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Cost of Using Horses on Corn-Belt Farms

Description: "The purpose of this bulletin is to present information on the cost of using horses in the Corn Belt that will acquaint the farmer with the extent of this yearly expense and suggest methods by which this time may be reduced on many farms." -- p. 1.
Date: 1922
Creator: Cooper, M. R. (Martin Reese), b. 1887 & Williams, J. O.

The Corn Earworm As an Enemy of Vetch

Description: "Vetch, which has become an important forage crop throughout the Southeastern States, needs protection from the same insect that works such havoc on corn and cotton. This corn earworm, or cotton bollworm, is the most serious pest that growers of vetch have to combat. The caterpillars eat both the foliage and the seed pods, and, if the infestation is heavy, make the crop practically worthless. Vetch intended for a hay crop generally escapes serious injury, as it is cut before the caterpillars are large enough to do much damage. It is recommended that a crop intended for seed be carefully watched and if the insects become numerous an insecticide be applied at once or the vetch cut for hay. Spraying, dusting, the use of poisoned-bran bait, and other control measures are discussed and summarized in this bulletin." -- p. 2
Date: 1921
Creator: Luginbill, Philip & Beyer, A. H. (Adolph Harvey), b. 1882

Green Manuring

Description: "Green manuring means turning under suitable crops to enrich the soil. Such crops may be turned under green or when ripe. Green manuring adds organic matter and, directly or indirectly, nitrogen to the soil. Leguminous crops are most desirable for green manuring, since they add to the soil nitrogen gathered from the air in addition to the organic matter which they carry. Besides the nitrogen in the legumes turned under, an additional supply of nitrogen is fixed in the soil by the action of bacteria, using the carbon in the organic matter as a source of energy. Turning under an entire crop is advised only when the soil is poor and for the purpose of starting a rotation. Turning under catch crops or winter-grown green crops is an economical and successful method of supplying nitrogen." -- p. 2
Date: 1922
Creator: Piper, Charles V. (Charles Vancouver), 1867-1926 & Pieters, A. J.

Grasshoppers and Their Control

Description: "Grasshoppers in a single year have destroyed crops valued at over a hundred million dollars. The best way to prevent losses is the use of poisoned bait supplemented by tillage and seeding methods which restrict egg laying and imprison the young grasshoppers in the ground after they hatch. Bait is most effective while grasshoppers are still on their hatching grounds or massed along field margins. It should be put out when grasshoppers are doing their first feeding of the day. This usually occurs between 6 and 10 a.m. at temperatures of 70° to 80°F. Bait should not be spread unless grasshoppers are actively feeding. In mixing and distributing the poisoned bait care should be taken to prevent injury to persons and farm animals. Seeding grain only on plowed or summer-fallowed ground and plowing infested stubble before the eggs hatch greatly reduces the quantity of bait needed for control and decreases the liability of crop injury. Cooperation in the use of control methods by all the farmers in a community is necessary for best results." -- p. i
Date: 1939
Creator: Parker, J. R.

How Insects Affect the Rice Crop

Description: This pamphlet discusses insects that damage rice crops: "The slender, milk-white grub or 'maggot' of the rice water-weevil lives on the roots of rice, and whether it feeds little or much upon them, kills practically all the roots that it attacks. This pruning of the roots weakens the rice plant and often kills it. Another enemy of this staple crop of the South is the stink bug, which sucks the juices from the soft grains of rice. The fall army worm, when it becomes abundant, works great havoc in its attack upon young rice. Other insects also, such as the rice stalk-borer, infest the rice field, and the rice planter must constantly guard his crop against them. This bulletin tells when to plant, and when to flood and drain the fields in order to reduce the numbers of these pests, and recommends other measures that will prevent attack by the many minor species of insects which normally breed in and near rice fields." -- p. 2
Date: 1920
Creator: Webb, J. L. (Jesse Lee), 1878-1942

Dusting Machinery for Cotton Boll Weevil Control

Description: "This bulletin is intended to aid the prospective purchaser of dusting machinery for cotton boll weevil control in selecting a satisfactory model and one adapted to the needs of his particular farming conditions. Different localities frequently require different types of machinery, and the farmer should make sure he is securing one suitable for his needs." -- p. 2
Date: 1920
Creator: Johnson, Elmer & Coad, B. R.

