoal in a flowing oxygen stream was determined to be 290 deg C under conditions simulating the inlet of the HRT charcoal beds. Calculations of charcoal temperatures resulting from beta decay of adsorbed fission gases from the HRT indicate that this temperature will not be reached provided the reacter power does not exceed 10 Mw with an accompanying oxygen flow not exceeding 2 liters/min. At lower power levels higher oxygen flow may be tolerated. If, by a combination of circumstances, ignition of the charcoal should occur, it will be possible to extinguish the fire by stopping the oxygen flow. The down-stream propagation of the combustion front is slow enough to allow detection and corrective action to be taken before a serious situation occurs. (auth)
A method of predicting the performance of fission gas adsorption traps containing activated charcoal is presented. This method is applied in the evaluation of the fission gas traps designed for use in the ORNL-MTR44 loop experiment. The method should also be applicable in evaluating fission gas traps contained in other reactor experiments. (auth)