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Investigation of ejection releases of an MB-1 rocket from a 0.04956-scaled model of the Convair F-106A airplane at Mach number 1.59

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the ejection release characteristics of the MB-1 rocket from the missile bay of a model of the Convair F-106A airplane with its fin tips retracted at a simulated altitude of 18,670 feet. Successful ejections of the rocket were made at supersonic speeds by applying a combination of ejection velocity and nose-down pitching moment at release.
Date: May 20, 1957
Creator: Lee, John B.

Investigation of ejection release characteristics of four dynamically scaled internal-store shapes from a 1/17-scale simulated bomb bay of the Republic F-105 airplane at Mach numbers of 1.39 and 1.98

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the release characteristics of dynamically scaled stores carried internally in a simulated bomb bay at Mach numbers of 1.39 and 1.98. A model of the Republic F-105 half-fuselage and bomb-bay configuration was tested with four store shapes: the MK-7 store, the bluff store, the TX-28 store, and turnabout TX-28 store. Results regarding ejection photographs and data plots are also provided.
Date: October 15, 1956
Creator: Lee, John B.

Flight investigation at low angles of attack to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a cruciform canard missile configuration with a low-aspect-ratio wing and blunt nose at Mach numbers from 1.2 to 2.1

Description: Report presenting flight testing of a rocket-powered model of a cruciform canard missile configuration with a low-aspect-ratio wing and blunt nose. Results regarding the lift coefficient, dynamic stability, static stability, control effectiveness, and drag are provided.
Date: September 30, 1957
Creator: Brown, Clarence A., Jr.

A Flight Evaluation and Analysis of the Effect of Icing Conditions on the ZPG-2 Airship

Description: A series of test flights was conducted by the U. S. Navy over a 3- year period to evaluate the effects of icing on the operation of the ZPG-2 airship. In supercooled. clouds, ice formed only on the forward edges of small protuberances and wires and presented no serious hazard to operation. Ice accretions of the glaze type which occurred in conditions described as freezing drizzle adversely affected various components to a somewhat greater extent. The results indicated, a need for protection of certain components such as antennas, propellers, and certain parts of the control system. The tests showed that icing of the large surface of the envelope occurred only in freezing rain or drizzle. Because of the infrequent occurrence of these conditions, the potential maximum severity could not be estimated from the test results. The increases in heaviness caused by icing in freezing rain and drizzle were substantial, but well within the operational capabilities of the airship. In order to estimate the potential operational significance of icing in freezing rain, theoretical calculations were used to estimate: (1) the rate of icing as a function of temperature and rainfall intensity, (2) the climatological probability of occurrence of various combinations of these variables, and (3) the significance of the warming influence of the ocean in alleviating freezing-rain conditions. The results of these calculations suggest that, although very heavy icing rates are possible in combinations of low temperature and high rainfall rate, the occurrence of such conditions is very infrequent in coastal areas and virtually impossible 200 or 300 miles offshore.
Date: April 1, 1958
Creator: Lewis, Willilam & Perkins, Porter J., Jr.

Flight, analog-simulator, and analytical studies of an automatically controlled interceptor which uses a bank-angle-error computer for lateral commands

Description: Report presenting the tracking performance of an automatically controlled interceptor in which the deflection channel incorporated a bank-angle-error computer that commanded rolling velocities of the interceptor proportional to the computed bank-angle errors. Results regarding gravity terms included in bank-angle-error computation and a comparison of modified system using bank-angle-error computer with the prototype system are provided.
Date: August 11, 1958
Creator: Cheatham, Donald C. & Brissenden, Roy F.

A flight and analog study of the effect of elevating the radar-boresight axis upon stability and tracking performance of an automatically controlled interceptor

Description: Report presenting flight and analog-simulator tests with a prototype automatic interceptor in order to study the effects of elevating the radar-boresight axis on the stability and tracking performance of the system. Results regarding effects of interceptor rolling motion upon tracking errors, similarity of flight results and analog-computer results, effect of elevating the radar-boresight axis upon stability, effect of elevating the radar-boresight axis upon the required bank-angle feedback, and application of the principle of elevated radar-boresight axis are provided.
Date: October 16, 1957
Creator: Cheatham, Donald C. & Mathews, Charles W.

Flight Instrument for Measurement of Liquid-Water Content in Clouds at Temperatures Above and Below Freezing

Description: A principle formerly used in an instrument for cloud detection was further investigated to provide a simple and rapid means for measuring the liquid-water content of clouds at temperatures above and below freezing. The instrument consists of a small cylindrical element so operated at high surface temperatures that the impingement of cloud droplets creates a significant drop in the surface temperature. ? The instrument is sensitive to a wide range of liquid-water content and was calibrated at one set of fixed conditions against rotating multicylinder measurements. The limited conditions of the calibration Included an air temperature of 20 F, an air velocity of 175 miles per hour, and a surface temperature in clear air of 475 F. The results obtained from experiments conducted with the instrument indicate that the principle can be used for measurements in clouds at temperatures above and below freezing. Calibrations for ranges of airspeed, air temperature, and air density will be necessary to adapt the Instrument for general flight use.
Date: March 5, 1951
Creator: Perkins, Porter J.

