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Interim Report on the Location of Nonsaline Uraniferous Waters Suitable for Ion-Exchange Process

Description: From introduction: The Trace Elements Section Washington Laboratory had developed the methods used in anticipation of handling an increased volume of water analyses as this preliminary project is expanded into a full-scale investigation. The efforts of these groups were coordinated by the Trace Elements Planning and Coordination Office.
Date: November 1952
Creator: Aberdeen, E. J.; White, W. F.; Sherwood, A. M.; Bruce, F. L. & Ferguson, D. E.

Reservoir Development Impacts on Surface-Water Quantity and Quality in the Yampa River Basin, Colorado and Wyoming

Description: From introduction: This report describes the results of an investigation in which three computer models were used to evaluate different levels of the proposed reservoir development. One model simulated streamflow conditions with alternative multireservoir configurations; a second model simulated the dissolved-solids concentrations at various locations in the basin; and a third model used streamflows and dissolved solids concentrations to simulate the water-quality conditions within certain proposed reservoirs. This study was designed to demonstrate the application of computer-modeling techniques in evaluating impacts of proposed reservoirs.
Date: 1983
Creator: Adams, D. Briane; Bauer, Daniel P.; Dale, Robert H. & Steele, Timothy Doak

Uranium Occurrences in the Golden Gate Canyon and Ralston Creek Areas, Jefferson County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: Pitchblende, associated with base-metal sulfides, has been found at eight localities in the northern part of Jefferson County, Colo., in shear zones that cut pre-Cambrian metamorphic and igneous rocks, chiefly hornblende gneiss, biotite schist, and granite pegmatite. The pitchblende deposits, with one exception, are in major shear zones that contain vein-like bodies of carbonate-rich breccia. The breccia bodies range from 1 to 5 feet in thickness and are related probably to the Laramide faults, or "breccia reefs" of similar trend, mapped by Lovering and Goddard (1950).
Date: January 1953
Creator: Adams, John W.; Gude, Arthur J., III & Beroni, E. P.

Coal Geology of the White Oak Quadrangle, Magoffin and Morgan Counties, Kentucky

Description: From abstract: The White Oak quadrangle lies near the western edge of the eastern Kentucky coalfield and includes approximately 59 square miles of parts of Magoffin and Morgan Counties, Ky. The outcropping rocks are equivalent to most of the Breathitt formation of Pennsylvanian age. The regional southeast dip of the rocks is interrupted by the Irvine-Paint Creek fault, the Caney anticline, the Grape Creek syncline, and the Johnson Creek fault.
Date: 1957
Creator: Adkison, W. L.

Geology and Coal Resources of the Salyersville North Quadrangle, Magoffin, Morgan, and Johnson Counties, Kentucky

Description: From introduction: The U.S. Geological Survey has conducted investigations of the geology and coal resources of the area in and adjacent to the Salyers-ville North quadrangle in the Eastern Kentucky coal field (fig. 7). The Salyersville North quadrangle lies between lat. 3745' and 37052'30'' N., and long. 8300' and 83 07'30'' E.; it is a 71/2-minute quadrangle in the southeast quarter of the Dingus 15-minute area which also includes the Dingus, Lenox, and White Oak 7 -minute quadrangles (fig. 8). The present report is the second for the 15-minute Dingus area; a report by Adkison (1957) has been published for the White Oak quadrangle and a third report is in preparation for the Lenox quadrangle. Other published reports for quadrangles in the vicinity are those by Englund (1955) for Cannel City to the west; Bergin (1962) for Seitz to the southwest; and Hauser (1953) for Paintsville to the east.
Date: 1963
Creator: Adkison, W. L. & Johnston, J. E.

Availability and Chemical Quality of Water From Surficial Aquifers in Southwest Minnesota

Description: From introduction: The objectives of the study were to (1) determine the areal extent, thickness, and water-yielding capability of aquifers in the surficial deposits, (2) estimate the amount of water in storage in the aquifers, (3) determine the chemical quality of water in the aquifers and, (4) establish observation wells to monitor the effects of ground-water development on water levels and storage in the aquifers.
Date: 1983
Creator: Adolphson, D. G.

