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Forage Plants for the South

Description: Report discussing the findings of an experimental study of over 500 native and foreign species of grasses and other forage plants in the southern United States. The report is limited to a discussion of species that were established to hold agricultural value for hay and pastures.
Date: 1894
Creator: Smith, Erwin F. (Erwin Frink), 1854-1927

Suggestions to Southern Farmers

Description: Report summarizing the contents of papers read at the Interstate Farmers' Convention held at Vicksburg, Mississippi, February 8-10, 1899. Topics discussed include soil properties, cotton products, livestock farming and feeding, horticulture, agricultural education, forage crops, and the Weather Bureau. The material collected in this report is intended primarily for residents of the South and the Southwest.
Date: 1899
Creator: United States. Department of Agriculture.

Cassava

Description: Report discussing the potential for cassava cultivation in the Gulf Coast States of the United States. Topics discussed include soil requirements, fertilizers, common diseases, harvesting, crop yields, and marketing.
Date: 1903
Creator: Hunter, W. D. (Walter David), 1875-1925

The Cotton Bollworm: Some Observations and Results of Field Experiments in 1904

Description: Report discussing the cotton bollworm, which is very destructive to the cotton plant, especially in the Southwestern states in the Cotton Belt of the United States. Contains reports on fieldwork conducted at two stations in Texas and a discussion of effective and ineffective methods of control.
Date: 1905
Creator: Quaintance, A. L. (Altus Lacy), 1870-1958 & Bishopp, F. C. (Fred Corry), 1884-1970

Experiment Station Work, [Volume] 35

Description: Bulletin issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture compiling selected articles from the Agricultural Experiment Stations. This bulletin contains articles on: Use of Commercial Fertilizers, Weight of Lime per Bushel, Spreading Lime, Soil Sterilization, Weights per Bushel of Seeds, Disease Resistant Crops, Corn Billibugs and Root-Louse, Asparagus Rust and Its Control, Alfalfa Meal as a Feeding Stuff, Singed Cacti as Forage, Cattle Feeding in the South, Milk Fever, Nail Wounds in Horses' Feet, and Use of a Cheap Canning Outfit.
Date: 1906
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.

Texas or Tick Fever and Its Prevention

Description: Report discussing the disease tick fever (also known as Texas fever) and its destructive effects on cattle. Topics discussed include the life cycle of the tick which transmits the disease, symptoms of the disease, and methods of treatment and prevention.
Date: 1906
Creator: Mohler, John R. (John Robbins), b. 1875

Experiment Station Work, [Volume] 39

Description: Bulletin issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture compiling selected articles from the Agricultural Experiment Stations. This bulletin contains articles on: Improvements in Peach Growing, Mulberries, Alfalfa in the Eastern States, Oat Culture in the South, Improvement of Grass Land, Succotash as a Soiling Crop, Tankage and Bone Meal for Hogs, Grinding Corn for Hogs, Dips as Lice Killers, Digestibility of Fish and Poultry, Honey Vinegar, and the Farm Woodlot.
Date: 1907
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.

A Successful Alabama Diversification Farm

Description: "In this bulletin is given the record of a 65-acre hog farm in the black prairie region of Alabama. The method of farming described is applicable to the entire area in which corn, alfalfa, and Bermuda grass can be grown. This area includes the black lands of Texas, the river bottoms of Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, and the alluvial soils generally in all the Southern States.... The primary object in the work of this farm was to demonstrate that hog farming is practicable in this territory, and three years' experience has led us to the conclusion that the production of alfalfa hay in this region can also be made highly profitable.... The system of farming established on the diversification farm at Uniontown, Alabama, was planned with the special view of increasing the fertility of the soil and reducing the cost of tillage by doing away with hillside ditches and adopting improved methods of cultivation." -- p. 5
Date: 1907
Creator: Crosby, M. A.; Duggar, J. F. (John Frederick), 1868- & Spillman, W. J. (William Jasper)

