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Tentative Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for Buildings: A Cooperative Effort with the Design Professions, Building Code Interests, and the Research Community

Description: Report issued by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards discussing building codes and standards in earthquake-prone areas. As stated in the introduction, "the basic purpose of this project is to present, in one comprehensive document, current state-of-knowledge in the fields of engineering seismology and engineering practice as it pertains to seismic design and construction of buildings" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: June 1978
Creator: Applied Technology Council

Research and Innovation in the Building Regulatory Process

Description: This document contains the Proceedings of the Sixth NBS/NCSBCS Joint Conference on Research and Innovation in the Building Regulatory Process, held on September 11, 1984, in Denver, CO. This conference addressed streamlined administrative procedures, computers in construction, and fire safety technology. These Proceedings contain the 10 papers selected for presentation at the conference.
Date: April 1985
Creator: Beavers, Linda

U.S. Access to Japanese Technical Literature: Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Selected Presentations, Volume 1

Description: Abstract: On June 24-25, 1985, NBS and IEEE cosponsored a seminar at NBS to examine the need fox improved access to Japanese technical information and to explore possible app. aches to satisfy those needs. To limit the discussion to practical dimensions, the technical subject matter was restricted to electrical and electronics engineering. The program was designed to provide an opportunity for individuals representing Congress, the practicing engineering community, industry, and the educational community to voice their concerns and their needs. This proceedings volume contains selected presentations made at the seminar plus the visual aids used by each speaker.
Date: January 1986
Creator: Brady, Edward L.

A User's Guide for RAPID, Reduction Algorithms for the Presentation of Incremental Fire Data

Description: Abstract: The Voluminous amount of data than can be collected by automatic data acquisition systems during large scale fire tests requires the use of a digital computer for the reduction of data. RAPID is a stand-alone program specifically designed to convert raw instrument voltages collected during such tests into meaningful units. The reduced data can also be used alone or in combinations to obtain quantities that require more than minimal data reduction. The program is written with the ability to accept data from a user defined data acquisition system, with the ability to check the correctness of data included. Through the use of input data provided by the user, the data can be converted into meaningful scientific units. The data can then be presented in tabular or printer plot form, or stored for further processing. This user's guide provides detailed instructions for the use of the program.
Date: August 1986
Creator: Breese, J. Newton & Peacock, Richard D.

Environmental Speciation and Monitoring Needs for Trace Metal-Containing Substances from Energy-Related Processes

Description: Abstract: This book presents the Proceedings of the DoE/NBS Workshop on Environmental Speciation and Monitoring Needs for Trace Metal-Containing Substances from Energy-Related Processes held at the National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD, on May 18-20, 1981. The Workshop was sponsored by the Office of Health and Environmental Research, DoE, and the Office of Recycled Materials, NBS. The volume contains refereed papers submitted by 24 invited speakers, along with substantially complete text of the discussion following the papers, edited by the Co-chairpersons. The Proceedings address three major topic areas forming the overall objective of the Workshop: (1) what are the general and specific types of metal- or metalloid-containing substances occurring in energy-related process materials such as coals, oil shales, and waste products? (2) what are the current status and future prospects of element- and compound-specific measurement methods suitable for speciation of trace (ppm, ppb) metal- and metalloid-containing substances transmitted to the environment by energy-processing or waste cycling technologies? (3) for what toxic molecular forms of speciated process effluents should biological dose-response data be generated to assure reliable environmental impact and monitoring measurements? Main questions focused, on providing assurance that the speciation methods (or their development) fit basic bioassay criteria along with appropriate standard reference materials for meeting quantitative process and waste monitoring or control needs.
Date: November 1981
Creator: Brinckman, Frederick E. & Fish, Richard H.

Low-Sloped Roofing Research Plan

Description: Abstract: This report presents a long-range plan for roofing research. The plan was developed in response to a need for roofing research addressing major materials problems and changes in low-sloped roofing materials technology. The intent of the plan is to establish the technical basis for developing standards and minimum levels of performance to assist in the selection of cost-effective and durable roofing materials. Four major areas of needed research are identified: (1) low-sloped roofing systems, (2) roofing membranes including single-ply and built-up, (3) thermal insulation for roofing systems, and (4) condition assessment and repair of roofs. Within each research area, a goal is given as well as a number of objectives to achieve the goal. A recommended approach to accomplish each objective is also given.
Date: July 1983
Creator: Cullen, William C.; Rossiter, Walter J., Jr.; Mathey, Robert G. & Clifton, James R.

Steel Research Needs for Buildings

Description: Abstract: This report identifies experimental and analytical research needed to advance the state-of-the-art and improve safety and economy in the design, fabrication and construction of steel buildings. A five year plan for a coordinated research program is included. Recommendations for research projects dealing with the following topics are presented: total building systems, connections and members, frames, seismic design, load and resistance factor design, fire protection, and design loads. The recommendations were developed at a workshop involving participation by steel industry representatives, design professionals, Federal agency representatives and university researchers.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Culver, Charles G.; Iwankiw, Nestor & Kuentz, Albert

Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1980 Highlights

Description: From abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities during calendar year 1980. It contains highlights of significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff, a description of NBS standards management and information activities, and a directory of standards committees on which NBS staff serve. (Supersedes NBS Special Publication 573 (March 1980)).
Date: March 1980
Creator: Debelius, JoAnne R.

