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The Formation of U232 by Helium Ions of Thorium

Description: The production of U{sup 232} by the sum of {alpha},4n and {alpha},p 3n reactions on thorium has been studied. The cross section at an average energy of 37.5 Mev was 0.013 barns and the threshold for the reaction was about 30 Mev.
Date: April 14, 1948
Creator: Newton, Amos S.
Item Type: Article

Interium Report on An Exact Analysis of a Limited Plane Plasma in a Magnetic Field

Description: Prior analyses of a plasma in a magnetic field have been limited, as far as the writer is aware, to cases in which the relative change in field over the orbital distance and the relative change in ion concentration are both small, or in which the relations have been viewed in a purely hydrodynamical way. The first approach excludes cases which can be of considerable interest, for it fails for a plasma edge. The second loses all sight of the structure imposed by the orbital motions.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Tonka, Lewi
Item Type: Report

Loss of Radioactivity from Barium Carbonate Samples

Description: The exchange loss of radioactivity from solid samplos of barium carbonate through the agency of carbonic acid and its ions has been investigated under a variety of conditions. It is concluded that the losses observed are greatly dependent upon the method of sample preparation, in particular the nature or any heat treatment which the sample materials undergo.
Date: January 9, 1948
Creator: Yankwich, Peter E.
Item Type: Report

Monthly Progress Report No. 57 for January 1948

Description: This report gives a short summary of the work done in the following fields for the month of January 1948: (1) 184-inch cyclotron; (2) 60-inch cyclotron; (3) synchrotron; (4) linear accelerator; (5) experimental physics; (6) theoretical physics; (7) isotope research; (8) chemistry; (9) medical physics; and (10) health physics and chemistry.
Date: January 1, 1948
Creator: Authors, Various
Item Type: Report

Degradation of Isotopic Lactate and Acetate

Description: A scheme of glucose degradation has been validated by the use of intermediates of known isotopic composition. In this scheme: glucose {yields} lactic acid {yields} CO{sub 2} (C-3,4) + acetic acid {yields} CO{sub 2} (C-2,5) + acetone {yields} iodoform (C-1,6) + acetate (C-1,6; 2,5), it was found that (a) in the oxidation of lactic acid, approximately 4.7% of the acetic acid was oxidized to CO{sub 2}; and (b) under the conditions prescribed, BaCO{sub 3} from the degradation of Ba acetate contained approximately 1.5% of the activity of the methyl group.
Date: February 24, 1948
Creator: Aronoff, S.; Haas, V.A. & Fries, B.A.
Item Type: Article

Comparative Deposition of Zr95 in a Reticulo Endothelial Tumor to Normal Tissue in a Human Patient

Description: A test dose of Zr{sup 95} was given to a female patient which had a metastatic reticula endothelial tumor at the distal portion of the left femur. A comparison of the deposition of Zr{sup 95} showed greater uptake 24 hours after administration than any of the normal tissues investigated.
Date: March 1, 1948
Creator: Low-Beer, B.V.; Scott, K.G.; Hamilton, J.G. & Stone, R.S.
Item Type: Report

High Voltage Pulsar For 184-inch Cyclotron Electric Deflector

Description: This paper describes a high voltage pulse generator developed to deflect the beam of the 184-inch cyclotron at Berkeley, California. The apparatus develops a deflecting potential of 200 kilovolts that rises from 10% to 90% of peak value in 0.1 microseconds. The unit employs two similar 100 kilovolt water cooled pulse transformers connected symmetrically about ground to the electric deflector bars. Water-cooled General Electric pulse capacitors are discharged through the two turn primary windings of the pulse transformers by triggering a battery of 16 paralleled Kuthe 5022 hydrogen thyratrons. Output voltages are developed across the 17 turn secondary winding of the pulse transformer. The transformer is mounted in an oil filled lucite case that provides both insulation and compact design.
Date: April 24, 1948
Creator: Kerns, Q.A.; Baker, W.R.; Edwards, R.F. & Farly, G.M.
Item Type: Report

Nuclear Reactions of Arsenic with 190 Mev Deuterons

Description: Isotopes formed in the bombardment of {sub 33}As{sup 75} with 190 Mev deuterons range in atomic number up to 24 (or more) mass units lighter than As{sup 75}. Identification of these isotopes was based on chemical behavior and half-life determination. Relative yields have been calculated and show that 80% of the observed reactions produce isotopes within 8 mass units of As{sup 75}. Three new isotopes have been observed: 9.5 d. Se{sup 72} (K), 44 m, Se{sup 71} ({beta}{sup +}), and 52 m, As{sup 71} ({beta}{sup +}).
Date: January 21, 1948
Creator: Hopkins Jr, H.H. & Cunningham, B.B.
Item Type: Article

