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Investigation of mechanisms of blade failure of forged hastalloy B and cast Stellite 21 turbine blades in turbojet engine

Description: An investigation was conducted to study the mechanisms of blade failure of forged Hastelloy B and cast Stellite 21. The blades were mounted in a 16-25-6 alloy rotor and subjected to 20-minute cycles consisting of 15 minutes at rated speed and approximately 5 minutes at idle. The first failures of the Hastelloy B and Stellite 21 blades were probably the result of excessive vibratory stresses and occurred after 14.25 and 16.75 hours, respectively. After 28.75 hours of operation, all but 3 of the original 25 Hastelloy B blades had either failed or contained stress-rupture-type cracks and four of the original 27 Stellite 21 blades contained stress-rupture-type cracks.
Date: August 22, 1951
Creator: Yaker, C; Robards, C F & Garrett, F B
Item Type: Report

Investigation of effects of inlet-air velocity distortion on performance of turbojet engine

Description: To determine effect of nonuniform inlet-air velocities, a full scale, axial-flow turbojet engine was investigated in Lewis altitude wind tunnel at altitudes from 20,000 to 50,000 feet, 0.21 flight Mach number and corrected engine speeds from 77.3 percent of rated speed to rated speed. Total-pressure variations as large as 103 pounds per square foot in radial direction and 90 pounds per square foot in circumferential direction at 30,000 feet were obtained. With the distortions investigated, net thrust varied between 0.95 and 1.03 of the thrust with uniform inlet-air distribution. Similarly the ratio of specific fuel consumption varied from 1.00 to 1.04. Within the arrange of this investigation the effects of nonuniform inlet velocity were not serious for the engine investigated.
Date: September 13, 1950
Creator: Conrad, E William & Sobolewski, Adam E
Item Type: Report

A comparison of the experimental and theoretical loading over triangular wings in sideslip at supersonic speeds

Description: The results of an experimental investigation of the load distribution over two triangular wings in sideslip at Mach numbers from 1.20 to 1.79 are presented and compared with theory. The two wings tested have identical plan form, 45 degrees sweepback of the leading edge, and an aspect ratio of 4.0. One model was composed of round-nose airfoil sections and the other of sharp-nose, biconvex sections. For both wings the maximum thickness of streamwise sections was 6 percent and was located at the 30-percent chord.
Date: May 18, 1951
Creator: Boyd, John W
Item Type: Report

Altitude performance of AN-F-58 fuels in J33-A-21 single combustor

Description: Three fuels conforming to AN-F-58 specification were investigated in order to determine the influence of boiling temperatures and aromatic content on altitude performance in single combustor of a 4600-pound-thrust turbojet engine. Combustion efficiencies of the three AN-F-58 fuels were approximately equal at each simulated engine condition for altitudes from 5,000 to 50,000 feet, 90-percent normal rated engine speed, and flight Mach numbers of 0.0 and 0.6.
Date: April 8, 1949
Creator: Dittrich, Ralph, T & Jackson, Joseph L
Item Type: Report

Effect of angle of attack and exit nozzle design on the performance of a 16-inch ram jet at Mach numbers from 1.5 to 2.0

Description: An investigation of the performance of a 16-inch ram jet engine having a single oblique-shock all-external compression inlet designed for a flight Mach number of 1.8, was conducted in the NACA Lewis 8-by 6-foot supersonic wind tunnel. Data were obtained at Mach numbers from 1.5 to 2.0 and angles of attack from 0 degrees to 10 degrees. Three exit nozzles were used; a cylindrical extension of the combustion chamber, a 4 degrees half-angle converging nozzle with a 0.71 contraction ratio, and a graphite converging-diverging nozzle having a 0.71 contraction ratio plus reexpansion to essentially major body diameter.
Date: October 5, 1951
Creator: Perchonok, Eugene; Wilcox, Fred & Pennington, Donald
Item Type: Report

Effect of blade-surface finish on performance of a single-stage axial-flow compressor

Description: A set of modified NACA 5509-34 rotor and stator blades was investigated with rough-machine, hand-filed, and highly polished surface finishes over a range of weight flows at six equivalent tip speeds from 672 to 1092 feet per second to determine the effect of blade-surface finish on the performance of a single-stage axial-flow compressor. Surface-finish effects decreased with increasing compressor speed and with decreasing flow at a given speed. In general, finishing blade surfaces below the roughness that may be considered aerodynamically smooth on the basis of an admissible-roughness formula will have no effect on compressor performance.
Date: April 16, 1951
Creator: Moses, Jason J & Serovy, George, K
Item Type: Report