Guideline on Major Job Accounting Systems: The System Management Facilities (SMF) for IBM Systems Under OS/MVT

Description: Report issued by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards discussing the System Management Facilities for IBM systems. As stated in the introduction, "the purpose of SMF, as stated in the IBM manual, is to provide the means for gathering and recording information that can be used for billing customers or evaluating system usage" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: October 1978
Creator: Durbin, Gary; Kinney, Todd; Lamasney, Peter; Newman, Edward & Syrett, Edward

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Free Radicals: 1985

Description: Abstract: This publication contains papers presented at the Seventeenth International Symposium on Free Radicals, held at Snow Mountain Ranch in Granby, Colorado, on August 18-23, 1985. The Symposium was attended by 147 people, representing industry, government, and academia, from 18 countries. A total of 67 papers appear in written form in this document.
Date: April 1986
Creator: Evenson, Kenneth M.

Oil and Gas Supply Modeling

Description: Abstract: The symposium on Oil and Gas Supply Modeling, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, DC (June 18-20, 1980), was funded by the Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy and co-sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The symposium was organized to be a forum in which the theoretical and applied state-of-the-art of oil and gas supply models could be presented and discussed. Speakers addressed the following areas: the realities of oil and gas supply, prediction of oil and gas production, problems in oil and gas modeling, resource appraisal procedures, forecasting field size and production, investment and production strategies, estimating cost and production schedules for undiscovered fields production regulations, resource data, sensitivity analysis of forecasts, econometric analysis of resource depletion, oil and gas finding rates, and various models of oil and gas supply. This volume documents the proceedings (papers and discussion) of the symposium.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Gass, Saul I.

Theory and Application of Expert Systems in Emergency Management Operations

Description: Abstract: The First Symposium on The Theory and Application of Expert Systems in Emergency Management, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (April 24 and 25, 1985) was funded by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and organized by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The purpose of the symposium was to bring together researchers in expert systems, artificial intelligence, and emergency operations in a forum to review the concepts of expert systems and the problems of emergency management, with the objective of determining how expert systems can be used to augment the experience of local, State and Federal emergency managers faced with the difficult tasks of determining the best response to an emergency situation. Speakers addressed the following areas: The theory and uncertainty aspects of expert systems, artificial intelligence's future role in emergency management, technology for building and using expert systems, emergency management decisions and information needs and uses, applications of expert systems in the management of chemical spills and shipboard and coal mine fires, and the role and use of simulation in emergency management expert systems.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Gass, Saul I. & Chapman, Robert E.

Expert Systems and Emergency Management: An Annotated Bibliography

Description: Abstract: This report is the result of an in-depth review of the recent technical literature on expert systems,. The material contained in this report provided a basis for assessing the potential for using expert systems in emergency management operations. In choosing the material for inclusion in this report, special emphasis was placed on those aspects of expert systems which addressed the types of problems encountered in emergency management operations. The report is designed for use as a resource document and as a tutorial on expert systems and emergency management. Each chapter consists of a brief topic essay followed by a set of references which expand on the main themes of the essay.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Gass, Saul I.; Bhasker, Suneel & Chapman, Robert E.

Compiled Thermodynamic Data Sources for Aqueous and Biochemical Systems: an Annotated Bibliography (1930-1983)

Description: Abstract: This is a selected and annotated bibliography of sources of compiled and evaluated chemical thermodynamic data relevant to biochemical and aqueous systems. The principal thermodynamic properties considered herein are Gibbs energy and equilibrium data, enthalpies of formation and reaction, heat capacities and entropies, and the corresponding partial molar and excess properties. Derived quantities used in calculating the above are also included. Transport and mechanical data have also been identified to a lesser degree. Included in the annotations to the data sources are brief descriptions of the types of properties tabulated, the classes of materials dealt with, and the degree of completeness of the compilations.
Date: December 1984
Creator: Goldberg, Robert N.

A Bibliography of Sources of Thermodynamic Data for the Systems: CO₂+NH₃+H₂O, CO₂+H₂S+H₂O, H₂S+NH₃+H₂O, and CO₂+NH₃+H₂S+H₂O

Description: Abstract: Contained herein is a bibliography of sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for the systems: CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂O, CO₂ + H₂S + H₂O, H₂S + NH₃ + H₂O, and CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂S + H₂O. The types of data in this bibliography include all types of equilibrium data, including both eqilibria [sic] in solution and vapor-liquid equilibrium data, enthalpies, heat capacities, and densities. There are 215 references cited. Bibliographic Data Sheet.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Goldberg, Robert N. & Steckler, D. K.

