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Care of Food in the Home
Report discussing the proper methods of handling and preserving food. Topics discussed include mold, flies, dust, pet hair and dander, cold storage techniques, and disinfectants. Includes an index.
Sugar and Its Value as Food
Report discussing the nutritional properties of sugar (the food), including its chemical composition, types of sugar, metabolic purposes, and practical uses.
Growing Grain on Southern Idaho Dry Farms
"In this bulletin a brief description of the climate and soils of southern Idaho is given. The equipment of the dry farm is then discussed, followed by directions for growing the principal grain crops and recommendations as to the best varieties to grow." -- title page
The Larger Corn Stalk-Borer
Report discussing the destructive insect known as the corn-stalk borer in both its larval and adult forms.
The Larger Corn Stalk-Borer
This report discusses a pale, dark-spotted caterpillar known as the larger cornstalk-borer which bores into and weakens cornstalks. "Only corn is injured seriously by this insect; some of the larger grasses are food plants, and sugar cane sometimes is damaged slightly. This bulletin gives the life history of the insect, its feeding habits, and methods of combating it. There are two generations in a season, so greater vigilance is necessary. The second generation passes the winter only in the corn roots, so if these are destroyed or plowed under deeply, the pest will be largely decreased. The injury is worst where corn follows corn, so rotation of crops will help to destroy the pest." -- p. 2
The Larger Corn Stalk-Borer
Revised edition. This report discusses a pale, dark-spotted caterpillar known as the larger cornstalk-borer which bores into and weakens cornstalks. "Only corn is injured seriously by this insect; some of the larger grasses are food plants, and sugar cane sometimes is damaged slightly. There are two generations in a season. As the second generation passes the winter in the corn roots, if the roots are destroyed or plowed, the pest will be largely subdued. The injury is worst where corn follows corn, so rotation of crops will help to destroy the borer. This bulletin gives the life history of the borer, its feeding habits, and methods of combating it." -- p. ii
Eradicating Tall Larkspur on Cattle Ranges in the National Forests
"Poisoning by tall larkspur causes heavy losses of cattle in the National Forests each year. During the last three years 5,500 head of cattle were lost annually. The most effective way to prevent this loss is to grub out the plants, a method of eradication which gives permanent results; other expedients are likely to be temporary.... Results of grubbing work in National Forest ranges, together with the methods of operation, the tools to use, the best time to do the work, and the best way to dispose of the grubbed plants, are given in the following pages." -- p. 2
Cooking Beef According to the Cut.
Pamphlet discussing the nutritional value and versatility of beef; provides recipes and methods for its preparation in various dishes.
Eggs at Any Meal.
Discusses the nutritional value and versatility of the egg; provides recipes and suggests ways to use eggs in a variety dishes and sauces.
Ponds for Wildlife
"The first purpose of this bulletin is to show how farmers and ranchers may protect their ponds from sedimentation, soil erosion, and water loss through the use of vegetation suitable as food and shelter for wildlife; the second is to give some information on the management of wildlife in farm ponds. Unless otherwise stated, the information contained in this bulletin pertains to the water area, or pond proper, and the pond area, or the land immediately adjacent to the pond and ordinarily contained within a fence." -- p. ii
Leguminous Plants for Green Manuring and for Feeding.
Report discussing the use of legumes for green manuring to enhance the fertility of farm soil and for feeding livestock.
The Feeding of Farm Animals
Report discussing the general principles of the feeding of farm animals based on experiments and investigations as well as the observations of successful animal feeders. The discussion includes suggested rations for various animals and purposes.
The Feeding of Farm Animals
Report discussing the general principles of the feeding of farm animals based on experiments and investigations as well as the observations of successful animal feeders. The discussion includes suggested rations for various animals and purposes.
