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Geologic Structure and Occurrence of Gas in Part of Southwestern New York: Part 2. Subsurface Structure in Part of Southwestern New York and Mode of Occurrence of Gas in the Medina Group

Description: Abstract: Based on the records of several hundred deep wells, contour maps have been prepared showing the monoclinal structure of part of western New York, and isopach lines have been drawn showing the westward convergence of the rocks. The mode of occurrence of natural gas in the Medina group is briefly discussed. The location of the gas fields has not been determined by structural traps, but rather stratigraphy and lithology are the controlling factors in trapping the gas, which occurs in porous lenses and streaks of sandstone sealed within impermeable beds. This mode of occurrences of the Medina gas makes the search for new fields in western New York more hazardous than in most natural gas regions. As structure has not formed traps for the gas there is no surface guide to favorable sites for testing, and new fields are found by haphazard drilling. It would be helpful, however, when wells are sunk, to study the lithology of the gas-bearing zone by an examination of the drill cuttings and core samples of the sand and to have electrical logs made of the wells to obtain measurements of permeability and porosity. Such tests may indicate the direction of greatest porosity in which the sand is more likely to contain gas.
Date: 1941
Creator: Richardson, G. B. (George Burr)
Item Type: Report

Past Lode-Gold Production from Alaska

Description: From abstract: This report presents an analysis of the statistical records of the Geological Survey regarding the production of lode gold from the Territory of Alaska for the period 1882 to 1937, inclusive. During that time lode gold to the value of $172,368,000 had been mined. The history of the discovery of lode gold and the early developments in lode-gold mining in each of the various districts is outlined briefly, and the production of lode gold in each of the geographic subdivisions is tabulated fully for each year, as far as the records and the practices of the Geological Survey permit.
Date: 1941
Creator: Smith, Philip S.
Item Type: Report

Some Quicksilver Prospects in Adjacent Parts of Nevada, California, and Oregon

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes the results of reconnaissance study of quicksilver deposits in the northwestern corner of Nevada, the northeastern corner of California, and Lake County, Oreg. made in August 1940. The Lene Pine district, Nevada, the Silvertown and Red Hawk properties in California, and the Currier and Glass Butte properties in Oregon were included. The first two of these require further development before a definite opinion as to their value can be formed. The Red Hawk mine has yielded high-grade ore, but the ore bodies so far worked are very small and scattered. The small amount of development at the recently opened Currier mine has yielded encouraging results. The deposits in the Glass Buttes are large but of such low grade that thorough sampling would be needed to determine their value. In general the region appears to warrant more attention from quicksilver prospectors than it has yet received.
Date: 1941
Creator: Ross, Clyde P.
Item Type: Report

Chemical Properties of Uranium Hexafluoride, UF6

Description: Uranium hexafluoride has the distinction of being the only stable gaseous compound of uranium known up to the present moment. Because of this property it is the only compound that can be used for processes of isotope separation, such as diffusion, thermal diffusion, centrifuge separation, distillation, and other of a similar nature. Here is a short description of the properties of UF{sub 6} and is intended for a reader interested only casually in this compound. UF{sub 6} is a very reactive compound and a very strong fluorinating agent. It is immediately hydrolized by water. In fluorinating reactions it is reduced to the green highly stable UF{sub 4}. It reacts instantaneously with hydrogen at room temperature. It fluorinates many metals; sodium and mercury are attacked in the cold, lead, zinc, tin and iron on heating; platinum and gold react only above 400 C. With organic compounds like alcohol, ether, benzene or toluene, immediate fluorination takes place with formation of HF and carbon or carbonaceous material. The compound forms colorless, very volatile, beautiful transparent crystals of high refractive index. Melting point = 69.5{sup o}; boiling point at 760 mm = 56.2{sup o}; D20{sup o} = 4.68. The crystals melt water pressure to a transparent colorless liquid of high density, but great mobility.
Date: June 25, 1941
Creator: Grosse, Aristid V.
Item Type: Report

The Precipitation of Uranium Peroxide in the Presence of Fluorides

Description: The large-scale recovery of uranium from materials which also contained great quantities of fluorides did not give a product which had a low enough fluoride content to be treated satisfactorily by the other extraction process. The objective of the investigations carried out in this laboratory was a method of reducing the amount of fluoride which accompanied the uranium. The material from which the uranium was recovered in the industrial process was a slag containing (in addition to uranium) magnesium fluoride, calcium and dolomitic lines, crucible dross, and other waste products from the reaction of magnesium metal and uranium hexafluoride. Most of the fluoride was removed from this mixture by heating the roasted and ground slag with sulfuric acid. The residue was mixed with water and much of the caclium sulfate and fluoride, magnesium fluoride, and hydrated ferric oxide and alumina was precipitated by reducing the acidity. After filtering off the precipitate, ammonium sulfate was added to the solution and uranium peroxide (UO{sub 4} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O) was precipitated by addition of hydrogen peroxide. The pH of the solution was maintained between 3.0 and 3.5 during the precipitation by addition of sodium hydroxide. The uranium peroxide, even after washing, contained between 2 and 3% fluoride. The percentage of fluoride could be reduced to 0.5% by precipitating the peroxide from a more acidic solution but this required the use of much larger amounts of hydrogen peroxide.
Date: January 1, 1941
Creator: King, Edward J.
Item Type: Report

