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Geology and Ore Resources of the Uranium-Vanadium Depositional Province of the Colorado Plateau Region

Description: From introduction and acknowledgements: This report is written to supplement and complete the record contained in some fifty district and special reports already submitted, and duplication of material in district reports has been studiously avoided. The data herein contained are largely of a regional type, inclusion of which was not wholly appropriate to the district reports.
Date: 1946
Creator: Webber, Benjamin N.

Report on Reserves and Production Situation of Vanadiferous and Related Ores in Colorado Plateau Region

Description: From introduction: The general distribution of known deposits of vanadium-bearing sandstone, which also contain some uranium and radium, is shown in figure 1 1/ and Exhibit A, plate 53. 2/ During 1939-41 the Geological Survey made detailed geological studies of these deposits in the Uravan district, Montrose County, Colorado, as well as preliminary examinations in other parts of the Colorado Plateau vanadium region. In 1942 detailed geological studies were made o the deposits in the Egnar-Slick Rock district, San Miguel Co., Colo.; 3/ the Carrizo Moungains district, Navajo Indian Reservation, Arizona and New Mexico; 4/ the Placerville district, San Miguel County, Colo. 5/ and the Monticello district, San Juan Co., Utah. 6/ Since May 3, 1943, the Gelogical Survey has guided the Bureau of Mines program of prospecting these deposits in parts of Colorado and Utah.
Date: October 10, 1943
Creator: Fischer, Richard P. & Stokes, William Lee

Memorandum Listing the Areas in Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico that are Geologically Favorable for Developing Large Reserves of Vanadium Ore by Prospecting

Description: Introduction: Vanadium ore is being mined at many places in western Colorado, southeastern Utah, northeastern Arizona, and northwestern New Mexico (fig. 1). Eight mills in this region produced about 4,300,000 pounds of V2 05 in 1942, representing about 90 percent of the vanadium obtained from domestic sources. Although ore production has mostly exceeded mill capacity since 1937, production during the last half of 1942 averaged only about 19,000 tons or ore a month, whereas the capacity of these mills total about 22,000 tons a month. At the expected rate of ore production, ore stockpiles will be exhausted sometime in 1944, and these mills will then have excess capacity. With more intensive prospecting than now practiced, however, it is believed that sufficient reserves can be indicated to sustain capacity operation of these mills for several years. This memorandum is prepared to specify those areas that are considered most favorable from a geologic standpoint for developing large reserves of vanadium ore by prospecting. It is based on intensive studies by the Geological Survey since 1939 in most of the areas that produce vanadium ore.
Date: April 10, 1943
Creator: Fischer, R. P.

Uranium Ore Controls of the Happy Jack Deposit, White Canyon, San Juan County, Utah

Description: Abstract: The Happy Jack uranium deposit of White Carron, San Juan County, Utah, was studied in connection with an Atomic Energy Commission exploration program. The major uranium ore control is a paleostream channel containing sediments of the Shinarump conglomerate. Intrachannel controls include organic matter, lithologic variations, and channel "lows". Microscopic studies reveal that uraninite, the primary ore mineral, occurs as cement and as a replacement of organic material. Both the uraninite and copper sulfides replace secondary quartz overgrowths. Crystals of chalcopyrite, chalcocite, and pyrite occur one within the other. Resolution of bornite and chalcopyrite is present. Uraninite is dated as later than the secondary overgrowths and of about the same age as the copper sulfides.
Date: March 26, 1953
Creator: Miller, Leo J.

Report on Wagon Drilling for Uranium in the Silver Reef (Harrisburg) District, Washington County, Utah: Part 1

Description: Abstract: An exploratory wagon drilling program was conducted from May 2, 1953, to October 31, 1953, on the Silver Crown, Big Hill, and Silverman claims of Western Gold and Uranium Mines, Inc. at the Silver Reef district near Leeds, Utah. Two economically significant new ore bodies were discovered and considerable geological information gained. The Silver Reef uranium deposits are located near the faulted north-plunging nose of the Virgin anticline in an old silver mining' district. Silver, uranium, vanadium, and copper minerals occur in association with various carbonaceous, sandy shale horizons of the Leeds and Tecumseh members of the Triassic Chinle formation. Mineralization has favored areas where relatively close-spaced normal faults of very small displacement cut the favorable beds.
Date: December 1953
Creator: Poehlmann, Edwin J. & King, Earl N.

