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Evaluating Thermal Fire Detection Systems: SI Units
Abstract: This report presents a methodology for evaluating heat detection systems installed in buildings. Previous work for use primarily in designing new thermal fire detection systems was used as a starting point. The previous work was enhanced and supplemented to make it more useful for evaluating existing systems. The resulting equations were programmed into a user interactive computer program.' This program is available in both BASIC and FORTRAN and will run on mainframe as well as personal computers. In addition, a modified version of the FORTRAN program was used to develop an extensive set of tables listing: detector activation times for given building geometries, detector characteristics, and fire growth rates. These tables are useful for quick evaluation of alternative heat detector installations. Finally, practical examples are included to illustrate the use of the tables and computer programs.
Federal Government Certification Programs for Products and Services
Abstract: This directory presents information on 61 U.S. Government certification programs for products and services. Entries describe the scope and nature of each certification program, testing and inspection practices, standards used, methods of identification and enforcement, reciprocal recognition or acceptance of certification, and other relevant details. This directory is part of an ongoing NBS effort to establish and maintain a comprehensive database on standards, regulations, certification programs and related information. This material has bee. compiled to meet the needs of government, industry, and the public for information on U.S. Government certification programs in accordance with the requirements of the U.S. Trade Agreements Act of 1979.
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Free Radicals: 1985
Abstract: This publication contains papers presented at the Seventeenth International Symposium on Free Radicals, held at Snow Mountain Ranch in Granby, Colorado, on August 18-23, 1985. The Symposium was attended by 147 people, representing industry, government, and academia, from 18 countries. A total of 67 papers appear in written form in this document.
Theory and Application of Expert Systems in Emergency Management Operations
Abstract: The First Symposium on The Theory and Application of Expert Systems in Emergency Management, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (April 24 and 25, 1985) was funded by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and organized by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The purpose of the symposium was to bring together researchers in expert systems, artificial intelligence, and emergency operations in a forum to review the concepts of expert systems and the problems of emergency management, with the objective of determining how expert systems can be used to augment the experience of local, State and Federal emergency managers faced with the difficult tasks of determining the best response to an emergency situation. Speakers addressed the following areas: The theory and uncertainty aspects of expert systems, artificial intelligence's future role in emergency management, technology for building and using expert systems, emergency management decisions and information needs and uses, applications of expert systems in the management of chemical spills and shipboard and coal mine fires, and the role and use of simulation in emergency management expert systems.
Bibliographies of Industrial Interest : Thermodynamic Measurements on the Systems CO₂-H₂O, CuCl₂-H₂0,H₂SO₄-H₂O, NH₃-H₂O, H₂S-H₂O, ZnCl₂-H₂Oand H₃PO₄-H₂O
Abstract: Contained herein are bibliographies of Sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for seven binary aqueous mixtures of industrial importance, namely mixtures of CO2, H2S, NH3, H2S0, H3P4, CuCl2 and ZnCl2 with water. The categories of equilibrium data included in the bibliographies are activity and osmotic coefficients, equilibria in solution, enthalpies and heat capacity data, vapor-liquid equilibria, and phase equilibrium data.
National Bureau of Standards Research Reports: Summer 1986
Summary describing research projects and other activities undertaken by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards, lists of publications from the year, and a calendar of upcoming events.
Standard Reference Data Publications, 1964-1984
Abstract: The National Bureau of Standards' Office of Standard Reference Data manages a network of data centers that prepare evaluated data bases of physical and chemical properties of substances. Data bases are available in printed form, on magnetic tapes and through on-line computer networks. This document provides a comprehensive list of the products available from the National Standard Reference Data System (NSRDS) for the years 1964-1984, including indexes qualified by author, material, and property terms. Ordering information and current prices can be found at the end of this document.
Standard Reference Data Publications, 1985-1986
Abstract: The National Bureau of Standards' Office of Standard Reference Data manages a network of data centers that prepare evaluated databases of physical and chemical properties of substances. Databases are available in printed form, on magnetic tapes, diskettes, and through on-line computer networks. This document provides a comprehensive list of the products available from the National Standard Reference Data System (NSRDS) for the years 1985-1986, including indexes qualified by author, material, and property terms. Ordering information and current prices can be found at the end of this document.
