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Reservoir Development Impacts on Surface-Water Quantity and Quality in the Yampa River Basin, Colorado and Wyoming
From introduction: This report describes the results of an investigation in which three computer models were used to evaluate different levels of the proposed reservoir development. One model simulated streamflow conditions with alternative multireservoir configurations; a second model simulated the dissolved-solids concentrations at various locations in the basin; and a third model used streamflows and dissolved solids concentrations to simulate the water-quality conditions within certain proposed reservoirs. This study was designed to demonstrate the application of computer-modeling techniques in evaluating impacts of proposed reservoirs.
Availability and Chemical Quality of Water From Surficial Aquifers in Southwest Minnesota
From introduction: The objectives of the study were to (1) determine the areal extent, thickness, and water-yielding capability of aquifers in the surficial deposits, (2) estimate the amount of water in storage in the aquifers, (3) determine the chemical quality of water in the aquifers and, (4) establish observation wells to monitor the effects of ground-water development on water levels and storage in the aquifers.
Designation of Principal Water-Supply Aquifers in Minnesota
From introduction: The purpose of this report is to describe the general quality and quantity of water in the principal water-supply aquifers in Minnesota.
Water Resources of the Maunabo Valley, Puerto Rico
Report providing information about the water resources of the Munabo Valley in southeastern Puerto Rico, including the principal source of water, chemical composition, hydraulic conductivities, average transmissivity, and suggestions for water supplementation.
Determination of Dissolved Aluminum in Water Samples
From introduction: The purpose of this report is to test the accuracy and precision of the MIBK extract technique and its suitability for A1 determination in rain, surface waters, ground waters, and effluents obtained from leaching various types of rocks with acidified water. The present study investigates the accuracy, precision, and detection limit of this technique and reports methods for improvement. The purpose of the report also is to test the effect of filtration of water samples and the storage of samples in conventional polythylene (CPE), linear polythylene (LPE), and polypropyene (PP) bottles on accuracy of A1 determination.
Considerations for Monitoring Water Quality of the Schenectady, Schenectady County, New York
This report evaluates six public water-supple systems in Schenectady County to create a recommendation of how to monitor these sites. It contains maps and tables.
Hydrologic Effects of Annually Diverting 131,000 Acre-Feet of Water from Dillon Reservoir, Central Colorado
From abstract: because of the increased demands for water in eastern Colorado, principally in the urbanizing Denver metropolitan area, increased diversions of water from Dillon Reservoir are planned. Estimates of end-of-month storage in Dillon Reservoir, assuming the reservoir was in place and 131,000 acre-feet of water were diverted from the reservoir each year, were reconstructed by mass balance for the 1931-77 water years. Based on the analysis, the annual maximum end-of-month drawdown below the elevation at full storage would have been 171 feet.
Flow Routing in the Susquehanna River Basin: Part III -- Routing Reservoir Releases in the Tioga and Chemung Rivers System, Pennsylvania and New York
From abstract: Channel-routing models were used to route hypothetical releases from reservoirs in the upper Tioga River basin, Pennsylvania. These releases were routed northward down the Tioga River to Lindley, Erwins, and Corning, New York; combined with flows routed down the Cohocton River from Campbell to Corning, New York; and then routed southeastward down the Chemung River from Corning to Chemung, New York. The models used to route the flows of Cohocton and Chemung Rivers accounted for bank-storage discharge and streamflow depletion by well pumpage. In general, 17 years of concurrent streamflow data were available for model calibration and verification.
Ground Water in the Lajas Valley, Puerto Rico
Abstract: Lajas Valley is plagued with problems of salinity and waterlogging the soils. Use of brackish (500 milligrams per liter) irrigation compounded ground water for the problem until an irrigation-drainage system was constructed in 1955. Lajas is an alluvium-filled limestone highlands. The alluvium, mostly clay and as much 300 feet (90 meters) thick, contains brackish ground water except in the recharge areas located along the foothills...Results from a digital model show that a network of discharge wells could alleviate waterlogging of the soils in the artesian area.
Ground Water in the San Juan Metropolitan Area, Puerto Rico
From introduction: A post-drought analysis of the sources of water supply for the metropolitan area indicated a need for better knowledge of the ground-water resources. A study was implemented through the cooperative water-resources investigation program between Commonwealth agencies of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Geological Survey.