Petrographical Investigations of the Salt Wash Sediments, Annual Technical Report: 1954

Description: Abstract: This report consists of four parts, the first three being descriptions of investigations compiled in the period October 1st, 1953 to April 1st, 1954; the fourth part is a summary of progress of the research based on our entire investigations completed prior to April 1st, 1954. The first part comprises a set of preliminary experiments investigating the mineral composition of the sandstones in thin sections, in an attempt to differentiate barren from ore-bearing sandstones. It appears that there are more rock-fragments and particularly more volcanic rock fragments in the ore zone (zone 4, Well C, Bull Canyon). In addition, silica cement appears to be associated with ore and carbonate cement with barren sediments. The second part details the investigation of the mudstones of the Bull Canyon Wells . A mixed layer lattice "illite" and a kaolin mineral are the most prominent in "normal" mudstones. Dye tests suggest there are differences between the clay minerals in the sandstone matrix of the ore zone and barren zone. In addition, the mudstone zones appear to differ in the response to the dye tests. The third part of the report details the bulk density determinations for cores from well B. The results confirm our conclusions based on bulk density investigations of cores from well C. Finally in the summary of progress of the research, Part IV of the report, guides to ore are suggested and the differences between ore bearing sediments and barren sediments are summarized. The hypothesis of genesis which best fits the observations is also described.
Date: April 1954
Creator: Griffiths, John C.; Cochran, J. A.; Groff, D. W. & Kahn, James Steven

Preliminary Report on Geologic Investigations in Monument Valley Area, Arizona, 1952

Description: From introduction: A program of uranium investigations and geologic mapping on the Navajo Indian Reservation in Apache and Navajo Counties, northeastern Arizona (fig. 1) was undertaken by the U. S. Geological Survey on behalf of the Atomic Energy Commission during the field seasons of 1951 and 1952. Field work on this program has been completed and preliminary copies of the maps, which cover an area of about 700 square miles, are inclosed as part of this report. The two principal objectives of the program were to establish geologic criteria useful as guides in prospecting for uranium deposits, and to appraise the favorableness of the Shinarump conglomerate and other Triassic rocks for the occurrence of uranium deposits in order to select areas that deserve exploration for concealed deposits.
Date: February 1953
Creator: Witkind, Irving Jerome; Thaden, R. E. & Lough, C. F.

Summary Report: AEC Reference Fuel-Processing Plant

Description: From introduction: The primary purpose of this report is to record the bases chosen in setting the Commission's policy on processing charges to assure that individual charges are on a consistent basis in conformance with the policy. Secondly, it may aid reactor operators in estimating the AEC processing charges for a variety of fuels and reactor conditions. It may also be of interest to potential chemical processors by showing the approach followed in developing these charges.
Date: October 1957
Creator: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission

Cyclotron Component Design Technical Reports

Description: From introduction: The study of cyclotron-magnet design presented here is directed toward attaining a large ratio of energy in the ion beam with respect to cost. Alternatively, the goal may be regarded as a smaller, more convenient apparatus. These two objectives are not completely incompatible; a design that is more economical than the usual is also smaller. The best design of a cyclotron can be obtained only by considering the problem as a whole. The conditions necessary to maintain an ion beam, the conditions required for the operation of the oscillator, and a host of other problems influence the design of the magnet. It is assumed in this paper that the "other problems" can be satisfactorily solved, if the gap has a suitable geometry and the field a suitable space dependence.
Date: February 6, 1952

Fault Tree Handbook

Description: Introduction: Since 1975, a short course entitled "System Safety and Reliability Analysis" has been presented to over 200 NRC personnel and contractors. The course has been taught jointly by David F. Haasl, Institute of System Sciences, Professor Norman H. Roberts, University of Washington, and members of the Probabilistic Analysis Staff, NRC, as part of a risk assessment training program sponsored by the Probabilistic Analysis Staff. This handbook has been developed not only to serve as text for the System Safety and Reliability Course, but also to make available to others a set of otherwise undocumented material on fault tree construction and evaluation. The publication of this handbook is in accordance with the recommendations of the Risk Assessment Review Group Report (NUREG/CR-0400) in which it was stated that the fault/event tree methodology both can and should be used more widely by the NRC. It is hoped that this document will help to codify and systematize the fault tree approach to systems analysis.
Date: January 1981
Creator: Vesely, W. E.

Mineral Resources of a Part of the Dos Cabezas Mountains Wilderness Study Area (Az-040-065), Cochise County, Arizona

Description: From summary: In January-April 1984, the Bureau of Mines conducted a mineral survey of the Lower Burro Creek Wilderness Study Area as required by Federal Land Policy and Management Act (Public Law 94-579, October 21, 1976). The Lower Burro Creek Wilderness Study Area comprises 21,700 acres in southeastern Mohave and Yavapai Counties, Arizona. Mines and prospects are located on deposits and (or) occurrences of gold, bentonite, magnesite, and agate in the eastern and southeastern part of the study area.
Date: 1985
Creator: Zelten, Jeanne E.

