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Pennsylvania Emergency Management and Homeland Security Statutory Authorities Summarized
This report is one of a series that profiles the emergency management and homeland security statutory authorities of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and three territories (American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). Each profile identifies the more significant elements of state statutes, generally as codified. This report focuses on the state of Pennsylvania.
Rural planning : the village.
Describes various types of planned villages and provides examples of features in such communities.
Effect of Exposure Site on Weather Resistance of Porcelain Enamels Exposed for Three Years
From Introduction: "The present report describes the condition of all of the porcelain enamels after exposure for 3 yr."
Strontium Program: Quarterly Summary Report, May 29, 1959
From Abstract: "This report is one of a sequence of quarterly reports, each designed to up-date its predecessor beginning with HASL-42, "Environmental Contamination from Weapon Tests". Herein are presented data which have accrued since HASL-55. Levels of strontinum-90 in fallout, milk, air, water, vegetation, foods, and bone are given, based on data available from February 1, 1959 to May 20, 1959."
Strontium Program: Quarterly Summary Report, November 19, 1958
From Abstract: "This report up-dates certain sections of HASL-42, "Environmental Contamination from Weapon Tests". In particular, the levels of Strontium-90 in fallout, milk, tap water, air, and soil are included for data available up to November 1, 1958."
External Environmental Radiation Measurements in the United States
Report regarding ion chamber measurements made of the external environmental radiation in various location in the United States during the summer of 1957.
Preliminary Data on Fallout From the Fall 1961 USSR Test Series: Staff Report
From introduction: "Following the USSR announcement of its intention to resume testing, arrangements were made for the three stations collecting individual rainfall samples to begin analyses for short-lived nuclides. Some of the data are now available and are reported here." From Data: "The available data, including samples for Houston, Texas and Louisville, Kentucky are given in the tables at the end of this report."
Acid-Mine-Drainage Problems: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
Report from the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the anthracite region of Pennsylvania and the efforts to prevent coal-mine drainage into nearby streams. According to the introduction, "The purpose of this report is not to develop a practicable or feasible method or process of treating acid mine water but rather to present available factual and deduced data that may be useful in showing pH range over which the treatment is to take place and the sludge products most likely to be handled" (p. 2).
Barrier Pillars in the Western Middle Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Summary: "The investigation of barrier pillars in the Western Middle field is part of the comprehensive study of mine-water problem in the anthracite region of Pennsylvania by the Federal Bureau of Mines (1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16)." From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to give factual data on barrier pillars that will be helpful in solving the mine-water problem."
Barrier Pillars in Lackawanna Basin, Northern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to furnish data on the barrier pillars that enter into the water problem of the Lackawanna Basin; this will be helpful in solving the anthracite-mine-water problem of the Northern field."
Injury Experience in the Coking Industry, 1951
From Introduction and Summary: "Reports from operating companies showed that 25,715 men worked at coke ovens in 1951, about 6 percent more than were employed in 1950 and, except in 1943, the largest work force since 1930, when 28,139 men were employed. The work time for all employees was 70,190,493 man-hours. The returns indicated an average of 344 work days per man as compared with 341 days in the previous year. Accidents at the ovens resulted in the death of 10 and injury to 768 workers, both of these figures representing fewer injuries than in 1950."
Barrier Pillars in the Southern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Introduction: "The investigation of barrier pillars in the Southern field is part of the comprehensive study of the mine-water problem in the anthracite region of Pennsylvania by the Federal Bureau of Mines (1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 18).
Surface-Water Seepage into Anthracite Mines in the Western Middle Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Scope of Report: "This report summarizes the engineering study conducted during 1952 by engineers of the Federal Bureau of Mines seepage of surface water into mine workings underlying the Western Middle field drainage area."
Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910 Part 2. Descriptions of Samples
From Introduction: "This volume contains the descriptions of the samples whose analyses are published in the preceding volume, Part I of this bulletin. The descriptions have been compiled from the notebooks of the persons who collected the samples, have been condensed from accounts given in published reports of the United States Geological Survey, or have furnished by the collection themselves. Inasmuch as the descriptions represent the work of many persons during a period of six years, and inasmuch as they were recorded under widely differing conditions, they necessarily vary in fullness detail."
Mining Conditions Under the City of Scranton, Pennsylvania
Bulletin issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines regarding the conditions of the mines beneath the city of Scranton, Pennsylvania, including suggestions about methods to continue excavating coal while preserving the structural integrity of the city's foundation.