The Turnip Aphid in the Southern States and Methods for Its Control
"The turnip aphid is one of the most destructive and widely distributed pests of turnip, mustard, radish, and related crops in the United States. It causes heavy losses to growers of these crops every year, especially in the Southern States. Dust mixtures containing derris, cube, or nicotine, and sprays containing derris or cube, will control the turnip aphid when applied properly. The first application of insecticides should be made when the plants are very small, and additional applications should be made at intervals of 7 to 14 days up to the time of harvest. To provide for effective application of insecticides, the seed of susceptible crops should be planted in drills, with the rows spaced uniformly apart. The following cultural practices aid in the successful production of crops exposed to turnip aphid attack: (1) A well-prepared, fertile seedbed to produce thrifty and rapidly growing plants, (2) planting the seed in drills to permit cultivation, (3) harvesting early to shorten the period of exposure to infestation, (4) destroying crop remnants to eliminate a common sources of infestation to succeeding crops, and (5) applying a nitrogenous fertilizer to stimulate plant growth." -- p. ii
Cheese Making on the Farm
Report discussing the proper methods for making cheese on farms. Includes suggestions for making print, pot, Neufch√Ętel, English cream, French cream, and double cream cheeses.
Tuberculosis: A Plain Statement of Facts Regarding the Disease, Prepared Especially for Farmers and Others Interested in Live Stock
Report discussing the occurrence of tuberculosis in livestock, including its causes, symptoms, means of transmission, and the tuberculin test.
The Computation of Rations for Farm Animals by the Use of Energy Values
Report explaining the general dietary requirements of farm animals and methods for determining the food rations that will ensure that they receive necessary nutrients.
Farm Practices That Increase Crop Yields in Kentucky and Tennessee
"In the limestone and mountain districts south of the Ohio River there is much land that has been run down by continual cropping without rotation. In some places run-down land is left to grow up in weeds, wild grasses, and brush, a practice known as 'resting' the land. Where this sort of farm management is followed farm manure is largely wasted, little or no attention is paid to green-manure crops or other means of putting humus into the soil, and crop yields are very low. However, progressive farmers throughout the region who have built up run-down lands are now getting heavy yields. In the following pages are described some of the methods by which these farmers get results by making good use of farm manure and crop refuse, using legumes and grasses in regular rotations, and applying lime and commercial fertilizers." -- p. 2
How a City Family Managed a Farm
"This bulletin is a record of the experience of a city family that moved onto a farm in 1892. The father had been a lawyer by profession, the manager for a well-established business firm in one of the principal cities of the Middle West, and was earning a salary of $3,000 a year. At 60 years of age, having been in business about twenty-five years, he was compelled on account of ill health to abandon his profession and business.... The family decided to buy a farm and attempt to solve the problem confronting them, namely, 'to make a living, educate the children, and make a pleasant home.' This paper will how they satisfactorily solved the problem.... An attempt will be made to present such facts about this farm as will enable the reader to comprehend under what conditions and by what means the results were accomplished; hence, a description of the farm and the methods of operating it will be given in some detail." -- p. 5
How Live Stock Is Handled in the Bluegrass Region of Kentucky
"The object of this bulletin is to show how livestock is handled and fits into the farm organization in the bluegrass region of Kentucky. The average successful farm of any long-established type will have various kinds of livestock distributed in about the proportion that owners or operators in general believe will pay best. Thus, a gradual process of selection is going on constantly in all agricultural regions, and it should be to the farmer's interest to know the best practice in his community and to have explained the economic advantages that have been secured by such practice. In this bulletin an effort has been made to bring out the fundamental practices that make for success with livestock in central Kentucky as determined by the practices of the more successful livestock farmers of that region." -- p. 3
How to Manage a Corn Crop in Kentucky and West Virginia
Report discussing best practices for growing corn in Kentucky and West Virginia, including land preparation, fertilizers, seed selection, planting and harvesting practices. Further sources of information regarding corn growing are provided at the end of the report.
Ways of Making Southern Mountain Farms More Productive
"The southern mountain farm often produces no more than a scant living for the family. Corn is the chief crop grown. Often part of the farm lies idle, being 'rested' while corn is grown on another part year after year until the land is worn out. By growing three or more crops in rotation, including clover, the farmer will be able to produce larger crops, make more money, and keep all crop land under cultivation all the time. Cattle, hogs, and sheep will not only add to the cash income, but will help to increase the fertility of the soil, and render larger crops possible. This bulletin describes crop rotations for small mountain farms in the southern Alleghenies, and gives complete directions for starting a crop rotation that will make poor mountain land more productive." -- p. 2
Breeds of Swine
This report gives an overview of different breeds of swine, focusing on the distinction between lard hogs and bacon hogs.
