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Window industry technology roadmap
Technology roadmap describing technology vision, barriers, and RD and D goals and strategies compiled by window industry stakeholders and government agencies.
Biomolecular Modification of Inorganic Crystal Growth
The fascinating shapes and hierarchical designs of biomineralized structures are an inspiration to materials scientists because of the potential they suggest for biomolecular control over materials synthesis. Conversely, the failure to prevent or limit tissue mineralization in the vascular, skeletal, and urinary systems is a common source of disease. Understanding the mechanisms by which organisms direct or limit crystallization has long been a central challenge to the biomineralization community. One prevailing view is that mineral-associated macromolecules are responsible for either inhibiting crystallization or initiating and stabilizing non-equilibrium crystal polymorphs and morphologies through interactions between anionic moieties and cations in solution or at mineralizing surfaces. In particular, biomolecules that present carboxyl groups to the growing crystal have been implicated as primary modulators of growth. Here we review the results from a combination of in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) and molecular modeling (MM) studies to investigate the effect of specific interactions between carboxylate-rich biomolecules and atomic steps on crystal surfaces during the growth of carbonates, oxalates and phosphates of calcium. Specifically, we how the growth kinetics and morphology depend on the concentration of additives that include citrate, simple amino acids, synthetic Asp-rich polypeptides, and naturally occurring Asp-rich proteins found in both functional and pathological mineral tissues. The results reveal a consistent picture of shape modification in which stereochemical matching of modifiers to specific atomic steps drives shape modification. Inhibition and other changes in growth kinetics are shown to be due to a range of mechanisms that depend on chemistry and molecular size. Some effects are well described by classic crystal growth theories, but others, such as step acceleration due to peptide charge and hydrophylicity, were previously unrealized. Finally, we show that the molecular scale observations are well correlated with macroscopic growth rate data.
On the Computation of Integral Curves in Adaptive Mesh Refinement Vector Fields
Integral curves, such as streamlines, streaklines, pathlines, and timelines, are an essential tool in the analysis of vector field structures, offering straightforward and intuitive interpretation of visualization results. While such curves have a long-standing tradition in vector field visualization, their application to Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) simulation results poses unique problems. AMR is a highly effective discretization method for a variety of physical simulation problems and has recently been applied to the study of vector fields in flow and magnetohydrodynamic applications. The cell-centered nature of AMR data and discontinuities in the vector field representation arising from AMR level boundaries complicate the application of numerical integration methods to compute integral curves. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to alleviate these problems and show its application to streamline visualization in an AMR model of the magnetic field of the solar system as well as to a simulation of two incompressible viscous vortex rings merging.
Chemicals: Optimizing Electric Motor Systems at a Corporate Campus Facility (Technical Case Study)
After conducting an in-house motor system performance evaluation, 3M managed to reduce electricity use by 41%, decrease kilowatt demand by 20%, and reduce steam and chilled water use. Order your copy now and read how the Minnesota-based company was able to do it.
Forest Products: Improving Several Fan-Driven Systems in an Oriented-Strand Board Manufacturing Facility
Read this Technical Case Study to discover how Louisiana Pacific Corporation, a Motor Challenge Showcase Demonstration project partner, was able to realize substantial energy and cost savings by optimizing its fan system.
Petroleum--Project Fact Sheet: A Motor Challenge Success Story
By upgrading its motor systems at its Richmond, California, refinery, Chevron was able to realize cost savings of more than $700,000 per year, in addition to reduced energy consumption of approximately 1 million kilowatts per month and improved equipment reliability and process control. Order this fact sheet to find out how they did it.
Steel: Reducing BOF Hood Scrubber Energy Costs at a Steel Mill (Technical Case Study)
This OIT Technical Case Study reveals how Bethlehem Steel Corporation, by installing a variable-frequency drive and making associated equipment modifications, was able to save energy, reduce operational costs, and decrease system maintenance.
Ford F-250 Fact Sheet: Bi-fuel propane pickup
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is promoting the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs. A 1999 F-250 bi-fuel propane pickup was run through a series of tests while operating on LPB and gasoline. The tests are explained briefly in this fact sheet.