Mineral Resources of the Harquahala Mountains Study Area (Az-020-095), La Paz and Maricopa Counties, Arizona

Description: From summary: The Harquahala Mountains BLM Wilderness Study Area is in the Basin and Range physiographic province of west-central Arizona. The present study covers 24,735 acres of the 72,675 acre wilderness study area, preliminary recommended as suitable for inclusion in the National Wilderness Preservation System in La Paz and Maricopa Counties, Arizona. During the winter of 1983-84, under authority of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (Public Law 94-579), the Bureau mapped and sampled mines and prospects in and near the WSA to determine the mineral resources present.
Date: 1985
Creator: Thompson, John R.

Final Environmental Statement by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission for Greene County Nuclear Power Plant

Description: Abstract: A Final Environmental Statement for the Power Authority of the State of New York for the construction of the Greene County Nuclear Power Plant (Docket No. 50-549) located in Greene County, New York, has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This statement provides (1) a summary of environmental impact and adverse effects of the proposed facility, and (2) a consideration of principal alternatives. Also included are comments of governmental agencies and other organizations on the Draft Environmental Statement for the project and staff responses to these comments. The NRC staff has concluded, based on a weighing of environmental, economic, technical, and other benefit against environmental costs and available alternatives, that a construction permit should be denied because the alternative sites available to the applicant are environmentally preferable. If the permit is granted, the applicant will be required to take the necessary mitigating actions to decrease the aesthetic impact by using alternative closed cycle cooling systems and to undertake monitoring programs to identify, evaluate and mitigate construction related community and public services impacts in the immediate three-county impact area.
Date: January 1979
Creator: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation.

The Development of Uranium Carbide as a Nuclear Fuel: Final Report

Description: From introduction: This is the final report on uranium carbide studies sponsored by the United States Atomic Energy Commission and performed by United Nuclear Corporation at its New Haven Research Laboratories during the period from May 1959 to January 1964. The work was part of the Commission's Fuel Cycle Development Program aimed at lowering the cost of nuclear power by improving fuel cycle technology. At the inception of this program in 1959, some work was in progress on uranium carbide. Little was known of making a satisfactory fuel in quantity or of how it would perform either in-pile or out-of-pile. The United Nuclear program was designed with no specific reactor in mind and was aimed at furnishing information over a broad spectrum.
Date: February 29, 1964
Creator: Crane, J. & Gordon, E.

Airborne Radioactivity Survey of Part of the Navajo Indian Reservation of Utah and Arizona

Description: From introduction: The purpose of an airborne radioactivity survey is to locate ground areas of higher than normal radioactivity which might lead to discovery of uranium mineralization. For this type of survey, gamma-ray detection equipment employing either a geiger counter or a scintillation counter can be mounted in a fixed wing aircraft or a helicopter.
Date: February 29, 1952
Creator: Cummings, Winthrop L.

Non-Core Dry Hole Drilling at Cove Mesa, Arizona

Description: Abstract: A drilling program was conducted by the Atomic Energy Commission on Cove Mesa, Arizona to further develop uranium and vanadium ore reserves that are vital to the National Defense. The drilling was performed by the Minerals Engineering Company of Grand Junction, Colorado. Uranium and vanadium ore horizons are found in the Salt Wash member of the Morrison formation on Cove Mesa.
Date: June 16, 1952
Creator: Garcia, Raymond J.

Uranium-Copper Deposits Near Copper Canyon Navajo Indian Reservation, Arizona

Description: From introduction: During the summer of 1951, Navajos conducted John W. Chester, Russell C. Cutter, and E. V. Reinhardt, Grand Junction Exploration Branch, U. S. Atomic Energy Commission, to a copper deposit in Copper Canyon. Little radioactivity was noted, and no further work was done in the area at that time. In October 1951, the same group of Navajos reported the discovery of uranium ore in another portion of the same area. The site was visited by Cutter who noted that an excavation made by the Navajos had disclosed a 3-foot thickness of low-grade uranium ore. In November 1951, Cutter again visited the area and observed that the Navajos had opened a 5-foot face of good ore.
Date: March 13, 1952
Creator: Reinhardt, E. V.

Geology and Drilling Recommendations Oak Spring Area Apache County, Arizona, and San Juan County, New Mexico

Description: Abstract: Uranium ore deposits on two exposed rims and past production records of tonnage and grade indicate an exploration program is justified in the Oak Springs area. A minimum of 24,000 feet of core drilling is recommended with a maximum of 75,000 feet to be based on favorability as determined by subsurface studies.
Date: April 3, 1952
Creator: Swanson, Melvin A. & Hatfield, Kenneth G.

Mineral Resources of the Lower Burro Creek Wilderness Study Area (Az-020-060), Mohave and Yavapai Counties, Arizona

Description: From summary: In January-April 1984, the Bureau of Mines conducted a mineral survey of the Lower Burro Creek Wilderness Study Area as required by Federal Land Policy and Management Act (Public Law 94-579, October 21, 1976). The Lower Burro Creek Wilderness Study Area comprises 21,700 acres in southeastern Mohave and Yavapai Counties, Arizona.
Date: 1985
Creator: Schreiner, Russell A.