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Celery
Report discussing the cultivation, storing, and marketing of celery as popular crop for home consumption in the United States.
Poultry Management
"This paper is confined entirely to the chicken industry, as it was found that to treat thoroughly all phases of poultry raising would make a bulletin of undue length, and furthermore, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea fowls, etc., are covered in a satisfactory manner by other publications of the Department. The bulletin has been prepared from the practical standpoint, and technicalities have been avoided as much as possible. In all respects the effort has been made to bring the discussion of methods and appliances down to date, including such subjects as dry feeding, curtain-front houses, colony houses, etc.... The methods used on some of these farms are described, and some of the houses and appliances are illustrated." -- p. 2
A Successful Southern Hay Farm
"In localities where a one-crop system has prevailed for a number of years farms which deviate from this system are of special interest, because they show what types of farming are possible in the section in which they are located. In the cotton-growing States such farms are of unusual interest for the reason that so few of them exist. Much of the hay consumed on Southern farms and plantations is shipped from the North. As a result, hay is high priced in the South. There is room for a considerable number of hay farms in that section. That such farms can be made to pay handsomely is demonstrated by the experience of the farmer who work is described in these pages. Not every hay grower can follow the methods here described. It is not necessary, however, that a farmer should feed steers for their manure, as is done on this farm, in order to be able to grow hay. While nothing else is quite equal to manure, land can be kept in good heart by plowing under an occasional green crop and then using lime and commercial fertilizers. A brief discussion of hay growing under more usual conditions on southern farms will be found at the end of this bulletin." -- p. 7. The farm discussed in this bulletin is in South Carolina.
Flax Culture
Report discussing cultivation of flax, methods for processing its fiber, and common diseases which affect it.
Comparative Value of Whole Cotton Seed and Cotton-Seed Meal in Fertilizing Cotton
Report discussing the possible uses of cottonseed meal as a fertilizer on farms, as compared to whole cottonseed from which the oil has not yet been extracted.
Diversified Farming Under the Plantation System
Report promoting crop diversification and crop rotation on farms, particularly among those engaged in the plantation system.
Cost of Filling Silos
Report describing the costs associated with filling a grain silo, including information about labor, machinery, supplies, crops types and conditions, and partnership arrangements among farmers.
A Profitable Tenant Dairy Farm
Report explaining how to successfully operate a tenant dairy farm by example of a 120-acre farm in southern Michigan. The farm discussed was owned by Mr. J. N. Neal and managed by Mr. Charles J. Angevine.Topics under consideration include operations contracts, cropping systems, buildings, employees, manure, equipment, and finances.
A Method of Eradicating Johnson Grass
Report discussing various methods for destroying Johnson grass. Topics discussed include the root systems of Johnson grass plants, a summary of the results of experiments to kill the grass, the importance of proper tilling practices, and crop rotation.
Beans
"The member of this great family with which we have at this time to deal -- the bean -- is not so valuable from the standpoint of forage or soil renovation, but is among the most valuable members of the great group for the seed which it produces. While the seed is the most important and valuable factor, the power to gather nitrogen and to render the soil better for having been grown upon it is an important consideration and one which should not be overlooked by those interested in maintaining the nitrogen content of the soil." -- p. 6. Topics discussed include the various types of beans and the differences in cultivation between field beans and garden beans.
A Successful Alabama Diversification Farm
"In this bulletin is given the record of a 65-acre hog farm in the black prairie region of Alabama. The method of farming described is applicable to the entire area in which corn, alfalfa, and Bermuda grass can be grown. This area includes the black lands of Texas, the river bottoms of Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, and the alluvial soils generally in all the Southern States.... The primary object in the work of this farm was to demonstrate that hog farming is practicable in this territory, and three years' experience has led us to the conclusion that the production of alfalfa hay in this region can also be made highly profitable.... The system of farming established on the diversification farm at Uniontown, Alabama, was planned with the special view of increasing the fertility of the soil and reducing the cost of tillage by doing away with hillside ditches and adopting improved methods of cultivation." -- p. 5
Evaporation of Apples
"While the recent tendency in the apple industry has apparently been to centralize fruit evaporation in distinct commercial establishments having considerable capacity and requiring capital to construct and equip, there sill remain large regions in which there is a considerable surplus of fruit that is unsuitable for packing and shipping in almost every crop year.... Encouragement of evaporating, canning, cider making, and other methods of utilization therefore appears desirable, and of these evaporating is the one that is most applicable at present to a wide range of conditions, and therefore of most importance to the average farmer." -- p. 2. Types of evaporators, methods of preparing and drying fruit, and the marketing and packing of apples are discussed.
Harvesting and Storing Corn
"The production of a large crop is of course the subject of most importance in corn growing, but there is need of much care and labor in harvesting and storing the crop after it is produced in order to obtain its maximum value." -- p. 7. Topics discussed include silos, times and methods of cutting, shocking, husking, use of machines, and different storage practices.