Materials Information for Science & Technology (MIST): Project Overview

Description: Abstract: This report documents the initial phases of the MIST database, which is a demonstration project jointly supported by the Department of Energy and the National Bureau of Standards. The purpose of the Materials Information for Science and Technology (MIST) is to demonstrate the power and utility of computer access to materials property data. The initial goals include: to exercise the concept of a computer network of materials databases and to build a demonstration of such a system in a way as to be suitable for use as the core of operational systems in the future. Phases I and II are described in detail. In addition, a discussion is given of the expected usage of the databases.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Grattidge, Walter; Westbrook, Jack; McCarthy, John; Northrup, Clyde, Jr. & Rumble, John R., Jr.

The Investigation of Fundamental Interactions with Cold Neutrons

Description: Abstract: The National Bureau of Standards is establishing a National Cold Neutron Facility at its 20 MW reactor located in Gaithersburg, Maryland. In order to provide guidance in the development of research plans for the Facility, the Department of Energy and NBS sponsored, on November 14-15, 1985, a workshop on the Investigation of Fundamental Interactions with Cold Neutrons. The 25 papers presented at the workshop are printed in the proceedings.
Date: February 1986
Creator: Greene, G. L.

Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry

Description: Abstract: Energy-dispersive x-ray analysis with gas proportional detectors has been used widely in x-ray spectrochemical analysis. It was particularly useful in the detection of low-energy x-ray emission, before the commercial availability of the Blodgett-Langmuir pseudocrystals. With the development of solid-state x-ray detectors of high resolution, and improvement in associated electronics and computers, the interest in energy-dispersive x-ray analysis has increased enormously, to the point where it has replaced Bragg crystal diffraction spectrometry in many instances.
Date: March 1981
Creator: Heinrich, Kurt F. J.; Newbury, Dale E.; Myklebust, R. L. & Fiori, C. E.

Real-Time Optimization in Automated Manufacturing Facilities

Description: Abstract: The Symposium on Real-Time Optimization in Automated Manufacturing Facilities was held at the National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland, January 21-22, 1986. It was jointly sponsored by the Center for Manufacturing Engineering (with funds obtained from the Navy Manufacturing Technology Program) and the Center for Applied Mathematics. It was designed to bring together those who design and test optimization procedures for solving planning, scheduling, and routing problems with those who must use these procedures in a real-time manufacturing environment. Included in the proceedings are discussions of the following topics: an approach to hierarchical production planning and scheduling; a hierarchy of intelligent scheduling and control for automated manufacturing systems; the integration of planning scheduling, and control for automated manufacturing; intelligent manufacturing planning systems; a decision making framework for manufacturing systems; PATRIARCH -- hierarchical production scheduling; low-level interactive scheduling; the general employee scheduling problem: an effective large scale solution approach; ISIS project in review; dynamic control in automated manufacturing: a knowledge integrated approach; a management control approach to the manufacturing, planning, and scheduling problem; hierarchies of sub-periods in constraint-directed scheduling; a two-level planning and scheduling approach for computer integrated manufacturing; match-up real-time scheduling; a maximal covering model for loading flexible manufacturing systems; interstage transportation planning in the flow-shop environment; minimal technology routing and scheduling systems based on space filling curves; a multi-pass expert control system (MPECS) for flexible manufacturing systems; requirements for automatic control of aerospace manufacturing processes; real-time scheduling of an automated manufacturing center; the interaction between design and scheduling in repetitive manufacturing environments; an adaptable scheduling algorithm for flexible flow lines (abstract); determining aggregated FMS production ratios and minimum inventory requirements; a knowledge based system for dynamic manufacturing replanning; dispatching -- the critical automation lirk; scheduling jobs in flexible manufacturing systems; design requirements for a real-time production scheduling decision ...
Date: September 1986
Creator: Jackson, Richard Henry Frymuth & Jones, Albert W. T.

Science and Technology: the Challenges of the Future

Description: Preface: On its 80th anniversary, the National Bureau of Standards hosted a series of lectures by six distinguished speakers of national and international note who discussed the challenges facing science and technology and, thus, the Bureau in the coming years. This publication contains the texts of these presentations, along with transcripts of the question-and answer sessions following the presentations. The lecture series was organized by Dr. Donald R. Johnson of NBS with the very able assistance of Mrs. Carol Shipley in making arrangements for speakers and handling the manuscripts. The staff of the NML Text Editing Facility are acknowledged for their substantial contributions of typing and editing support.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Johnson, Donald R.

Telecommunication Technologies, Networking and Libraries

Description: Abstract: The conference provided an overview of current and developing technologies for digital transmission of image data that are likely to have an impact on the operations of libraries and information centers or provide support for information networking. Technologies reviewed include slow-scan television, teleconferencing, and videodisc. Other papers discuss technology and standards development for computer network interconnection through hardware and software, particularly packet-switched networks; computer network protocols for library and information service applications; the structure of a national bibliographic telecommunications network; and the major policy issues involved in the regulation or deregulation of the common communications carriers industry.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Knight, Nancy H.