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Spirit Leveling in South Carolina: Part 1. Northern South Carolina, 1896-1938

Description: From introduction: report.-This bulletin, which is published in two parts, contains the complete results of all spirit leveling done in South Carolina by the Geological Survey of the United States Department of the Interior, including those heretofore published.1 The 34th parallel of latitude, passing through Columbia, serves to divide the State into two sections, each of which is represented by one of the parts of the bulletin. Part 1 deals with the section lying north of the 34th parallel, designated as northern South Carolina, and part 2 deals with the section lying south of that parallel, designated as southern South Carolina.
Date: 1939
Creator: Staack, J. G.

The Mount Eielson District Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Mount Eielson district lies in south-central Alaska, on the north side of the Alaska Range, about 30 miles east of Mount McKinley. The most widely distributed rocks of the district include a thick series of thin-bedded limestone, calcareous shale, and graywacke of Paleozoic, probably Devonian, age. These sediments are cut by a mass of granodiorite which forms most of Mount Eielson and which was intruded probably in late Mesozoic time. The intrusive has sent a multitude of dikes and sills into the associated sediments.
Date: 1933
Creator: Reed, John C.

Geologic Structure and Occurrence of Gas in Part of Southwestern New York: Part 1. Structure and Gas Possibilities of the Oriskany Sandstone in Steuben, Yates, and Parts of the Adjacent Counties

Description: From introduction: Since the discovery of the Wayne-Dundee gas field in 1930 and the more recent discovery of large quantities of gas in the Oriskany sandstone about 2 miles north of the village of Greenwood the search for similar favorable structural features has been greatly stimulated in the Finger Lakes region and southwestward to the Pennsylvania line. To aid those interested in the area to gain a clearer understanding of the regional structure and its relation to the subsurface structure, parties in charge of the senior author were assigned during the field seasons of 1934 and 1935 to make a geologic study of Steuben County and parts of the adjacent counties.
Date: 1938
Creator: Bradley, Wilmot H. & Pepper, J. F.

Geology and Fuel Resources of the Southern Part of the Oklahoma Coal Field: Part 4. the Howe-Wilburton District, Latimer and Le Flore Counties

Description: From abstract: The Howe-Wilburton district is a narrow area of about 540 square miles that extends westward from the Arkansas State line for about 60 miles across Latimer and Le Flore Counties, Okla. It lies in the southern part of the Arkansas Valley physiographic province and is a part of the large Arkansas-Oklahoma coal field.
Date: 1939
Creator: Hendricks, Thomas Andrews

Geology and Fuel Resources of the Southern Part of the Oklahoma Coal Field: Part 1. The McAlester District, Pittsburg, Atoka, and Latimer Counties

Description: From abstract: The McAlester district is an area of about 477 square miles in Pittsburg, Atoka, and Latimer Counties, Okla. It lies entirely within the Arkansas Valley geomorphic province except for the extreme northwest corner, which is crossed by the easternmost cuesta of the Osage Plains province.
Date: 1937
Creator: Hendricks, Thomas Andrews

Geology and Fuel Resources of the Southern Part of the Oklahoma Coal Field: Part 2. The Lehigh District Coal, Atoka, and Pittsburg Counties

Description: From abstract: The rocks exposed in the Lehigh district, in the Arkansas-Oklahoma coal basin, aggregate at least 5,000 feet in thickness. All are of Pennsylvanian age, except scattered thin Pleistocene (?) and Recent deposits. Rocks of Pottsville age crop out extensively in the southwestern part of the district and include the Springer formation, Wapanucka limestone, and Atoka formation. The Pottsville rocks are overlain in the northeastern part by formations of Allegheny age, including the Hartshorne sandstone. McAlester shale, Savanna sandstone, Boggy shale, and Thurman sandstone.
Date: 1937
Creator: Knechtel, Maxwell M.