Standard Reference Data Publications, 1987-1989
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology's Standard Reference Data Program manages a network of data centers that prepare evaluated databases of physical and chemical properties of substances. Databases are available in printed form, on magnetic tapes, diskettes, and through on-line computer networks. This document provides a comprehensive list of the products available from the National Standard Reference Data System (NSRDS) for the years 1987-1989, including indexes qualified by author, material, and property terms. Ordering information and current prices can be found at the end of this document.
Comprehensive Guide for Least-Cost Energy Decisions
From p.1 : The purpose of this book is to assist builders, building designers, owners, and operators to find a balance between energy consumption and energy conservation which will result in more cost-effective buildings.
U.S. Access to Japanese Technical Literature: Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Selected Presentations, Volume 1
Abstract: On June 24-25, 1985, NBS and IEEE cosponsored a seminar at NBS to examine the need fox improved access to Japanese technical information and to explore possible app. aches to satisfy those needs. To limit the discussion to practical dimensions, the technical subject matter was restricted to electrical and electronics engineering. The program was designed to provide an opportunity for individuals representing Congress, the practicing engineering community, industry, and the educational community to voice their concerns and their needs. This proceedings volume contains selected presentations made at the seminar plus the visual aids used by each speaker.
The Investigation of Fundamental Interactions with Cold Neutrons
Abstract: The National Bureau of Standards is establishing a National Cold Neutron Facility at its 20 MW reactor located in Gaithersburg, Maryland. In order to provide guidance in the development of research plans for the Facility, the Department of Energy and NBS sponsored, on November 14-15, 1985, a workshop on the Investigation of Fundamental Interactions with Cold Neutrons. The 25 papers presented at the workshop are printed in the proceedings.
Evaluating Thermal Fire Detection Systems: English Units
Abstract: This report presents a methodology for evaluating heat detection systems installed in buildings. Previous work for use primarily in designing new thermal fire detection systems was used as a starting point. The previous work was enhanced and supplemented to make it more useful for evaluating existing systems. The resulting equations were programmed into a user interactive computer program. This program is available in both BASIC and FORTRAN and will run on mainframes as well as personal computers. In addition, a modified version of the FORTRAN program was used to develop an extensive set of tables listing detector activation times for given building geometries, detector characteristics, and fire growth rates. These tables are useful for quick evaluation of alternative heat detector installations. Finally practical examples are included to illustrate the use of the tables and computer programs.
Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry
Abstract: Energy-dispersive x-ray analysis with gas proportional detectors has been used widely in x-ray spectrochemical analysis. It was particularly useful in the detection of low-energy x-ray emission, before the commercial availability of the Blodgett-Langmuir pseudocrystals. With the development of solid-state x-ray detectors of high resolution, and improvement in associated electronics and computers, the interest in energy-dispersive x-ray analysis has increased enormously, to the point where it has replaced Bragg crystal diffraction spectrometry in many instances.
Telecommunication Technologies, Networking and Libraries
Abstract: The conference provided an overview of current and developing technologies for digital transmission of image data that are likely to have an impact on the operations of libraries and information centers or provide support for information networking. Technologies reviewed include slow-scan television, teleconferencing, and videodisc. Other papers discuss technology and standards development for computer network interconnection through hardware and software, particularly packet-switched networks; computer network protocols for library and information service applications; the structure of a national bibliographic telecommunications network; and the major policy issues involved in the regulation or deregulation of the common communications carriers industry.
Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Precision Measurement and Fundamental Constants, June 8-12, 1981
Abstract: This volume presents the Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Precision Measurement and Fundamental Constants, held at the National Bureau of Standards in Gaithersburg, MD, from June 8-12, 1981. Like its 1970 predecessor, the Conference provided an international forum for theoretical, experimental, and applied scientists actively engaged in research on precision measurements relating to the fundamental physical constants, and on the testing of related fundamental theory. More specifically, the purpose of the Conference was to assess the present state of the precision measurement-fundamental constants field, to examine basic limitations, and to explore the prospects for future significant advances. The principal subjects covered were: frequency, wavelength, spectroscopy, quantum electrodynamics, the gas constant, x-ray interferometry, nuclidic masses, uncertainty assignment, gravitational acceleration, mass, electrical quantities, gravity, and relativity. These proceedings contain the vast majority of both the invited review papers and the contributed current research papers presented at the Conference. The new results reported at the Conference were considered for inclusion in the 1983 least-squares adjustment of the constants carried out under the auspices of the Task Group on Fundamental Constants of the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA).
Environmental Speciation and Monitoring Needs for Trace Metal-Containing Substances from Energy-Related Processes
Abstract: This book presents the Proceedings of the DoE/NBS Workshop on Environmental Speciation and Monitoring Needs for Trace Metal-Containing Substances from Energy-Related Processes held at the National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD, on May 18-20, 1981. The Workshop was sponsored by the Office of Health and Environmental Research, DoE, and the Office of Recycled Materials, NBS. The volume contains refereed papers submitted by 24 invited speakers, along with substantially complete text of the discussion following the papers, edited by the Co-chairpersons. The Proceedings address three major topic areas forming the overall objective of the Workshop: (1) what are the general and specific types of metal- or metalloid-containing substances occurring in energy-related process materials such as coals, oil shales, and waste products? (2) what are the current status and future prospects of element- and compound-specific measurement methods suitable for speciation of trace (ppm, ppb) metal- and metalloid-containing substances transmitted to the environment by energy-processing or waste cycling technologies? (3) for what toxic molecular forms of speciated process effluents should biological dose-response data be generated to assure reliable environmental impact and monitoring measurements? Main questions focused, on providing assurance that the speciation methods (or their development) fit basic bioassay criteria along with appropriate standard reference materials for meeting quantitative process and waste monitoring or control needs.
OMNITAB 80: An Interpretive System for Statistical and Numerical Data Analysis
Abstract: OMNITAB 80 is a highly integrated general purpose programming language and statistical software computing system. The system enables the user to use a digital computer to perform statistical and numerical data analysis without having any prior knowledge of computers or programming languages. The system responds to simple instructions to obtain accurate results since reliable, varied and sophisticated algorithms for data analysis and manipulation are referenced. It may be used either interactively or in batch mode. OMNITAB 80 has been installed nationally and internationally. OMNITAB has been completely written to make it as machine independent as possible This document describes Version 6.0. Details are presented so that the user can easily find the specific information needed in any particular instance. Part A is a simple, compact introduction to OMNITAB. Part B describes the general and special features of the OMNITAB system. Part C gives explanations, with short examples, for the use of specific instructions. Part D is a complete alphabetical list of the instructions which are in the system.
Standards and Metadata Requirements for Computerization of Selected Mechanical Properties of Metallic Materials
Abstract: To assist in building a computerized information system on the engineering properties of materials, the standards and metadata requirements for a representative group of mechanical property categories are considered. These categories include: tensile behavior, hardness numbers, notch-bar impact test parameters, and fatigue properties. For each property group, definitions of terms, synonyms (and non-synonyms), standard test methods, standards for reporting data, precision and accuracy, and correlations of properties are addressed. The principal findings and recommendations are as follows. Existing test methods are generally adequate for the properties considered, but better standards are needed for data reporting. Appraisal of materials variability and testing machine variability would be assisted by access to standard reference materials, certified as to their mechanical properties. All properties considered for inclusion in a computerized system can be categorized as parameters for direct search, parameters retrievable with extraction of all data stored for a given material, and parameters which are derived from an analytical representation of experimental data. Drafting of some general standards on computerized file structures and metadata files suitable for the engineering field is advised.