Determination of Dissolved Aluminum in Water Samples

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to test the accuracy and precision of the MIBK extract technique and its suitability for A1 determination in rain, surface waters, ground waters, and effluents obtained from leaching various types of rocks with acidified water. The present study investigates the accuracy, precision, and detection limit of this technique and reports methods for improvement. The purpose of the report also is to test the effect of filtration of water samples and the storage of samples in conventional polythylene (CPE), linear polythylene (LPE), and polypropyene (PP) bottles on accuracy of A1 determination.
Date: 1983
Creator: Afifi, Afifa A.

Hydrologic Effects of Annually Diverting 131,000 Acre-Feet of Water from Dillon Reservoir, Central Colorado

Description: From abstract: because of the increased demands for water in eastern Colorado, principally in the urbanizing Denver metropolitan area, increased diversions of water from Dillon Reservoir are planned. Estimates of end-of-month storage in Dillon Reservoir, assuming the reservoir was in place and 131,000 acre-feet of water were diverted from the reservoir each year, were reconstructed by mass balance for the 1931-77 water years. Based on the analysis, the annual maximum end-of-month drawdown below the elevation at full storage would have been 171 feet.
Date: January 1979
Creator: Alley, W. M.; Bauer, D. P.; Veenhuis, J. E. & Brennan, Robert

The Stratigraphy of the Upper Part of the Bone Valley Formation and its Relation to the Leached Zone

Description: From abstract: The two topmost zones of the Bone Valley formation at the Homeland mine are a phosphate-cemented quartz sandstone and an underlying pebbly and clayey quartz and phosphate sand characterized by graded bedding. This sequence is found in every other area of the land-pebble field. Therefore, these zones are considered to be stratigraphic units and the transition between them to be a key horizon.
Date: May 1951
Creator: Altschuler, Z. S.; Jaffe, Elizabeth B. & Dwornik, Edward

Carnotite Resources of San Miguel Bench, Montrose County, Colorado

Description: Abstract: San Miguel bench includes about 4 square miles in the southern part of T. 48 N., R. 17 W., New Mexico principal meridian, Montrose County, Colorado. Production of carnotite ore from the area has been about 15, 000 short tons having an estimated average graderof 0. 31 percent U3O8,and 1. 6 percent V2 05 Nearly all of the carnotite deposits occur in a single-continuous sandstone bed near the top of the Salt Wash member of the Jurassic Morrison formation. These deposits consist chiefly of sandstone impregnated with uranium- and vanadium-bearing minerals. They are irregular tabular-shaped masses ranging in size from a few short tons to 30, 000 short tons or more of minable carnotite ore. During the period November 27, 1951, to April 17, 1953, the U. S. Geological Survey drilled 309 holes totaling 92, 194 feet on the San Miguel bench. Reserves total about 43, 000 short tons of material 1 foot or more thick and contain 0,.10 percent or more U30 or 1. 0 percent or more V205. Of these reserves 3, 300 short tons occur in private land. These reserves are in ten deposits found by Geological Survey drilling. Potential reserves (reserves based on geologic evidence only) are predicted to total about 15, 000 short tons, averaging 0.30 percent U308 and 1.6 percent V2 05 No additional exploration drilling in the San Miguel bench is planned by the Geological Survey. Some drilling by private enterprise is recommended.
Date: September 1955
Creator: Alvord, Donald C.

Interim Report on Exploration in the Yellow Cat Area, Grand County, Utah

Description: From introduction: This report summarizes the results of diamond-drill and wagon-drill exploration by the U. S. Geological Survey in the Yellow Cat area from October 9, 1951, to May 22, 1952. The Yellow Cat area is about 10 miles southeast of Thompsons, Grand County, Utah. It is accessable by two graded roads which leave U. S. Highway 50 at points 5 miles east of Thompsons and 7 miles west of Cisco, Utah. A sampling plant and purchasing depot, belonging to the United States Vanadium Co., is at Thompsons. The explored ground includes about 8 square miles principally in T. 22 S., R. 22 E., and the northern part of T. 23 S., R. 22 E., Salt Lake meridian (fig. 1). Altitudes in the area range from about 4, 600 feet to 5, 100 feet (datum is assumed but is approximately correct), and the relief is moderate.
Date: September 1952
Creator: Alvord, Donald C.

