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The Turnip Aphid in the Southern States and Methods for Its Control
"The turnip aphid is one of the most destructive and widely distributed pests of turnip, mustard, radish, and related crops in the United States. It causes heavy losses to growers of these crops every year, especially in the Southern States. Dust mixtures containing derris, cube, or nicotine, and sprays containing derris or cube, will control the turnip aphid when applied properly. The first application of insecticides should be made when the plants are very small, and additional applications should be made at intervals of 7 to 14 days up to the time of harvest. To provide for effective application of insecticides, the seed of susceptible crops should be planted in drills, with the rows spaced uniformly apart. The following cultural practices aid in the successful production of crops exposed to turnip aphid attack: (1) A well-prepared, fertile seedbed to produce thrifty and rapidly growing plants, (2) planting the seed in drills to permit cultivation, (3) harvesting early to shorten the period of exposure to infestation, (4) destroying crop remnants to eliminate a common sources of infestation to succeeding crops, and (5) applying a nitrogenous fertilizer to stimulate plant growth." -- p. ii
Common Birds of Southeastern United States in Relation to Agriculture
This report discusses birds commonly found in the southeastern United States with special regard to their diets and the impact these birds have on agriculture and insects in this region.
Common Birds of Southeastern United States in Relation to Agriculture
Revised edition. This report discusses birds commonly found in the southeastern United States with special regard to their diets and the impact these birds have on agriculture and insects in this region.
The Bollworm or Corn Earworm
"Cotton bollworm, corn earworm, tomato fruitworm, and false budworm of tobacco are common names applied to one and the same insect when it is found attacking these various crops. In fact the insect is a very general feeder, attacking many wild plants as well as garden vegetables, alfalfa, cowpeas, and the crops indicated above. The bollworm, or corn earworm as it is most widely known, occurs as a pest in practically all parts of the United States." -- p. 3. This bulletin discusses the life cycle of the insect, its distribution, and measures for its control.
The Roundheaded Apple-Tree Borer
This report discusses the roundheaded apple-tree borer, an insect in the eastern and midwestern United States that, in its larval stage, destroys the bark and wood of apple trees. Several methods of control are discussed, including worming, paints and washes, and sprays.Apple-tree borers.
Hog Pastures for the Southern States
This bulletin describes how farmers in the southern United States can cultivate pastures for hogs using forage crops. Among the crops recommended are corn, sorghum, winter grains, alfalfa, several varieties of clover and beans, cowpeas, peanuts, chufas, sweet potatoes, mangels, and rape.
An Example of Intensive Farming in the Cotton Belt
"This paper is descriptive of the improvement of an area of poor land by growing ordinary field crops under a system of farm management which aims at the incorporation of liberal amounts of organic matter in the soil as the chief factor in maintaining fertility and increased crop yields -- a practice which can not be too frequently brought to the attention of farmers. This system has produced greater returns to the farmer who practices it than any other system in use in his locality and will serve as an object lesson to many small farmers in all parts of the country." -- p. 2
Farm Practices That Increase Crop Yields: The Gulf Coast Region
"Gulf Coast region upland soils are ordinarily deficient in nitrogen and need to be supplied with liberal quantities of organic matter if profitable crop yields are to be produced. This condition is most easily and cheaply remedied by growing such legumes as velvet beans, cowpeas, soy beans, bur clover, crimson clover, hairy vetch, and beggar weed, and by carefully utilizing all farm manures, crop residues, and other sources of humus. By a simple readjustment most of the cropping systems followed in this region may be made to include one or more legumes which will increase the supply of nitrogen and humus in the soil and greatly increase crop yields. Systems by means of which crop yields are being increased in the region are discussed in the following pages." -- p. 2
A Successful Alabama Diversification Farm
"In this bulletin is given the record of a 65-acre hog farm in the black prairie region of Alabama. The method of farming described is applicable to the entire area in which corn, alfalfa, and Bermuda grass can be grown. This area includes the black lands of Texas, the river bottoms of Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, and the alluvial soils generally in all the Southern States.... The primary object in the work of this farm was to demonstrate that hog farming is practicable in this territory, and three years' experience has led us to the conclusion that the production of alfalfa hay in this region can also be made highly profitable.... The system of farming established on the diversification farm at Uniontown, Alabama, was planned with the special view of increasing the fertility of the soil and reducing the cost of tillage by doing away with hillside ditches and adopting improved methods of cultivation." -- p. 5
Strawberry Culture: South Atlantic and Gulf Coast Regions
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for the cultivation of strawberries in the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Topics discussed include varieties, soil preparation, mulch and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, and diseases and insect enemies.