Report of the Seventieth National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1985
Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Precision Measurement and Calibration: Electricity: Selected Papers on the Realization and Maintenance of the Fundamental Electrical Units and Related Topics
Abstract: Selected publications of the National Bureau of Standards technical staff in the field of electricity were first compiled in 1962 as a volume of the NBS Precision Measurement and Calibration Series (Electricity and Electronics, Handbook 77, Volume I); this compilation was extended in 1968 by the compilation of an additional volume in the Precision Measurement and Calibration Series (Electricity-Low Frequency, NBS Special Publication 300, Volume 3). The present volume, a further extension of these earlier compilations of selected publications in the field of electricity, includes 66 more recent papers by NBS authors and 16 abstracts of closely related papers by authors from other organizations. In view of the expansion of measurement technologies used in electricity and electromagnetism it has been necessary to reduce the range of topics for the selection of papers in the new compilation. In this connection an emphasis has been placed upon the realization and maintenance of fundamental electrical units and the related scientific advances, particularly in quantum physics. However, in the interest of completeness, three appendices also provide up-to-date bibliographies of publications by NBS authors in different areas of electromagnetism. (This book is a sequel to NBS Handbook 77-Vol. 1(1961) and NBS SP 300-Vol. 3 (1968).
A User's Guide for RAPID, Reduction Algorithms for the Presentation of Incremental Fire Data
Abstract: The Voluminous amount of data than can be collected by automatic data acquisition systems during large scale fire tests requires the use of a digital computer for the reduction of data. RAPID is a stand-alone program specifically designed to convert raw instrument voltages collected during such tests into meaningful units. The reduced data can also be used alone or in combinations to obtain quantities that require more than minimal data reduction. The program is written with the ability to accept data from a user defined data acquisition system, with the ability to check the correctness of data included. Through the use of input data provided by the user, the data can be converted into meaningful scientific units. The data can then be presented in tabular or printer plot form, or stored for further processing. This user's guide provides detailed instructions for the use of the program.
Cooperative Research Opportunities at NBS
From page 5: Numerous opportunities exist for scientists and engineers from industrial professional trade and other organizations to collaborate in research at the National Bureau of Standards on projects of mutual interest. To accomplish its objective of supplying the measurement foundation for industry, science, and technology. NBS conducts research in many areas, including advanced ceramics, automated manufacturing, opto-electronics, and biotechnology.
Real-Time Optimization in Automated Manufacturing Facilities
Abstract: The Symposium on Real-Time Optimization in Automated Manufacturing Facilities was held at the National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland, January 21-22, 1986. It was jointly sponsored by the Center for Manufacturing Engineering (with funds obtained from the Navy Manufacturing Technology Program) and the Center for Applied Mathematics. It was designed to bring together those who design and test optimization procedures for solving planning, scheduling, and routing problems with those who must use these procedures in a real-time manufacturing environment. Included in the proceedings are discussions of the following topics: an approach to hierarchical production planning and scheduling; a hierarchy of intelligent scheduling and control for automated manufacturing systems; the integration of planning scheduling, and control for automated manufacturing; intelligent manufacturing planning systems; a decision making framework for manufacturing systems; PATRIARCH -- hierarchical production scheduling; low-level interactive scheduling; the general employee scheduling problem: an effective large scale solution approach; ISIS project in review; dynamic control in automated manufacturing: a knowledge integrated approach; a management control approach to the manufacturing, planning, and scheduling problem; hierarchies of sub-periods in constraint-directed scheduling; a two-level planning and scheduling approach for computer integrated manufacturing; match-up real-time scheduling; a maximal covering model for loading flexible manufacturing systems; interstage transportation planning in the flow-shop environment; minimal technology routing and scheduling systems based on space filling curves; a multi-pass expert control system (MPECS) for flexible manufacturing systems; requirements for automatic control of aerospace manufacturing processes; real-time scheduling of an automated manufacturing center; the interaction between design and scheduling in repetitive manufacturing environments; an adaptable scheduling algorithm for flexible flow lines (abstract); determining aggregated FMS production ratios and minimum inventory requirements; a knowledge based system for dynamic manufacturing replanning; dispatching -- the critical automation lirk; scheduling jobs in flexible manufacturing systems; design requirements for a real-time production scheduling decision ...