Notes on Explosive Mine Gases and Dusts: with Special Reference to Explosions in the Monongah, Darr, and Naomi Coal Mines
From Introduction: "The studies herein reported were begun as a part of researches undertaken by the United States Geological Survey looking to the more efficient utilization of the coal in the United States through the reduction of the waste in its extraction, and were continued as part of further researches having regard to the conversation of the fuel resources of this country and to the lessening of injuries and fatalities in coal mining."
Sand Available for Filling Mine Workings in the Northern Anthracite Basin of Pennsylvania
From Introduction: "This report is issued by the Bureau of Mines in the interest of safer and efficient mining methods. Its purpose is to describe the sand deposits in the northern anthracite coal field in Luzerne and Lackawanna Counties, Pa."
Coal-Mine Accidents in the United States and Foreign Countries
From Introduction: "The lack of comparable and accurate statistics of coal-mine accidents in the united States as a whole led the Bureau of Mines in 1911 to undertake the collection of such data. The mining departments of the leading foreign coal-producing countries have long taken cognizance of the importance of statistics. The bureau feels that in presenting the tables embodied in this report it is offering the and comparable statistics of coal-min accidents for the country as a whole that have ever been published."
Occurrence of Explosive Gases in Coal Mines
From Introduction: "This report presents the results of an investigation begun by the Government in the summer of 1907, the investigation being started under the immediate supervision of Dr. J. A Holmes and continued under him as director after it was transferred to the Bureau of Mines in 1910, the field studies being completed in the spring of 1912. The purpose of the investigation was to obtain information on the origin of the inflammable gases in coal and the conditions under which they occur."
Approved Explosion-Proof Coal-Cutting Equipment
Report discussing description of equipment tested to prevent explosions when using coal-cutting explosions and provides explanation of fire damp protection theory.
Oil and Gas Wells through Workable Coal Beds: Papers and Discussions
From Preface: "In carrying out such a policy with reference to the subject under consideration, the Bureau of Mines invited the State geologists, mine inspectors, and a number of coal operators and oil and gas well drillers from the States interested to meet representatives of the Bureau of Mines in Pittsburgh, Pa., for a discussion of the subject during February 7 and February 8, 1913. This adjourned meeting of the conference will be held at an early date and its report will be printed in a later edition of this bulletin, with such additional suggestions as may be received by the Bureau of Mines. The bureau will be glad, therefore, to receive at the earliest practicable date any additional suggestions or any additional information throwing light on the matters discussed in this bulletin."
A Primer on Explosives for Coal Miners
From Introduction: "Much of the information in this primer has been obtained from experiments conducted by the technologic branch of the United Sates Geological Survey at the mining experiment station at Pittsburgh, Pa. These investigations have shown the recent development of a new type of short-flame explosives, which can be used with greater safety than black powder in mines where there is dangerous gas or inflammable dust, because the flame from the explosion of black powder lasts from 2,500 to 3,500 times as long does the flame from these newer explosives and is therefore more likely to ignite the gas or dust in such mines."
Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910: Part 1. -- Analyses
From Significance and value of Analyses of Coal: "The analyses published in this report cover samples of coal collected in many different parts of the country with unusual care by experiences men, in such manner as to make them representative of extensive beds of coal."
The Sampling and Examination of Mine Gases and Natural Gas
Report by the U.S. Bureau of Mines based on experiments performed in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to study mine gases. Findings in this bulletin include descriptions of the experiments and equipment used: "The first part of this report deals with the methods used by the bureau in the collection and examination of the various mine gases; the latter part discusses the bureau's methods of sampling and examining natural gas" (p. 5).
National Mine-Rescue and First-Aid Conference: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, September 23-26, 1912
From Introduction: "It this report endeavor has been made to eliminate all unnecessary remarks; but in order that those who hold diverging views regarding the subjects discussed may have before them the arguments that led the conferees to vote for the 36 resolutions adopted, the discussion had in the committees and in open session is published practically in full. Moreover, for the information of those mining officials, operators, and surgeons who are unfamiliar with approved methods of first-aid training and training with breathing apparatus and safety devices and methods of rescue, it seems equally desirable that the few opening addresses and closing remarks made it general session should be published as an expression of the reasons for such work and for the conference."
First Series of Coal-Dust Explosion Tests in the Experimental Mine
From Introduction: "This report has been prepared, not only for the purpose of recoding the results of the first series of coal-dust tests conducted in the experimental mine of the Bureau of Mines, but also to place before the mining public a description of the mine and an account of the objects sought in an its establishment."
The Flow of Heat Through Furnace Walls
From Introduction: "This bulletin contains a statement of certain results that will be embodied in a report describing investigations of the combustion of fuel made by the United States Geological Survey and the Bureau of Mines in a specially constructed long furnace."
