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Water Resources of the Red River of the North Drainage Basin in Minnesota

Description: The report consists of three principal sections; environmental setting, water resource management, and the hydrologic system. The environmental setting describes the land and people as related to water resources. The section on water resource management is intended to provide practical information needed for the planning and management of water resources. The section on the hydrologic system is a more technical discussion of water in the Red River basin. The section on water management can be used to locate the water, determine the amount available and its quality; whereas, the section on the hydrologic system describes the operation of the system how water moves through the system and why the quality is as it is.
Date: November 1972
Creator: Maclay, R. W.; Winter, T. C. & Bidwell, L. E.

Water-Temperature Data Acquisition Activities in the United States

Description: In this report, information is presented by means of tables and illustrations preceded by brief explanations. It includes the agencies collecting the data, the number of stations located on surface and ground waters where temperature measurements are made, the distribution of stations by States and by the 21 regions of the Water Resources Council.
Date: November 1972
Creator: Pauszek, F. H.

Salt-Water Movement in the Lower Withlacoochee-Cross-Florida Barge Canal Complex

Description: The intent of the investigation was to determine how salt water from the Gulf moves in the river-canal complex under the influence of various combinations of fresh-water discharge and ocean tide. Information about the extent of inland movement, concentration, frequency of occurrence, and residence times of salt water in the river and canal was sought, particularly during times of farthest upstream movement of the salt water.
Date: January 1973
Creator: Bush, Peter W.

Floods in New York, 1972, with Special Reference to Tropical Storm Agnes

Description: From introduction: Flooding and flood damage in New York during the calendar year 1972 are summarized in this report. The report was prepared at the request of the New York State Department of Transportation under provisions of an agreement between the department and the U.S. Geological Survey for a cooperative, statewide program to investigate the water resources of the State.
Date: January 1976
Creator: Robison, F. Luman

Distribution and Movement of Zinc and Other Heavy Metals in South San Francisco Bay, California

Description: From introduction: The primary objective of this study was to determine the net transport of zinc into the study area from urbanized perimeter, out of the study area across the northern boundary of the study area, and across the sediment-water interface within the study area, all within a limited time period. A secondary objective was to assemble as much data on other trace metals--their concentrations and chemical states in water, suspended solids, sediments and interstitial fluids--as possible within the time and funding constraints of the study in order to describe the existing trace metal conditions in the south bay. Thus the bulk of effort was directed toward evaluating the distribution and movements of zinc, but the data collected on the distribution and movements of zinc, but the data collected on the distribution of other metals is important and is reported here.
Date: February 1976
Creator: Bradford, Wesley L.

Digital Models of a Glacial Outwash Aquifer in the Pearl-Sallie Lakes Area, West-Central Minnesota

Description: From purpose and scope: The purpose of this investigation is to 1) study the hydrologic system in a glaciated terrain typified by numerous lakes, with particular focus on the effects of lake-ground-water interchange, 2) simulate the natural system by using two digital modeling methods--areal (map view) and vertical section, and 3) evaluate the utility of the models and determine the kinds and amount of basic data needed to obtain reasonable simulations.
Date: November 1975
Creator: Larson, Steven P.; McBride, Mark S. & Wolf, Ronald J.

Dewatering of the Clayton Formation During Construction of the Walter F. George Lock and Dam, Fort Gaines, Clay County, Georgia

Description: From purpose of the report: The purpose of this report is to present the available information regarding the relation between the rate of ground-water withdrawal and the rate of decline or artesian pressure in a 40-foot "shell" limestone aquifer that was dewatered during construction of Walter F. George Lock and Dam...The report indicates a potential source of a large supply of ground water available for industrial and other uses in an area readily accessible by barge transportation from the Gulf of Mexico to Columbus, Ga.
Date: 1973
Creator: Stewart, J. W.

Hydrology of the Albemarle-Pamlico Region, North Carolina -- a Preliminary Report on the Impact of Agricultural Developments

Description: From abstract: Extensive agricultural land clearing and drainage operations underway in a 650 square mile part of the Albemarle-Pamlico region--a 1,634 square mile peninsula in North Carolina lying between Albemarle Sound on the North and the Pamlico River on the south--are changing the hydrology of the area. The artificial drainage system being constructed in the region, although it will probably result in only a slight modification of the natural annual evatranspiration, overland runoff, and ground-water discharge, will likely result in several important problems.
Date: May 1975
Creator: Heath, Ralph C.

Scour at Selected Bridge Sites in Alaska

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to describe the results of the data collection at these bridge sites and compare the results with existing laboratory and field data and with those results predicted from selected scour formulas.
Date: November 1975
Creator: Norman, Vernon W.

Hydrology of Malheur Lake, Harney County, Southeastern Oregon

Description: Abstract: The various components of inflow and outflow to and from the lake and their relative magnitudes were identified. In 1972 water year the total inflow to the lake was 200,000 acre-feet, but it was only 75,000 acre-feet in 1973 water year. In 1972 water year the Donner and Blitzen River contributed 55 percent of the inflow, with Silvies River, direct precipitation, and Sodhouse Spring contributing 28, 13, and 4 percent respectively. Om 1973 the Donner and Blitzen River contributed 61 percent of the inflow. The Silvies River, direct precipitation, and Sodhouse Spring contributed 1, 25, and 12 percent respectively. Ground-water inflow, other than Sodhouse Spring, appears to be negligible. In 1972 water year, 81 percent of the outflow was by evapotranspiration and 19 percent was surface outflow through The Narrows. In 1973, 96 percent of the outflow was by evapotranspiration and 4 percent was surface outflow through The Narrows. Ground-water outflow is negligible.
Date: August 1975
Creator: Hubbard, Larry L.

