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Gas-Cooled Reactors in the USA: A Survey and Recommendation
Report that provides "an understanding of the status of gas-cooled reactors as used for unclassified applications" and determining "phases of advanced research and development needed in the field and from these to recommend a program for high-temperature, gas-cooled reactors" (p. 5).
A Practical Approach to Availability and Irreversibility
From Introduction: "The purpose of this paper is to shed additional light on the techniques of a Second Law Analysis. The stimulus for writing this paper came from questions asked and difficulties that occurred during lectures on the subject at the graduate level. This paper utilizes Keenan's basic approach but presents the material with emphasis upon a clear definition of the work associated with each subsystem in the process."
Development of Techniques for Fabrication of Small-Diameter Thin-Wall Tungsten Tubing: Interim Progress Report covering the period from July 1, 1963 through December 31, 1963
Report describing the methods and equipment used to extrude tungsten tubing from various starting materials.
Facility For Photographing in-Pile Meltdown Experiments in TREAT
Report regarding the fabrication of a transparent meltdown facility for the purpose of photographing simulated meltdowns.
Frequency Response Measurements of the EBWR Automatic Steam by-Pass Valve Control System
Report describing the steam by-pass system of the Economic Simplified Boiling Water (EBWR) Reactor. The control system and errors are described.
Five-year climatological summary, July 1949-June 1954, Argonne National Laboratory, DuPage County, Illinois
Report documenting various meteorological measurements for the purpose of understanding the possible dispersion of radioactive material.
Interim Report: Faret Experimental Program
From Introduction: "The Fast Reactor Test (FARET) program is part of the United States Fast Reactor Program directed toward the demonstration of breeder reactors essential to the long-range goal of utilizing fertile fuels. (1) With-in this program is the current thinking that the early construction and operation of two or three prototype nuclear power plants of the order of 250 Mw(e) will lead eventually to the construction of practical and economic full scale breeder reactors by the early 1980's. (2)"
The Mass Transfer of Single, Solid Uranium Spheres to Flowing Molten Cadmium in Laminar and Turbulent Flow
From Summary and Abstract: "In this study, a 1/2-inch diameter uranium sphere was used and molten cadmium was pumped past the test spheres at different flow rates. Mass transfer coefficients were determined from weight losses of the test spheres."
Hazard Summary Report Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II)
From Forward: "This report describes the present conceptions of the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II as well as the safety procedures and precautions which are currently anticipated for its operation."
A Liquid-Metal Heat-Transfer Experiment
From Introduction: "The primary objective of the Boiling Liquid Metal Program in the Reactor Engineering Division at Argonne is to be obtain experimental information pertinent to the the boiling-heat transfer and fluid-flow behavior of the alkali metals, especially sodium."
Pictorial Studies of Molecules 1: Molecular Orbital Density Comparisons of H2, Li2, B2, C2, N2, O2, and F2
From Review of Theory: " In practice, a very close approximation to the molecular orbitals can be obtained in this way. Recent calculations of this type, utilizing analysis and computer programs developed by the author, have resulted in the determination of the molecular orbitals for a large number of diatomic molecules in the form of Eq. (2). These functions, which are thought to be very close to the Hartree-Fock (i.e., the molecular orbitals demanded by theory) result, were used in the pictorial calculations presented in this report."
A Report on Some Attempts to Case Centrifugally Fuel Elements of Small Diameter
From Abstract: "The applicability of the centrifugal casting technique to the production of multiple castings of fuel pins of small diameter and of thin fuel plates was investigated."
Optimization of Efficiency of a Cesium Diode Converter
From Introduction: "The efficiency of the converter is computed with the least possible assumptions. Thermal emissivity and the interelectrode heat-transfer coefficient are varied, and the effect on efficiency is investigated."
Roll Cladding Uranium-Zirconium and Uranium-Zirconium-Niobium Alloys with Zircaloy-2 for Plate-Type Fuel Elements
From Abstract: "Investigations were made of alternate methods of bonding fuel shapes and the use of alternate core alloys in flat plates. Alternations and additions were made to development facilities needed to fabricate roll-clad plates for the EBWR core. Pilot production of EWBR-type plates proved that the plate cladding process could be adapted to production facilities."