The Willow Creek Gold Lode District Alaska

Description: From abstract: The gold quartz veins of the Willow Creek district belong to the type of ore deposits that may be expected to continue downward for several thousand feet below the present surface. The veins occur in an essentially homogeneous quartz diorite intrusive mass, batholithic in form ; therefore, the composition of the wall rock plays practically no significant part in the distribution of gold within the veins. The veins were formed partly as fissure fillings and partly by replacement of the wall rock along fractures and of fragments of wall rock caught between the fracture walls. Structurally the deposits are essentially composite lodes, although quartz lenses of considerable size have also been formed.
Date: 1933
Creator: Ray, James C.

Progress of Surveys in the Anthracite Ridge District Alaska

Description: From abstract: Anthracite Ridge is in south-central Alaska, on the north side of the Matanuska River Valley, about 200 miles north of Seward, the coastal terminus of the Alaska Railroad. The specific object of the investigations in this field during the summer of 1931 was to collect information regarding the character and extent of the anthracite deposits. These studies were carried on in connection with similar intensive studies of deposits of other kinds of minerals throughout the country tributary to the Alaska Railroad.
Date: 1933
Creator: Richards, Ralph W. & Waring, Gerald A.

Geology of the Coastal Plain of South Carolina

Description: From abstract: The Coastal Plain of South Carolina extends from the Atlantic Ocean inland a distance ranging from 120 to 150 miles to the Fall Line, where it adjoins the Piedmont province. It includes an area of more than 20,000 square miles, or nearly two-thirds of the State, whose total area is 30,981 square miles, of which 494 square miles is water. The geographic divisions of the Coastal Plain are the marine coastal terraces, or "low country", which stand less than 270 feet above sea level, and the Aiken Plateau, the High Hills of Santee, the Richland red hills, and the Congaree sand hills.
Date: 1936
Creator: Cooke, C. Wythe

Copper Deposits Near Keating, Oregon

Description: From abstract: The copper deposits near Keating, Oreg., in the southwestern foothills of the Wallowa Mountains, form part of a series distributed along a belt over 75 miles long. The belt containing copper deposits extends from a point west of North Powder to and beyond the Snake River at Homestead.
Date: 1931
Creator: Gilluly, James

Geology and Mineral Resources of North-Central Chouteau, Western Hill, and Eastern Liberty Counties, Montana

Description: From abstract: This report describes a rectangular area of about 2,600 square miles in Chouteau, Hill, and Liberty Counties, Mont., adjacent to the international boundary. The area is a portion of the Missouri Plateau, a section of the Great Plains province, and lies between the Highwood Mountains, Bearpaw Mountains, and Sweetgrass Hills, of north-central Montana. The southern part of the area is drained by the Missouri River and its tributary Marias River, but the northern part is drained by the Milk River. These streams are trenched in narrow valleys several hundred feet deep. The land surface between them is a rolling plain interrupted by very broad, shallow valleys that probably were eroded during the Pleistocene epoch by large streams whose courses were doubtless diverted from time to time by the continental glaciers. These valleys are now occupied only by very small creeks.
Date: 1937
Creator: Pierce, William Gamewell & Hunt, Charles B.

The Richey-Lambert Coal Field, Richland and Dawson Counties, Montana

Description: From abstract: The Richey-Lambert coal field is an area of about 900 square miles in Richland and Dawson Counties, eastern Montana, along the divide between the Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers. In this region only flat-lying continental rocks occur near the surface. About 300 feet of the Lebo shale member and about 930 feet of the coal-bearing Tongue River member of the Fort Union formation, of Eocene age, are exposed in the area. Deposits of terrace gravel at two levels in the field are tentatively correlated with the gravel on the Cypress Hills, Saskatchewan, which has been assigned to the Oligocene by the Canada Geological Survey, and with the Flaxville gravel, of upper Miocene or Pliocene age.
Date: 1936
Creator: Parker, Frank S.

