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The Ashland Coal Field, Rosebud, Powder River, and Custer Counties, Montana

Description: From introduction: The detailed information concerning the coal deposits of the Ashland field set forth in this report has been obtained in the course of an investigation that has been conducted both as a part of the United States Geological Survey's general systematic study of western coal lands and as an aid in the administration of the public lands. With the information obtained on the location of outcrops, the number, distribution, and thickness of coal beds, the accessibility of the coal, and the thickness of the overburden, the public lands of the region are classified as to their coal value; coal-bearing lands are differentiated from noncoal-bearing lands; and the administration of the coal-land leasing law is facilitated.
Date: 1932
Creator: Bass, N. Wood

Geology and Mineral Deposits of the Carlile Quadrangle, Crook County, Wyoming

Description: From introduction: Geologic mapping of the Carlile quadrangle, which includes one of several uranium-producing areas in northeastern Wyoming, was undertaken to provide a detailed geologic map that could be used as an aid to further exploration for uranium deposits; to study in detail the known uranium deposits to determine whether or not there are any relations among structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and uranium deposits; and to outline, insofar as possible, areas favorable for more detailed exploration for uranium.
Date: 1961
Creator: Bergendahl, M. H.; Davis, Robert E. & Izett, Glen Arthur

Mineral Resources of the San Carlos Indian Reservation, Arizona

Description: From abstract: At the request of the Council of the San Carlos Apache Tribe the U. S. Geological Survey entered into a cooperative agreement calling for a brief reconnaissance study to determine, as far as practical, the mineral potential of the San Carlos Indian Reservation. Five months of field work was done during the winter and spring of 1952-53. About 30 percent of the reservation is covered by alluvial deposits of late Tertiary, Pleistocene, and Recent age, and another 60 percent is covered by volcanic rocks of Tertiary and perhaps Pleistocene age. These rocks are younger than the major epochs of metallization in southeastern Arizona. The remainder of the area is underlain by pre-Cambrian and Paleozoic sedimentary rocks, pre-Cambrian granite, and pre-Devonian diabase.
Date: 1956
Creator: Bromfield, Calvin Stanton & Shride, Andrew F.

Manganiferous and Ferruginous Chert in Perry and Lewis Counties, Tennessee

Description: From abstract: Perry and Lewis Counties, east of the Tennessee River, in west-middle Tennessee, are underlain by nearly flat-lying rocks of Paleozoic age, with Mississippian cherty limestones forming the greater part of the surface of the western Highland Rim Plateau ridges. Near the summits of the ridges there is a fairly definite horizon in the chert that contains manganese and iron oxides in varying degrees of concentration. Weathering of the mineralized chert has produced widespread float on the hill slopes and in the beds of small spring branches, and the presence of this float, some of it rich enough for metallurgical manganese ore, has encouraged a search for promising deposits in place. In the present study 52 localities where the mineralized beds crop out or have been prospected were examined.
Date: 1943
Creator: Burchard, Ernest F.

Areal Geology of the Little Cone Quadrangle, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Little Cone quadrangle includes an area of about 59 square miles in eastern San Miguel County in southwestern Colorado. The quadrangle contains features characteristic of both the Colorado Plateaus physiographic province and the San Juan Mountains, and it has been affected by geologic events and processes of two different geologic environments.
Date: 1960
Creator: Bush, Alfred Lerner; Marsh, Owen Thayer & Taylor, Richard B.

The Climax Molybdenum Deposit, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The largest single metal-mining operation in the history of mining in Colorado has been developed at Climax, as a result of the increased use of molybdenum in the steel and other industries. Production of molybdenum at Climax was notable for a short period during the World War; it ceased from April 1919 to August 1924 but since then has shown a steady increase. In 1930 from 1,000 to 1,200 tons of ore was milled daily, using only one unit of the 2,000-ton mill. The mine has a reserve of broken ore sufficient to furnish 2,000 tons daily for 3 years and is being developed to continue to furnish this and a still further increased output as the use of the metal may warrant.
Date: 1933
Creator: Butler, B. S. & Vanderwilt, J. W.

Strategic Graphite, A Survey

Description: From abstract: Strategic graphite consists of certain grades of lump and flake graphite for which the United States is largely or entirely dependent on sources abroad. Lump graphite of high purity, necessary in the manufacture of carbon brushes, is imported from Ceylon, where it occurs in vein deposits. Flake graphite, obtained from deposits consisting of graphite disseminated in schists and other metamorphic rocks, is an essential ingredient of crucibles used in the nonferrous metal industries and in the manufacture of lubricants and packings. High-quality flake graphite for these uses has been obtained mostly from Madagascar since World War I. Some flake graphite of strategic grade has been produced, however, from deposits in Texas, Alabama, and Pennsylvania. The development of the carbon-bonded crucible, which does not require coarse flake, should lessen the competitive advantage of the Madagascar producers of crucible flake.
Date: 1960
Creator: Cameron, Eugene N. & Weis, Paul L.

