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An Introduction to the Description and Evaluation of Microwave Systems Using Terminal Invariant Parameters

Description: Report presenting the technical background and basis for a new method of evaluating certain performance parameters which are common to all microwave systems. A unique feature of the new measurement concept is its elimination of the precision waveguide and connector requirements for an important class of measurement problems.
Date: October 1969
Creator: Engren, Glenn F.

Colors of Signal Lights: Their Selection, Definition, Measurement, Production, and Use

Description: Report discussing the selection, specifications, and use of signal-light colors. It discusses the nature of the problem, and the mathematical representation, recognition, production, control, and use of such colors. The characteristics of different types of chromaticity boundaries and the purpose and effect of the requirement for similarity of chromaticity characteristics are given special consideration. The treatment is varied according to the intended use. The discussion of the control of colors and the section on the use of colors are nontechnical, whereas the section on the production of signal colors is designed for the colorimetrist who is faced with the problem of selecting limit filters or drafting a specification.
Date: April 3, 1967
Creator: Breckenridge, F. C.

Liquid-in-Glass Thermometry

Description: Report containing information of general interest to manufacturers and users of liquid-in-glass thermometers. This report supersedes Monograph 90. Instructions explaining how to submit a thermometer to the National Bureau of Standards for calibration are provided, and the techniques and equipment, such as stirred liquid comparison baths, used in the calibration procedures are described. A discussion of important principles of acceptable thermometer design and factors affecting their use is included. Listed are tables of tolerances reflecting good manufacturing practices and reasonably attainable accuracies expected with liquid-in-glass thermometers. The calculation of corrections for the temperature of the emergent stem is given in detail for various types of thermometers and conditions of use.
Date: January 1976
Creator: Wise, Jacquelyn A.

Calibration of Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

Description: Report discussing important elements of thermometer design. Factors affecting the use of common types of liquid-in-glass thermometers are included together with tables of tolerances and reasonably attainable accuracies. The calculation of corrections for the temperature of the emergent stem is given in detail for various types of thermometers and conditions of use.
Date: February 12, 1965
Creator: Swindells, James F.

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: January 1953 to June 1960

Description: Report presenting more than 500 references to the field of temperature measurement. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. The period covered is from 1953 to June 1960, with some from earlier dates. References are divided into a number of categories based on the type of instrument used. Some references to calibration of instruments and to scientific theories upon which temperature measurement is based are also presented.
Date: April 6, 1961
Creator: Halpern, Carl & Moffat, Robert J.

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: July 1960 to December 1965

Description: Report combining National Bureau of Standards Monograph 27 with the references given in Supplement 1 (May 13, 1963) and issued as a single publication to assist users of this material. References concern the field of temperature measurement. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. References are divided into a number of categories based on the type of instrument used. Some references to calibration of instruments and to scientific theories upon which temperature measurement is based are also presented.
Date: April 28, 1967
Creator: Olsen, Lief O. & Halpern, Carl

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: July 1960 to December 1962

Description: Report presenting 700 additional references to the field of temperature measurement as a supplement to NBS Monograph 27, "Bibliography of Temperature Measurement, January 1953 to June 1960" issued April 6, 1961. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. The period covered is from July 1960 to December 1962 with some earlier references which were found later. The arrangement of material is the same as in Monograph 27.
Date: September 13, 1936
Creator: Halpern, Carl

Annotated Bibliography on Soft X-ray Spectroscopy

Description: Report presenting a bibliography of about 550 references of the soft X-ray literature since 1950 and through 1960. The emphasis is on the application of soft X-ray spectroscopy to the study of valence band electronic states in metals and alloys. Therefore, the spectral region of 25 to 800 angstroms involving ruled glass grating spectrometers is of principal interest. In addition to soft X-ray data, references on all pertinent aspects of the apparatus and experimental problems are included. Also listed separately are references of value in corroborating soft X-ray data with other results. Subject, author, X-ray band, material, and other indices are included.
Date: June 29, 1962
Creator: Yakowitz, Harvey, 1939- & Cuthill, J. R.

