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An investigation of a thermal ice-prevention system for a C-46 cargo airplane III: description of thermal ice-prevention equipment for wings, empennage, and windshield

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a thermal ice-prevention system for a Curtiss-Wright C-46 airplane, including the equipment for the wings, empennage, and windshield. The report is the third in a series and focuses on the revisions to the components for thermal ice prevention, the temperature- and pressure-measurement equipment installed in the airplane to determine the performance of the system, and the results of static-load structural tests of a specimen of the wing outer-panel leading edge.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Jones, Alun R. & Spies, Ray J., Jr.

An investigation of aircraft heaters IX: measured and predicted performance of two exhaust gas-air heat exchangers and an apparatus for evaluating exhaust gas-air heat exchangers

Description: Report presenting laboratory testing to determine the thermal output and pressure drop characteristics of the Airesearch and Solar fluted-type exhaust gas-air heat exchangers. The apparatus used in these tests consisted of a natural gas furnace of 3,000,000 Btu per hour thermal capacity, a centrifugal blower, and a system of ducting and various measuring devices. Results regarding the method of analysis, the Airesearch heat exchanger tests, the solar heat exchanger tests, and a comparison of the two heat exchangers are provided.
Date: March 1943
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Miller, M. A.; Sharp, W. H.; Morrin, E. H.; Iversen, H. W. & Mason, W. E.

Flight Tests of Modifications to Improve the Aileron Control Characteristics of a North American XP-51 Airplane (AC No. 41-38)

Description: Investigations were undertaken to improve the ailerons of a P-51 fighter so as to obtain greater effectiveness without increasing the stick forces. Modifications consisted of increasing the deflection range of the aileron to 70 percent and changing the original concave section to a thick section with beveled trailing edge. Results of the modified ailerons showed an increase in effectiveness over the original aileron of 70 percent at low speed and 55 percent at high speeds.
Date: June 1942
Creator: White, M. D. & Hoover, Herbert H.

Fuel-evaporation loss as determined by the change in the specific gravity of the fuel in an aircraft fuel tank

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation to determine the feasibility of using the change in the specific gravity of fuels in aircraft fuel tanks to measure fuel-vaporization loss. Six fuels were tested via fuel-distillation tests and simulated-flight tests. An equation based on the specific gravity of the fuel is also described.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Stone, Charles S. & Kramer, Walter E.

The effect of exhaust-stack shape on the design and performance of the individual cylinder exhaust-gas jet-propulsion system

Description: Report presenting tests on a single-cylinder, air-cooled engine to determine the effect of several different exhaust-stack shapes on the design and performance of the individual cylinder exhaust-gas jet-propulsion systems. Results regarding the effect of nozzle area and stack shape on exhaust-gas jet thrust, effect of nozzle area and stack shape on overall performance for the S-shape, the 90 degree bend, and the 180 degree bend, the effect on the shape on engine power and volumetric efficiency, and the effect of a branched stack on engine power are provided.
Date: November 1942
Creator: Turner, L. Richard & Humble, Leroy V.

Tests of a thermal ice-prevention system for a wing leading-edge landing-light installation

Description: Report discussing the creation of a thermal ice-prevention system of a bomber-type airplane to provide protection against ice and fog formations on the transparent fairing over the landing light in the wing leading edge. A comparison between the design performance and actual performance showed that the outer-surface heat-transfer coefficient was correctly predicted, but the inner-surface heat-transfer coefficient was four times as large, leading to failure of the plastic fairing.
Date: December 1944
Creator: Hillendahl, Wesley H.

Intercooler cooling-air weight flow and pressure drop for minimum drag loss

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the power losses in airplane flight of cross-flow plate and tubular intercoolers to determine the cooling-air weight flow and pressure drop that give minimum total power loss for any given cooling effectiveness. The investigation covers a range of flight conditions of altitude, airspeed, lift-drag ratio, supercharger-pressure ratio, and adiabatic efficiency.
Date: April 1944
Creator: Reuter, J. George & Valerino, Michael F.

Wall interference in a two-dimensional-flow wind tunnel with consideration of the effect of compressibility

Description: Report presenting tunnel-wall corrections for an airfoil of finite thickness and camber in a two-dimensional-flow wind tunnel. The theory takes account of the effects of the wake of the airfoil and of the compressibility of the fluid and is based on the assumption that the chord of the airfoil is small in comparison with the height of the tunnel. The theoretical results are compared with the small amount of low-speed experimental data available and agreement is seen to be satisfactory, even for relatively large values of the chord-height ratio.
Date: December 1944
Creator: Allen, H. Julian & Vincenti, Walter G.