The Period Effect in Reactor Dynamics
From Abstract: "An alternative approach is presented with attempts to demonstrate that insight may be gained from a consideration that the basic cause of the effect may be due to reactivity rather than to period as the previous authors assumed. Methods for compensating for this effect are discussed."
Spectroscopy of Uranyl Salts in the Solid State
From Introduction: "The interpretation of the fluorescence and absorption spectrum of the uranyl ion, indicated in this introduction, is based on the spectroscopic work of Nichols, Howes and co-workers (1914-1919), Dieke and van Heel (1925), Moerman and Kraak (1939), and Freymann and co-workers (1946-1948); on infrared studies (cf., Section 3 below) and Raman spectra; but most of all, on the work of Dieke, Duncan, and co-workers, carried out in 1943-1944 under the Manhattan District program. In the present chapter we will review briefly the earlier investigations in the field of uranyl salt and spectroscopy and give a somewhat more detailed summary of the results of Nichols and Howes and, particularly, of Dieke and co-workers."
A Survey of Prompt-Neutron Lifetimes in Fast Critical Systems
From Introduction: "Los Alamos and British lifetime measurements are consistent with the results reported here."
Testing of Containment Capabilities of Reinforced Concrete-Shielded Enclosures
From Summary: "The strains in the walls and ceiling of Cell No. 5 were recorded with 39 SR-4 strain gages strategically placed on reinforcing steel. Table I summarizes the comparative results without including correction for stress concentrations. The general pattern of cell behavior at 10 psig, as summarized in Table I, is shown in Figs. 10, 11, 12."
An Ultrasonic Measurement System for The Precise Determination of the Elastic Moduli of Single Crystals
From Abstract: "The equipment described in this paper is based on the technique developed by McSkimin. Figure 1 shows a block diagram of the system. The oscilloscope presentation with no specimen present appears as shown in Figure 2a. At discrete frequencies, the pattern appears as shown in Figure 2b."
Proceedings of the AMU-ANL Summer Study Program
From Introduction: "In 1954, the AEC presented the "five-year plan" for power reactor development, briefly outlined in Table I-1. The program proceeded and other reactors were added as a result of the incentives indicated in the outline."
U.S. Participation in the OEEC Halden Reactor Project May 1959 to September 1960
From Introduction: "This report summarizes the activities of the OEEC Halden Reactor Project, Halden, Norway, during the period of participation in the project by the author, from May 21, 1959 to September 22, 1960. The review is presented here in the interest of completeness of this report, in an effort to provide an impression of the character of research being carried out at Halden."
On The Steady-State Thermal Stresses in Cylindrical Fuel Pins Due to Axial Variations in Their Internal Heat-Generation Rate
From Introduction: "Specifically, we shall be concerned with the case of a solid right circular cylinder of infinite axial extent, having a stress-free outer boundary, being cooled by a temperature-independent boundary conductance, and having an axial heat-generation rate of form shown in Fig. 1. The inclusion of a radial dependence proportional to I^0(r/L) is only a minor complication in solving the required heat-transfer problem and, for reference, has been included in the solution for the temperature field to be found in Section II below."
XLIBIT: ANL Cross-section Library Code
From Introduction: "With the acquisition by the Laboratory of a Control Data 3600 computer in the fall of 1963, a joint reprogramming project was undertaken by the Laboratory's Applied Mathematics Division and the Control Data Corporation to develop one - and two-dimensional diffusion-theory and Sn transport-theory programs for the CDC-3600. The XLIBIT code described in this report was developed as a part of this project. XLIBIT is a CDC-3600 program designed to: 1) Prepare a cross-section library tape. 2) Modify an existing cross-section library tape. 3) Duplicate an existing cross-section library tape. 4) Print all or a portion of the cross-section data on the library tape. Punch cross-section decks for all or a portion of the data on the library tape. The decks produced are identical to those used in pertaining the tape."
