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Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey: Evansville National Topographic Map, Indiana and Kentucky

Description: Report documenting results of analysis for airborne gamma radiation and total magnetic field survey for the Evansville National Topographic Map Sheet (NJ 16-8). It includes data calculations and profiled data readings with a general description of the area and corresponding data readings.
Date: 1980
Creator: Geodata International, Inc.
Location Info:

Depleted Uranium Human Health Risk Assessment, Jefferson Proving Ground, Indiana

Description: The risk to human health from fragments of depleted uranium (DU) at Jefferson Proving Ground (JPG) was estimated using two types of ecosystem pathway models. A steady-state, model of the JPG area was developed to examine the effects of DU in soils, water, and vegetation on deer that were hunted and consumed by humans. The RESRAD code was also used to estimate the effects of farming the impact area and consuming the products derived from the farm. The steady-state model showed that minimal doses to humans are expected from consumption of deer that inhabit the impact area. Median values for doses to humans range from about 1 mrem ({plus_minus}2.4) to 0.04 mrem ({plus_minus}0.13) and translate to less than 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} detriments (excess cancers) in the population. Monte Carlo simulation of the steady-state model was used to derive the probability distributions from which the median values were drawn. Sensitivity analyses of the steady-state model showed that the amount of DU in airborne dust and, therefore, the amount of DU on the vegetation surface, controlled the amount of DU ingested by deer and by humans. Human doses from the RESRAD estimates ranged from less than 1 mrem/y to about 6.5 mrem/y in a hunting scenario and subsistence fanning scenario, respectively. The human doses exceeded the 100 mrem/y dose limit when drinking water for the farming scenario was obtained from the on-site aquifer that was presumably contaminated with DU. The two farming scenarios were unrealistic land uses because the additional risk to humans due to unexploded ordnance in the impact area was not figured into the risk estimate. The doses estimated with RESRAD translated to less than 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} detriments to about 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}3} detriments. The higher risks were associated only with the farming scenario in which ...
Date: April 29, 1994
Creator: Ebinger, Michael H. & Hansen, Wayne R.

A Technique for Estimating the Time of Travel of Water in Indiana streams

Description: Abstract: Estimates of the travel time of waterborne particles in streams is important for pollution studies and in the event of spills of contaminants. This report provides data for the 16 Indiana streams on which time-of-travel information has been obtained and a means for estimating the velocity of any naturally flowing stream in Indiana with a drainage area of 80 square miles (210 square kilometers) or more. Measured velocity rates compiled from the time-of-travel data collected in Indiana are related to 25, 50, 100, and 200 percent of the average discharge of streams shown in this report. Velocities at these discharges are significantly related to their respective watershed characteristics (average discharge and slope).Generalized relations of the velocities as functions of the streams' watershed characteristics are developed as multivariate regression equations using the data from each of the measured streams.
Date: March 1976
Creator: Eikenberry, S. E. & Davis, L. G.

Reconnaissance for Determining Effects of Land Use and Surficial Geology on Concentrations of Selected Elements on Streambed Materials from the Coal-Mining Region, Southwestern Indiana, October 1979 to March 1980

Description: From introduction: The objectives of the streambed-materials rials reconnaissance were to: (1) provide baseline concentrations of selected elements sorbed on streambed materials and (2) determine the effect of land use and surficial geology on the concentration of selected elements on streambed materials from southwestern Indiana.
Date: 1982
Creator: Wilber, William G. & Boje, Rita R.

Availability of Ground Water near Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana

Description: Abstract: Flow in the unconsolidated glacial deposits near the city of Carmel in central Indiana was simulated by a digital-computer model in a study of hydraulic characteristics of the deposits. The study shows that 21 • 3 million gallons per day (933 liters per second) of additional water could be withdrawn from the aquifer for an indefinite period of time. This pumpage is approximately 5 million gallons per day (219 liters per second) above the projected water needs of Carmel for 1990. Saturated thickness, transmissivity, and storage coefficient of the outwash aquifer along the White River east of Carmel were determined, using available data supplemented by test drilling . The saturated thickness of the aquifer ranges from 10 to 110 feet 0 to 34 meters ); transmissivity ranges from 1,000 feet squared per day (93 meters squared per day) to 24 ,000 feet squared per day (2 ,230 meters squared per day); and the average storage coefficient is 0.11.
Date: May 1976
Creator: Gillies, D. C.

Indiana Stream-Temperature Characteristics

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to compile Indiana stream-temperature data and (2) to develop an equation for estimating water-temperature characteristics, as represented by harmonic coefficients, at locations where historical temperature data may no be available.
Date: March 1977
Creator: Shampine, William J.

Hydraulic Characteristics and Water-Supply Potential of the May 1975 Aquifers in the Vicinity of the Wastewater Treatment Plant, South Bend, Indiana

Description: Abstract: An intensive study was made of a 24-square mile (62-square kilometer) area surrounding the South Bend wastewater treatment plant to document the effects of dewatering about 40 feet (12 meter) of the 130-feet (40-meter) thick aquifer during construction at the plant, define the hydrologic system in order to allow development of a predictive model and select and evaluate one possible water-supply development plan as a model demonstration. Model-simulated water levels agree very well with those observed, both before and during dewatering. Model results indicate that the hydrologic system can sustain withdrawal of 28 million gallons per day (106,300 cubic meter per day) indefinitely with little effect on ground-water levels. The quantity that would be diverted from the St. Joseph River is less than 10 percent of the estimated minimum daily flow.
Date: May 1975
Creator: Marie, James R.

Plan of Study for the Northern Midwest Regional Aquifer-System Analysis

Description: From abstract: Sedimentary rocks of Cambrian and Ordovician age form a major aquifer system in most of Wisconsin and Iowa, northern Illinois, northwestern Indiana, southeastern Minnesota, and northern Missouri. Many metropolitan areas depend on the aquifer for all or part of their water supplies. Declines in potentiometric head have been large in the most heavily pumped areas, most notably Chicago, Milwaukee-Waukesha, Minneapolis-St. Paul, and Des Moines.
Date: April 1979
Creator: Steinhilber, W. L. & Young, H. L.

Effects of Coal Fly-Ash Disposal on Water Quality in and Around the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Indiana

Description: Abstract: Dissolved constituents in seepage from fly-ash settling ponds bordering part of the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore (the Lakeshore) have increased trace elements, and gross alpha and gross beta radioactivity in the ground water and surface water downgradient from the settling ponds. Data suggest that concentrations of some dissolved trace elements may be greater beneath interdunal pond 2 than in the pond. The soil system downgradient from the settling ponds seems to have affected the concentrations of dissolved ions in the settling-ponds than in the ponds. Where organic material was present downgradient from the settling ponds, concentrations of arsenic, fluoride, molybdenum, potassium, sulfate, and strontium were greater in the ground water than in the ponds. In contrast, the concentrations of cadmium, copper, nickel, aluminum, cobalt, lead, and zinc were less.
Date: April 1981
Creator: Hardy, Mark A.

Filling and Emptying System, Cannelton Main Lock, Ohio River, and Generalized Tests of Sidewall Port Systems for 110- by 1200-ft Locks: Hydraulic Model Investigation

Description: Report providing the results of a hydraulic model investigation of the Cannelton Lock proposed for construction on the Ohio River. It includes detailed information about the tests and suggested dimensions and features of the final lock.
Date: February 1966
Creator: Ables, Jackson H., Jr. & Boyd, M. B.