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Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry

Description: Abstract: Energy-dispersive x-ray analysis with gas proportional detectors has been used widely in x-ray spectrochemical analysis. It was particularly useful in the detection of low-energy x-ray emission, before the commercial availability of the Blodgett-Langmuir pseudocrystals. With the development of solid-state x-ray detectors of high resolution, and improvement in associated electronics and computers, the interest in energy-dispersive x-ray analysis has increased enormously, to the point where it has replaced Bragg crystal diffraction spectrometry in many instances.
Date: March 1981
Creator: Heinrich, Kurt F. J.; Newbury, Dale E.; Myklebust, R. L. & Fiori, C. E.

Oil and Gas Supply Modeling

Description: Abstract: The symposium on Oil and Gas Supply Modeling, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, DC (June 18-20, 1980), was funded by the Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy and co-sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The symposium was organized to be a forum in which the theoretical and applied state-of-the-art of oil and gas supply models could be presented and discussed. Speakers addressed the following areas: the realities of oil and gas supply, prediction of oil and gas production, problems in oil and gas modeling, resource appraisal procedures, forecasting field size and production, investment and production strategies, estimating cost and production schedules for undiscovered fields production regulations, resource data, sensitivity analysis of forecasts, econometric analysis of resource depletion, oil and gas finding rates, and various models of oil and gas supply. This volume documents the proceedings (papers and discussion) of the symposium.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Gass, Saul I.

Proceedings of the Joint Panel Conference of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources: 1982

Description: Abstract: The 14th Joint Meeting of the U.S. - Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects was held in Washington, D. C., United States front May 17 through 20, 1982. This publication, which is the proceedings of the Joint Meeting, includes the program, list of members, formal resolutions, technical papers, and the task committee report:. Subjects covered in the papers presented to the panel include: (l) characteristics of strong winds, (2) wind loads on structures and design criteria, (3) earthquake ground motions and dynamic analysis of embankment dams, (4) soil liquefaction study and methods to improve liquefaction resistance. (5) seismic loads on structures and design criteria, (6) stress analyses of pipelines during earthquakes, (7) full-scale seismic experiments, (8) earthquake hazard reduction program, (9) use of microcomputer for earthquake studies, (10) quantitative evaluation of damages caused by winds and earthquakes, and (11) tsunami research projects.
Date: April 1983
Creator: United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources. Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects.

Federal Laboratory Directory, 1982

Description: Abstract: This Directory provides limited information about some 388 Federal laboratories with ten or more full-time professionals engaged in research and development. Summary data arranged by Federal agency and by State provide a broad overview of the Federal laboratory system. Laboratory lists by staff size, by State and by agency provide a cross reference. For each laboratory, a contact for obtaining technical information is given by name, address, and phone number. Major mission and major scientific or testing equipment is listed for each laboratory.
Date: February 1983
Creator: Wyckoff, James M.

Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1982 Highlights

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during, calendar year 1982. It describes the management of standards activities at NBS, profiles NBS staf* participation on outside standards committees, and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1982, 457 staff members (or 29% of NBS' professional, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 1,046 outside standards committees of 97 national and international standards organizations.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Newell, Karl G., Jr.

Low-Sloped Roofing Research Plan

Description: Abstract: This report presents a long-range plan for roofing research. The plan was developed in response to a need for roofing research addressing major materials problems and changes in low-sloped roofing materials technology. The intent of the plan is to establish the technical basis for developing standards and minimum levels of performance to assist in the selection of cost-effective and durable roofing materials. Four major areas of needed research are identified: (1) low-sloped roofing systems, (2) roofing membranes including single-ply and built-up, (3) thermal insulation for roofing systems, and (4) condition assessment and repair of roofs. Within each research area, a goal is given as well as a number of objectives to achieve the goal. A recommended approach to accomplish each objective is also given.
Date: July 1983
Creator: Cullen, William C.; Rossiter, Walter J., Jr.; Mathey, Robert G. & Clifton, James R.

Ozone Reactions in Aqueous Solutions: a Bibliography

Description: Abstract: A reaction oriented list of references is provided for published papers and reports containing rate data or information on mechanism for reactions of ozone with various substrates in aqueous solutions. Catalyzed, as well as uncatalyzed, reactions are included. One hundred and sixty-four papers are listed. The period covered extends from 1913 to 1981.
Date: August 1983
Creator: Westley, Francis

Environmental Speciation and Monitoring Needs for Trace Metal-Containing Substances from Energy-Related Processes