Materials Information for Science & Technology (MIST): Project Overview
Abstract: This report documents the initial phases of the MIST database, which is a demonstration project jointly supported by the Department of Energy and the National Bureau of Standards. The purpose of the Materials Information for Science and Technology (MIST) is to demonstrate the power and utility of computer access to materials property data. The initial goals include: to exercise the concept of a computer network of materials databases and to build a demonstration of such a system in a way as to be suitable for use as the core of operational systems in the future. Phases I and II are described in detail. In addition, a discussion is given of the expected usage of the databases.
Expert Systems and Emergency Management: An Annotated Bibliography
Abstract: This report is the result of an in-depth review of the recent technical literature on expert systems,. The material contained in this report provided a basis for assessing the potential for using expert systems in emergency management operations. In choosing the material for inclusion in this report, special emphasis was placed on those aspects of expert systems which addressed the types of problems encountered in emergency management operations. The report is designed for use as a resource document and as a tutorial on expert systems and emergency management. Each chapter consists of a brief topic essay followed by a set of references which expand on the main themes of the essay.
National Earthquake Engineering Experimental Facility Study: Phase One -- Large Scale Testing Needs
Abstract: This report summarizes information obtained during the first year of a four-year feasibility study for a national earthquake engineering experimental facility. A five-year research program is presented for a national facility in which full-scale or large-scale structures or structural components would be subjected to static or dynamic lateral loads. The facility would have applicability to tests in the following areas: low-rise buildings, medium-rise buildings, high-rise buildings, industrial processing facilities, and power facilities. Representatives from a broad spectrum of professional, industrial, and trade organizations and Federal agencies participated in developing the research program. A comparison of existing testing facilities in the U.S. and other countries engaged in seismic testing and a discussion of international cooperation in large-scale testing are included.
NBS-INA -- The Institute for Numerical Analysis -- UCLA 1947-1954
Abstract: This is the history of the Institute for Numerical Analysis (INA) with special emphasis in its research program during the period 1947 to 1956. The Institute for Numerical Analysis was located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. It was a section of the National Applied Mathematics Laboratories, which formed the Applied Mathematics Division of the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and technology), under the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Facilities, National Institute of Standards and Technology
From page 2: The National Institute of Standards and Technology research reactor is a national center for the application of reactor radiation to a variety of problems of national concern. Major program areas at the reactor include the application of neutron scattering methods to research in materials science, trace analysis by neutron activation, nondestructive evaluation (via neutron radiography and scattering), neutron standards and dosimetry , and isotope production and radiation effects.
National Bureau of Standards Research Reports: Summer 1987
Summary describing research projects and other activities undertaken by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards, lists of publications from the year, and a calendar of upcoming events.
Science and Technology: the Challenges of the Future
Preface: On its 80th anniversary, the National Bureau of Standards hosted a series of lectures by six distinguished speakers of national and international note who discussed the challenges facing science and technology and, thus, the Bureau in the coming years. This publication contains the texts of these presentations, along with transcripts of the question-and answer sessions following the presentations. The lecture series was organized by Dr. Donald R. Johnson of NBS with the very able assistance of Mrs. Carol Shipley in making arrangements for speakers and handling the manuscripts. The staff of the NML Text Editing Facility are acknowledged for their substantial contributions of typing and editing support.
Measurement of Electrical Quantities in Pulse Power Systems
Abstract: The Workshop on Measurement of Electrical Quantities in Pulse Power Systems addressed measurements in pulse systems having the characteristics of pulse duration less than a millisecond, system voltages greater than 10 kilovolts, and system currents greater than 10 kiloamperes. The presented papers were divided into four categories: voltage measurements; current measurements; power and energy measurements, and data acquisition. Included are discussions of applications of conventional measurement techniques and state-of-the-art systems.
Report of the Sixty-Sixth National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1981
Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Oil and Gas Supply Modeling
Abstract: The symposium on Oil and Gas Supply Modeling, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, DC (June 18-20, 1980), was funded by the Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy and co-sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The symposium was organized to be a forum in which the theoretical and applied state-of-the-art of oil and gas supply models could be presented and discussed. Speakers addressed the following areas: the realities of oil and gas supply, prediction of oil and gas production, problems in oil and gas modeling, resource appraisal procedures, forecasting field size and production, investment and production strategies, estimating cost and production schedules for undiscovered fields production regulations, resource data, sensitivity analysis of forecasts, econometric analysis of resource depletion, oil and gas finding rates, and various models of oil and gas supply. This volume documents the proceedings (papers and discussion) of the symposium.