Strawberry Culture: South Atlantic and Gulf Coast Regions
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for the cultivation of strawberries in the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Topics discussed include varieties, soil preparation, mulch and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, and diseases and insect enemies.
Strawberry Culture: South Atlantic and Gulf Coast Regions
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for the cultivation of strawberries in the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Topics discussed include varieties, soil preparation, mulch and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, and diseases and insect enemies.
Strawberry Culture: South Atlantic and Gulf Coast Regions
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for the cultivation of strawberries in the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Topics discussed include varieties, soil preparation, mulch and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, and diseases and insect enemies.
Strawberry Culture: South Atlantic and Gulf Coast Regions
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for the cultivation of strawberries in the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Topics discussed include varieties, soil preparation, mulch and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, and diseases and insect enemies.
Strawberry Culture: South Atlantic and Gulf Coast Regions
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for the cultivation of strawberries in the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Topics discussed include varieties, soil preparation, mulch and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, and diseases and insect enemies.
Strawberry Culture: South Atlantic and Gulf Coast Regions
Report discussing best practices for the cultivation of strawberries in the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Topics discussed include varieties, soil preparation, mulch and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, and diseases and insect enemies.
Strawberry Culture: South Atlantic and Gulf Coast Regions
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for the cultivation of strawberries in the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Topics discussed include varieties, soil preparation, mulch and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting, and diseases and insect enemies.
Muscadine Grapes
"Muscadine grapes are indigenous to the southeastern section of the United States, where they grow in greater or less profusion in the wild state. Through careful selection from the wild grapes and scientific breeding there have been developed a considerable number of varieties particularly adapted to the home needs in the Southeast, both as table grapes and as raw material for a variety of food and beverage products. Not being resistant to low winter temperatures they do not thrive in the northern grape districts. Muscadines are relatively resistant to grape diseases and insect pests and do well with a minimum of care, but, like most fruits, respond favorably to good cultural treatment. This bulletin sets forth in nontechnical form the information accumulated by the Department [of Agriculture] over a considerable period of years on muscadine grape varieties, their bleeding, culture, and uses." -- p. ii
Muscadine Grapes
Revised edition. "Muscadine grapes, which are native to the southeastern part of the United States, thrive in most soils of that region. They can be grown successfully in the Southeastern States, where American bunch grapes do not thrive. furthermore, they are suitable for home gardens as well as for commercial use. In fact they are perhaps the most satisfactory of all fruits for the home garden in this region. They cannot be grown, hoever, where temperatures as low as 0 °F occur habitually and may be injured at somewhat higher temperatures. Muscadine grapes are relatively uninjured by diseases and insects and produce well with a minimum of care, but they resopnd favorably to the good cultural practices recommended in this bulletin. The varieties described or listed produce fruit suitable for making unfermented juice, wine, jelly, and other culinary products and for eating fresh over a long season." -- p. ii
Marketing Live Stock in the South: Suggestions for Improvement
"The purpose of this bulletin is to place before southern farmers [in the United States] who produce stock in small lots and who are experiencing difficulty in marketing their livestock the more important local marketing plans which have been found successful in certain communities and which are practicable under southern conditions." -- p. 3. Topics include cooperative livestock shipping, marketing clubs and associations, and market demands.
Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication
This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed.
Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication
This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed.
Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication
This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed.
Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication
Revised edition. This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed.
Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication
Revised edition. This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed.
Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication
Revised edition. This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed and instructions for constructing a concrete vat are given.