Two-Phase Heat Transfer With Gas Injection Through A Porous Boundary Surface
From Introduction: "The purpose of this study is to investigate some of the hydrodyamic aspects of two-phase heat transfer in the lower quality range. The results of this study should contribute to a better and more thorough understanding of the processes and mechanisms affecting two-phase heat transfer, and in this way help in improving its prediction."
Heat Transfer, Flow Instability, and Critical Heat Flux For Water in a Small Tube At 200 psia
From Abstract: Report discussing "the effects of developing two-phase flow regimes in a constant-pressure drop system are shown in recorded traces from a fast-response flow transducer: the mass velocity decreases and transfer-surface superheat increases with increasing steam quality."
Casting and Fabrication of Core Material For Argonne Low Power Reactor Fuel Elements
Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory over studies conducted on the Argonne Low Power Reactor. As stated in the abstract, "this report describes the manufacture of 1150 fuel core blanks, of which 816 were used in the fabrication of fuel elements. Development, casting, hot and cold rolling, cleaning, and punching of core blanks are discussed, as are nondestructive testing and evaluation of the manufacturing processes" (p. 7). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Hazard Summary Report on the Experimental Boiling Water Reactor (EBWR)
Report discussing possible hazards and preliminary safeguards for a 20-megawatt Experimental Boiling Water Reactor (EBWR) power plant
Design of the Argonne Low Power Reactor (ALPR)
Report containing "[a] description (...) of the design of a prototype "packaged" nuclear power plant. The purpose of the plant is to alleviate fuel oil logistics and storage problems posed by remote auxiliary DEW Line radar stations north of the Arctic Circle. The ALPR (redesignated SL-1) is a 3 Mwt, heterogeneous, highly enriched uranium- fueled, natural-circulation boiling water reactor, cooled and moderated with light water. Steam at 300 psig, dry and saturated (421 deg F) is passed directly from the reactor to a conventional turbine-generator to produce electric power (300 kw nominal) and space-heating (400 kw) requirements consistent with rigid mechanical and structural specifications prescribed by the military, and dictated by the extreme geophysics prevailing at the ultimate site. The over-all design criteria emphasize: simplicity and reliability of operation and maintenance, with minimum supervision; minimum on-site construction; maximum use of standard components; limited water supply; utilization of local gravel for biological shielding; transportability by air lift; and nominal 3-year fuel operating lifetime per core loading." (p. 15)
Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) Shield Design
No Description Available.
Dynamic Analysis of Coolant Circulation in Boiling Water Nuclear Reactors
Report concerning the study of the two-phase flow through the cooling channels of a natural-circulation boiling water nuclear reactor. "One-dimensional conservation equations describing the flow through each channel are written in the linearized perturbed form, and Laplace transformation in time is performed." (p. 5)
The Control of Condensation Heat Transfer Rates Using an Electromagnetic Field
Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory over "the use of an electromagnetic field to control the laminar film condensation of a vapor whose liquid is electrically conducting" (p. 7). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
An Experimental Investigation of Two-Phase, Two-Component Flow in a Horizontal, Converging-Diverging Nozzle
Report that "describes an investigation of the flow characteristics in a horizontal, converging-diverging nozzle for a two-phase, two-component system" (p. 1) using air and water and "attempting to determine the effects of accelerating the liquid phase by the gaseous phase" (p. 1).
Development of an Electrical Resistivity Probe For Void-Fraction Measurements in Air-Water Flow
No Description Available.
The Facility 350 Helium-Atmosphere System
Report describing the helium atmosphere system in the Argonne National Laboratory's Facility 350. The atmosphere's ability to remove moisture, oxygen, and other impurities, how the atmosphere is purified, and experimental data regarding the use of activated carbon to absorb oxygen from helium are discussed.