Water Quality and Streamflow Characteristics, Raritan River Basin, New Jersey
Abstract: The findings of a problem-oriented, river-system investigation of the water quality and streamflow characteristics of the Raritan River, N.J. are described. Information on streamflow duration, time-of-travel measurements, and analyses of chemical, biochemical and physical-water quality are summarized and used to define relations existing between water quality, streamflow, geology, and environmental development in the basin's hydrologic system. Stream quality, particularly in the lower urban areas of the basin, is shown to be deteriorating with time at most of the sampling sites reported. For example, average dissolved-oxygen concentration is reported to be undersaturated at all sampling sites and is decreasing with time at most sites. Biochemical-oxygen demand is increasing at most sites, as are the dissolved-solids content.
Present and Potential Sediment Yields in the Yampa River Basin, Colorado and Wyoming
This report tracks and analyses the annual sediment yield for the Yampa River basin in Colorado and Wyoming. It includes maps, tables, and graphs.
Water Quality of Lake Arlington on Village Creek, North-Central Texas 1973 to 1981
From purpose and scope: The purpose of this report is to describe and explain the historical, seasonal, and areal variations in the water quality of Lake Arlington between January 29, 1973, and August 20, 1981.
Flow Routing in the Susquehanna River Basin: Part I- Effects of Raystown Lake on the Low-Flow Frequency Characteristics of the Juniata and Lower Susquehanna Rivers, Pennsylvania
From introduction: The purpose of the study is to determine the effects of a new reservoir, Raystown Lake, on downstream low-flow frequency characteristics.
Regional Stochastic Generation of Streamflows using an Arima (1, 0, 1) Process and Disaggregation
From abstract: An ARIMA (1, 0, 1) model is used to generate annual flow sequence at three sites in the Juniata River basin, Pennsylvania. The study was designed to analyze low-flow frequency characteristics of a basin. The model preserves the mean, variance, and cross-correlations of the observed station data.
Technical Manual For Estimating Low-Flow Frequency Characteristics of Streams in the Susquehanna River Basin
Abstract: This report presents procedures for estimating low-flow frequency characteristics for streams in the Susquehanna River basin. The techniques can be used at ungaged sites as well as sites where insufficient data are available to make a reliable estimate. Streams have been divided into two types major and minor. Major streams are the Susquehanna, West Branch Susquehanna, Juniata, and Chemung Rivers. Points on these streams with drainage areas of more than 2,000 square miles (5,180 kilometers) are included in this category. Points on these streams with drainage areas of less than 2,000 square miles fall into the minor stream category. Generally minor streams are herein defined as those draining less than 2,000 square miles (5,180 kilometers). Multiple-regression techniques have been used to develop relations for estimating the 1-, 3-, 7-, 30-, and 183-day duration low flows at recurrence intervals of 10, 20, 50 and 100 years for annual series data and the 1-, 3-, 7-, and 30-day duration low flows, at the same recurrence intervals, for six individual months, May through October, inclusive.
Evaluation of the Effects of Lake Audubon on Ground- and Surface-Water Levels in the Lake Nettie Area, Eastern Mclean County, North Dakota
Purpose and scope: The purpose of this investigation is to describe changes in the ground-water levels and levels of surface-water bodies and to ascertain whether those changes can be ascribed to the raising of the level of Lake Audubon, or to the subsequent filling of the McClusky Canal, or both. The changes will be determined by analysis of water-level records obtained from observation wells.
Geohydrology of the Meadowbrook Artificial-Recharge Site at East Meadow, Nassau County, New York
Purpose and scope: The Meadowbrook artificial-recharge project, a cooperative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Nassau County Department of Public Works (NCDPW) since 1975, is intended to demonstrate the feasibility of using reclaimed wastewater to replenish and improve the quality of Long Island's ground water. This report presents the results of geologic, hydrologic, and hydrochemical studies that were done at the Meadowbrook artificial-recharge site to define conditions prevailing before the start of recharge operations.
Effects of Urbanization on the Water Quality of Lakes in Eagan, Minnesota
This report uses data collected from seventeen lakes and ponds in Eagan, Minnesota from 1972 through 1978 to determine the effects of urbanization on water quality. It contains a map, graphs, and tables.
Ground-Water Resources of the Glacial Outwash Along the White River, Johnson and Morgan Counties, Indiana
From abstract: A two-dimensional digital model of the ground-water-flow system was constructed to test the conceptual model of the system ad to study the effects of development on ground-water levels and flow in the White River.