Analysis of Optically Excited Mercury Molecules

Description: Report presenting new measurement techniques used to obtain potential curves, f-values, and kinetic behavior for Hg2. The Hg2 molecule is representative of a class of molecules which have dissociative ground states and bound excited states. It can therefore be used as a prototype of this class of molecules which are of interest as potential new laser candidates. Because of the non-bound ground state, standard absorption spectroscopic techniques cannot be used to obtain the necessary information about the excited states.
Date: January 1975
Creator: Drullinger, R. E.; Hessel, M. M. & Smith, E. W.

Mass and Mass Values

Description: Report discussing the different bases for determining mass values and instances where these differences may be crucial. The first part is a historical summary of weighing, standards, and the assignment of value; and the interfacing of mass measurements with civilization. The second part discusses in detail the methods of assigning mass values. Ways to convert from values on one basis to values on another basis are discussed.
Date: January 1974
Creator: Pontius, Paul E.

Measurement Assurance for Gage Blocks

Description: Report discussing the philosophy of measurement assurance and the three levels of measurement assurance programs. The measurement assurance programs are outlined to show how control over the measurement process can be maintained and how the offset (or systematic error) from the unit of length maintained by the National Bureau of Standards ban be made negligible. This monograph is intended for those who need to know on a continuing basis the uncertainty of their gage block calibration procedure.
Date: February 1979
Creator: Croarkin, Carroll; Beers, John & Tucker, Clyde

Abscissas and Weights for Guassian Quadrature For N=2 to 100, and N-125, 150, 175, 200

Description: The abscissas and weights for Gaussian Quadrature of order N = 2 to 100,and N = 125, 150, 175, and 200 are given. The abscissas are given to twenty-four places and the error is estimated to be no more than 1 unit in the last place. The weights are given to twenty-three places and the error is estimated to be no more than 1 unit in the last place.
Date: December 28, 1966
Creator: Love, Carl H.

Compilation of the Melting Points of the Metal Oxides

Description: Report compiling the melting points of 70 metal oxides published prior to January 1963. Both the original melting point and the equivalent value based on the International Practical Temperature Scale of 1948 are presented. Included in the survey is information on pertinent experimental details such as the method of temperature measurement, purity, furnace type, and environmental conditions.
Date: October 10, 1963
Creator: Schneider, Samuel J.

Automatic Indexing: A State-of-the-Art Report

Description: Report presenting a state-of-the-art survey of automatic indexing systems and experiments. It was conducted by the Research Information Center and Advisory Service on Information Processing, Information Technology Division, Institute for Applied Technology, National Bureau of Standards. Consideration is first given to indexes compiled by or with the aid of machines, including citation indexes. Advantages, disadvantages, and possibilities for modification and improvement are discussed. Experiments in automatic assignment indexing are summarized. Related research efforts in such areas as automatic classification and categorization, computer use of thesauri, statistical association techniques, and linguistic data processing are described. A major question is that of evaluation, particularly in view of evidence of human inter-indexer inconsistency. It is concluded that indexes based on words extracted from text are practical for many purposes today.
Date: March 30, 1965
Creator: Stevens, Mary Elizabeth

Atomic Energy Levels in Crystals

Description: Report discussing discrete energy levels observed within certain crystals which are due to perturbations of energy levels of the free ion by an electrostatic field arising from the crystal lattice. The analytic procedures for determining the field from the charge configuration are given, and the resulting fields are classified according to their symmetry. After a general survey of group-theoretical ideas, the applicable groups are analyzed in detail, and characters appropriate for both integral and half-integral angular momenta of the free ion are tabulated. Text includes tabulations, equations, and matrices using Wigner and Racah coefficients.
Date: February 24, 1961
Creator: Prather, John L.

The Role of Standard Reference Materials in Measurement Systems

Description: Report is a guide to Standard Reference Materials (SRM's) and should be useful to all users of SRM's particularly those in countries developing national measurement systems. It is not intended to be an exhaustive description of the NBS-SRM program, but rather a review of the role SRM's play in the measurement system, how SRM's are certified, and what the certification means. To illustrate the use of SRM's, several selected industries are described in which SRM's have made significant contributions.
Date: January 1975
Creator: Cali, J. P.; Mears, T. W.; Michaelis, R. E.; Reed, W. P.; Seward, R. W.; Stanley, C., L. et al.