Description: Abstract: This book presents the Proceedings of the DoE/NBS Workshop on Environmental Speciation and Monitoring Needs for Trace Metal-Containing Substances from Energy-Related Processes held at the National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD, on May 18-20, 1981. The Workshop was sponsored by the Office of Health and Environmental Research, DoE, and the Office of Recycled Materials, NBS. The volume contains refereed papers submitted by 24 invited speakers, along with substantially complete text of the discussion following the papers, edited by the Co-chairpersons. The Proceedings address three major topic areas forming the overall objective of the Workshop: (1) what are the general and specific types of metal- or metalloid-containing substances occurring in energy-related process materials such as coals, oil shales, and waste products? (2) what are the current status and future prospects of element- and compound-specific measurement methods suitable for speciation of trace (ppm, ppb) metal- and metalloid-containing substances transmitted to the environment by energy-processing or waste cycling technologies? (3) for what toxic molecular forms of speciated process effluents should biological dose-response data be generated to assure reliable environmental impact and monitoring measurements? Main questions focused, on providing assurance that the speciation methods (or their development) fit basic bioassay criteria along with appropriate standard reference materials for meeting quantitative process and waste monitoring or control needs.
Date: November 1981
Creator: Brinckman, Frederick E. & Fish, Richard H.

Measurement of Electrical Quantities in Pulse Power Systems

Description: Abstract: The Workshop on Measurement of Electrical Quantities in Pulse Power Systems addressed measurements in pulse systems having the characteristics of pulse duration less than a millisecond, system voltages greater than 10 kilovolts, and system currents greater than 10 kiloamperes. The presented papers were divided into four categories: voltage measurements; current measurements; power and energy measurements, and data acquisition. Included are discussions of applications of conventional measurement techniques and state-of-the-art systems.
Date: June 1982
Creator: McKnight, R. H. & Hebner, R. E., Jr.

Science and Technology: the Challenges of the Future

Description: Preface: On its 80th anniversary, the National Bureau of Standards hosted a series of lectures by six distinguished speakers of national and international note who discussed the challenges facing science and technology and, thus, the Bureau in the coming years. This publication contains the texts of these presentations, along with transcripts of the question-and answer sessions following the presentations. The lecture series was organized by Dr. Donald R. Johnson of NBS with the very able assistance of Mrs. Carol Shipley in making arrangements for speakers and handling the manuscripts. The staff of the NML Text Editing Facility are acknowledged for their substantial contributions of typing and editing support.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Johnson, Donald R.

Telecommunication Technologies, Networking and Libraries

Description: Abstract: The conference provided an overview of current and developing technologies for digital transmission of image data that are likely to have an impact on the operations of libraries and information centers or provide support for information networking. Technologies reviewed include slow-scan television, teleconferencing, and videodisc. Other papers discuss technology and standards development for computer network interconnection through hardware and software, particularly packet-switched networks; computer network protocols for library and information service applications; the structure of a national bibliographic telecommunications network; and the major policy issues involved in the regulation or deregulation of the common communications carriers industry.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Knight, Nancy H.

Precision Measurement and Calibration: Electricity: Selected Papers on the Realization and Maintenance of the Fundamental Electrical Units and Related Topics

Description: Abstract: Selected publications of the National Bureau of Standards technical staff in the field of electricity were first compiled in 1962 as a volume of the NBS Precision Measurement and Calibration Series (Electricity and Electronics, Handbook 77, Volume I); this compilation was extended in 1968 by the compilation of an additional volume in the Precision Measurement and Calibration Series (Electricity-Low Frequency, NBS Special Publication 300, Volume 3). The present volume, a further extension of these earlier compilations of selected publications in the field of electricity, includes 66 more recent papers by NBS authors and 16 abstracts of closely related papers by authors from other organizations. In view of the expansion of measurement technologies used in electricity and electromagnetism it has been necessary to reduce the range of topics for the selection of papers in the new compilation. In this connection an emphasis has been placed upon the realization and maintenance of fundamental electrical units and the related scientific advances, particularly in quantum physics. However, in the interest of completeness, three appendices also provide up-to-date bibliographies of publications by NBS authors in different areas of electromagnetism. (This book is a sequel to NBS Handbook 77-Vol. 1(1961) and NBS SP 300-Vol. 3 (1968).
Date: October 1985
Creator: McCoubrey, Arthur O.