Effects of Ground-Water Development on the Proposed Palmetto Bend Dam and Reservoir in Southeast Texas
Abstract: Ground water continues to discharge into the Navidad and Lavaca Rivers by seepage out-flow even though large amounts of ground water are pumped for irrigation. Although a reduction in streamflow probably has occurred, a complete loss of the low flow of the streams by infiltration to a lowered water table seems remote. The large ground-water withdrawals will continue to cause land-surface subsidence, which will range from 0.012 foot to more than 0.026 foot per year. A minimum of about 0.013 to 0.015 foot of annual subsidence at the upper ends of the proposed reservoir and a maximum of about 0.019 foot near the dam site can be expected. Structural failures of manmade features have not occurred from the subsidence, but regional changes in the land slope have occurred and will continue . Numerous fault traces have been mapped in the area, but most of the faults are inactive. If movement along the fault planes should occur, the vertical displacement probably will not exceed the total subsidence.
Preliminary Plasma Spectrometric Analyses for Selected Elements in some Geothermal Waters from Cerro Prieto, Mexico
Abstract: As part of a cooperative study with the Geologic Division of the U.S. Geological Survey, water samples collected from geothermal power production wells at Cerro Prieto, Mexico, were analyzed for selected elements by d.c. argon plasma emission spectroscopy. Spectral interferences due to the presence of high concentrations of Ca, Si, Na, and K in these waters affected the apparent concentration values obtained. These effects were evaluated and correction techniques were developed and applied to the analytical values. Precipitates present in the samples at the time of analysis adversely affected the accuracy, precision and interpretability of the data.
Bacterial Water-Quality of Tulpehocken Creek Basin, Berks and Lebanon Counties, Pennsylvania
This report presents the findings of a four month study designed to determine "the bacterial quality of the water in the Tulpehocken Creek basin." It includes maps and tables.
Water-Quality Assessment of Francis E. Walter Reservoir, Luzerne and Carbon Counties, Pennsylvania
Objectives and scope: The principal objectives of this study were to assess the past and current water quality of the impoundment, its major tributaries, and its discharge, and to address the environmental impact of raised pool levels. Data collection was directed toward documenting the temporal and spatial variations in physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the water, to estimate annual nutrient and suspended sediment loading, and to determine the algal biomass, dominant genera, algal growth potential, and limiting nutrient.
Water-Quality Study of Tulpehocken Creek, Berks County, Pennsylvania, Prior to Impoundment of Blue Marsh Lake
From introduction: This report is limited to the presentation and discussion of chemical, physical, and bacteriological data collected within Tulpehocken Creek basin before April 1975.
Limnological Survey of Sacony Creek Basin, Berks County, Pennsylvania
Samples of water, fish, and benthic macroinvertebrates collected at 10 sampling stations over a 10-month period indicate that Sacony Creek and its major tributaries possess water of good to excellent quality. No excessive quantities of dissolved nutrients, oxidizable matter, or fecal coliform bacteria were detected. Fish inhabitants include a sizable wild trout population in the upper Sacony basin and a diverse warm-water population, dominated by white suckers (Catostomus commersoni), in the lower basin. A population of 590 trout or 119 pounds per acre (133 kilograms per square hectometer) was estimated for good habitat in the upper basin. A maximum standing crop of 558 pounds per acre (626 kilograms per square hectometer) was measured at' one of the more productive reaches. Benthic macroinvertebrate collections tended to support the water chemistry and fish population studies. Diversity (d) and Redundancy (r) ranged from 2.44 to 3.46 and 0.14 to 0.38, respectively. Such diversity and redundancy values indicate good quality water at all stations.
Global Distribution of Carbon-Dioxide Discharges and Major Zones of Seismicity
This report examines carbon-dioxide discharge in seismically active zones around the world. It contains a map of the "world distribution of carbon dioxide springs and major zones of seismicity."
Traveltime, Unit-Concentration, Longitudinal-Dispersion, and Reaeration Characteristics of Upstream Reaches of the Yampa and Little Snake Rivers, Colorado and Wyoming
This report presents the findings of the analyses made for a fifty-eight mile stretch along the Yampa River in Colorado. It contains maps, graphs, and tables.
Analysis of Waste-Load Assimilative Capacity of the Yampa River, Steamboat Springs to Hayden, Routt County, Colorado
From purpose and scope: The primary purpose of the study was to aid in evaluating the waste-load assimilative capacity of the study reach for a minimum mean 7-day low flow and 10-year recurrence interval. The results of this analysis will provide planners and managers in Routt County with information for determining the waste-load capacities of the study reach for possible design and operational alternatives of future wastewater-treatment plants.
