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The European Union: Questions and Answers

Description: This report serves as a primer on the EU. Despite the UK's vote to leave the EU, the UK remains a full member of the bloc until it completes withdrawal negotiations and officially exits the EU (expected to occur in March 2019). As such, this report largely addresses the EU and its institutions as they currently exist. It also briefly describes U.S.-EU political and economic relations that may be of interest in the 115th Congress.
Date: February 23, 2018
Creator: Archick, Kristin

Northern Ireland: Current Issues and Ongoing Challenges in the Peace Process

Description: This report discusses the history of the implementation of the 1998 "Good Friday" Peace Agreement in Northern Ireland, ongoing challenges in the peace process, initiatives to further peace, and current issues surrounding the collapse of the devolved government and the refusal to form a coalition by either major party and the Brexit negotiations.
Date: March 12, 2018
Creator: Archick, Kristin

Cameroon's Anglophone Crisis: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses recent unrest in Cameroon between the French-speaking majority and the English-speaking minority who were historically divided between French and British rule. The Anglophone activists have reported numerous human rights abuses and many of them have been arrested on terrorism charges. Options for Congress to consider concerning foreign aid and diplomatic measures to help bring about an agreement between the two sides are also discussed.
Date: April 6, 2018
Creator: Arieff, Alexis

Rwanda: In Brief

Description: This report describes Rwanda's political and governmental structure, economy, regional security policies, relations with the U.S., and human rights concerns.
Date: February 7, 2018
Creator: Arieff, Alexis & Terrell, Katherine Z.

Responding to the Opioid Epidemic: Legal Developments and FDA's Role

Description: This report discusses the opioid epidemic in the U.S. and the role of the Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in helping end the epidemic. The report provides an overview of FDA's existing authorities, the historical context for the opioid epidemic, and the agency's current plan for combatting the opioid epidemic, concluding with an examination of the broader legal questions concerning the crisis.
Date: March 6, 2018
Creator: Armstrong, Kathryn B.

Domestic Food Assistance: Summary of Programs

Description: This report discusses food assistance programs which are administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service (USDA-FNS) programs as well as nutrition programs administered by the Administration on Aging (AOA), within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Administration for Community Living (HHS-ACL).
Date: March 22, 2018
Creator: Aussenberg, Randy Alison & Colello, Kirsten J.

Economic and Fiscal Conditions in the U.S. Virgin Islands

Description: This report discusses the fiscal and economic challenges facing the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) and related issues for Congress, such as: oversight of federal policies that could affect the USVI's long-term fiscal stability; further legislation that would extend or restructure long-range disaster assistance programs to mitigate those challenges and promote greater resiliency of infrastructure and public programs; and how responses to the USVI's fiscal distress could affect municipal debt markets more broadly.
Date: June 20, 2018
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew

Addressing Sexual Harassment by Modifying the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995: A Look at Key Provisions in H.R. 4822.

Description: This report discusses the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 (CAA) and proposed reforms to how it handles harassment claims through the bill H.R. 4822. The report highlights and considers some of the major differences between the current process provided under the CAA and the process that would exist if H.R. 4822 were enacted, as well as other changes proposed by the bill that could affect both legislative branch employees and Members of Congress.
Date: January 29, 2018
Creator: Back, Christine J. & Freeman, Wilson C.

Prevalence of Mental Illness in the United States: Data Sources and Information

Description: This report briefly describes the methodology and results of three large surveys that provide national prevalence estimates of diagnosable mental illness: the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R), the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), and the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). This report presents prevalence estimates of any mental illness and serious mental illness based on each survey and ends with a brief discussion of how these prevalence estimates might inform policy discussions.
Date: January 19, 2018
Creator: Bagalman, Erin & Cornell, Ada S.

Abortion at or Over 20 Weeks' Gestation: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report provides answers to frequently asked questions concerning abortions that are performed in the second trimester of a woman's pregnancy because Congress and many state legislatures are considering legislation that would limit or ban abortions in midpregnancy. This report does not discuss constitutional or legal questions nor does it discusses differing state regulations regarding such abortions.
Date: April 11, 2018
Creator: Barry, Matthew B.

Election in Italy

Description: This report discusses the results of the Italian Parliamentary election on March 4, 2018 which ended with no party gaining a majority making a coalition necessary. Populist parties gained a significant number of seats and implications of their rise to power for Italy, the EU, NATO, and the U.S. are discussed.
Date: March 8, 2018
Creator: Belkin, Paul

France and U.S.-French Relations: In Brief

Description: This report discusses relations between the U.S. and France and collaboration between them in counter-terrorism efforts, military affairs, and economic matters as well as the current political situation in France and ongoing challenges with Muslims integration into French society.
Date: April 19, 2018
Creator: Belkin, Paul