OMNITAB 80: An Interpretive System for Statistical and Numerical Data Analysis

Description: Abstract: OMNITAB 80 is a highly integrated general purpose programming language and statistical software computing system. The system enables the user to use a digital computer to perform statistical and numerical data analysis without having any prior knowledge of computers or programming languages. The system responds to simple instructions to obtain accurate results since reliable, varied and sophisticated algorithms for data analysis and manipulation are referenced. It may be used either interactively or in batch mode. OMNITAB 80 has been installed nationally and internationally. OMNITAB has been completely written to make it as machine independent as possible This document describes Version 6.0. Details are presented so that the user can easily find the specific information needed in any particular instance. Part A is a simple, compact introduction to OMNITAB. Part B describes the general and special features of the OMNITAB system. Part C gives explanations, with short examples, for the use of specific instructions. Part D is a complete alphabetical list of the instructions which are in the system.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Peavy, Sally T.; Bremer, Shirley G.; Varner, Ruth N. & Hogben, David

Proceedings of Cryocooler Conference: 1984

Description: Abstract: This document contains the proceedings of the Third Cryocooler Conference, held at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, CO, on Sept. 17-18, 1984. About 140 people from 10 countries attended the conference and represented industry, government, and academia. A total of 26 papers were presented orally at the conference and all appear in written form in this document. The emphasis in this conference was on small cryocoolers in the temperature range of 4 - 80 K. Mechanical and non-mechanical types were discussed in the various papers. Applications of these small cryocoolers include the cooling of infrared detectors, cryopumps, small superconducting devices and magnets, and electronic devices.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Radebaugh, Ray; Louie, Beverly & McCarthy, Sandy E.

Research and Innovation in the Building Regulatory Process

Description: This document contains the Proceedings of the Sixth NBS/NCSBCS Joint Conference on Research and Innovation in the Building Regulatory Process, held on September 11, 1984, in Denver, CO. This conference addressed streamlined administrative procedures, computers in construction, and fire safety technology. These Proceedings contain the 10 papers selected for presentation at the conference.
Date: April 1985
Creator: Beavers, Linda

International Review of Environmental Specimen Banking

Description: Abstract: In September 1983, the "8th U. S. - German Seminar of State and Planning on Environmental Specimen Banking" and the "International Review of Environmental Specimen Banking" were held at the National Bureau of Standards. At these meetings the current status of Environmental Specimen Banking Program in the U. S., Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), and other countries was presented and discussed. This publication contains a brief summary of these meetings and separate contributions describing the specimen banking activities in Canada, FRG, Japan, Sweden and the U. S.
Date: October 1985
Creator: Wise, Stephen A. & Zeisler, Rolf

Steel Research Needs for Buildings

Description: Abstract: This report identifies experimental and analytical research needed to advance the state-of-the-art and improve safety and economy in the design, fabrication and construction of steel buildings. A five year plan for a coordinated research program is included. Recommendations for research projects dealing with the following topics are presented: total building systems, connections and members, frames, seismic design, load and resistance factor design, fire protection, and design loads. The recommendations were developed at a workshop involving participation by steel industry representatives, design professionals, Federal agency representatives and university researchers.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Culver, Charles G.; Iwankiw, Nestor & Kuentz, Albert

Standards and Metadata Requirements for Computerization of Selected Mechanical Properties of Metallic Materials

Description: Abstract: To assist in building a computerized information system on the engineering properties of materials, the standards and metadata requirements for a representative group of mechanical property categories are considered. These categories include: tensile behavior, hardness numbers, notch-bar impact test parameters, and fatigue properties. For each property group, definitions of terms, synonyms (and non-synonyms), standard test methods, standards for reporting data, precision and accuracy, and correlations of properties are addressed. The principal findings and recommendations are as follows. Existing test methods are generally adequate for the properties considered, but better standards are needed for data reporting. Appraisal of materials variability and testing machine variability would be assisted by access to standard reference materials, certified as to their mechanical properties. All properties considered for inclusion in a computerized system can be categorized as parameters for direct search, parameters retrievable with extraction of all data stored for a given material, and parameters which are derived from an analytical representation of experimental data. Drafting of some general standards on computerized file structures and metadata files suitable for the engineering field is advised.
Date: August 1985
Creator: Westbrook, J. H.

A Bibliography of Sources of Thermodynamic Data for the Systems: CO₂+NH₃+H₂O, CO₂+H₂S+H₂O, H₂S+NH₃+H₂O, and CO₂+NH₃+H₂S+H₂O

Description: Abstract: Contained herein is a bibliography of sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for the systems: CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂O, CO₂ + H₂S + H₂O, H₂S + NH₃ + H₂O, and CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂S + H₂O. The types of data in this bibliography include all types of equilibrium data, including both eqilibria [sic] in solution and vapor-liquid equilibrium data, enthalpies, heat capacities, and densities. There are 215 references cited. Bibliographic Data Sheet.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Goldberg, Robert N. & Steckler, D. K.

User's Guide for the Cone Calorimeter

Description: Abstract: This document provides instructions for users of the Cone Calorimeter in installing, operating, maintaining, and repairing the instrument. It is intended for training new operators at NBS and at other laboratories. The troubleshooting and repair sections will be a useful reference section even for experienced operators, since remedies for a large number of potential instrument malfunctions are outlined there.
Date: 1988
Creator: Twilley, William H. & Babrauskas, Vytenis