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Geology of the Freshwater Bay Area, Chichagof Island, Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Freshwater Bay area comprises about 140 square miles in the northeastern part of Chichagof Island, southeastern Alaska. A sequence of Paleozoic rocks more than 24,000 feet thick is divided into 5 formations, 4 of which are named for the first time.
Date: 1963
Creator: Loney, Robert Ahlberg; Condon, William H. & Dutro, J. Thomas, Jr.
Item Type: Report

Outline of Geology of the U12k and U12k.01 Tunnels, Area 12, Nevada Test Site

Description: From introduction: Descriptive data for the Ul2k tunnel system are summarized in table 1. The U12k and U12k.01 tunnels were driven in predominantly air-fall tuffs of the Grouse Canyon and Survey Butte Members of the Oak Spring Formation of- Miocene(?) or younger age. The base of the Grouse Canyon Member is exposed in the road cut 500 to 700 feet east of, and at the same approximate elevation as, the portal U12k tunnel. The contact of the Grouse Canyon Member with the younger Survey Butte Member is at.5+63R and 5+56L in Ul2k.O1L (Personnel tunnel) and at 7+08R and 7+03L in U12k.O1R (Line of sight tunnel). A total of 165 feet of tuff of the Grouse Canyon Member is exposed in and near the tunnel, but only 74 feet of the Survey Butte Member is exposed in the U12k tunnel system.
Date: 1962
Creator: Houser, Fred N.
Item Type: Report

Ordovician Graptolites of the Basin Ranges in California, Nevada, Utah, and Idaho

Description: From introduction: This report presents a summary of the graptolite faunas of the Basin Ranges as known from the collections of the U.S. Geological Survey and the Departments of Geology of the University of California at Los Angeles and Utah State University. The collections were made in the period 1872-1958, but only a very small number of specimens have been described or illustrated in the 80 or so years elapsed.
Date: 1963
Creator: Ross, Reuben James, Jr. & Berry, William B. N.
Item Type: Report

Chromite and Other Mineral Deposits in Serpentine Rocks of the Piedmont Upland, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Description: From abstract: The Piedmont Upland in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware is about 160 miles long and at the most 50 miles wide. Rocks that underlie the province are the Baltimore gneiss of Precambrian age and quartzite, gneiss, schist, marble, phyllite, and greenstone, which make up the Glenarm series of early Paleozoic(?) age. These are intruded by granitic, gabbroic, and ultramafic igneous rocks. Most of the ultramafic rocks, originally peridotite, pyroxenite, and dunite, have been partly or completely altered to serpentine and talc; they are all designated by the general term serpentine. The bodies of serpentine are commonly elongate and conformable with the enclosing rocks.
Date: 1960
Creator: Pearre, Nancy C. & Heyl, Allen V., Jr.
Item Type: Report

Bentonite Deposits of the Northern Black Hills District Wyoming, Montana, and South Dakota

Description: From abstract: The northern Black Hills bentonite mining district includes parts of Crook County, Wyo., Carter County, Mont., and Butte County, S. Dak. Within this district, many beds of bentonite occur interspersed with sedimentary strata of Cretaceous age that have an average total thickness of about 3,000 feet and consist chiefly of marine shale, marl, and argillaceous sandstone. The bentonite beds occur in formations ranging upward from the Newcastle sandstone to the lower part of the Mitten black shale member of the Pierre shale. Tertiary (?) and Quaternary deposits of gravel, sand, and silt are present on extensive terraces, and deposits of such materials also extend along stream courses in all parts of the district.
Date: 1962
Creator: Knechtel, Maxwell M. & Patterson, Sam H.
Item Type: Report

Geology and Mineral Deposits of the Carlile Quadrangle, Crook County, Wyoming

Description: From introduction: Geologic mapping of the Carlile quadrangle, which includes one of several uranium-producing areas in northeastern Wyoming, was undertaken to provide a detailed geologic map that could be used as an aid to further exploration for uranium deposits; to study in detail the known uranium deposits to determine whether or not there are any relations among structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and uranium deposits; and to outline, insofar as possible, areas favorable for more detailed exploration for uranium.
Date: 1961
Creator: Bergendahl, M. H.; Davis, Robert E. & Izett, Glen Arthur
Item Type: Report