Crops Against the Wind on the Southern Great Plains

Description: "This bulletin briefly traces the circumstances which have created the soil problems in the southern Great Plains and shows how the hand of man has hastened present troubles. But it goes further and deals with the methods now being used to solve the problem on nature's own terms." -- p. 2-3. Some of the solutions discussed include contour farming, terraces, water conservation techniques, crop lines, and revegetation.
Date: 1939
Creator: Rule, Glenn K. (Glenn Kenton), 1893-

Culture and Pests of Field Peas

Description: This bulletin discusses the culture of the field and diseases and insects which commonly afflict it. Diseases discussed include leaf spot, stem blight, bacterial blight, left blotch, powdery mildew, downy mildew, anthracnose, fusarium wilt, root rot, and mosaic. The pea weevil, aphid, and moth are the insects discussed, as well as the nematode.
Date: 1938
Creator: McKee, Roland & Schoth, H. A. (Harry August), b. 1891

Hotbeds and Coldframes

Description: This bulletin describes the uses of hotbeds and coldframes in starting early plants. The hotbeds discussed include manure hotbeds, fuel-heated beds, and electric heating in beds and greenhouses. Coverings and care and maintenance are also discussed. Possible plants for early growth include tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, squashes, cucumbers, muskmelons, lettuce, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and celery.
Date: 1935
Creator: W. R. (William Renwick) Beattie, b. 1870

Diseases of Watermelons

Description: This bulletin discusses diseases which commonly afflict watermelons, including wilt, root-knot, gummy stem blight, ground-rot, anthracnose, stem-end rot, and diseases which primarily develop during transport to markets. Disease control measures are also discussed.
Date: 1922
Creator: Orton, W. A. (William Allen), 1877-1930 & Meier, F. C.

The Hessian Fly and How to Prevent Losses from It

Description: "The Hessian fly undoubtedly is the most injurious insect enemy of wheat in the United States. During the last 37 years at least seven general outbreaks of this pest have occurred in the States east of the Mississippi River. These invasions have averaged about one every five years, although they have occurred at rather irregular intervals. The last one was very destructive and was at its height during the period from 1914 to 1916.... A large proportion of such losses is preventable, although no remedy is known which will destroy the pest or save the crop once it has become thoroughly infested. Control and preventive measures are described on page 13 and summarized on page 16." -- p. 2
Date: 1920
Creator: Walton, William Randolph, 1873-1952

The Hard Red Winter Wheats

Description: This bulletin discusses the classes and varieties of hard red winter wheats and the areas in which they are successfully grown. Among the varieties discussed are Turkey, Kharkof, Kanred, Blackhull, Minturki, and Baeska.
Date: 1922
Creator: Clark, J. Allen (Jacob Allen), b. 1888 & Martin, John H. (John Holmes), 1893-

The Hessian Fly and How to Prevent Losses from It

Description: Revised editions. "The Hessian fly undoubtedly is the most injurious insect enemy of wheat in the United States. During the last 37 years at least seven general outbreaks of this pest have occurred in the States east of the Mississippi River. These invasions have averaged about one every five years, although they have occurred at rather irregular intervals. The last one was very destructive and was at its height during the period from 1914 to 1916.... A large proportion of such losses is preventable, although no remedy is known which will destroy the pest or save the crop once it has become thoroughly infested. Control and preventive measures are described on page 13 and summarized on page 16." -- p. 2
Date: 1924
Creator: Walton, William Randolph, 1873-1952

Beekeeping in the Buckwheat Region

Description: "The production of the full honey crop from buckwheat requires a plan of apiary management quite different from that of most other beekeeping regions. A system of management is here given which will result in a full honey crop and at the same time control European foulbrood, which is so prevalent in the buckwheat region. Methods are also given which may be used in case the clovers are valuable as sources of nectar." -- p. 2
Date: 1922
Creator: Phillips, Everett Franklin, 1878-1951 & Demuth, Geo. S. (George S.)

Beekeeping in the Clover Region

Description: "Beekeeping methods suitable for the clover region are well developed but many beekeepers of this region are failing to obtain the full available honey crop because of deficiencies in their practice. A system of management is here given which will result in a full crop from these sources. The variation in the value of the clovers to the beekeeper is also discussed and the methods to be followed in bringing the clover region back to its former prominence in honey production are outlined." -- p. 2
Date: 1922
Creator: Phillips, Everett Franklin, 1878-1951 & Demuth, Geo. S. (George S.)

Beekeeping in the Tulip-Tree Region

Description: "Many thousand colonies of bees occur in the region where the tulip-tree is abundant but the honey crop from tulip-tree flowers inconsiderable. Too few beekeepers in this region have modern equipment, it is true, but the greatest loss comes from the fact that they do not care for their bees so as to have them ready to gather the abundant nectar from this early-blooming tree. In this bulletin a methods is given for the management of the apiary so that the full honey crop from this source may be obtained." -- p. 2
Date: 1922
Creator: Phillips, Everett Franklin, 1878-1951 & Demuth, Geo. S. (George S.)

Bacterial Wilt of Corn

Description: This bulletin discusses bacterial wilt, which is a destructive disease of corn and is particularly destructive to sweet corn. It describes the causes and symptoms of the disease, methods of transmission, the effect of weather, and control measures.
Date: 1941
Creator: Elliott, Charlotte

Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication

Description: Revised edition. This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed and instructions for constructing a concrete vat are given.
Date: 1940
Creator: Ellenberger, W. P. & Chapin, Robert M.