Possible Test Sites in Granitic Rocks in the United States

Description: Introduction: This report describes areas of granitic rocks suitable for underground nuclear tests within Federally-controlled land in the continental limits of the United States. This information was requested of the U. S. Geological Survey by the Albuquerque Operations Office of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission, and was compiled during March 1959 by D. C. Alvord, W. J. Carr, P. M. Hanshaw, S. P. Kanizay, C. S. Robinson, R. W. Schnabel, J. A. Sharps, and C. T. Wrucke.
Date: July 1959
Creator: Alvord, Donald C.; Carr, Wilfred James; Hanshaw, Penelope M.; Kanizay, Stephen P.; Robinson, Charles Sherwood; Schnabel, Robert W. et al.

Flow Routing in the Susquehanna River Basin: Part III -- Routing Reservoir Releases in the Tioga and Chemung Rivers System, Pennsylvania and New York

Description: From abstract: Channel-routing models were used to route hypothetical releases from reservoirs in the upper Tioga River basin, Pennsylvania. These releases were routed northward down the Tioga River to Lindley, Erwins, and Corning, New York; combined with flows routed down the Cohocton River from Campbell to Corning, New York; and then routed southeastward down the Chemung River from Corning to Chemung, New York. The models used to route the flows of Cohocton and Chemung Rivers accounted for bank-storage discharge and streamflow depletion by well pumpage. In general, 17 years of concurrent streamflow data were available for model calibration and verification.
Date: July 1979
Creator: Ambruster, Jeffrey T.

Ground Water in the Lajas Valley, Puerto Rico

Description: Abstract: Lajas Valley is plagued with problems of salinity and waterlogging the soils. Use of brackish (500 milligrams per liter) irrigation compounded ground water for the problem until an irrigation-drainage system was constructed in 1955. Lajas is an alluvium-filled limestone highlands. The alluvium, mostly clay and as much 300 feet (90 meters) thick, contains brackish ground water except in the recharge areas located along the foothills...Results from a digital model show that a network of discharge wells could alleviate waterlogging of the soils in the artesian area.
Date: March 1977
Creator: Anderson, Henry R.

Ground Water in the San Juan Metropolitan Area, Puerto Rico

Description: From introduction: A post-drought analysis of the sources of water supply for the metropolitan area indicated a need for better knowledge of the ground-water resources. A study was implemented through the cooperative water-resources investigation program between Commonwealth agencies of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Geological Survey.
Date: July 1976
Creator: Anderson, Henry R.

Water Quality and Streamflow Characteristics, Raritan River Basin, New Jersey

Description: Abstract: The findings of a problem-oriented, river-system investigation of the water quality and streamflow characteristics of the Raritan River, N.J. are described. Information on streamflow duration, time-of-travel measurements, and analyses of chemical, biochemical and physical-water quality are summarized and used to define relations existing between water quality, streamflow, geology, and environmental development in the basin's hydrologic system. Stream quality, particularly in the lower urban areas of the basin, is shown to be deteriorating with time at most of the sampling sites reported. For example, average dissolved-oxygen concentration is reported to be undersaturated at all sampling sites and is decreasing with time at most sites. Biochemical-oxygen demand is increasing at most sites, as are the dissolved-solids content.
Date: June 1974
Creator: Anderson, Peter W. & Faust, Samuel D.

Technical Manual For Estimating Low-Flow Frequency Characteristics of Streams in the Susquehanna River Basin

Description: Abstract: This report presents procedures for estimating low-flow frequency characteristics for streams in the Susquehanna River basin. The techniques can be used at ungaged sites as well as sites where insufficient data are available to make a reliable estimate. Streams have been divided into two types major and minor. Major streams are the Susquehanna, West Branch Susquehanna, Juniata, and Chemung Rivers. Points on these streams with drainage areas of more than 2,000 square miles (5,180 kilometers) are included in this category. Points on these streams with drainage areas of less than 2,000 square miles fall into the minor stream category. Generally minor streams are herein defined as those draining less than 2,000 square miles (5,180 kilometers). Multiple-regression techniques have been used to develop relations for estimating the 1-, 3-, 7-, 30-, and 183-day duration low flows at recurrence intervals of 10, 20, 50 and 100 years for annual series data and the 1-, 3-, 7-, and 30-day duration low flows, at the same recurrence intervals, for six individual months, May through October, inclusive.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Armbruster, Jeffrey T.