Dodder in Relation to Farm Seeds
"Dodder, on account of its parasitic nature, is the most dangerous weed in alfalfa and clover fields, and also often affects flax. On account of the large quantity of low-grade seed containing dodder imported from Europe and the prevalence of dodder in the alfalfa-growing regions of the West, its seed is becoming more and more common in commercial seeds. In this paper an attempt has been made to point out the dangerous character of the various kinds of dodder and to give practical suggestions for the eradication of dodder from infested areas." -- p. 2
The Gypsy Moth and How to Control It
Report discussing the introduction of the European gypsy moth to the Americas, its life cycle, potential to damage plants, and methods for its control.
Farm Practice in the Columbia Basin Uplands
"The principle objects in undertaking this study [of farming practices in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho] were (1) to ascertain what methods of tillage are in actual use by the farmers of the region, together with the relative merits of the different methods, and (2) to determine, if possible, the localities and conditions under which each of the leading varieties of wheat succeeds best." -- p. 7
The Cotton Bollworm: A Summary of Its Life History and Habits with Some Results of Investigations in 1905 and 1906
Report discussing the life cycle of the cotton bollworm, favorable conditions for its spread, the nature of damage that can cause, and means of controlling it.
Potatoes and Other Root Crops as Food
Report discussing the nutritional value of potatoes and other root crops, including sweet potatoes, tropical roots such as cassava, and "succulent" roots such as beets and carrots.
Use of Fruit as Food
"The present bulletin...constitutes a summary of available data on the composition, food value, and place in the diet of fresh and preserved fruits of different sorts, particularly the fruits of temperate regions which are commonly grown in the United States." -- p. 3.
Methods of Destroying Rats
Report describing methods for destroying rats in both rural and urban areas. Methods discussed include poisoning, trapping, hunting by ferrets and dogs, and fumigation.
The Use of Alcohol and Gasoline in Farm Engines
"Owing to the fact that there are not on the American market any engines designed especially for alcohol, the experiments so far made have been with alcohol in the gasoline and kerosene engines familiar to the American market. The purpose of these experiments is twofold: (1) To determine what can be done with alcohol in the existing engines, and (2) to learn what changes in the mechanism of the engines are necessary to secure the highest efficiency in the use of alcohol as a fuel. ...It has seemed best to publish as a Farmers' Bulletin the essential facts brought out by the experiments made, with some popular matter on the use of gas engines for farm purposes, leaving the details and the more technical results of the tests to be published later, and such publication is therefore recommended." -- p. 2
Home-Grown Tea
"This paper...was prepared in order to meet a considerable demand for information [in the United States] on the methods of growing tea in small home gardens and utilizing it for drinking purposes." -- p. 3. Topics discussed include climate and soil requirements for tea, cultivation practices, harvesting, and curing methods for black tea, sun tea, and green tea.
Sea Island Cotton: Its Culture, Improvement, and Diseases
Report explaining new cultivation techniques for growers of Sea Island cotton in Georgia and Florida. The deterioration of seed quality and poor farming practices for this unique cotton make the adoption of these techniques necessary.
Games Laws for 1907: A Summary of the Provisions Relating to Seasons, Shipment, Sale, and Licenses
Report presenting information on the game laws effective in the United States and Canada for 1907, with special emphasis on federal laws and provisions governing interstate commerce. The report is not a comprehensive overview of state game laws.
Leguminous Crops for Green Manuring
Report discussing the importance and efficacy of green manuring practices, including which leguminous crops are best used for green manure.
Spraying for Apple Diseases and the Codling Moth in the Ozarks
Report promoting the spraying of apples with insecticides and fungicides in the Ozarks in order to prevent damage from bitter-rot, apple blotch, leaf-spot diseases, apple scab, and the codling moth. Each problem is described and a course of treatment by spraying is recommended.
Insect and Fungous Enemies of the Grape East of the Rocky Mountains
Report discussing both the insects and fungi which commonly affect American varieties of grapes grown east of the Rocky Mountains. Methods for control, treatment, and recommendations are given.
Sand-Clay and Burnt-Clay Roads
"The mixing of sand and clay as a form of road construction has received careful study and is of great importance, especially to the Atlantic and Gulf states, where throughout large areas sand and clay are practically the only materials available for road building. One of the objects of this bulletin is to give some account of the commonly observed physical characteristics of clays and sands as an aid to the use of these materials for constructing road.... In all cases a mixture of sand and clay is better than either material alone, except perhaps where it is impossible to drain a sandy road, and , in consequences, it it always wet. Very little if any clay, should be used in this case." -- p. 5
Growing and Curing Hops
"In keeping with the great progress made in agriculture within recent years the methods employed in hop production have not remained unchanged. Nevertheless certain practical principles of great importance to successful hop growing merit a much wider consideration and use than they now enjoy. These will be discussed in the following pages in which is also presented a brief general outline of hop culture." -- p. 7. Hops culture is discussed with regard to climate and soil requirements, propagation, planting, trellises and training, picking, and curing.