Report of the Chief of the Forest Service: 1941

Description: Annual report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service describing activities of the organization, expenditures and receipts, and a discussion of other relevant topics for the fiscal year.
Date: 1941
Creator: United States. Forest Service.
Item Type: Book

The calculation of span LCAD distributions of swept-back wings

Description: Span load distributions of swept-back wings have been calculated. The method used was to replace the wing with a bound vortex at the quarter-chord line and to calculate the downwash due to the system of bound and trailing vortices to conform at the three-quarter-chord line to the slope of the flat-plate wing surface. Results are given for constant-chord and 5:1 tapered plan forms, for sweep-back angles of 0 degrees, 30 degrees, and 45 degrees, and for aspect ratios of 3, 6, and 9. Some comments on the stalling of swept-back wings are included.
Date: December 1, 1941
Creator: Mutterperl, William
Item Type: Report

Comparison of Vee-Type and Conventional Tail Surfaces in Combination with Fuselage and Wing in the Variable-Density Tunnel

Description: The pitching and the yawing moments of a vee-type and a conventional type of tail surface were measured. The tests were made in the presence of a fuselage and a wing-fuselage combination in such a way as to determine the moments contributed by the tail surfaces. The results showed that the vee-type tail tested, with a dihedral angle of 35.3 deg, was about 71 percent as effective in pitch as the conventional tail and had a yawing-moment to pitching-moment ratio of 0.3. The conventional tail, the panels of which were all congruent to those of the vee-type tail, had a yawing-moment to pitching-moment ratio of 0.48. These ratios are in fair agreement with values calculated by methods shown in this and previous reports. The values of the measured moments were reduced from 15 to 25 percent of the calculated value by fuselage interference.
Date: July 1, 1941
Creator: Greenberg, Harry
Item Type: Report

Methods of analyzing wind-tunnel data for dynamic flight conditions

Description: The effects of power on the stability and the control characteristics of an airplane are discussed and methods of analysis are given for evaluating certain dynamic characteristics of the airplane that are not directly discernible from wind-tunnel tests alone. Data are presented to show how the characteristics of a model tested in a wind tunnel are affected by power. The response of an airplane to a rolling and a yawing disturbance is discussed, particularly in regard to changes in wing dihedral and fin area. Solutions of the lateral equations of motion are given in a form suitable for direct computations. An approximate formula is developed that permits the rapid estimation of the accelerations produced during pull-up maneuvers involving abrupt elevator deflections.
Date: October 1, 1941
Creator: Donlan, C J & Recant, I G
Item Type: Report

Supplement to Comparison of automatic control systems

Description: This analysis deals with the indirect regulator, wherefrom the behavior of the direct regulator is deduced as a limiting case. The prime mover is looked upon as "independent of the load": a change in the adjusting power (to be applied) for the control link (as, for example, in relation to the adjusting path (eta) with pressure valves or the rudder of vessels) does not modify the actions of the prime mover. Mass forces and friction are discounted; "clearance" also is discounted in the transmission links of the regulator.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Oppelt, W
Item Type: Report

Report of the Thirty-First National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1941

Description: Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Date: 1941
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Item Type: Report

Report of the Thirtieth National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1940

Description: Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Date: 1941
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Item Type: Report

Collecting and Examining Subsurface Samples of Petroleum

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing subsurface samples of petroleum. As stated in the scope of report, "the Bureau of Mines has developed special equipment and procedures for obtaining samples of petroleum under pressure from the bottom of wells and for examining these samples in the laboratory" (p. 4). This report includes tables, illustrations, and a photograph.
Date: 1941
Creator: Grandone, Peter & Cook, Alton B.
Item Type: Report

Analyses of Washington Coals: Supplement to Technical Paper 491

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the technological advances made in the mining industry between 1931 and 1941. Mechanized methods for mining operations are presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and a map.
Date: 1941
Creator: Yancey, H. F. & Geer, M. R.
Item Type: Report

Petroleum and Natural-Gas Fields in Wyoming

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing 75 petroleum and natural gas fields studied throughout Wyoming. History, geographic location, geology, drilling methods, and detailed analyses are presented. This report includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: 1941
Creator: Espach, Ralph H. & Nichols, H. Dale
Item Type: Report

Mining Practices and Safety at the Lava Cap Gold Mining Corporation Mines, Nevada City-Grass Valley District, California

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing mining safety in the Grass Valley mining district. As stated in the introduction, "the purpose of this paper is not to present an outstanding safety record but to show that gold mining can be pursued with the same degree of safety and improvement as any other industry, if and when the management recognizes that it can and must be done" (p. 1). This report includes tables, maps, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1941
Creator: Ash, S. H.
Item Type: Report

Annual Report of Research and Technologic Work on Coal: Fiscal Year 1941

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the annual report over the research and technology of coal during 1941. As stated in the foreword, "these investigations increase our fund of exact knowledge on the properties and composition of American coals and lead to better methods in mining, preparing, storing, and utilizing coal" (p. 4). This report includes tables, illustrations, photographs, and a map.
Date: November 1941
Creator: Fieldner, Arno Carl & Schmidt, L. D.
Item Type: Report