The Use of Permissible Explosives
From Preface: "The present bulletin is printed as a supplement to Bulletin 17 and is intended primarily for coal miners, especially for those working in fields where inflammable gas or coal dust may cause disastrous mine explosions. The bulletin is issued by the Bureau of Mines in the hope that it may prove helpful in lessening accidents due to the use of explosives, and in particular may aid in preventing mine explosions, many of which have been caused by the use of improper explosives."
Apparatus and Methods for the Sampling and Analysis of Furnace Gases
From Introduction: "It is the purpose of this paper to describe some apparatus and methods which have proved satisfactory to those engaged in the chemical work of the investigations mentioned. While these methods and apparatus have been designed more particularly with regard to analysis of furnace gases, their use is by no means limited to that purpose."
The Coke Industry of the United States as Related to the Foundry
From Introduction: "The present bulletin, published by the Bureau of Mines because of the analyzing and testing of fuels have been transferred from the Geographical Survey to the Bureau of Mines, briefly reviews the status of the coke industry, some features of practice in the use of coke in the foundry, the probable happenings of a cupola heat, and the reasons for modifying charging practice so that a particular coke can be used to best advantage."
Mining and Preparing Domestic Graphite for Crucible Use
From Prefactory Statement: "In this bulletin are presented the results obtained in the first two phases of the work outlined above. The bulletin is in two parts. The first part describes the methods of mining and milling used, suggests a standard method of sampling finished graphite, and describes a rapid and convenient method of analysis developed at the Pittsburgh station of the Bureau of Mines, to which has been assigned the analytical and microscopic work. The second part describes experiments on the concentration and milling of graphite, which were made at the Salt Lake City, Utah, station."
Manufacture of Gasoline and Benzene-Toluene from Petroleum and Other Hydrocarbons
From Preface: "This bulletin deals with the cracking of petroleum and other hydrocarbons and the production thereby of gasoline, benzene, and toluene."
Combustion of Coal and Design of Furnaces
From Purpose and scope of Investigations: "The combustion investigations of bureau are carried on in two parts. One part is the study of the process of combustion in the fuel bed as affected by the rate of supplying air through the fuel bed, by the character of the fuel as regards structure and composition, by the thickness of fuel bed, by the method of feeding the coal and the air and by the method of heating the coal. The second part of the investigation is the study of the process of combustion of the gases and other combustible rising from the fuel bed in the combustion space, after a sufficient quantity of air has been added. The results of the study are given in this report."
The Feldspars of the New England and North Appalachian States
From Introduction: "The investigations presented in this bulletin have been undertaken by the bureau with a view to a better understanding of the conditions which confront the producer of commercial feldspar and also with the object of determining wherein the various deposits of feldspar differ."
Inundated Anthracite Reserves: Eastern Middle Field of Pennsylvania
From Scope of Report: "In this report one major unwatering project was developed. Three pools that inundate considerable tonnages of anthracite reserves are close enough together to be unwatered by some centralized system. Three alternative plans were studied to estimate the cost of each."
Characterization of Tar Acids from Coal-Hydrogenation Oils
From Introduction: "The purpose of this investigation was to separate and identify as many of the principal phenolic compounds produced by the mild hydrogenation of Pittsburgh-bed (Bruceton) coal as possible and to determine with the greatest possible accuracy the proportions in which they are present."
Surface-Water Seepage into Anthracite Mines in the Southern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
Scope of Report: "This report summarizes the engineering study conducted during 1953 by engineers of the Federal Bureau of Mines on seepage of surface water into mine workings underlying the Southern field drainage area."
Surface-Water Seepage into Anthracite Mines in the Wyoming Basin, Northern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Scope of Report: "This report discusses the nature of stream-bed and surface seepage problems and mentions remedial measures devised by some anthracite-mining companies to prevent seepage of surface water into their mines."
Structure and Propagation of Turbulent Bunsen Flames
From Introduction and Summary: "In the assessments of research objectives after World War II it was brought out that little effort had yet been expended on an understanding of turbulent flames.The present report deals exclusively with a second stage of work which was carried out between November 1954 and August 1959. This summary report includes a few new data, but its chief purpose is to reorient the findings toward a better appreciation of what has been accomplished and what most profitably might be done in the near future."
Determination of Phenols in Coal Tars and Hydroxyl Groups in Coal by Forming Trimethylsilyl Ethers
From Introduction: "This report reviews related previous work and describes studies by the Bureau of Mines on (1) the development of new methods for analyzing phenols, (2) the development of a specific method for the determination of phenolic hydoxyl groups in coal, and (3) the preparation and properties of trimethylsiyl derivatives of individual phenols."