Nitrided-steel piston rings for engines of high specific power

Description: Report presenting testing of several designs of nitrided-steel piston rings under variable conditions of output. Testing indicated the importance of good surface finish and conformity of the ring to the bore. Results regarding temperature tests, single-cylinder-engine tests, and multicylinder-engine tests are provided.
Date: April 1944
Creator: Collins, John H., Jr.; Bisson, Edmond E. & Schmiedlin, Ralph F.

A general representation for axial-flow fans and turbines

Description: From Summary: "A general representation of fan and turbine arrangements on a single classification chart is presented which is made possible by a particular definition of the stage of an axial-flow fan or turbine. Several unconventional fan and turbine arrangements are indicated and the applications of these arrangements are discussed."
Date: June 1945
Creator: Perl, W. & Tucker, M.

Derivation of charts for determining the horizontal tail load variation with any elevator motion

Description: Report presenting equations relating the wing and tail loads are derived for a unit elevator displacement. The equations are converted into a nondimensoinal form and charts are given that can be used to predict wing- and tail-load-increment variation for any type of elevator motion and for degrees of airplane stability.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Pearson, Henry A.

A method for studying the hunting oscillations of and airplane with a simple type of automatic control

Description: Report presenting a method for predicting the amplitude and frequency, under certain simplifying conditions, of the hunting oscillations of an automatically controlled aircraft with lag in the control system or in response of the aircraft to the controls. Formulas are given expressing the response to a variation of signal in terms of response to a unit signal.
Date: May 1944
Creator: Jones, Robert T.

NACA Mach number indicator for use in high-speed tunnels

Description: Report presenting a description of a device for indicating stream Mach number in a high-speed tunnel. It consists of a mechanism for determining the pressure ratio that Mach number is a function of. The instrument is in service in the 8-foot high-speed tunnel and its accuracy has been found adequate for wind-tunnel requirements.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Smith, Norman F.

The effect of altitude on cooling

Description: Report presenting variables that control the cooling of liquid-cooled and air-cooled engines and then to show by illustrations how either engine may be cooled at any desired altitude. Cooling was found to not be the limiting factor in the design of high-altitude airplanes and was also not found to be a valid reason for selecting either liquid- or air-cooled engines for high-altitude operation.
Date: March 1943
Creator: Brevoort, Maurice J.; Joyner, Upshur T. & Wood, George P.

Performance of an exhaust-gas "blowdown" turbine on a nine-cylinder radial engine

Description: Report presenting tests on an exhaust-gas turbine with four separate nozzle boxes each covering a 90 degree arc of the nozzle diaphragm and each connected to a pair of adjacent cylinders in a Pratt & Whitney R-1340-12 nine-cylinder radial engine. Results regarding the power output of the engine and turbine, effect of the turbine on engine power, turbine power output and speed characteristics, mean turbine efficiency, effect of the blowdown turbine on exhaust-gas temperature, and condition of the blowdown turbine after tests are provided.
Date: December 1944
Creator: Turner, L. Richard & Desmon, Leland G.

Compressible potential flow with circulation about a circular cylinder

Description: Report presenting the potential function for flow, with circulation, of a compressible fluid about a circular cylinder, which is obtained in series form including terms of the order of M(exp 4) where M is the Mach number of the free stream. The equations are used to obtain pressure coefficient as a function of Mach number at a point on the surface of the cylinder for different values of circulation.
Date: January 1944
Creator: Heaslet, Max A.

Fluid de-icing tests on a Chandler-Evans 1900 CPB-3 carburetor mounted on a Pratt & Whitney R-1830-C4 intermediate rear engine section

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the icing and de-icing characteristics of a Pratt & Whitney R-1830 engine induction system. The current report covers a program to determine the most effective rate and method of injection of de-icing fluid to remove a heavy ice formation from the induction system. Results regarding the flow rates, recovery times, de-icing portions of the runs, and ice formation characteristics are provided.
Date: October 1944
Creator: Galvin, Herman B. & Essex, Henry A.

A laboratory investigation of the icing characteristics of the Bendix-Stromberg carburetor model PD-12F5 with the Pratt and Whitney R-1830-C4 intermediate rear engine section

Description: Report presenting icing tests on a Bendix-Stromberg PD-12F5 carburetor mounted on a Pratt & Whitney R-1830-C4 intermediate rear engine section. Limiting icing conditions were established for simulated cruising power and simulated rated power over a range of carburetor-air temperatures, and relative humidities are provided.
Date: October 1944
Creator: Galvin, Herman B. & Essex, Henry A.

Correlation of exhaust-valve temperatures with engine operating conditions and valve design

Description: Report presenting a theory regarding engine-cooling variables from a previous report, which was used as a basis for the development of a semi-empirical equation to correlate exhaust-valve temperature with engine conditions. Results regarding the determination of constants, influences of operating variables on mean effective gas temperatures, thermal-resistance factor, and accuracy of correlating equation are provided.
Date: October 1945
Creator: Zipkin, M. A. & Sanders, J. C.