Stream Reconnaissance for Nutrients and Other Water-Quality Parameters, Greater Pittsburgh Region, Pennsylvania
Abstract: Eighty-five stream sites in and near the six-county Greater Pittsburgh Region were sampled in mid-June 1971 and again in mid-October 1972. Concentrations of inorganic nitrogen, organic carbon, or phosphorus were high enough to indicate potential problems at about a quarter of the sampling sites. Temperature, dissolved oxygen, and pH values indicated a generally favorable capacity for recovery from degradation, although a number of streams east of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers are marginal or lacking. Regionally, sulfate is the dominant ion and was observed in concentrations of 40 milligrams per liter or more at 90 percent of the sites. Bicarbonate exceeded 100 milligrams per liter at 22 sites. A moderate to high degree of mineralization is indicated by conductance readings of more than 500 micromhos per centimeter at half of the sampling sites.
Flood in Kansas City, Missouri and Vicinity, August 12-13, 1982
Purpose and scope: This report has been prepared to document these significant floods for future hydraulic and hydrological planning; to provide streamflow information required for orderly development of river basins where the hazard of extreme flooding exists; and to further the general hydrologic knowledge available for Missouri rivers and streams. Streamflow data in the report include peak stages and discharges, flood hydrographs, flood-crest profiles, flood volumes, and flood-frequency information. Descriptions of the storm and of the damages resulting from these floods are given.
A Preliminary Assessment of the Hydrologic Characteristics of the James River in South Dakota
From objectives and scope: The objectives of this study were to more accurately define certain hydrologic and hydraulic characteristics of the James River and its tributaries in South Dakota, to analyze the water budget and water quality within the Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge, and to identify the need for additional studies.
Preliminary Report of the Geohydrology Near Cypress Creek and Richton Salt Domes, Perry County, Mississippi
From purpose and scope: This report describes geohydrologic conditions in the Mississippi salt-dome basin in the area of the Cypress Creek and Richton salt domes. It incorporates data from the area characterization investigations in Mississippi and provides a foundation of technical information for subsequent, more detailed hydrologic investigations.
Bedrock Geologic Map of the Clarion and Redbank Creek Basins, Northwestern Pennsylvania
Base from Geologic Map of Pennsylvania, 1980, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources, Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, 4th Series, Map 1.
Water-Quality and Fluvial-Sediment Characteristics of Selected Streams in Northeast Kansas
From purpose and scope: The purposes of this investigation were to: (1) establish a data base for water-quality and fluvial-sediment characteristics of selected streams that will serve as a basis for documenting current (1982) conditions, (2) develop relationships between streamflow or specific conductance and water-quality characteristics that can be used to describe water-quality characteristics and determine discharges of dissolved solids, and (3) develop relationships between streamflow and suspended sediment that can be used to determine suspended sediment discharges of streams in the study area.
Flow Routing in the Susquehanna River Basin: Part II - Low-Flow Frequency Characteristics of the Susquehanna River Between Waverly, New York and Sunbury, Pennsylvania
From introduction: The primary objective of this study, second in the series, is the development, calibration, and verification of flow-routing models for the Susquehanna River from Waverly, New York, to Sunbury, Pennsylvania. These models will permit SRBC to estimate the effects of water-resource developments upstream from Waverly at six locations on the Susquehanna River. They were also used to simulate for existing conditions at two ungaged sites.
Analysis of the August 14, 1980, Rainstorm and Storm Runoff to the South Platte River in the Southern Denver Metropolitan Area, Colorado
From purpose and scope: The purpose of this report is to present an analysis of the August 14, 1980, rainstorm in Denver, Colorado, and describe its effects on the South Platte River and six of its tributaries (figure 1).
Saline-Water Intrusion Related to Well Construction in Lee County, Florida
Purpose and scope: This report is intended to identify many of the causes of saline-water intrusion into freshwater aquifers in Lee County, and to describe some of the effects of the intrusion on ground-water quality. Particular emphasis is placed on saline-water intrusion as related to the construction, operation, and maintenance of wells drilled primarily for water-supply, and to the plugging of wells that are no longer used.