Geology and Mineral Deposits of the St. Regis-Superior Area, Mineral County, Montana

Description: From introduction: The St. Regis-Superior area was studied during the summers of 1953 and 1954 as a part of geologic investigations by the U.S. Geologic Survey in and near the Coeur d'Alene district. The object of the present work was primarily threefold: to ascertain the main structural features in the area, with particular attention to the Osburn fault zone; to investigate the mineral deposits; and to determine the stratigraphic relations of the rocks.
Date: 1960
Creator: Campbell, Arthur Byron

The Kevin-Sunburst Oil Field and Other Possibilities of Oil and Gas in the Sweetgrass Arch, Montana

Description: From introduction: The discovery of oil near Kevin, Mont., in March, 1922, gave prominence to the Sweetgrass arch, which is a large structural uplift somewhat similar in size and degree of folding to the Cincinnati arch. Most of the development so far attempted on this fold has been on the Kevin-Sunburst dome, a bulge upon the crest of the arch just south of the Canadian boundary. The dome covers about 16 townships, is nearly circular in outline, and has very low dips away from its highest point in all directions. Within the last five years (1923-1927) about 1,500 wells have been drilled upon it, over 880 of which are rated as productive. Since May, 1925, the field has stood second in production in the Rocky Mountain States being exceeded only by Salt Creek.
Date: 1929
Creator: Collier, Arthur J.

Fluorspar Deposits Near Meyers Cove, Lemhi County, Idaho

Description: Abstract: The fluorspar deposits near Meyers Cove, Lemhi County, Idaho, are localized along three groups of shear zones: one group strikes northeast and dips steeply northwestward, another strikes northeast and dips gently northwestward, and the third strikes northwest and dips gently southwestward. The country rocks are tuffs and flows of the Casto volcanics of Permian(?) age and the Challis volcanics of late Oligocene or early Miocene age. The known deposits are in a belt about 3 miles long and 2 miles wide and crop out at altitudes between 5,100 feet and 7,200 feet above sea level. The principal vein minerals are fluorite, chalcedony, and barite. The fluorite occurs as lodes, crusts around fragments of rock, and replacements of fine breccia. The lodes range in size from veinlets to vein zones several hundred feet long and as much as 20 feet wide and contain ore that ranges in grade from 40 percent to 85 percent CaF2; the average grade is about 50 percent CaF2.
Date: 1954
Creator: Cox, D. C.

Geology of the Dry Valley Quadrangle, Idaho

Description: From introduction: The principal objective of the program is to make detailed geologic maps of the areas in which important phosphate deposits in the Phorphoria formation occur. It is hoped that the maps will serve both as an aid in selecting possible sites for mining and as a basis for calculating reserves.
Date: 1955
Creator: Cressman, Earle Rupert & Gulbrandsen, Robert A.

Manganese Deposits in the Drum Mountains, Juab and Millard Counties, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Drum Mountains are in west-central Utah 30 miles northwest of Delta, between the Sevier Desert on the east and Whirlwind Valley on the west. It is a typically barren desert range comprising a westward-tilted structural unit in which is exposed as much as 9,000 feet of quartzite (Cambrian and Precambrian?) and 3,000 feet of carbonate rocks of Cambrian age. These beds, which strike northward and dip west, are cut by myriad east- to northeast trending faults with displacements of a few feet to a few thousand feet. Quartz monzonite dikes, pebble dikes, and vein deposits are present locally along the faults. The Cambrian rocks are overlain unconformably by volcanic rocks of probable Tertiary age.
Date: 1961
Creator: Crittenden, Max D., Jr.; Straczek, John A. & Roberts, Ralph Jackson

Tertiary Geology and Oil-Shale Resources of the Piceance Creek Basin, Between the Colorado and White Rivers, Northwestern Colorado

Description: From introduction: The greatest known potential oil resource in the world occurs in the oil shale of the Green River formation, and the richest and thickest deposits occur within the area of this report. The purpose of this investigation was to obtain data on the stratigraphic distribution and areal extent of the oil-shale beds and to estimate the potential oil resources in the area.
Date: 1961
Creator: Donnell, John R.