Castration of Young Pigs
"This publication deals with castration, or the removal of the essential organs of male pigs. The objects of castration are to prevent reproduction, to increase fattening propensity, to better the quality of the meat of the animal, and to help insure docility. Every farmer should be competent to castrate pigs, as the losses from the operation are as a rule not very heavy and could be reduced by exercising care and attention." -- title page
Killing Horses and Curing Pork
"Choice ham and breakfast bacon can be produced by the farmer for much less than the cost of purchased meat. The cheapest meat a farmer can use is the product of his own farm. This is also true of the suburban or town farmer who fattens one or two hogs on kitchen and truck-garden wastes. Many farmers, for the first time, this year will have their own meat supply. Home-cured pork of the right kind always has a ready market in many cases it will prove the best way to market hogs. The home curing of pork is a good practice and should be more extensively adopted. This publication explains how to slaughter hogs and cure pork. Butchering and cutting up the carcass, lard rendering, brine and dry curing, smoking, and sausage making are all discussed in the following pages." -- p. 2
The Self-Feeder for Hogs
"With the ingredients of a good ration constantly before them, placed so that they may eat at will, hogs will make gains more rapidly and more economically than when fed by hand. The time needed to bring them to a certain weight will be shortened and the labor of feeding them will be reduced. Results of experiments proving these facts are stated briefly in this bulletin, and plans for constructing self-feeders of several kinds are given, together with lists of materials needed." -- p. 2
Rabbit Production
"This bulletin sets forth the essential principles of rabbit raising and tells how to apply them in practice." -- p. ii. Topics discussed include necessary equipment, different breeds, feeding practices, and breeding practices, and preparing rabbits for market.
Country Hides and Skins: Skinning, Curing, and Marketing
"This bulletin shows how farmers, ranchmen, and country or town butchers may produce hides and skins of better quality. It gives detailed directions for skinning the animals and for salting, curing, and handling the hides and skins, with suggestions for more advantageous marketing, to the end that both the producer of hides and the user of leather may be benefited." -- p. 2
Bread and Break Making
"Perhaps no topic connected with the subject of human food is of more general interest than bread, and no crops are more important to the farmer than the bread-yielding cereals. This bulletin, which summarizes the most recent information on the use of cereals for bread making, is believed to be useful and timely." -- p. 2
Bread and the Principles of Bread Making
Report discussing the different factors and principles behind bread making, including types of grain, yeast, dough, baking methods, chemical composition, and its nutritional values.
Foods: Nutritive Value and Cost
Report discussing the nutritive value of foods for humans and common food ingredients, including suggestions for nutritious and economical diets.
Removal of Garlic Flavor From Milk and Cream
"It is a well-known fact that when cows eat wild onion or garlic within four hours before milking there is imparted to their milk a very disagreeable flavor and odor. This flavor is not only unpleasant but it lowers the commercial value of the milk. Any method, therefore, which will remove this flavor and odor should be of interest to dairymen." -- title page
A Simple Steam Sterilizer for Farm Dairy Utensils
"Dairy utensils on small farms are not often efficiently sterilized, because steam is not available. The sterilizers now in use require a small boiler, and the whole sterilizing outfit is often regarded as too expensive for use, especially on farms where only a few cows are milked. The object of this bulletin is to describe a simple and inexpensive yet efficient steam sterilizer which can be provided at a cost of from $5 to $10. It is believed that the sterilizer described here is cheap enough to justify its use on any farm from which milk or cream is sold. The additional keeping quality which the sterilization of utensils will give milk and cream will probably pay for the cost of the sterilizer in one season." -- p. 1-2
Grains for Western North and South Dakota
"This bulletin gives information regarding the best grains and the best methods of producing them in the western half of North and South Dakota (west of the one-hundredth meridian) and in the eastern fourth of Montana.... The crops considered are wheat, rye, emmer, spelt, oats, barley, flax, and proso millet." -- p. 3
Bean and Pea Weevils
"This bulletin tells about the principal kinds of bean and pea weevils and explains fully the methods of averting losses from these pests."
Angoumois Grain Moth
Report discussing the Angoumois grain moth, a pest now common in the United States which is destructive to corn, wheat, and other grains. Topics include the moth's life cycle, infestations, and methods of controlling it, including prompt thrashing and fumigation.