Preliminary Evaluation of Flood Frequency Relations in the Urban Areas of Memphis, Tennessee
From introduction: This report describes an alternative approach to developing flood frequency characteristics, and presents results of the application of that technique to small streams in the urban and sub-urban areas of Memphis, Tennessee. The tool used is a regression model, with variations. The use of a parametric rainfall runoff model is not attempted in the analysis.
Geohydrology of the Albin and La Grange Areas, Southeastern Wyoming
This report examines and describes the geohydrologic status of the Albin and La Grange areas, specifically focusing on the use of irrigation wells to access ground water. Includes maps and illustrations.
Effects of a Cattle Feedlot on Ground-Water Quality in the South Platte River Valley Near Greeley, Colorado
This report presents changes in water quality in an alluvial aquifer near Greeley, Colorado. It contains maps, graphs, and tables.
Generalized Altitude and Configuration of the Water Table in Parts of Larimer, Logan, Sedgwick, and Weld Counties, Colorado
From introduction: The purpose of this study was to define the altitude and configuration of the water table for use by water planners and users in future development of water resources.
Surface-Water Quality in the Campbell Creek Basin, Anchorage, Alaska
From introduction: Data adequate to describe general flow conditions have been collected on most major streams in the Anchorage area, but comparable water-quality data needed to determine the effect of urbanization on the streams are scarce. Thus, in 1980 the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Municipality of Anchorage, began a study of the effects of urban runoff on stream-water quality. A premise of the study was that urbanization does have an effect on the quality of surface runoff. The primary purpose of the study was to determine differences in water-quality characteristics between streams that drain natural and urban areas in Anchorage.
Distribution and Movement of Zinc and Other Heavy Metals in South San Francisco Bay, California
From introduction: The primary objective of this study was to determine the net transport of zinc into the study area from urbanized perimeter, out of the study area across the northern boundary of the study area, and across the sediment-water interface within the study area, all within a limited time period. A secondary objective was to assemble as much data on other trace metals--their concentrations and chemical states in water, suspended solids, sediments and interstitial fluids--as possible within the time and funding constraints of the study in order to describe the existing trace metal conditions in the south bay. Thus the bulk of effort was directed toward evaluating the distribution and movements of zinc, but the data collected on the distribution and movements of zinc, but the data collected on the distribution of other metals is important and is reported here.
Technique for Estimating Magnitude and Frequency of Floods on Natural-Flow Streams in Florida
From introduction: The purpose of this report is to: (1) Present flood data for the gaged sites used in the flood-frequency analysis. (2) Describe the method of analysis used to develop the flood-estimating technique. (3) Provide regression equations for estimating floods on natural-flow (unregulated) streams. (4) Provide a method for improving the flood estimate at gaged sites. (5) Provide illustrative examples of applying the flood-estimating technique.
Reconnaissance of Benthic Invertebrates from Tributary Streams of the Yampa and North Platte River Basins, Northwestern Colorado
From purpose and scope: The study was designed to describe and quantify the benthic invertebrate communities in selected streams in coal mining areas. A secondary purpose was to compare the results with other data collected prior to this study and to assess possible changes in water quality reflected in the composition of the benthic invertebrate community.
Availability and Chemical Characteristics of Ground Water in Central La Plata County, Colorado
From introduction: This report presents the results of an investigation of the ground-water resources of the central part of La Plata County, Colorado. The purpose of the investigation is to describe the geologic units and the availability and quality of ground water in the central part of the county.
Availability and Chemical Quality of Ground Water in the Crystal River and Cattle Creek Drainage Basins near Glenwood Springs, West-Central Colorado
From introduction: This report presents the results of an investigation of the ground-water resources of the Crystal River and Cattle Creek drainage basins...The purpose of the investigation was to describe the geologic units, the aquifers and their characteristics, and the availability and chemical quality of ground water in the study area.
Inland Travel of Tide-Driven Saline Water in the Altamaha and Satilla Rivers, Georgia, and the St. Mary's River, Georgia-Florida
From introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the distance the tide-driven saline water from the ocean traveled upstream and to define the specific-conductance and chloronity gradients in the lower reaches of the Altamaha, Satilla, and St. Marys Rivers during the high spring tide and low-flow event.
Hydrology and Subsidence Potential of Proposed Coal-Lease Tracts in Delta County, Colorado
From purpose and objectives: The purpose of this report is to summarize the hydrologic investigation. The study objective was to provide data and a limited interpretation of surface- and ground-water flow systems.