Properties of Glasses in Some Ternary Systems Containing BaO and SiO2

Description: Report discussing the glass forming regions in six ternary oxide systems containing BaO, Si02, and a third oxide. The properties of the resulting glasses were measured and the results reported. The data on refractive indices, dispersions, and specific volumes were evaluated by computer methods in an attempt to identify "substructures" containing the cations present in the glasses.
Date: September 1973
Creator: Cleek, Given W. & Babcock, C. L.

Oscillator Strengths and Transition Probabilities fro 3288 Lines of Fe I

Description: Report of a homogeneous set of intensity-related data calculated for 3288 spectral lines of Fe I in the region from 2100 to 9900 angstroms. The quantities tabulated in the present monograph include log (g__), log (gf), gf,f,gA, and A. Since recent investigations do not support excitations corrections in the case of Fe I and certain other spectra, the present tabulation incorporates a removal of that normalization function. This recalculation affects the values for all lines whose upper energy levels lie above 46000 cm -1 and should significantly improve the internal consistency of the present data.
Date: March 1968
Creator: Corliss, C. H. & Tech, J. L

Oxidation of Polycyclic, Aromatic, Hydrocarbons: A Review of the Literature

Description: Report discussing the literature on the oxidation of polycyclic, aromatic hydrocarbons. Information has been assembled on (1) the oxidants effective in the oxidation of such hydrocarbons, (2) the relative reactivity of the hydrocarbons, (3) the conditions under which oxidation proceeds, (4) the chemical mechanisms involved when such oxidations occur, and (5) the products formed.
Date: September 17, 1965
Creator: Tipson, R. Stuart

Corrected Optical Pyrometer Readings

Description: Report presenting a table of corrected optical pyrometer readings which enables optical pyrometer users to convert observed temperature immediately to the true temperature, if the effective emissivity of the material being observed is known. The table gives observed temperatures from 1,000 to 3,000ºK in increments of 5 degrees, from 3,000 to 5,000ºK in increments of 10 degrees, from 5,000 to 10,000ºK in increments of 50 degrees, and from 10,000 to 39,900ºK in increments of 100 degrees. For these, true temperatures are tabulated for 49 emissivities ranging from 0.02 to 0.98 in increments of 0.02.
Date: April 21, 1961
Creator: Poland, D. E.; Green, J. W. & Margrave, J. L.

The Dynamics of Fields of Higher Spin

Description: Report presenting a relativistic theory of motion that is free of many of the difficulties common in relativistic equations of motion. This Lagrangian theory describes fields and particles with arbitrary mass and charge and having any discrete spin, integer or half integer.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Hayward, Raymond W.

Curves of Input Impedance Change Due to Ground for Dipole Antennas

Description: Report presenting graphs of the change in input impedance of electrically short dipole antennas in the presence of an isotropic and homogeneous ground which considers four types of antennas: horizontal and vertical, electric and magnetic dipoles. Curves of the change in both the input resistance and reactance are shown for a wide range of values of the frequency, antenna height above the ground, and electromagnetic ground constants.
Date: January 31, 1964
Creator: Vogler, L. E. & Noble, J. L.

The Effect of Time Ordering on the Lyman α Profile

Description: Report investigating the effects of time-ordering over the complete line profile using a unified theory of spectral line broadening previously developed. The behavior of the time-ordered thermal average and un-time-ordered thermal average are compared. The Fourier transform of the thermal average is obtained analytically. Calculations for the line profile of the Lyman-[functional symbol alpha] line of hydrogen are presented and are representative in that the full thermal average is replaced by the thermal average with the electron velocity distribution approximated by f(v)=[functional symbol alpha] (v-vav) where vav is the thermal velocity for the plasma in question.
Date: June 1971
Creator: Godgrey, J. T.; Vidal, C. R.; Smith, E. W. & Cooper, J.

Effects of Finite Lattice Heat Capacity on Spin Lattice Relaxation: Theory and Numerical Analysis

Description: Report discussing the transient magnetic behavior of a paramagnetic substance, after an initial disturbance, considered theoretically for a variety of situations in which the lattice temperature rises as a result of energy flow from the magnetic (electron spin) system. Next, the opposite extreme is considered - that in which the resonant and remaining modes are totally uncoupled. Finally, there is a consideration of the case of spins coupled only to the resonant phonons, which in turn are coupled to a constant temperature bath, whether this be the helium or the remaining modes.
Date: August 1, 1967
Creator: Peterson, Robert L.