Columbia-Willamette, Oregon/Washington award winning coalition (Clean Cities award winning coalition alternative fuel information series fact sheet)
In November 1994, the Portland Clean Cities Coalition became the 28th Clean City. And Number 28 took off and quickly picked up speed. By the end of 1999, the group had grown so much that it sought re-designation under a new name, the Columbia-Willamette Clean Cities Coalition, to better reflect the much larger geographical area it had come to represent. The coalition now represents two states, encompassing much of southwest Washington and most of Oregon. Several municipal agencies, along with many private companies, are participating in Vancouver, Washington; and in Portland, Eugene, and Salem, Oregon. With this geographical expansion came an increase in stakeholders, and in 1999 the coalition added a record number of 65 stakeholders, including three local transit districts, two utility districts, three cities, two counties, five alternative fuel original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), and numerous other local businesses.
Clean Cities Goes International: Clean Cities International Program Fact Sheet
A brief overview of the Clean Cities International program, including background and plans for the future.
PROPERTIES OF SILICON ON DEFECT LAYER MATERIAL.
No abstract prepared.
Electrifying Pinnacles: FEMP technical assistance detailed case study fact sheet[Pinnacles National Monument]
A hybrid photovoltaic system provides Pinnacles National Monument with electrical services in an environmentally sensitive area. This quite, unobtrusive system provides the Chapparral area with clean, reliable electricity. Installing renewable energy projects at Federal facilities provides Federal agencies an opportunity to fulfill their mandate for responsible stewardship of national resources with cost-effective environmentally benign technologies.
Making the licensing decision
This report is a primer for industry (inventors and corporations) on how to license technology.
OTA Management Retreat
Report by the OTA staff development group at the Wye retreat.
Alternative fuel news: Official publication of the clean cities network and the alternative fuels data center, Vol. 4, No. 1
This issue of Alternative Fuel News contains information on the upcoming Clean Cities Conference to be held May 7--10, 2000 in San Diego, California. Highlighted in this issue is the success of the Clean Cities Program in creating clean corridors that permit fleets that serve multiple cities to purchase AFVs with confidence, knowing that fueling convenience and supply will not be a problem. Also look for articles on electric vehicles, transit buses; state and fuel provider enforcement; the Salt Lake and Greater Long Island Clean Cities coalitions, HEVs and fuel cells are a big hit at auto shows; DOE awards alternative fuel grants to 33 National Parks; and the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) Section 506 report.
Mid-Atlantic region consumer's guide to buying a solar electric system
Consumers in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, the District of Columbia, West Virginia, and New Jersey are showing increased interest in solar electric systems for their homes and businesses. This booklet provides basic information about buying a PV system. Photovoltaic (PV) systems are reliable, pollution free, and use a renewable source of energy, the sun. A PV system can be a substantial investment and careful planning will help ensure that you make the right decisions.
Wind powering America: Clean energy for the 21st century
This Wind Powering America brochure provides the perspectives on the benefits of wind power from 10 U.S. citizens from different sectors of society, including ranching, utility commissioner, parent, Native American, farmer/county commissioner, business owner, and independent turbine operator. It also provides basic facts about wind power, contacts for information about wind power, and a brief description of the Wind Powering America Initiative, its goals and its benefits.
Natural gas buses: Separating myth from fact (Clean Cities alternative fuel information series fact sheet)
Increasing numbers of transit agencies across North America are making the choice to convert their bus fleets to compressed natural gas (CNG), and even more are seriously considering it. Natural gas buses now account for at least 20{percent} of all new bus orders. However, it becomes difficult for fleet operators to fairly evaluate the potential benefits of an alternative fuel program if they are confronted with misinformation or poor comparisons based on false assumptions. This fact sheet addresses some of the most common misconceptions that seem to work their way into anecdotal stories, media reports, and even some poorly researched white papers and feasibility studies. It is an expanded version of information that was presented on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy at the South Coast Air Basin Alternative Fuel and Electric Transit Bus Workshop in Diamond Bar, California, on March 15, 2000.
Charging Algorithm Extends the Life of Lead-acid Batteries: 2001 R and D 100 Award Recipient
Fact sheet describing NREL's work with Recombination Technologies and Optima Batteries to develop a current interrupt charging algorithm to extend the deep life cycle of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries.
Concentrating Solar Power: Energy from Mirrors
This fact sheet explains how concentrating solar power technology works and the three types of systems in development today: trough, dish, and central receiver.
ELECTRONIC AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF PD IN BIMETALLIC SYSTEMS: HOW MUCH DO WE KNOW ABOUT HETERONUCLEAR METAL-METAL BONDING?