Geology and Fluorspar Deposits, Northgate District, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The fluorspar deposits in the Northgate district, Jackson County, Colo., are among the largest in Western United States. The mines were operated intermittently during the 1920's and again during World War II, but production during these early periods of operation was not large. Mining was begun on a larger scale in 1951, and the district has assumed a prominent position among the fluorspar producers in the United States. Within the Northgate district, Precambrian metamorphic and igneous rocks crop out largely in the Medicine Bow Mountains, and later sedimentary rocks underlie North Park and fill old stream valleys in the mountains.
Date: 1960
Creator: Steven, Thomas August
Item Type: Report

Tertiary Geology and Oil-Shale Resources of the Piceance Creek Basin, Between the Colorado and White Rivers, Northwestern Colorado

Description: From introduction: The greatest known potential oil resource in the world occurs in the oil shale of the Green River formation, and the richest and thickest deposits occur within the area of this report. The purpose of this investigation was to obtain data on the stratigraphic distribution and areal extent of the oil-shale beds and to estimate the potential oil resources in the area.
Date: 1961
Creator: Donnell, John R.
Item Type: Report

Geology and Mineral Deposits of the St. Regis-Superior Area, Mineral County, Montana

Description: From introduction: The St. Regis-Superior area was studied during the summers of 1953 and 1954 as a part of geologic investigations by the U.S. Geologic Survey in and near the Coeur d'Alene district. The object of the present work was primarily threefold: to ascertain the main structural features in the area, with particular attention to the Osburn fault zone; to investigate the mineral deposits; and to determine the stratigraphic relations of the rocks.
Date: 1960
Creator: Campbell, Arthur Byron
Item Type: Report

Areal Geology of the Little Cone Quadrangle, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Little Cone quadrangle includes an area of about 59 square miles in eastern San Miguel County in southwestern Colorado. The quadrangle contains features characteristic of both the Colorado Plateaus physiographic province and the San Juan Mountains, and it has been affected by geologic events and processes of two different geologic environments.
Date: 1960
Creator: Bush, Alfred Lerner; Marsh, Owen Thayer & Taylor, Richard B.
Item Type: Report

Manganese Deposits in the Drum Mountains, Juab and Millard Counties, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Drum Mountains are in west-central Utah 30 miles northwest of Delta, between the Sevier Desert on the east and Whirlwind Valley on the west. It is a typically barren desert range comprising a westward-tilted structural unit in which is exposed as much as 9,000 feet of quartzite (Cambrian and Precambrian?) and 3,000 feet of carbonate rocks of Cambrian age. These beds, which strike northward and dip west, are cut by myriad east- to northeast trending faults with displacements of a few feet to a few thousand feet. Quartz monzonite dikes, pebble dikes, and vein deposits are present locally along the faults. The Cambrian rocks are overlain unconformably by volcanic rocks of probable Tertiary age.
Date: 1961
Creator: Crittenden, Max D., Jr.; Straczek, John A. & Roberts, Ralph Jackson
Item Type: Report

Strategic Graphite, A Survey

Description: From abstract: Strategic graphite consists of certain grades of lump and flake graphite for which the United States is largely or entirely dependent on sources abroad. Lump graphite of high purity, necessary in the manufacture of carbon brushes, is imported from Ceylon, where it occurs in vein deposits. Flake graphite, obtained from deposits consisting of graphite disseminated in schists and other metamorphic rocks, is an essential ingredient of crucibles used in the nonferrous metal industries and in the manufacture of lubricants and packings. High-quality flake graphite for these uses has been obtained mostly from Madagascar since World War I. Some flake graphite of strategic grade has been produced, however, from deposits in Texas, Alabama, and Pennsylvania. The development of the carbon-bonded crucible, which does not require coarse flake, should lessen the competitive advantage of the Madagascar producers of crucible flake.
Date: 1960
Creator: Cameron, Eugene N. & Weis, Paul L.
Item Type: Report

