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Theoretical Performance Characteristics of Sharp Lip Inlets at Subsonic Speeds

Description: A method is presented for the estimation of the subsonic-flight-speed characteristics of sharp-lip inlets applicable to supersonic aircraft. The analysis, based on a simple momentum balance consideration, permits the computation of inlet pressure recovery - mass-flow relations and additive-drag coefficients for forward velocities from zero to the speed of sound. The penalties for operation of a sharp-lip inlet at velocity ratios other than 1.0 may be severe; at lower velocity ratios an additive drag is incurred that is not cancelled by lip suction, while at higher velocity ratios, unavoidable losses in inlet total pressure will result. In particular, at the take-off condition, the total pressure and the mass flow for a choked inlet are only 79 percent of the values ideally attainable with a rounded lip. Experimental data obtained at zero speed with a sharp-lip supersonic inlet model were in substantial agreement with the theoretical results.
Date: September 1, 1953
Creator: Fradenburgh, Evan A & Wyatt, Demarquis D

An investigation of the low-speed static stability characteristics of complete models having sweptback and sweptforward wings

Description: An investigation has been conducted in the Langley 300 MPH 7- by 10-foot tunnel to determine the static stability characteristics at low speeds of complete models with various swept wings so that comparisons might be made with available theoretical and empirical methods of predicting the stability characteristics. Longitudinal and lateral stability characteristics, flaps up and down, were obtained for models having 0 degree, 15 degrees, 30 degrees, and 45 degrees sweptforward and sweptback wings.
Date: November 19, 1948
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy & Comisarow, Paul

An investigation at Mach numbers of 1.40 and 1.59 of the effects of aileron profile on the aerodynamic characteristics of a complete model of a supersonic aircraft configuration

Description: An investigation has been conducted in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic tunnel at Mach numbers 1.40 and 1.59 to determine the effect of aileron profile on the aerodynamic characteristics of a complete model of a supersonic aircraft configuration. The model had a 40 degree sweptback tapered wing with 10-percent-thick circular-arc sections normal to the quarter-chord line. The ailerons were 20-percent chord and were located on the outboard 50 percent of the wing semispans. The various ailerons investigated included the basic circular-arc profile and three flat-sided ailerons having ratios of trailing-edge thickness to hinge-line thickness t of 0, 0.5, and 1.0. Low aileron effectiveness was obtained with the circular-arc and t = 0 profiles. Increasing the trailing-edge thickness (t = 0.5 and 1.0) resulted in increased effectiveness as well as increased hinge moments with only a slight increase in drag.
Date: January 15, 1951
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy & Webster, Robert A.

Depreciation of aircraft

Description: There is a widespread, and quite erroneous, impression to the effect that aircraft are essentially fragile and deteriorate with great rapidity when in service, so that the depreciation charges to be allowed on commercial or private operation are necessarily high.
Date: December 1, 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P.

Preliminary analysis of problem of determining experimental performance of air-cooled turbine I : methods for determining heat-transfer characteristics

Description: In determining the experimental performance of an air-cooled turbine, the heat-transfer characteristics must be evaluated. The suggested formulas that are required to determine these characteristics are presented. The formulas have a form in which dependent parameters are expressed as unknown functions of independent parameters. Methods of experimenting to determine these functions are suggested. In some cases general heat-transfer discussions that lead to the suggested forms of the formulas are given.
Date: June 12, 1950
Creator: Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr. & Ziemer, Robert R.