Cotton Diseases and Their Control
"The principal cotton diseases which cause damage in the Southern States are described and illustrated in the following pages and the best-known methods of controlling them are described." -- p. 3. Diseases discussed include wilt, root knot, anthracnose, bacterial blight, shedding of bolls, rust, Texas root rot, and other minor diseases.
Cotton Wilt and Root-Knot
"Cotton wilt causes large preventable losses in the sandy soils of the cotton belt. Where root-knot also occurs, the injury is still greater. Wilt is caused by a soil-inhabiting fungus which plugs the water vessels in the stem of the plant. No treatment with fungicides, fertilizers, or any material applied to the soil or the plant will prevent it; but varieties of cotton which resist the disease have been developed by breeding and can be obtained through purchase from cooperators of the Department of Agriculture.... Root-knot is due to an eelworm which is a parasite on many crops. It can be controlled by the crop-rotation methods outlined in this bulletin." -- p. 2
Important Pecan Insects and Their Control
"The pecan has a number of important insect enemies of more or less extended distribution. Some of these injure the nuts, others the foliage and shoots, and still others the trunk and branches. Owing to the wide diversity in their methods of attack, no general directions for the control of these pests can be given, and in the adoption of remedial measures the peculiar habits of each species must be considered. This bulletin describes the more important insects that injure pecans and suggests the methods that should be followed to avert damage." -- p. 2
Fig Growing in the South Atlantic and Gulf States
"This bulletin describes the varieties of figs most suitable for the South Atlantic and Gulf States, tells how to grow them and protect them from diseases and insects, and suggests methods of making them into desirable products for the table." -- p. 2
Fig Growing in the South Atlantic and Gulf States
"This bulletin tells about growing figs in the South Atlantic and Gulf States and protecting the figs from diseases and insects; it discusses the varieties commonly grown, and suggests methods of making the fruit into desirable products for the table." -- p. ii
Feeding Hogs in the South
Report discussing the status of hog raising in the southern United States. Topics discussed include sows, corn feeds, supplements to corn in feeds, and different breeds of swine.
Feeding Hogs in the South
Report discussing the status of hog raising in the southern United States. Topics discussed include sows, corn feeds, and supplements to corn in feeds.
Handling and Loading Southern New Potatoes
This bulletin discusses methods for handling, loading, and transporting southern new potatoes in the United States. It explains the importance of grading potatoes, removing bruised and diseased potatoes from the crop before transport, and loading cars properly. Potatoes may be loaded into cars in barrels, sacks, and crates, but hampers should not be used.
Handling and Loading Southern New Potatoes
Revised edition. This bulletin discusses methods for handling, loading, and transporting southern new potatoes in the United States. It explains the importance of grading potatoes, removing bruised and diseased potatoes from the crop before transport, and loading cars properly. Potatoes may be loaded into cars in barrels, sacks, and crates, but hampers should not be used.
Eradication of Bermuda Grass
This bulletin describes Bermuda grass, a plant that is both highly valuable to pastures and also invasive in the southern United States, and gives suggestions for its control. Possible methods for eradication include the strategic use of shade, winterkilling, fallowing, hog grazing, and tilling practices.
The Nichols Terrace: An Improved Channel-Type Terrace for the Southeast
This bulletin describes how farmers can build a Nichols terrace, which is an improved channel-type terrace. Maintenance suggestions are also provided.
Persian Clover
This bulletin discusses the cultivation of Persian clover, a forage crop for both feed and green manure in the southern United States. Fertilizer requirements and seed production are among the topics discussed.
The Southern Pine Beetle: A Menace to the Pine Timber of the Southern States
Report discussing the destructive effects of the Southern pine beetle on pine forests in the southern United States. To prevent spread of the disease, infested trees should be located between November and March and destroyed. Methods for locating infested trees and destroying them are explained in detail.
The Mexican Bean Beetle in the East
Report discussing the Mexican bean beetle, which is the most serious insect enemy of beans in parts of the United States. Although it has long been present in the southwestern United States, it has recently spread to the Southeast and destroyed much of the bean crop there. This bulletin describes the beetle's life cycle and different control measures, including spraying and dusting with insecticides.
Cassava
Report discussing the potential for cassava cultivation in the Gulf Coast States of the United States. Topics discussed include soil requirements, fertilizers, common diseases, harvesting, crop yields, and marketing.