Conserving Corn From Weevils in the Gulf Coast States
Revised edition. This report discusses the destructive impact of weevils on the corn crop in the southern United States and controls measures which farmers may find effective in reducing their losses to this pest. Among the insects discussed are the Angoumois grain moth and the rice or "black" weevil.
Conserving Corn From Weevils in the Gulf Coast States
This report discusses the destructive impact of weevils on the corn crop in the southern United States and controls measures which farmers may find effective in reducing their losses to this pest. Among the insects discussed are the Angoumois grain moth and the rice or "black" weevil.
Stored-Grain Pests
"Most of the damage done by insects to grain in storage and shipments is due to four species. These are the granary weevil, the rice or black weevil, the lesser grain borer or Australian weevil, and the Angoumois grain moth. Others of the 40 species or groups of species described in this bulletin can cause great damage to grain if storage conditions are unusually favorable for their increase.... These four pests live throughout their larval life entirely within the kernel, where they feed unseen, usually unsuspected.... The other pests discussed, with few exceptions, are 'surface feeders.'" -- p. 2
Farmers' Reading Courses
Report discussing the main features of the farmers' reading courses that have become popular in several states through agricultural colleges and experiment stations. The reading courses are designed to provide farmers with a systematic approach to their work through the study of a scientifically sound and accessible textbook curriculum.
Harmful and Beneficial Mammals of the Arid Interior, With Special Reference to the Carson and Humboldt Valleys, Nevada
"Large tracts of arid desert are now being reclaimed and converted into arable land, rich in agricultural possibilities. Crops, trees, live stock, poultry, and ditch banks in this reclaimed territory suffer from the depredations of certain mammals, and the farmers, many of whom are from remote localities, are not always able to discriminate between friends and foes; nor are they always acquainted with cheap and effective methods of destroying the noxious kinds. The report comprises a brief account of the commoner mammals of the region, with special reference to their economic status and the best means of destroying the noxious species, and has been prepared as a practical aid to the ranchmen of the arid interior." -- p. 2. Among the animal discussed are squirrels, chipmunks, various types of mice, muskrats, rats, gophers, rabbits, bobcats, desert foxes, coyotes, skunks, badgers, weasels, minks, otters, and bats.
Home Laundering
Report giving recommendations for easing the burden on housekeepers of washing and ironing laundry at home. Among the most important labor-saving devices for housekeepers is the establishment of a separate room in the home for laundry. The laundry room should be furnished with equipment such as tubs, wringers, washboards, boilers, and irons. Laundering methods are also discussed as well as community and commercial laundries.
Selection and Care of Clothing
"The cost of clothing has been rising rapidly; therefore more than ever we need to know how to choose and use our garments wisely. This bulletin gives practical suggestions as to how to select clothing that will be both attractive and durable and how to care for it so that it will render full service." -- p. 2
Better Grain-Sorghum Crops
"This paper presents the best-known methods of improving the grain-sorghum crops on the farms where they are grown. These methods are simple and inexpensive of time or money, and are therefore within the reach of all farmers. More attention to the bettering of the quality and yields will be repaid as fully in these crops as in other cereals." -- p. 2. Sorghum crops can be improved for drought resistance, earliness, stature, productivity, and adaptability to machine techniques.
Pearl Millet
Report discussing the recently renewed interest in pearl millet as a green fodder crop. Techniques for cultivation are discussed as well as the plant's disadvantages.
Saccharine Sorghums for Forage
Report discussing the use of saccharine sorghum for forage, including classification of different varieties of sorghum, climate and soil conditions for growing, and methods of cultivations. Sorghum may be used for soiling (or green feeding), pastures, hay, fodder, and silage among other possibilities.
Growing Hard Spring Wheat
"This bulletin discusses the topographic, soil, and climatic features of the northern Great Plains, with special reference to the production of hard spring wheat in that area. Cultural methods for growing the crop are given." -- title
Milo as a Dry-Land Grain Crop
Report explaining how farmers can successfully cultivate milo ( a variety of sorghum) in the semiarid plains of the southwestern United States.
How to Use Sorghum Grain
This bulletin discusses the uses of sorghum grain, including in animal feeds, human food, and alcohol production.
Kafir as a Grain Crop
Report discussing kafir corn and its varieties, proper cultivation, and uses for both food and feed.