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Tail Buffeting

Description: An approximate theory of buffeting is here presented, based on the assumption of harmonic disturbing forces. Two cases of buffeting are considered: namely, for a tail angle of attack greater and less than the stalling angle, respectively. On the basis of the tests conducted and the results of foreign investigators, a general analysis is given of the nature of the forced vibrations the possible load limits on the tail, and the methods of elimination of buffeting.
Date: February 1, 1943
Creator: Abdrashitov, G.

National Safety Competition of 1942

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on its annual safety contest between mine workers. Different types of mines enrolled in the competition and the winners and honorable mentions for 1942 are presented. This report includes tables.
Date: October 1943
Creator: Adams, William Waugh & Lawrence, T. D.

A subpress for compressive tests

Description: A subpress for compressive tests is described. The subpress was designed primarily for use in developing and investigating methods for testing thin sheet metal in compression. Provision was made for testing fixed-end and flat-end specimens with or without various types of lateral support against buckling. Compressive stress-strain data for a sheet of 0.032-inch 24S-RT aluminum alloy were obtained with the subpress by the pack method and by the single-thickness method. The data showed small scatter and the stress-strain curves obtained by the two methods were in close agreement.
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Aitchison, C S & Miller, James A

A method for calculating heat transfer in the laminar flow region of bodies

Description: This report has been prepared to provide a practical method for determining the chordwise distribution of the rate of heat transfer from the surface of a wing or body of revolution to air. The method is limited in use to the determination of heat transfer from the forward section of such bodies when the flow is laminar. A comparison of the calculated average heat-transfer coefficient for the nose section of the wing of a Lockheed 12-A airplane with that experimentally determined shows a satisfactory agreement. A sample calculation is appended.
Date: January 1, 1943
Creator: Allen, H Julian & Look, Bonne C

The Effect of Compressibility on the Growth of the Laminar Boundary Layer on Low-Drag Wings and Bodies

Description: The development of the laminar boundary layer in a compressible fluid is considered. Formulas are given for determining the boundary-layer thickness and the ratio of the boundary-layer Reynolds number to the body Reynolds number for airfoils and bodies of revolution. It i s shown that the effect of compressibility will profoundly alter the Reynolds number corresponding to the upper limit of the range of the low-drag coefficients . The available data indicate that for low-drag and high critical compressibility speed airfoils and bodies of revolution, this effect is favorable.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Allen, H. Julian & Nitzberg, Gerald E.

Geology of the Portage Pass Area, Alaska

Description: Abstract: The Portage Pass area is in south-central Alaska, and includes part of the narrow neck of land that joins the Kenai Peninsula with the mainland to the north. This region is in general mountainous, elevations ranging from sea level to more than 4,000 feet on the peaks bordering the area. Several glaciers, all of which are apparently receding, extend into the area. Vegetation, chiefly alder and cottonwood on the valley lowlands and some spruce and hemlock on the lower slopes, extends to an elevation of about 1,000 feet, above which the slopes are bare except for occasional clumps of brush. The bedrock of the entire area is slate, argillite, and graywacke, apparently part of the same great series that extends from the Kenai Peninsula into the Prince William Sound region and is at least in part of Cretaceous age. The only igneous rocks recognized in the area are a few acidic dikes and a small diabase dike. Small, irregular quartz veinlets are widespread. The structure is not only complex but, owing to extensive metamorphism, is in many places obscure. A general northeast strike and steep to vertical dips of both bedding and cleavage planes are the rule, but there appears to be some broad folding along steeply northeast-pitching axes. Although no large faults have been recognized, much movement has occurred along many small faults, shear zones, and bedding planes. All observed faults and shear zones trend northeastward. There are no mines in this area. Some mineralization of quartz veins was noted at a few places, and some prospecting has been done, but no workable deposits are known.
Date: 1943
Creator: Barnes, Farrell F.

Preliminary tests to determine the dynamic stability characteristics of various hydrofoil systems for seaplanes and surface boats

Description: Report discusses the results of testing on the dynamic stability characteristics of various hydrofoil systems for seaplanes, including a flat-hydrofoil tandem system, a 20 degree V-hydrofoil tandem system, a curved-hydrofoil tandem system, a flat-hydrofoil ladder system, a Guidoni S.V.A.-type hydrofoil on a streamline spindle, and several self-propelled models, including the Tietjens hydrofoil system. The instability and spray were compared for the different systems.
Date: November 1943
Creator: Benson, James M. & King, Douglas A.

The use of a retractable planing flap instead of a fixed step on a seaplane

Description: Report presents and discusses the improvements in hydrodynamic and aerodynamic performance of a seaplane with a retractable planing flap instead of a conventional main step. A type of flap that could be used is described and tested for hydrodynamic stability. Results regarding the trim limits of stability, limiting positions of the center of gravity, and skipping are provided.
Date: May 1943
Creator: Benson, James M. & Lina, Lindsay J.

Relation of preignition and knock to allowable engine temperatures

Description: From Summary: "The results are given of an investigation of some of the limitations that now prevent increases in the temperature level of engine cylinder heads, and a review of previous work in the field is included to supplement these results. Attention was given, in particular, to the effects of fuel knock and surface ignition on cylinder temperatures and the effects of cylinder temperatures on performance. Data were obtained from a Wright C9GC air-cooled cylinder and from a Lycoming O-1230 liquid-cooled cylinder."
Date: July 1943
Creator: Biermann, Arnold E. & Corrington, Lester C.