Description and Proposed Operation of the Fuel Cycle Facility for the Second Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II)
Report regarding "[t]he Fuel Cycle Facility for the Second Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II), the process equipment, and the operations to be conducted in the facility are described. The Fuel Cycle Facility is a plant for reprocessing, by pyro-metallurgical methods, the core and blanket material discharged from EBR-II. The reactor core alloy is uranium-5 percent fissium and contains about 46 wt.% Uranium-235 . The blanket material consists of uranium in which plutonium is bred. Core and blanket subassemblies contained in transfer coffins are transferred between EBR-II and the Fuel Cycle Facility, which is in an adjacent building." (p. 13)
Fabrication of UO2-Stainless Steel Dispersion Fuel For Borax-V Nuclear Superheat
Report describing the development, fabrication, and nondestructive and destructive evaluation of stainless steel-clad fuel plates, the evaluation of fuel subassemblies, and the assembly of fuel element components at Argonne National Laboratory.
Design Summary Report on the Juggernaut Reactor
Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory over design studies conducted on the Juggernaut reactor. Design processes, and methods are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Design and Hazards Summary Report Boiling Reactor Experiment V (BORAX V)
Report describing the design and usage of the BORAX V nuclear reactor, its surrounding facility, systems, experimental programs, and possible hazards.
Hazard Evaluation Report on the Fast Reactor Zero Power Experiment ZPR-III
Report documenting the fast zero power reactor experiment (ZPRG-III). This includes a description of the experiment and the reactor, hazards, and accidents.
Corrosion Studies of Ternary Zirconium Alloys in High-Temperature Water and Steam
Report concerning the corrosion of several ternary zirconium alloys using distilled water at 350 degrees Celsius or ssteam heated to 540 degrees Celsius and 600 psi.
EBR-II Dry Critical Experiments Experimental Program, Experimental Procedures, and Safety Considerations
Report containing zero power (<1 kw) Dry Critical Experiments that were "to be conducted in the EBR-II Reactor prior to filling the Primary System with sodium coolant" (p. 7.) The two primary objectives of these experiments were to determine how well the system performed without sodium coolant and to "determine and/or verify certain operational data to permit modification or improvement of the system (neutron shield, instrumentation, etc.) prior to the introduction of sodium into the system" (p. 7.)
An Evaluation of Reactor Concepts for Use As Separate Steam Superheaters
Report estimating the merits of a variety of nuclear reactor concepts for use as external superheaters to be added on to a steam-producing nuclear power plant.
Hazards Summary Report on the Oxide Critical Experiments
Report describing a zero-power reactor facility (ZPR-VII), its systems, and associated hazards.
The Fabrication of Certain Jacketed Uranium Helices
Report describing the fabrication of Doppler Helices, which were 1/8 inch diameter x 12 foot long uranium core completely enclosed within a thin metal jacket and wound into a spring or helix shape.
Boiling Water Reactor Technology Status of the Art Report: Volume 1., Heat Transfer and Hydraulics
Report discussing state of the art design and operation of heat transfer and hydraulics equipment and technology in boiling water reactor power plants.
A General Method for Comparing Thermal Performance of Fuel Element Geometries and Coolants for Non-Boiling Reactors
Report containing a method "for comparing the influence of various fuel element geometries on rector core shape or different specifications of thermal performance"(p. 7).
The Electrical Design of the EBR-II
Report that "summarizes the electrical design of the Experimental Breeder Reactor II Facility (EBR-II). It attempts to gather together and present in reasonable detail the essential features and workings of the completed design, and to present a concise overall view of the system" (p. 11).
A Computer Program for the Kinetic Treatment of Radiation-Induced Simultaneous Chemical Reactions
No Description Available.
Bending of Circular Plates Under A Variable Symmetrical Load
Report containing "analyses of thin, flat, circular plates subject to bending" (p. 7) using various equations for use as equipment for the Argonne National Laboratory Zero Gradient Synchrotron.
Frequency-Response Analysis of Steam Voids to Sinusoidal Power Modulation in a Thin-Walled Boiling Water Coolant Channel
Report regarding a study with the primary objective of acquiring "experimental data on power-to-void transfer functions for a single rectangular flow channel at elevated pressures" (p. 9).