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Investigation of operating pressure ratio of a supersonic wind tunnel utilizing distributed boundary-layer suction in test section

Description: Effect of distributed boundary-layer suction on operating pressure ratio of a supersonic wind tunnel was investigated. Investigation was made in 3.84- by 10-inch supersonic tunnel operating at Mach number 2.0 and suction was applied in neighborhood of the normal shock to two walls of a constant-area extension of test section. A reduction of 4 percent of operating pressure ratio was attributed to improved flow conditions at subsonic-diffuser inlet. The theoretical normal shock was, in practice, replaced by a multiple-branch shock configuration across which the flow parameters changed in approximate accordance with the Rankine-Hugoniot values.
Date: November 1, 1950
Creator: Cohen, C B & Valerino, A S

Investigation of perforated convergent-divergent diffusers with initial boundary layer

Description: An experimental investigation was made at Mach number 1.90 of the performance of a series of perforated convergent-divergent supersonic diffusers operating with initial boundary layer, which was induced and controlled by lengths of cylindrical inlets affixed to the diffusers. Supercritical mass-flow and peak total-pressure recoveries were decreased slightly by use of the longest inlets (4 inlet diameters in length). Combinations of cylindrical inlets, perforated diffusers, and subsonic diffuser were evaluated as simulated wind tunnels having second throats. Comparisons with noncontracted configurations of similar scale indicated conservatively computed power reductions of 25 percent.
Date: August 15, 1950
Creator: Weinstein, Maynard I

Influence of tube-entrance configuration on average heat-transfer coefficients and friction factors for air flowing in an Inconel tube

Description: A heat-transfer investigation was conducted with air flowing through an electrically heated Inconel tube having either a long-approach or a right-angle-edge entrance, an inside diameter of 0.402 inch, and a length of 24 inches over a range of Reynolds numbers up to 375,000 and average inside-tube-wall temperatures up to 2000 degrees R. Good correlation of heat-transfer data was obtained for both entrances, which substantiates work previously reported. A fair correlation of friction data was obtained for both entrances. The entrance configuration had little effect on the average heat-transfer and friction coefficients.
Date: August 23, 1950
Creator: Lowdermilk, Warren H & Grele, Milton D

Investigation at Mach number 1.91 of side and base pressure distributions over conical boattails without and with jet flow issuing from base

Description: Experimental side and bade pressure distributions over a series of conical boattails without and with jet flow from the base are presented at a Mach number of 1.91. For the case of no jet flow the methods of characteristics and linearized theory are shown to overpredict the side pressure drag. A semi-empirical theory is presented to predict the effect of boattail angle on base pressure. With the boattail extending to a sharp edge at the nozzle exit, the over-pressure jet is shown to decrease the side pressure drag. Presence of an annular base may eliminate the effect of the jet on the side pressure drag, but the jet effect on the base pressure drag may greatly increase or decrease the total boattail drag.
Date: September 12, 1951
Creator: Cortright, Edgar M., Jr. & Schroeder, Albert H.

Experimental Investigation of a Preloaded Spring-Tab Flutter Model

Description: An experimental investigation was made of a preloaded spring-tab flutter model to determine the effects on flutter speed of aspect ratio, tab frequency, and preloaded spring constant. The rudder was mass-balanced, and the flutter mode studied was essentially one of three degrees of freedom (fin bending coupled with rudder and tab oscillations). Inasmuch as the spring was preloaded, the tab-spring system was a nonlinear one. Frequency of the tab was the most significant parameter in this study, and an increase in flutter speed with increasing frequency is indicated. At a given frequency, the tab of high aspect ratio is shown to have a slightly lower flutter speed than the one of low aspect ratio. Because the frequency of the preloaded spring tab was found to vary radically with amplitude, the flutter speed decreased with increase in initial displacement of the tab.
Date: December 15, 1947
Creator: Smith, N H; Clevenson, S A & Barmby, J G

A semi-empirical method for calculating the pitching moment of bodies of revolution at low Mach numbers

Description: A semiempirical method, in which potential theory is arbitrarily combined with an approximate viscous theory, for calculating the aerodynamic pitching moments for bodies of revolution is presented. The method can also be used for calculating the lift and drag forces. The calculated and experimental force and moment characteristics of 15 bodies of revolution are compared.
Date: May 17, 1951
Creator: Hopkins, Edward J

Investigation of downwash and wake characteristics at a Mach number of 1.53 I : rectangular wing

Description: The results of an experimental investigation of the downwash and wake characteristics behind a rectangular plan-form wing of aspect ratio 3.5 are presented. The airfoil section was a 5-percent-thick, symmetrical double wedge. The tests were made at a Mach number of 1.53 and a Reynolds number of 1.25 million. A comparison between experimental and theoretical values of the downwash angles is made.
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Perkins, Edward W & Canning, Thomas N

High-Speed Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Lateral Control Characteristics of Plain Ailerons on a Wing with Various Amounts of Sweep

Description: A three-dimensional investigation of straight-sided-profile plain ailerons on a wing with 30 degrees and 45 degrees of sweepback and sweepforward was made in a high-speed wind tunnel for aileron deflections from -10 degrees to 10 degrees and at Mach numbers from 0.60 to 0.96. Wing configurations of 30 degrees generally reduced the severity of the large changes in rolling-moment and aileron hinge-moment coefficients experienced by the upswept wing configurations as the result of compression shock and extended to higher Mach numbers the speeds at which such changes occurred.
Date: December 19, 1947
Creator: Luoma, Arvo A.; Bielat, Ralph P. & Whitcomb, Richard T.