Demonstration Work on Southern Farms
Report discussing the origination and purpose of the Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work. The agency is primarily tasked with developing methods to control the spread of the Mexican cotton boll weevil, but it researches cultivation techniques for other crops as well, particularly corn and cowpea. This report summarizes the agency's preliminary findings.
Demonstration Work in Cooperation with Southern Farmers
Report discussing the efforts of the Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work, which consists of "(1) the demonstration of improved methods of agriculture in the weevil-infected districts [...] and (2) the extension of the same principles to other Southern States beyond the range of weevil infestation." (p. 6) Congress created the organization in 1904 to assist with relief efforts.
The Culture of Winter Wheat in the Eastern United States
Report discussing best practices for growing winter wheat in the eastern United States. Topics discussed include soils adapted to wheat cultivation, fertilizers, seed selection and preparation, and crop rotation.
The Culture of Winter Wheat in the Eastern United States
Revised edition. Report discussing best practices for growing winter wheat in the eastern United States. Topics discussed include soils adapted to wheat cultivation, fertilizers, seed selection and preparation, and crop rotation.
Rye Growing in the Southeastern States
"Rye should be grown much more widely than at present in many parts of the Southeastern Stats. In any consideration of the expansion of the acreage of bread grain and in any encouragement given for the production of home-grown bread in this section it is necessary to consider wheat and rye together. This is because rye can be sown safely on many fields with less risk than wheat. Further, rye can be used as a substitute for wheat as a bread grain by those who are accustomed to it. Rye succeeds on poorer and sandier soils and with less fertilizer than wheat. For these reasons it should be sown in preference to wheat where it has been proved a safer crop. Rye is also the best grain in most of this section for use as a cover, green manure, and grazing dcrop. Home-grown seed is best. Northern-grown rye is not suitable for sowing in the South." -- p. 2
Wheat Growing in the Southeastern States
This bulletin discusses best practices for growing wheat in the southeastern United States, which has loamy soils containing sand, silt, and clay that are well-suited to wheat production, although it is necessary to use fertilizers and a system of crop rotation. Soft red winter wheats are generally the hardiest variety in this region. Topics discussed include costs, crop production yields, seeding, varieties, and common pests.
The Southern Corn Rootworm and Farm Practices to Control It
"Of all corn pests in the South one of the most serious is the larva, or young, of the 12-spotted cucumber beetle -- the so-called southern corn rootworm. True to its name, it feeds on the roots, but in young corn it also drills a small hole in the stem just above the first circle of roots, boring out the crown and killing the bud.... Progressive farming methods, as described in this bulletin, will reduce the ravages of this insect. Burn over waste places to destroy dead grass, weeds, and rubbish in which the beetles winter. If possible, avoid planting corn in fields which contained corn the year before. Enrich the soil by planting legumes so that the corn will have a better chance of recovering from rootworm injury. Protect the bobwhite. This bird destroys many beetles of the rootworm. By careful observations, extending over a period of years, find out the dates between which the rooworm does the most damage; then time your planting so that it will fall either before or after these dates, taking into consideration, of course, other important factors in crop production." -- p. 2
The Corn Earworm As an Enemy of Vetch
"Vetch, which has become an important forage crop throughout the Southeastern States, needs protection from the same insect that works such havoc on corn and cotton. This corn earworm, or cotton bollworm, is the most serious pest that growers of vetch have to combat. The caterpillars eat both the foliage and the seed pods, and, if the infestation is heavy, make the crop practically worthless. Vetch intended for a hay crop generally escapes serious injury, as it is cut before the caterpillars are large enough to do much damage. It is recommended that a crop intended for seed be carefully watched and if the insects become numerous an insecticide be applied at once or the vetch cut for hay. Spraying, dusting, the use of poisoned-bran bait, and other control measures are discussed and summarized in this bulletin." -- p. 2
The Red Spider on Cotton and How to Control It
This report discusses the red spider, an insect which destroys cotton plants, and measures for controlling it. Topics discussed include its breeding patterns, life cycle, and natural enemies.