Flight test of a solid-fuel ramjet with the internal surface of the combustor air cooled

Description: Report presenting a flight investigation of a rocket-launched solid-fuel ram-jet engine designed to bypass cooling air around the fuel charge. The internally cooled combustor averted combustor burn-out during the flight test. Results regarding the net thrust coefficient, gross thrust coefficient, time history of the air specific impulse, and total fuel load are provided.
Date: July 3, 1956
Creator: Bartlett, Walter A., Jr.

Free-Spinning-Tunnel Investigation of a 1/28-Scale Model of the North American FJ-4 Airplane

Description: Report on an investigation to determine the erect and inverted spin and recovery characteristics of a model of the North American FJ-4 airplane. The testing found that either a flat-type of steep-type spin may be obtained when the airplane is spinning erect. The optimum recovery technique from inverted spins was full rudder reversal with simultaneous movement of the ailerons to full with the stick maintained full forward.
Date: January 13, 1958
Creator: Healy, Frederick M.

A Photographic Study of Freezing of Water Droplets Falling Freely in Air

Description: From Summary: "A photographic technique for investigating water droplets of diameter less than 200 microns falling freely in air at temperatures between 0 C and -50 C has been devised and used to determine: (1) The shape of frozen droplets, (2) The occurrence of collisions of partly frozen or of frozen and liquid droplets, and (3) The statistics on the freezing temperatures of individual free-falling droplets."
Date: February 25, 1952
Creator: Dorsch, Robert G. & Levine, Joseph

Full-Scale Wind-Tunnel Tests of a North American FJ-3 Airplane with a Spoiler-Slot-Deflector Lateral Control System

Description: Report discussing an investigation to determine the low-speed aerodynamic characteristics of a North American FJ-3 airplane with a segmented spoiler-slot-deflector lateral control system installed ahead of convention ailerons and operated as individual units and as combined segments. The longitudinal characteristics of the plane, the spoiler-slot-deflector effectiveness, and spoiler-deflector hinge-moment data are all described.
Date: April 9, 1956
Creator: Scallion, William I.

High-altitude performance of J71-A-11 turbojet engine and its components using JP-4 and gaseous-hydrogen fuels

Description: Report presenting data to determine the component and overall engine performance up to an altitude limit for the J71-A-11 (600-B36) turbojet engine. Engine operation using JP-4 fuel at Mach number 0.8 was satisfactory up to an altitude of about 60,000 to 65,000 feet, and engine operation with marginal combustion stability was maintained to an altitude of about 80,000 feet. Results regarding the altitude operating limits, component performance, overall engine performance, contribution of individual component losses to overall engine performance losses, exhaust-nozzle-area requirements, and altitude performance at rated engine conditions are provided.
Date: May 29, 1957
Creator: Smith, Ivan D. & Saari, Martin J.

An investigation of jet effects on adjacent surfaces

Description: From Summary: "The steady pressure loads as well as the temperature change on adjacent surfaces due to the presence of a propulsive jet at subsonic speeds is shown to be insignificant. Whereas at supersonic speeds the temperature effect might be expected to remain insignificant, the steady pressure loads were shown to increase greatly on surfaces downstream of the propulsive jet exit."
Date: June 28, 1955
Creator: Bressette, Walter E. & Faget, Maxime A.

Investigation of Aerodynamic and Icing Characteristics of Water-Inertia-Separation Inlets for Turbojet Engines

Description: The results of an investigation of several internal water-inertia-separation inlets consisting of a main duct and an alternate duct designed to prevent automatically the entrance of large quantities of water into a turbojet engine in icing conditions are presented. Total-pressure losses and icing characteristics for a direct-ram inlet and the inertia-separation inlets are compared at similar aerodynamic and simulated icing conditions. Complete ice protection for inlet guide vanes could not be achieved with the inertia-separation inlets investigated. Approximately 8 percent of the volume of water entering the nacelles remained. In the air passing into the compressor inlet. Heavy alternate-duct-elbow ice formations caused by secondary inertia separation resulted in rapid total-pressure losses and decreases in mass flow. The duration in an icing condition for an inertia-separation- inlet, without local surface heating, was increased approximately four times above that for a direct-ram inlet with a compressor-inlet screen. For normal nonicing operation, the inertia-separation- inlet total-pressure losses were comparable to a direct-ram installation. The pressure losses and the circumferential uniformity of the mass flow in all the inlets were relatively independent of angle of attack. Use of an inertia-separation inlet would in most cases require a larger diameter nacelle than a direct-ram inlet in order to obtain an alternate duct sufficiently large to pass the required engine air flow at duct Mach numbers below 1.0 at the minimum area.
Date: July 26, 1950
Creator: VonGlahn, Uwe & Blatz, R. E.