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Oceanographic Observations: North Atlantic Standard Monitoring Sections A1, A2, A3, and A4, 1967-1968

Description: Abstract: Seasonal variations in the Labrador Current are described using a defined Labrador Current Water together with geostrophic currents and salinity-temperature variations. The analysis is based on Standard Monitoring Sections occupied during 1967 and 1968 by U.S. Coast Guard cutters.
Date: October 1971
Creator: Robe, Robert Quincy

A Technique for Quantifying Forest Stands for Management Evaluations

Description: "In this study, a system for describing the three-dimensional geometry of trees and stands is presented. The system consists of two survey instruments, a theodolite and transit, and basic triangulation principles. A spotting laser has recently been added to the system to facilitate the spotting of the tree nodes to be surveyed" (p. ix). Results show significant differences in tree productivity as a result of fertilization and changes in heights, bole diameters, etc.
Date: December 1971
Creator: West, Henry W. & Allen, H. H.

Trafficability of Soils: Effects of Surface Conditions on Drawbar Pull of a Wheeled Vehicle

Description: "A study was conducted to (a) investigate the effects of soil surface conditions on one-pass drawbar pull capabilities of a wheeled vehicle, (b) relate optimum drawbar pull to soil strength as measured by several instruments, (c) develop tentative equations for predicting optimum tractive coefficient, and (d) determine effects of tire characteristics (tread pattern and deflection) on drawbar pull. One hundred and six drawbar pullslip tests were conducted with a 3/4-ton M37 truck at a gross weight of 7240 lb. One tire size (9.00-16, 8-PR), two tread patterns (smooth and nondirectional military), and two tire deflections (15% and 35%) were tested. Surface conditions varied from dry and firm, to wetted with small amounts of water, to flooded. Asphalt surfaces also were tested" (p. xi).
Date: April 1971
Creator: Rush, Edgar S. & Robinson, J. H.

Deflection-Coverage Relationship for Flexible Pavements

Description: Summary: "This study was conducted for the purpose of developing a relationship between elastic pavement deflection and pavement performance (number of traffic applications necessary to cause failure). Data for the study were taken from past studies of airfield and highway pavements. A summary of test conditions, failure criteria, and traffic type is given for each data source. A relationship was developed between elastic deflection and the number of coverages of traffic for combined airfield and highway data and for airfield data only. The relationship of wheel load and tire pressure is given, and a multiple-regression equation was determined to predict coverages as a function of wheel load, tire pressure, and deflection" (p. xi).
Date: June 1971
Creator: Joseph, Alfred H. & Hall, Jim W.

Shock-Absorbing Materials, Report 2: Cellular Concrete as a Backpacking Material

Description: Partial abstract: "The use of low-density cellular concrete, having an oven-dry unit weight of 50 pcf or less, as a backpacking material for deeply buried protective structures was studied. Cellular concrete was found to be suitable for this type of application. A number of physical properties of cellular concrete were determined to provide input to design codes" (p. 4).
Date: June 1971
Creator: Hoff, G. C.

Health and Safety Laboratory Fallout Program Quarterly Summary Report: September 1, 1970 - December 1, 1970, Appendix

Description: Report documenting radioactive fallout across the world, including both material in the atmosphere and that has deposited into food supplies. This appendix includes tables of monthly fallout deposition collections from 116 sites across the Earth and a list of radionuclides and their half-lives.
Date: January 1, 1971
Creator: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Health and Safety Laboratory.

Data Formats and Procedures for the ENDF Neutron Cross Section Library

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the formats and procedures used at the ENDF Neutron Cross Section Library. As stated in the introduction, "this report describes the philosophy, data formats, and procedures that have been developed for the Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF)" (p. 1-1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: March 1971
Creator: Drake, M. K. & Honeck, Henry C.

Reuse and Subsurface Injection of Municipal Sewage Effluent: Two Case Histories

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing sewage disposal and reuse. As stated in the introduction, "this paper describes the renovation of municipal sewage water for industrial use, and the use of subsurface waste disposal by an industrial complex and by a city" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1971
Creator: Donaldson, Erle C. & Bayazeed, Abdo F.

Pressure-Pulse Propagation in Two-Phase One- and Two-Component Mixtures

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing the propagation velocity of pressure pulses in two-phase mixtures. As stated in the abstract, "in this study, a comprehensive analytical development of the propagation velocity of small pressure pulses is presented for bubble, annular, stratified, droplet, and slug-flow regimes. Particular attention is given to the influence of flow regime on the momentum transfer between phases" (p. 9). This report includes tables, illustrations, and a photograph.
Date: March 1971
Creator: Henry, R. E.; Grolmes, M. A. & Fauske, H. K.

Blasting Vibrations and Their Effects on Structures

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over the effects of air blast vibrations. As stated in the abstract, "this report presents the results of the Bureau of Mines 10-year program to study the problem of air blast and ground vibrations generated by blasting" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1971
Creator: Nicholls, Harry R.; Johnson, Charles F. & Duvall, Wilbur I.

The Effect of Time Ordering on the Lyman α Profile

Description: Report investigating the effects of time-ordering over the complete line profile using a unified theory of spectral line broadening previously developed. The behavior of the time-ordered thermal average and un-time-ordered thermal average are compared. The Fourier transform of the thermal average is obtained analytically. Calculations for the line profile of the Lyman-[functional symbol alpha] line of hydrogen are presented and are representative in that the full thermal average is replaced by the thermal average with the electron velocity distribution approximated by f(v)=[functional symbol alpha] (v-vav) where vav is the thermal velocity for the plasma in question.
Date: June 1971
Creator: Godgrey, J. T.; Vidal, C. R.; Smith, E. W. & Cooper, J.

The Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of Pyridines

Description: Report discussing the proton NMR spectra of 32 pyridines in two solvents, carbon tetrachloride and bezene-d6, are presented. The chemical-shift and differential-shift values are correlated with the substitutent position and with the solvent media. The ring protons and the protons on alkyl substituents are tabulated. The paramagnetic shift of the protons adjacent to the nitrogen is discussed, and a proposed structure for the pyridine-benzene complex that is consistent with the observed anomalous paramagnetic shift is presented. The utility of the data in the identification of pyridine compounds found in shale-oil naphtha is demonstrated.
Date: 1971
Creator: McDonald, F. R.; Decora, A. W. & Cook, G. L.

A High-Dispersion Spectral Analysis of the Ba II Star HD 204075 (ζ Capricorni)

Description: Report discussing a double differential curve of growth analysis for the Ba II star S Capricorni. Both the sun and � Virginis (G9 II-III) were used as comparison stars. The observational material consists of equivalent widths, central depths, and half-widths for 1100 spectral lines measured on direct-intensity tracings of plates obtained by J. L. Greenstein at the coude focus of the 200-in telescope. The plates cover the spectral regions 3880-4825 A and 5100-6720 A at reciprocal dispersions of 2.3 and 3.4 A/mm, respectively. Atmospheric abundances have been derived for 37 elements.
Date: March 1971
Creator: Tech, Jack L.

Development of Polyphenylene Oxide Membranes

Description: Report concerning manufacturing variables on sulfonated polyphenylene oxide reverse osmosis membranes. The effects these variables have membrane performance are discussed as well as procedures to increase membrane reproducibility and performance.
Date: June 1971
Creator: Chludzinski, Paul; Austin, J. F. & Enos, J.