Measurement & Analysis of Productivity Growth: a Synthesis of Thought
Abstract: Productivity is one of the most important factors influencing our economic well-being. Productivity growth is essential to a higher standard of living and is vital to a sound economic and political environment. However, there has been a slowdown in the growth of productivity in the United States since the mid-1960s. This slowdown has caused concern among policy makers and researchers. Accordingly, several questions persist both in policy and academic circles. Why has productivity been slowing? and What can be done to reverse this trend? The purpose of this report is to address broadly the first of these two questions by surveying and synthesizing the vast literature on the measurement and determinants of productivity. This review is intended to be a source document for those interested in the measurement and analysis of productivity growth. The report is divided into five sections. In the first section, the importance of productivity growth on economic activity is discussed. In the second section, the so called "facts" about patterns of measured productivity growth in the United States are presented. In the third section, the methods currently used for calculating productivity indices are summarized. In the fourth section, the literature related to the determinants of the productivity growth are reviewed. Finally, in the last section, some suggestions are made for future work in this area.
DATAPLOT: Introduction and Overview
Abstract: This manual provides DATAPLOT code solution to a variety of commonly occurring graphical problems. A line-by-line explanation of code is given, along with illustrations and general discussion.
Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1983 Highlights
Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during calendar year 1983. It profiles NBS state participation on outside standards committees and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1983, 446 staff members (or 28% of NBS' professionals, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 989 standards committees of 87 national and international standards organizations.
National Bureau of Standards
This is an article on the center for materials science, the National Bureau Standards (NBS). From ceramic tiles that shield the space shuttle to dental adhesives which replace metal fillings, new materials are revolutionizing technology and everyday life. NBS is at the forefront of materials technology with its broad-based research effort conducted by the Center for Materials Science (CMS). The Center provides measurements, data, standards, reference materials, and other technical information regarding materials to industry, government agencies, universities, and other scientific organizations. CMS research supports development of new and improved materials which can be used safely, efficiently, and economically.
Facilities of the National Bureau of Standards
From forward: Every laboratory in this country is a valuable national resource. Along with the people who work in these facilities, U.S. laboratories constitute the basic foundation of this country's scientific and industrial strength. As the nation's foremost science and engineering measurement laboratory, the National Bureau of Standards has some of the premier research and testing facilities in the United States, and several of our laboratories are unequaled anywhere in the world. Bureau scientists and engineers use these special facilities to pursue the measurement-related work that U.S. science and industry need to grow and prosper. This brochure highlights only a small number of the special facilities available at NBS and provides information about their availability for collaborative or independent research and testing.
Compiled Thermodynamic Data Sources for Aqueous and Biochemical Systems: an Annotated Bibliography (1930-1983)
Abstract: This is a selected and annotated bibliography of sources of compiled and evaluated chemical thermodynamic data relevant to biochemical and aqueous systems. The principal thermodynamic properties considered herein are Gibbs energy and equilibrium data, enthalpies of formation and reaction, heat capacities and entropies, and the corresponding partial molar and excess properties. Derived quantities used in calculating the above are also included. Transport and mechanical data have also been identified to a lesser degree. Included in the annotations to the data sources are brief descriptions of the types of properties tabulated, the classes of materials dealt with, and the degree of completeness of the compilations.
State Measurement Laboratories
Abstract: The National Bureau of Standards receives repeated requests from industry and Federal agencies (e.g. , Department of Defense, Nuclear Regulatory Commission) for information about the capabilities of and services provided by State measurement laboratories. This directory is a compilation of such information by State, including a description of the services available and fees charged. The directory will be updated annually in January of each year to coincide with the issuance of annual certification of these laboratories.
Directory of Accredited Laboratories: 1984
Abstract: Laboratories accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) are identified along with the specific test methods for which they are accredited. The current status of existing accreditation programs is given for laboratories that test thermal insulation, freshly mixed concrete, carpet, wood burning stoves, paint, and personnel radiation dosimeters, and that provide acoustical testing services. Indexes are provided for searching the Directory for laboratories accredited in specific testing areas or for specific test methods.
