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Flight Instrument for Measurement of Liquid-Water Content in Clouds at Temperatures Above and Below Freezing

Description: A principle formerly used in an instrument for cloud detection was further investigated to provide a simple and rapid means for measuring the liquid-water content of clouds at temperatures above and below freezing. The instrument consists of a small cylindrical element so operated at high surface temperatures that the impingement of cloud droplets creates a significant drop in the surface temperature. ? The instrument is sensitive to a wide range of liquid-water content and was calibrated at one set of fixed conditions against rotating multicylinder measurements. The limited conditions of the calibration Included an air temperature of 20 F, an air velocity of 175 miles per hour, and a surface temperature in clear air of 475 F. The results obtained from experiments conducted with the instrument indicate that the principle can be used for measurements in clouds at temperatures above and below freezing. Calibrations for ranges of airspeed, air temperature, and air density will be necessary to adapt the Instrument for general flight use.
Date: March 5, 1951
Creator: Perkins, Porter J.

NACA Conference on Aircraft Loads, Structures, and Flutter

Description: This document contains reproductions of technical papers on some of the most recent research results on aircraft loads, flutter, and structures from the NACA laboratories. These papers were presented by members of the staff of the NACA laboratories at the Conference held at the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory March 5, 6, and 7, 1957. The primary purpose of this Conference was to convey to contractors of the military services and others concerned with the design of aircraft these recent research results and to provide those attending an opportunity to discuss the results. The papers in this document are in the same form in which they were presented at the Conference in order to facilitate their prompt distribution. The original presentation and this record are considered as complementary to, rather than as substitutes for, the Committee?s more complete and formal reports. Accordingly, if information from this document is utilized it is requested that this document not be listed as a reference. Individual reports dealing with most of the information presented at the Conference will subsequently be published by NACA and will therefore be suitable as reference material.
Date: March 5, 1957

Icing Characteristics and Anti-Icing Heat Requirements for Hollow and Ternally Modified Gas-Heated Inlet Guide Vanes

Description: A two-dimensional inlet-guide-vane cascade was investigated to determine the effects of ice formations on the pressure losses across the guide vanes and to evaluate the heated gas flow and temperature required to prevent Icing at various conditions. A gas flow of approximately 0.4 percent of the inlet-air flow was necessary for anti-icing a hollow guide-vane stage at an inlet-gas temperature of 500 F under the following icing conditions: air velocity, 280 miles per hour; water content, 0.9 gram per cubic meter; and Inlet-air static temperature, 00 F. Also presented are the anti-icing gas flows required with modifications of the hollow Internal gas passage, which show heatinput savings greater than 50 percent.
Date: December 5, 1950
Creator: Gray, Vernon H. & Bowden, Dean T.

Characteristics of flow over inclined bodies of revolution

Description: Experimental force, moment, and center-of-pressure variations for a large number of bodies of revolution have been compared with the calculated characteristics based on the approximate theory developed in NACA-RM-A9I26. The bodies varied in fineness ratio from 4.5 to 21.1, from blunt unboattailed bodies to airship hulls, and the experimental results are given for widely varying Mach number ranges of angle of attack. It is shown that the lift and drag characteristics are fairly accurately predicted by the theory but that the actual center of pressure is more rearward than the theory indicates. Experimental pressure distributions and visual-flow studies which have been used to investigate the characteristics of the cross flow for inclined bodies of revolution have demonstrated that the development of the cross flow with distance along the body on a long body of constant about a circular cylinder impulsively started from rest. This factor assists in explaining the observed differences between center-of-pressure location determined from experiment and that calculated using the approximate theory.
Date: March 5, 1951
Creator: Allen, H Julian & Perkins, Edward W

Altitude-wind-tunnel investigation of performance characteristics of a J47D prototype (RX1-1) turbojet engine with variable-area exhaust nozzle

Description: Performance of a J47D (RX1-1) turbojet engine equipped with afterburner, variable-area exhaust nozzle, and integrated electronic control was determined over a range of flight conditions. These data were obtained with the electronic control both operative and inoperative. For operation with scheduled exhaust nozzle area, the minimum specific fuel consumption of 1.15 pounds of fuel per hour per pound of net thrust occurred at about 7200 rpm at altitudes from 5000 to 25,000 feet at a flight Mach number of 0.19.
Date: September 5, 1951
Creator: Conrad, E William & Mcaulay, John E

Free-flight performance of 16-inch-diameter supersonic ram-jet units II : five units designed for combustion-chamber-inlet Mach number of 0.16 at free-stream Mach number of 1.60 (units B-1, B-2, B-3, B-4, and B-5) /c Wesley E. Messing and Scott H. S

Description: Free-flight performance of five 16-inch-diameter ram-jet units was determined over range of free-stream Mach numbers of 0.50 to 1.86 and gas total-temperature ratios between 1.0 and 6.1 Time histories of performance data are presented for each unit. Correlations illustrate effect of free-stream Mach number and gas total-temperature ratio on diffuser total-pressure recovery, net-thrust coefficient, and external drag coefficient. One unit had smooth steady burning throughout the entire flight and encountered a maximum free-stream Mach number of 1.86 with a net acceleration of approximately 4.2 g's.
Date: May 5, 1950
Creator: Messing, Wesley E & Simpkinson, Scott H

Measurement of uniform flame movement in carbon monoxide - air mixtures containing either added D2O or H2O

Description: Relative velocities of the flame in a carbon monoxide - air mixture containing either added heavy water or light water were measured in a glass tube. Throughout the range of carbon monoxide - air composition, the flame containing added light water had a faster speed than the flame containing heavy water.
Date: July 5, 1950
Creator: Mcdonald, Glen E