Geology and Coal Resources of the Henryetta Mining District, Okmulgee County, Oklahoma

Description: From abstract: The mapped area of the Henryetta mining district includes about 168 square miles in Okmulgee County in the east-central part of Oklahoma. The rocks in this district consist of sandstone, silty shale, and shale, and are divided into the Senora formation and the overlying Calvin sandstone of Pennsylvanian age.
Date: 1955
Creator: Dunham, R. J. & Trumbull, J. V. A.

Niobium (Columbium) and Titanium at Magnet Cove and Potash Sulphur Springs, Arkansas

Description: From Abstract: Niobium (columbium) and titanium occur in several minerals and rocks of the Magnet Cove and Potash Sulphur Springs areas. Niobium is in demand for use in high-temperature and noncreep steels; titanium metal is becoming an important structural material. The Magnet Cove and Potash Sulphur Springs areas are in central Arkansas between the communities of Malvern and Hot Springs. They are underlain by similar alkalic igneous complexes consisting of nepheline syenite, more basic alkalic rocks, and calcite rock or carbonatite. The igneous rocks transect sedimentary rocks of Paleozoic age and were truncated by erosion of Late Cretaceous age.
Date: 1954
Creator: Fryklund, Verne Charles, Jr.; Harner, R. S. & Kaiser, E. P.

Copper Deposits Near Keating, Oregon

Description: From abstract: The copper deposits near Keating, Oreg., in the southwestern foothills of the Wallowa Mountains, form part of a series distributed along a belt over 75 miles long. The belt containing copper deposits extends from a point west of North Powder to and beyond the Snake River at Homestead.
Date: 1931
Creator: Gilluly, James

Some Mining Districts of Eastern Oregon

Description: From abstract: This report presents the results of a reconnaissance of most of the mining districts of Oregon east of the Cascade Range, with the exception of the districts in the Sumpter quadrangle. The districts described are distributed through an area roughly coincident with the Blue Mountains, which extend over much of the northeast quarter of the State.
Date: 1933
Creator: Gilluly, James; Reed, J. C. & Park, C. F., Jr.

Geology and Coal Resources of the Meeker Quadrangle, Moffat and Rio Blanco Counties, Colorado

Description: From introduction: The investigations on which the greater part of this report is based were carried on by E. T. Hancock, the senior author, during the summer of 1911. They were undertaken by the United States Geological Survey under a comprehensive plan for collecting information about the undeveloped fuel resources of the Western States, both as a step toward the conservation of the coal resources of the United States and as a means of supplying the demand for information concerning the many valuable coal fields of the Western States.
Date: 1930
Creator: Hancock, E. T. & Eby, J. Brian

Geology and Mineral Resources of the Western Part of the Arkansas Coal Field

Description: From introduction: This report describes the mineral resources of the western part of the Arkansas coal field and considers the features of geologic structure and stratigraphy that are essential to an understanding of the nature of occurrence of the mineral resources. The area is an irregular-shaped tract of about 1,100 square miles in Scott, Sebastian, Crawford, Franklin, and Logan Counties, in west-central Arkansas.
Date: 1937
Creator: Hendricks, T. A. & Parks, Bryan

Geology and Oil Resources Along the Southern Border of San Joaquin Valley, California

Description: From abstract: The region described in this report includes a foothill belt of the San Emigdio and Tehachapi Mountains along the southern border of San Joaquin Valley. The belt displays portions of the rugged granitic cores of the mountains and also rocks of Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene age. Although there is thus a complete representation of the geologic series from the Eocene to the Pleistocene, some portions of the different series are wanting because of major faults and overlaps. The thickness of the Tertiary rocks (Eocene to Pliocene) varies considerably but has a maximum of about 29,000 feet. Miocene and Pliocene rocks cover most of the area investigated.
Date: 1930
Creator: Hoots, H. W.

Geology of the Murray Area, Shoshone County, Idaho

Description: Abstract: The Murray area includes almost the whole drainage basins of Prichard, Eagle, and Beaver Creeks and is underlain by the pre-Cambrian Belt series which is subdivided, from oldest to youngest, as follows: Prichard formation (upper and lower parts), Burke formation, Revett quartzite, St. Regis formation, Wallace formation, and Striped Peak formation. The Belt series in this area is cut by many small monzonite stocks believed to be related to the Cretaceous Idaho batholith. This report describes only the lead-zinc mines. The lead-zinc production around Murray reached its peak in 1911 and 1912 when the Monarch, Edith Murray (Pontiac or Terrible Edith), Bear Top, Paragon, Black Horse, and Silver Strike mines were active. Many of these mines have produced ore intermittently since then, and the Jack Waite mine has been very active since about 1930.
Date: 1956
Creator: Hosterman, John W.