Computerizing Materials Data -- A Workshop for the Nuclear Power Industry
Abstract: This report summarizes the recommendations of a Workshop in Computerized Materials Data as related to engineers in the Nuclear Power Industry. Four areas of discussion are featured: the content of a proposed data system; its size and data sources; the user interfaces and system capabilities; and ways of making further progress. In addition, changes in the use of materials data in the Nuclear Power Industry and progress-to-date in computerizing these data are presented.
Steel Research Needs for Buildings
Abstract: This report identifies experimental and analytical research needed to advance the state-of-the-art and improve safety and economy in the design, fabrication and construction of steel buildings. A five year plan for a coordinated research program is included. Recommendations for research projects dealing with the following topics are presented: total building systems, connections and members, frames, seismic design, load and resistance factor design, fire protection, and design loads. The recommendations were developed at a workshop involving participation by steel ind;Istry representatives, design professionals, Federal agency representatives and university researchers.
Proceedings of Cryocooler Conference: 1984
Abstract: This document contains the proceedings of the Third Cryocooler Conference, held at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, CO, on Sept. 17-18, 1984. About 140 people from 10 countries attended the conference and represented industry, government, and academia. A total of 26 papers were presented orally at the conference and all appear in written form in this document. The emphasis in this conference was on small cryocoolers in the temperature range of 4 - 80 K. Mechanical and non-mechanical types were discussed in the various papers. Applications of these small cryocoolers include the cooling of infrared detectors, cryopumps, small superconducting devices and magnets, and electronic devices.
A Bibliography of Sources of Thermodynamic Data for the Systems: CO₂+NH₃+H₂O, CO₂+H₂S+H₂O, H₂S+NH₃+H₂O, and CO₂+NH₃+H₂S+H₂O
Abstract: Contained herein is a bibliography of sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for the systems: CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂O, CO₂ + H₂S + H₂O, H₂S + NH₃ + H₂O, and CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂S + H₂O. The types of data in this bibliography include all types of equilibrium data, including both eqilibria [sic] in solution and vapor-liquid equilibrium data, enthalpies, heat capacities, and densities. There are 215 references cited. Bibliographic Data Sheet.
Annual Report and Directory of Accredited Laboratories: 1981
Annual report describing the activities and goals of the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) during 1981, and a directory list of laboratories including the test methods for which they are accredited.
Federal Laboratory Directory, 1982
Abstract: This Directory provides limited information about some 388 Federal laboratories with ten or more full-time professionals engaged in research and development. Summary data arranged by Federal agency and by State provide a broad overview of the Federal laboratory system. Laboratory lists by staff size, by State and by agency provide a cross reference. For each laboratory, a contact for obtaining technical information is given by name, address, and phone number. Major mission and major scientific or testing equipment is listed for each laboratory.
Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1982 Highlights
Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during, calendar year 1982. It describes the management of standards activities at NBS, profiles NBS staf* participation on outside standards committees, and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1982, 457 staff members (or 29% of NBS' professional, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 1,046 outside standards committees of 97 national and international standards organizations.
Proceedings of the Joint Panel Conference of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources: 1982
Abstract: The 14th Joint Meeting of the U.S. - Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects was held in Washington, D. C., United States front May 17 through 20, 1982. This publication, which is the proceedings of the Joint Meeting, includes the program, list of members, formal resolutions, technical papers, and the task committee report:. Subjects covered in the papers presented to the panel include: (l) characteristics of strong winds, (2) wind loads on structures and design criteria, (3) earthquake ground motions and dynamic analysis of embankment dams, (4) soil liquefaction study and methods to improve liquefaction resistance. (5) seismic loads on structures and design criteria, (6) stress analyses of pipelines during earthquakes, (7) full-scale seismic experiments, (8) earthquake hazard reduction program, (9) use of microcomputer for earthquake studies, (10) quantitative evaluation of damages caused by winds and earthquakes, and (11) tsunami research projects.