Stars in Photographic Emulsions Initiated by Deuterons Part II. Theoretical

Description: The theory of high energy nuclear stars depends on a theory of nuclear transparency and on a theory of nuclear evaporation. The transparency can be computed on the basis of a model proposed by R. Serber as soon as the interactions between the nucleons and the incident particle are known. The evaporation can be computed on the basis of the statistical model of the nucleus as soon as the nuclear entropy and binding energies of the evaporated particles are known. The calculations have been formulated with approximate values for the above interactions, entropies, and binding energies; and by means of various mathematical methods: a method of averages, a method of reaction integrals, and one using diffusion equations. Probability distributions have been obtained for the number of prongs per star, and distributions are being computed for the energy and angle of a prong. The results are in qualitative agreement with the observations on photographic emulsions described in Part I.
Date: January 1, 1948
Creator: Horning, Wendell & Baumhoff, L.
Item Type: Article

Stars in Photographic Emulsions Initiated by Deuterons Part II. Theoretical

Description: The theory of high energy nuclear stars depends on a theory of nuclear transparency and on a theory of nuclear evaporation. The transparency can be computed on the basis of a model proposed by R. Serber as soon as the interactions between the nucleons and the incident particle are known. The evaporation can be computed on the basis of the statistical model of the nucleus as soon as the nuclear entropy and binding energies of the evaporated particles are known. With approximate values for the above interactions, entropies, and binding energies, a probability distribution has been computed for the number of prongs per star. The results are in qualitative agreement with the observations on photographic emulsions described in Part 1.
Date: September 7, 1948
Creator: Horning, W. & Baumhoff, L.
Item Type: Report

Phosphorus Turnover and Photosynthesis

Description: The participation of phosphorus in biological oxidation-reduction reactions of the type found in glycolysis ADP {ne} PO{sub 4}H{sup -} + 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde + DPN{sup +} = 3-phosphoglycerate{sup -} + 2H{sup +} + DPHN + ATP has suggested theories in which similar reactions are proposed for photosynthesis. In these theories the reducing power of photosynthesis is utilized not only for reduction of carbon dioxide but also, by means of coupled oxidations, for the generation of high-energy phosphate bonds, or in the last reference directly for the generation of high-energy phosphate. Since in these theories acyl phosphate is formed from inorganic phosphate, they are amenable to proof without isolation of particular intermediates, by means of radioactive phosphorus. It would be expected that the rate of conversion of inorganic phosphate to organic phosphate would be greater in light than in the dark. They have investigated this possibility under a variety of conditions and are unable to substantiate the theories.
Date: November 1, 1947
Creator: Calvin, Melvin
Item Type: Report

Spectral Lines of Curium from 3100 A to 4200 A

Description: Fifty-four spectral lines of curium are listed together with estimated intensities. A brief description of the manner of taking the spectra and of measuring the lines is given. Three separate samples of curium, in all seven micrograms, were submitted for spectrochemical analysis. The samples in acidic solution (HCl) were evaporated on copper electrodes and analyzed as outlined for the copper spark method. An Applied Research Laboratories spark source was used. The spectra were taken on a Baird Associates spectrograph of the modified Eagle type which has a dispersion of 5.6 A/mm in the first order. Spectrum Analysis photographic plates were used and were processed according to the manufacturer's recommendations. The plates were placed in the projection comparator (also an Applied Research Laboratories Unit) and the lines measured using the scale associated with the projection screen. The copper lines of the spectra were used as a wavelength standard. In all 54 lines which we feel can be attributed to curium were found. These, together with an estimated intensity based on an arbitrary 1 to 10 scale, are listed in Table 1. Due to the high alpha-activity of curium special care had to be exercised in handling the samples. In this case a pyrex bulb with quartz windows attached was made and all the sparking of curium was done in this container. An outlet from this bulb was connected through a glass wool filter system to a water aspirator. Upon completion of the work the bulb was flushed with nitric acid and then discarded. The acid wash and the glass wool were then returned for recovery of the curium.
Date: April 7, 1948
Creator: Conway, John G. & Moore, Milton F.
Item Type: Report

Survey of Gas Decontamination Problems at Installations of the Atomic Energy Commission

Description: A survey has been made of gas decontamination problems at the various installations of the Atomic Energy Commission and the results are reported. Installations visited include: The Hanford Engineer Works, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Iowa State College Institute for Nuclear Research, Knolls Laboratory, and installations at Oak Ridge.
Date: June 3, 1948
Creator: Lyon, A.M.
Item Type: Report