The Rosebud Coal Field, Rosebud and Custer Counties, Montana

Description: From abstract: The Rosebud coal field, named from Rosebud Creek and the village of Rosebud, includes an area of about 1,050 square miles and forms a very small part of the subbituminous and lignite coal fields of eastern Montana and Wyoming and the western part of the Dakotas. It is an irregularly bounded tract lying south of the Yellowstone River in eastern Rosebud County and western Custer County and measures 50 miles from east to west and 28 miles from north to south. It adjoins the Forsyth coal field, on the west, the Ashland coal field, on the south, and the Miles City coal field, in part, on the north.
Date: 1936
Creator: Pierce, William Gamewell

Geology and Mineral Resources of the Western Part of the Arkansas Coal Field

Description: From introduction: This report describes the mineral resources of the western part of the Arkansas coal field and considers the features of geologic structure and stratigraphy that are essential to an understanding of the nature of occurrence of the mineral resources. The area is an irregular-shaped tract of about 1,100 square miles in Scott, Sebastian, Crawford, Franklin, and Logan Counties, in west-central Arkansas.
Date: 1937
Creator: Hendricks, T. A. & Parks, Bryan

The Ashland Coal Field, Rosebud, Powder River, and Custer Counties, Montana

Description: From introduction: The detailed information concerning the coal deposits of the Ashland field set forth in this report has been obtained in the course of an investigation that has been conducted both as a part of the United States Geological Survey's general systematic study of western coal lands and as an aid in the administration of the public lands. With the information obtained on the location of outcrops, the number, distribution, and thickness of coal beds, the accessibility of the coal, and the thickness of the overburden, the public lands of the region are classified as to their coal value; coal-bearing lands are differentiated from noncoal-bearing lands; and the administration of the coal-land leasing law is facilitated.
Date: 1932
Creator: Bass, N. Wood

The Valdez Creek Mining District, Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Valdez Creek mining district was one of those visited in 1931 in connection with the study of the mineral resource of the region tributary to the Alaska Railroad. It is underlain by argillite, schist, tuff, tuffaceous conglomerate, limestone, and greenstone, listed in approximate stratigraphic order beginning with the youngest.
Date: 1933
Creator: Ross, Clyde P.

The Willow Creek-Kashwitna District, Alaska

Description: From introduction: The district described in this report is a triangular area covering about 300 square miles in the southwestern part of the Talkeetna Mountains. The Kashwitna River forms the northern boundary, the Susitna Valley flats the western, and the Willow Creek gold district, which is in the extreme southwestern part of the Talkeetna Mountains, the southern. As the area examined is not a distinct geographic unit, its boundaries being arbitrarily chosen and set only by the limitation of time spent in the field, a description of its geography applies to practically the entire western and southern portions of the Talkeetna Mountains, of which it is a part.
Date: 1935
Creator: Capps, Stephen R. & Tuck, Ralph

Geology and Oil Resources of the Elk Hills, California: Including Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbers 1

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to describe the geology of the Elk Hills and the occurrence of the oil and gas, to trace the movements of oil, gas, and water in the developed areas, and to discuss the oil possibilities of the undeveloped parts. The history of the field and its production also are set forth.
Date: 1932
Creator: Woodring, W. P.; Roundy, P. V. & Farnsworth, Howard R.

Kodiak and Adjacent Islands, Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Kodiak group of islands, having an area of 4,900 square miles, lie on the Pacific Ocean side of the base of the Alaska Peninsula. Although the town of Kodiak is the oldest continuously occupied white settlement in Alaska, the interior of many of the islands is still little explored and unmapped, for the heavy growth of vegetation makes inland travel difficult, and few trails penetrate far from the coast.
Date: 1937
Creator: Capps, Stephen Reid

Kodiak and Vicinity Alaska

Description: From abstract: Kodiak Island, although the site of the earliest white settlement in Alaska and the center of a vigorous fishing industry, is still largely unexplored, except for a strip immediately adjacent to the shores. The heavy growth of vegetation makes access to the interior of the island difficult, and few trails penetrate far from the coast. Mining activity in the past has been confined to somewhat desultory exploitation of beach sands, which in places carry gold, though some gold-bearing lodes have been staked, and a few unsuccessful attempts at lode mining have been made.
Date: 1937
Creator: Capps, Stephen R.