Cowpeas

Description: "The cowpea is the most valuable legume for the Southern States and its use would be much more extensive were it not for the relatively high price of the seed, most of which is still picked by hand. Particular attention is therefore given to the matter of harvesting seed by machinery now in very successful use in several communities. These methods are so far perfected that the cowpea seed crop should receive much greater attention in favorable localities." -- p. 5. This bulletin also discusses the use of cowpeas for hay, seed mixtures of cowpeas and other crops, the nutritional value of cowpeas in animal feeds, growing practices, and the several different varieties of cowpea.
Date: 1908
Creator: Nielsen, H. T. (Harold T.)

Demonstration Work in Cooperation with Southern Farmers

Description: Report discussing the efforts of the Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work, which consists of "(1) the demonstration of improved methods of agriculture in the weevil-infected districts [...] and (2) the extension of the same principles to other Southern States beyond the range of weevil infestation." (p. 6) Congress created the organization in 1904 to assist with relief efforts.
Date: 1908
Creator: Knapp, Seaman Ashahel, 1833-1911

Experiment Station Work, [Volume] 49

Description: Bulletin issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture compiling selected articles from the Agricultural Experiment Stations. This bulletin contains articles on: Conservation of Soil Resources, Potato Breeding, Disk-Harrowing Alfalfa, the Montreal Muskmelon, Storage of Hubbard Squash, Fig Culture in the South, Mushroom Growing, Preserving Wild Mushrooms, Cooking Beans and Other Vegetables, and a Model Kitchen.
Date: 1909
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.

Demonstration Work on Southern Farms

Description: Report discussing the origination and purpose of the Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work. The agency is primarily tasked with developing methods to control the spread of the Mexican cotton boll weevil, but it researches cultivation techniques for other crops as well, particularly corn and cowpea. This report summarizes the agency's preliminary findings.
Date: 1910
Creator: Knapp, S. A.

Winter Oats for the South

Description: "The growing of winter grains is an important part of the diversification of crops in the South. Winter oats is one of the best of the winter grains for general use, but under ordinary methods of culture the crop frequently winterkills or returns unsatisfactory yields. Methods are described in this bulletin by which the loss from winterkilling may be largely obviated and the yields materially increased." -- p. 2
Date: 1911
Creator: Warburton, C. W. (Clyde William), 1879-1950

Forage Crops for the Cotton Region

Description: Report discussing the grasses, legumes, hay crops, pasture crops, and other forage crops which grow in the Gulf Coast region of the United States. Among the more profitable crops discussed are velvet bean, beggarweed, Mexican clover, Japan clover, and Bermuda grass.
Date: 1912
Creator: Tracy, S. M. (Samuel Mills), 1847-1920

An Example of Intensive Farming in the Cotton Belt

Description: "This paper is descriptive of the improvement of an area of poor land by growing ordinary field crops under a system of farm management which aims at the incorporation of liberal amounts of organic matter in the soil as the chief factor in maintaining fertility and increased crop yields -- a practice which can not be too frequently brought to the attention of farmers. This system has produced greater returns to the farmer who practices it than any other system in use in his locality and will serve as an object lesson to many small farmers in all parts of the country." -- p. 2
Date: 1913
Creator: Crosby, M. A.

Beef Production in the South

Description: Report giving an overview of methods for raising cattle in the southern United States. There are special discussions of cattle feed, methods for fattening cattle, and the different breeds of cattle adapted to the region.
Date: 1914
Creator: Ward, W. F. (William Francis) & Gray, Dan T. (Daniel Thomas), 1878-

Bur Clover

Description: This report discusses the cultivation of bur clover, which is an annual legume that serves as a winter cover crop and as pasturage. The best practices for and uses of bur clover are discussed in detail.
Date: 1915
Creator: Piper, Charles V. (Charles Vancouver), 1867-1926 & McKee, Roland