Some Important Grasses and Forage Plants for the Gulf Coast Region
Report discussing Mexican clover, beggarweed, velvet beans, guinea grass, and para grass, which are among the most important grasses in the Gulf Coast region of the United States.
Fish as food.
Describes the composition, cost, and nutritive value of fish and other seafoods. Includes sample menus. Discusses methods of preparing seafood for market.
Standard varieties of chickens.
Lists and describes 11 different classifications of chickens as well as the several breeds within them. Includes illustrations.
Experiment Station Work, [Volume] 39
Bulletin issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture compiling selected articles from the Agricultural Experiment Stations. This bulletin contains articles on: Improvements in Peach Growing, Mulberries, Alfalfa in the Eastern States, Oat Culture in the South, Improvement of Grass Land, Succotash as a Soiling Crop, Tankage and Bone Meal for Hogs, Grinding Corn for Hogs, Dips as Lice Killers, Digestibility of Fish and Poultry, Honey Vinegar, and the Farm Woodlot.
Experiment Station Work, [Volume] 40
Bulletin issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture compiling selected articles from the Agricultural Experiment Stations. This bulletin contains articles on: Insoluble Phosphates, Forms and Methods of Applying Lime, Sediment in Irrigation Water, Hardy Bermuda Grass, Williamson Method of Corn Culture, Killing Sassafras Sprouts, Soluble Oils for San Jose Scale, Corn as food for Man, Storing Preserves and Canned Goods, Incubation of Chickens, Prevention of Nodule Disease of Lambs, Some Milk Terms.
Experiment Station Work, [Volume] 41
Bulletin issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture compiling selected articles from the Agricultural Experiment Stations. This bulletin contains articles on: Wells and Pure Water, Phosphates and Soil Acidity, Pure Seed v. Poor Seed, Disease-Resistant Clover, Eradication of Wild Mustard, Sterilization of Soils for Preventing Plant Diseases, Seedless Tomatoes, Pickling Olives and Mock Olives, Hay Box or Fireless Cooker, Insect Enemies of Shade Trees, Feeding Whole Grain, Improvement of Cattle, Ventilation of Stables, Hog Cots, Preserving Eggs, and American Camembert Cheese.
Experiment Station Work, [Volume] 42
Bulletin issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture compiling selected articles from the Agricultural Experiment Stations. This bulletin contains articles on: Extension of Rice Culture, Growing Seed Potatoes Under Mulch, Manure as a Summer Mulch in Forcing Houses, Renewal of Old Orchards, Injury by Bordeaux Mixture, Gluten Flours and Similar foods, Laxative Properties of Wheat Bran, Emmer as a Feeding Stuff, Roots for Farm Animals, Cabbage as Stock Feed, Pasturing Hogs, Cull Beans as a Feed for Hogs, and Healthy Poultry.
Experiment Station Work, [Volume] 43
Bulletin issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture compiling selected articles from the Agricultural Experiment Stations. This bulletin contains articles on: Ice for Household Use, Culture and Varieties of Root Crops, Cowpeas and Soy Beans, Silage from Frosted Corn, Cooperation in Marketing Crops, Incubation of Eggs, Causes of Death of Young Chicks, Snow for Poultry, Eradication of Cattle Tricks, and Bacteria in Cream.
The Nonsaccharine Sorghums
Report discussing nonsaccharine varieties of sorghum, which are grown primarily as forage plants or for their grain. Topics discussed include cultivation techniques ,harvesting, and best uses for a sorghum crop.
The Advantage of Planting Heavy Cotton Seed
Report discussing the importance of using heavy cotton seed and separating it for planting. Experiments have established that heavier seeds more reliably produce better plants. Methods of separating and testing the seeds are discussed, including the equipment necessary for seed separation.
Roselle: Its Culture and Uses
Report discussing and promoting the cultivation of the roselle plant -- a species of hibiscus -- in the United States. Topics discussed include varieties of roselle, helpful fertilizers, harvesting practices, uses, and common diseases and insect enemies.
Industrial Alcohol: Sources and Manufacture
Revised edition. This bulletin "is devoted to the description of the sources from which industrial alcohol may be made and the methods of [its] manufacture." -- p. 2. Topics discussed include legislation concerning denatured alcohol, agricultural sources of industrial alcohol, the yield and composition of alcohol-producing crops, alcohol by-products, and the manufacturing process for alcohol.
Food Value of Corn and Corn Products
Report discussing "the digestibility of different sorts of corn bread and other corn-meal dishes, the digestibility of hominy, corn breakfast foods and green corn, the relative nutritive value of corn meal ground in different ways, and the culinary qualities and methods of manipulating old-fashioned and modern corn meal." -- p. 2
Corn-Harvesting Machinery
Report discussing the use of different machines for harvesting corn. Machines discussed include sled harvesters, binders, shockers, pickers, huskers, and shredders.