Ground Water for Irrigation in the Viking Basin, West-Central Minnesota

Description: Abstract: The Viking Basin consists of six glacial outwash areas in Douglas, Ottertail, and Todd Counties, west-central Minnesota. Total area is 340 square miles (880 square kilometers). Soils are sandy and excessively well-drained. Crops grown on the outwash would benefit from supplemental irrigation. Irrigation supplies can be obtained from wells in the surface outwash aquifer in significant parts of the large outwash areas near Carlos and Parkers Prairie and the small outwash area near Clotho. Irrigation supplies are unlikely in the outwash areas near Alexandria, Urbank, and Rose City. Major use of ground water for irrigation may lower ground-water levels sufficiently to affect lake and marsh levels and streamflow out of the irrigation areas. Water from the outwash is of excellent chemical quality for irrigation.
Date: October 1975
Creator: McBride, M. S.

Digital Model Simulation of the Glacial-Outwash Aquifer at Dayton, Ohio

Description: From introduction: The specific purpose of the digital model study was to develop a better understanding of the aquifer system and to show how it responds to various pumping stresses. The scope of the study was to develop a single-transmissive-layer model that could be used to evaluate the effects proposed ground-water development schemes would have on water levels.
Date: September 1975
Creator: Fidler, Richard E.

Index to U.S. Geological Survey Computer Files Containing Daily Values for Water Parameters to September 30, 1971 -- Central Region

Description: Abstract: This report contains lists of stations at which the U.S. Geological Survey collects water data either on a continuous basis or at least on a daily basis. The files contain daily values for streamflow, reservoir levels or contents, water temperatures, specific conductance, sediment discharge plus data for several other quality parameters that are measured by means of monitoring equipment or result from analyses of samples collected on a daily basis. The stations are listed according to station number within each State. The report lists the availanle retrieval options, the machine -readable output options, user charges and how to obtain data.
Date: June 1973
Creator: Showen, Charles R. & Stutmann, Neil G.

Flood of July 17, 1972 in Gallup, New Mexico

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to supplement, in a ore detailed form, data of stage and discharge published in the annual surface-water records of the U.S. Geological Survey. This report includes: description of the flood, information on flood damage, and flood-frequency data.
Date: October 1973
Creator: Waite, Loyd A.

Effects of Ground-Water Development on the Proposed Palmetto Bend Dam and Reservoir in Southeast Texas

Description: Abstract: Ground water continues to discharge into the Navidad and Lavaca Rivers by seepage out-flow even though large amounts of ground water are pumped for irrigation. Although a reduction in streamflow probably has occurred, a complete loss of the low flow of the streams by infiltration to a lowered water table seems remote. The large ground-water withdrawals will continue to cause land-surface subsidence, which will range from 0.012 foot to more than 0.026 foot per year. A minimum of about 0.013 to 0.015 foot of annual subsidence at the upper ends of the proposed reservoir and a maximum of about 0.019 foot near the dam site can be expected. Structural failures of manmade features have not occurred from the subsidence, but regional changes in the land slope have occurred and will continue . Numerous fault traces have been mapped in the area, but most of the faults are inactive. If movement along the fault planes should occur, the vertical displacement probably will not exceed the total subsidence.
Date: May 1973
Creator: Baker, E.T., Jr. & Follett, C. R.

An Evaluation of Water-Quality Data Obtained at Four Streamflow Daily-Record Stations in Idaho

Description: From introduction: This study is limited to four U.S. Geological Survey stream-flow stations located in Idaho (figure 1). The 6 to 22 years of stations were assembled and evaluated through use of computer techniques for data plotting and regression analysis developed by Steele (1972). Objectives of this evaluation were were (1) to show which parameters were highly correlative with the levels of specific conductance and(or) discharge and (2) to see if any changes in overall chemical character of the stream had occurred over the long term.
Date: August 1973
Creator: Dyer, Kenneth L.

Evaluating Pollution Potential of Land-Based Waste Disposal Santa Clara County, California -- An Application of Earth-Science Data for Planning

Description: From introduction: As a result of recently initiated programs such as the San Francisco Bay Region Environment and Resources Planning Study, planners in the San Francisco Bay region are becoming increasingly aware of the types and possible uses earth-science data. These data encompasses a wide spectrum of disciplines including hydrology, topography, geology, geomorphology, and seismology. If properly integrated with the planner's competence in demography, sociology, economics, and other fields, earth-science data can be invaluable for evaluating and controlling many critical environment problems in urban areas.
Date: 1974
Creator: Hines, W. G.

Feasibility of Digital Water-Quality Modeling Illustrated by Application at Barstow, California

Description: Abstract: A digital water-quality model of the shallow alluvial aquifer near Barstow was evaluated to determine the applicability of the model computer program to varied hydrolic problems. The evaluation was made on the basis of the data requirements of the model, the characteristics and limitations of the model computer program, the relevance of the model results, and the computer costs associated with the model. Two-well tracer-dilution tests may not be a workable means of determining the aquifer dispersivity and porosity for use in a water-quality model with a large grid interval is under consideration because of the relative insensitivity of such a model to dispersivity. The model results were relevant to the real-life head and water-quality conditions in the aquifer near Barstow and provided an excellent means of evaluating the cause and effect relations associated with ground-water pollution.
Date: February 1974
Creator: Robson, S.G.

Effects of Urbanization on Floods in the Dallas, Texas Metropolitan Area

Description: From abstract: The analyses indicate that in a fully-developed residential area, the flood peaks with be 1.2 to 1.4 times those from an undeveloped area; and the annual direct runoff will be about double that from an undeveloped area. Data were not sufficient to determine the increase in runoff from a highly industrialized area where the effective imperviousness approaches 100 percent.
Date: January 1974
Creator: Dempster, George R., Jr.