Beryl-bearing Pegmatites in the Ruby Mountains and Other Areas in Nevada and Northwestern Arizona

Description: From abstract: Pegmatite occurs widely in Nevada and northwestern Arizona, but little mining has been done for such pegmatite minerals as mica, feldspar, beryl, and lepidolite. Reconnaissance for beryl-bearing pegmatite in Nevada and in part of Mohave County, Ariz., and detailed studies in the Dawley Canyon area, Elko County, Nev., have shown that beryl occurs in at least 11 districts in the region. Muscovite has been prospected or mined in the Ruby and Virgin Mountains, Nev., and in Mohave County, Ariz. Feldspar has been mined in the southern part of the region near Kingman, Ariz., and in Clark County, Nev.
Date: 1960
Creator: Olson, Jerry C. & Hinrichs, E. Neal
Item Type: Report

Geology of the Jewel Cave Southwest Quadrangle, Custer County, South Dakota

Description: From introduction: This study was part of the U.S. Geological Survey's continuing study of the geology and ore deposits of the southern Black Hills, which was stimulated by the discovery of uranium deposits in sandstone in the area in 1951 (Page and Redden, 1952; Bell and Bales, 1955).
Date: 1963
Creator: Braddock, William A.
Item Type: Report

Oxidized Zinc Deposits of the United States: Part 2. Utah

Description: From introduction: This report is compiled from fieldwork and available published data on the oxidized zinc deposits of Utah. Most of the deposits were examined by the author during the autumns of 1952-55 as part of a general study of oxidized zinc deposits of the Western States. In addition, several deposits were visited by geologists of the U.S. Geological Survey as a part of mineral investigation studies since 1940. In the process of obtaining this information many mining companies and individuals have been consulted.
Date: 1963
Creator: Heyl, Allen V.
Item Type: Report

Oxidized Zinc Deposits of the United States: Part 3. Colorado

Description: From abstract: Deposits of oxidized zinc ore are widely distributed in the western part of Colorado in the Rocky Mountains west of the Front Range and in the uplifted plateaus that border the main area of the Colorado Plateau. The principal production and reserves are restricted to several mining districts--Leadville. Aspen, Monarch, Spring Creek. Horseshoe, Tomichi, Tincup, and Rico--in all of which limestone and dolomites of Paleozoic age are the main host rocks. One deposit, that of the Sedalia mine near Salida has produced commercial quantities of oxidized zinc-copper ore from noncarbonate host rocks, but other known deposits in noncarbonate rocks are mostly low grade.
Date: 1964
Creator: Heyl, Allen V.
Item Type: Report

Oxidized Zinc Deposits of the United States: Part 1. General Geology

Description: From introduction: This report is intended as a descriptive summary. The fieldwork on which it is based was completed in the central Western States in 1952-56, and additional studies were made in the Central and Eastern States before and after the western studies. Research and compilation were completed in 1956-59. Other reports will describe in detail the geology and origin of the oxidized zinc deposits in Colorado, Utah, Nevada, and California. (See also Heyl and Bozion, 1960.)
Date: 1962
Creator: Heyl, Allen V. & Bozion, C. N.
Item Type: Report

Ground-Water Investigations of the Project GNOME Area, Eddy and Lea Counties, New Mexico

Description: From abstract: The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, through the Office of Test Operations, Albuquerque Operations Office, plans to detonate a nuclear device in a massive salt bed 1,200 feet beneath the land surface. The project, known as Project Gnome, is an element of the Plowshare program--a study of peacetime applications of nuclear fission. The location of the proposed underground shot is in a sparsely-populated area in southeastern Eddy County, N. Mex., east of the Pecos River and about 25 miles southeast of the city of Carlsbad.
Date: March 1962
Creator: Cooper, James B.
Item Type: Report