The experimental and theoretical studies described above illustrate the complex nature of the heteronuclear metal-metal bond. In many cases, bimetallic bonding induces a significant redistribution of charge around the bonded metals. This redistribution of charge is usually linked to the strength of the bimetallic bond, affects the position of the core and valence levels of the metals, and can determine the chemical reactivity of the system under study. New concepts are emerging [22,23,34,36] and eventually the coupling of experiment and theory can be useful for designing more efficient bimetallic catalysts [98,106,107].
Clean Cities Coalition Awards (Clean cities alternative fuel information series fact sheet)
This fact sheet summarizes the accomplishments of the programs of the Clean Cities that won awards for 1999.
Base Visit Trip Report - Dyess Air Force Base
Base Visit Trip Report to Dyess Air Force Base on 27 June 2005
Base Visit Trip Report - Eglin Air Force Base Florida
Base Visit Trip Report to Eglin Air Force Base by the BRAC Commission Analysts
Base Visit Trip Report - Fort Sam Houston
Base Visit Report of the BRAC Commission Visit to Fort Sam Houston, Texas dated 11 July 2005
Base Visit Trip Report - Umatilla Chemical Depot
Report of Visit to Umatilla Chemical Depot in Oregon by Commissioners Coyle and Bilbray
2005 Base Closure and Realignment Report Volume XI Supply and Storage Joint Cross Service Group
Volume XI Supply and Storage Joint Cross Service Group. The S&S JCSG was chartered to conduct a comprehensive review of DoD’s common business oriented Supply and Storage logistics functions.
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
F100 Engine Centralized Intermediate Repair Facilities: One Pager USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellington Air Guard Station, TX: COBRA Run USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellington Air Guard Station, TX: Economic Impact (EIT Run)USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellington Air Guard Station, TX: Community Infrastructure Assessment USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellsworth Air Force Base, SD, and Dyess Air Force Base, TX: Environmental Impacts Reports (Criterion 8) USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
F100 Engine Centralized Intermediate Repair Facilities: Mil Value and Capacity Supporting Information USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellsworth Air Force Base, SD, and Dyess Air Force Base, TX: COBRA Run USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellington Air Guard Station, TX: Environmental Impact USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellsworth Air Force Base, SD, and Dyess Air Force Base, TX: One Pager USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellsworth Air Force Base, SD, and Dyess Air Force Base, TX: Mil Value and Capacity Supporting Information USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellsworth Air Force Base, SD, and Dyess Air Force Base, TX: Economic Impact (EIT Run) USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellsworth Air Force Base, SD, and Dyess Air Force Base, TX: Community Infrastructure Assessment USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellington Air Guard Station, TX: Mil Value and Capacity Supporting Information USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
2005 Report to the Base Closure and Realignment Commission: Air Force Justification Book
Ellington Air Guard Station, TX: One Pager USAF(Disregard Restriction Header and Footer)
Air Force Economic Impact report for Pope AFB
DISREGARD HEADER AND FOOTER RESTRICTION – Economic Impact report graphs for Pope Air Force Base of proposed BRAC 05 Action.
BRAC 2005 DoD Report: Army Justification Book (Ft Bliss, TX)
Demographics USA-0221v4 Trans Op Army-Criterion 7.pdf (Disregard Restriction Headers and Footers)
BRAC 2005 DoD Report, Army Justification Book (Ft. Bliss, TX)
INSTALLATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE FORT BLISS (Disregard Restriction Headers and Footers)
BRAC 2005 DoD Report: Army Justification Book (Ft Bliss, TX/Ft Sill, OK)
USA-0221v4 Trans Operational Army SCEI Bliss and Sill.pdf Summary of Cumulative Environmental Impacts (SCEI)
BRAC 2005 DoD Report, Army Justification Book (Ft Campbell, KY)
INSTALLATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE FORT CAMPBELL, KY (Disregard Restriction Headers and Footers)
BRAC 2005 DoD Report, Army Justification Book (Ft Hood, TX)
INSTALLATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE FORT HOOD TX (Disregard Restriction Headers and Footers)
BRAC 2005 DoD Report, Army Justification Book (Ft Knox, KY)
Economic Impact Report This report depicts the economic impact of the following Scenarios: USA-0243: Maneuver Training (Realign Fort Knox)(Disregard Restriction Headers and Footers)
BRAC 2005 DoD Report, Army Justification Book (Ft Knox, KY)
Demographics (Disregard Restriction Headers and Footers)
BRAC 2005 DoD Report, Army Justification Book (Ft Knox, KY)
Army Capacity Data for CRs.pdf (Disregard Restriction Headers and Footers)