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Booby Traps

Description: The following report provides data taken of problematic situations that have led to accidental prompt-critical radiation bursts in critical assemblies laboratories, as well as a few risky instances. The purpose of this report is to prevent these mistakes from happening in the future.
Date: June 12, 1957
Creator: Paxton, Hugh Campbell

Stream Reconnaissance for Nutrients and Other Water-Quality Parameters, Greater Pittsburgh Region, Pennsylvania

Description: Abstract: Eighty-five stream sites in and near the six-county Greater Pittsburgh Region were sampled in mid-June 1971 and again in mid-October 1972. Concentrations of inorganic nitrogen, organic carbon, or phosphorus were high enough to indicate potential problems at about a quarter of the sampling sites. Temperature, dissolved oxygen, and pH values indicated a generally favorable capacity for recovery from degradation, although a number of streams east of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers are marginal or lacking. Regionally, sulfate is the dominant ion and was observed in concentrations of 40 milligrams per liter or more at 90 percent of the sites. Bicarbonate exceeded 100 milligrams per liter at 22 sites. A moderate to high degree of mineralization is indicated by conductance readings of more than 500 micromhos per centimeter at half of the sampling sites.
Date: February 1975
Creator: Beall, Robert M.

Safety Cars of the United States Bureau of Mines

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the mine stations and safety cars used to reach miners in distress. As stated in the report, "the purpose, equipment, personnel, and construction of its safety cars" is presented. This report includes an illustration, and a map.
Date: March 1931
Creator: Forbes, J. J. & Ankeny, M. J.

Metallurgical Coke

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over studies on metallurgical coke. As stated in the introduction, "in this paper the attempt is made to summarize the history of coke making in the United States, to indicate the development of different methods and the modern types of ovens, and to point out the composition and physical properties of the metallurgical cokes produced in this country" (p. 5). This paper includes tables, illustrations, photographs, and a map.
Date: September 1913
Creator: Belden, A. W.

Estimate of Known Recoverable Reserves of Coking Coal in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over studies on the reserves of coking coal from Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. The results of the investigations and the different coal beds sampled are presented. This report includes tables, and maps.
Date: September 1953
Creator: Wallace, Joseph J.; Dowd, James J.; Provost, John M.; Abernethy, R. F. & Reynolds, D. A.

Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910 Part 2. Descriptions of Samples

Description: From Introduction: "This volume contains the descriptions of the samples whose analyses are published in the preceding volume, Part I of this bulletin. The descriptions have been compiled from the notebooks of the persons who collected the samples, have been condensed from accounts given in published reports of the United States Geological Survey, or have furnished by the collection themselves. Inasmuch as the descriptions represent the work of many persons during a period of six years, and inasmuch as they were recorded under widely differing conditions, they necessarily vary in fullness detail."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.

Oil and Gas Wells through Workable Coal Beds: Papers and Discussions

Description: From Preface: "In carrying out such a policy with reference to the subject under consideration, the Bureau of Mines invited the State geologists, mine inspectors, and a number of coal operators and oil and gas well drillers from the States interested to meet representatives of the Bureau of Mines in Pittsburgh, Pa., for a discussion of the subject during February 7 and February 8, 1913. This adjourned meeting of the conference will be held at an early date and its report will be printed in a later edition of this bulletin, with such additional suggestions as may be received by the Bureau of Mines. The bureau will be glad, therefore, to receive at the earliest practicable date any additional suggestions or any additional information throwing light on the matters discussed in this bulletin."
Date: 1913
Creator: Rice, George S. & Hood, O. P.

A Primer on Explosives for Coal Miners

Description: From Introduction: "Much of the information in this primer has been obtained from experiments conducted by the technologic branch of the United Sates Geological Survey at the mining experiment station at Pittsburgh, Pa. These investigations have shown the recent development of a new type of short-flame explosives, which can be used with greater safety than black powder in mines where there is dangerous gas or inflammable dust, because the flame from the explosion of black powder lasts from 2,500 to 3,500 times as long does the flame from these newer explosives and is therefore more likely to ignite the gas or dust in such mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Munroe, Charles E. & Hall, Clarence

Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910: Part 1. -- Analyses

Description: From Significance and value of Analyses of Coal: "The analyses published in this report cover samples of coal collected in many different parts of the country with unusual care by experiences men, in such manner as to make them representative of extensive beds of coal."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.

National Mine-Rescue and First-Aid Conference: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, September 23-26, 1912

Description: From Introduction: "It this report endeavor has been made to eliminate all unnecessary remarks; but in order that those who hold diverging views regarding the subjects discussed may have before them the arguments that led the conferees to vote for the 36 resolutions adopted, the discussion had in the committees and in open session is published practically in full. Moreover, for the information of those mining officials, operators, and surgeons who are unfamiliar with approved methods of first-aid training and training with breathing apparatus and safety devices and methods of rescue, it seems equally desirable that the few opening addresses and closing remarks made it general session should be published as an expression of the reasons for such work and for the conference."
Date: 1913
Creator: Wilson, Herbert M.

First Series of Coal-Dust Explosion Tests in the Experimental Mine

Description: From Introduction: "This report has been prepared, not only for the purpose of recoding the results of the first series of coal-dust tests conducted in the experimental mine of the Bureau of Mines, but also to place before the mining public a description of the mine and an account of the objects sought in an its establishment."
Date: 1913
Creator: Rice, George S.; Jones, L. M.; Clement, J. K. & Egy, W. L.

The Flow of Heat Through Furnace Walls

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin contains a statement of certain results that will be embodied in a report describing investigations of the combustion of fuel made by the United States Geological Survey and the Bureau of Mines in a specially constructed long furnace."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry

Apparatus and Methods for the Sampling and Analysis of Furnace Gases

Description: From Introduction: "It is the purpose of this paper to describe some apparatus and methods which have proved satisfactory to those engaged in the chemical work of the investigations mentioned. While these methods and apparatus have been designed more particularly with regard to analysis of furnace gases, their use is by no means limited to that purpose."
Date: 1911
Creator: Frazer, J. C. W. & Hoffman, E. J.