Plastic, Agglutinating, and Free-Swelling Properties of American Coals
From Abstract: "This Bulletin presents, in collected and tabulated form, Bureau of Mines (Pittsburgh station) data pertaining to the plastic, agglutinating, and free-swelling characteristics of American coals."
Analyses of Tipple and Delivered Samples of Coal: (Collected During the Fiscal Years 1948 to 1950 Inclusive)
From Forward: "This bulletin is the first of a new series, which includes analyses of only tipple and delivered coal. It covers samples collected throughout the United States from July 1, 1947 to June 30, 1950 (fiscal years 1948-50). It is planned that future publications of this series will cover a period of one fiscal year only and be issued as soon as possible after June 30 of each year."
Surface-Water Seepage into Anthracite Mines in the Lackawanna Basin, Northern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Scope of Report: "This report discusses the nature of stream-bed and surface seepage problems and mentions remedial measures devised by some anthracite-mining companies to prevent seepage of surface water into their mines."
Flood Prevention in Anthracite Mines, Northern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania, Project Number 1 (Lackawanna)
From Scope of Report: "The report covers the following: (a) A brief description of the proposed Conowingo tunnel system, which will drain the anthracite mines of Pennsylvania into the Susquehanna River at Conowingo. Md.; (b) economic development of the Northern field and the improvements desired; (c) geology and hydrology of the Northern field; (d) the basic problem, plans, and costs of Project No.1 (Lackawanna) ; (e) economic analysis and justification of the project; and (f) final recommendations, including financing and cooperation of local interests."
Corrosive and Erosive Effects of Acid Mine Waters on Metals and Alloys for Mine Pumping Equipment and Drainage Facilities: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Summary: "This report presents data on the corrosive and erosive effects of acid mine waters in the anthracite region on metals and alloys for pumping equipment and drainage facilities necessary to remove or control this water. This report is based on field tests conducted cooperatively by the Armco Steel Corp. and the Federal Bureau of Mines from January 1953 to June 1954 to determine the most suitable materials for constructing pumping equipment designed to handle these acid mine waters."
Mine Flood Prevention and Control: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania, Final Report of the Anthracite Flood-Prevention Project Engineers
Summary: "The engineering survey, summarized in this report, consisted of studies on acid mine water, underground-water pools, the "buried valley" of the Susquehanna River, inundated anthracite reserves, mine pumping plants, surface-water pools, seepage of surface water into mines, barrier pillars between mines, and geologic features of the region that included core drilling along alinement of the proposed Conowingo tunnel and to some extent along the proposed Marcus Hook alternate tunnel route. A comprehensive study was conducted to determine corrosion and erosion resistance of selected metals and alloys and to ascertain their suitability for components of pumps to be used in handling acid mine water."
Barrier Pillars in Wyoming Basin, Northern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to furnish factual data on barrier pillars that enter into the water problem of the Wyoming Basin; these data will, in turn, be helpful in solving the anthracite-mine-water problem of the Northern field."
Flood Prevention in Anthracite Mines, Western Middle and Southern Fields: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania, Project Number 2
From Summary: "This report covers the second in a series of five projects into which the Conowingo tunnel system has been divided for geographical and practical reasons. It outlines the construction work contemplated-to sink two shafts on the line of the main tunnel that are designated the Nos. 9A and 11 shafts, to turn off from the No. 9A shaft the Landsford and Lykens laterals, and to drive portions of the main tunnel."
Flood Prevention in Anthracite Mines, Northern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania, Project Number 3 (Wyoming)
From Scope of Report: "This report covers the following: (a) A brief description of the work contemplated under Project No. 3 as an integral part of the Conowingo tunnel system; (b) an economic discussion of the area affected; (c) the geology and hydrology of the Northern field, including the Wyoming Basin; (d) the basic problem, plans, and costs, and the construction schedule of the project; (e) an economic analysis and a justification for the project; (f) recommendations and cooperation of local interests; and (g) final conclusions."
Physical Testing of Explosives at the Bureau of Mines Explosives Experiment Station, Bruceton, Pennsylvania
From Introduction: "The methods of making the physical tests of explosives recorded here are based upon the results of more than 20 years of experience of the staff of the explosives division of the Bureau of Mines at the Pittsburgh testing station and at its successor, the Explosives Experiment Station, Bruceton, Pa. The methods are described in unusual detail to permit repetition that will duplicate, as nearly as possible, the precise manner in which they have been performed in the past and to reduce differences in technique to a minimum."