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Feasibility Study of a Neutron Flux Bolometer

Description: Abstract: "A small low impedance flux monitoring device has been built which utilizes the heating (and consequent chance in resistance) of a boron coated platinum wire. Feasibility tests in the Argonne-GP-3 reactor indicate that it may develop into a wide range instrument, particularly useful at high flux levels. Design and constructional details of the bolometer and its associated circuits are given. The circuitry is somewhat unique since it is in effect an all electronic self-balancing bridge. Future lines of research are suggested to solve some of the remaining problems."
Date: September 5, 1951
Creator: Leonard, Robert R.

F Process: Final Report

Description: This report follows an investigation on Great Lakes Carbon with the objectives to demonstrate their ability to make and F process purify reactor carbon on a commercial scale; and construct an F process pilot plant and use it in a survey of U.S. petroleum cokes to discover additional supplies of raw coke suitable for making reactor grade carbon.
Date: March 15, 1951
Creator: Leppla, Paul Warren & Markel, R. F.

GCRE Critical-Assembly Studies

Description: This report follows critical-assembly studies made to provide engineering and physics data to aid in developing the Gas Cooled Reactor Experiments.
Date: September 10, 1958
Creator: Dingee, David A.; Ballowe, William C.; Klingensmith, Raymond W.; Egen, R. A.; Jankowski, Francis J. & Chastain, Joel W.

Heat Transfer Characteristics of Graphite Plates with Hydrogen Coolant

Description: "This note presents the results of a parametric study of heat-generating graphite plates with hydrogen coolant flowing through constant area passages. The heat generation within the graphite was assumed to have a distribution that allowed the centerline temperature of the plates to remain constant at 5000 F. The parametric variables were the mass flow rate per unit area, plate thickness, plate length, and passage hydraulic diameter. The machine calculations were coded by Ivan Cherry, T-1."
Date: October 19, 1955
Creator: Bussard, R. W. & Durham, F. P.

Kinematics of the Relativistic Two-Body Problem

Description: Abstract: "The kinematics of elastic scattering, inelastic scattering, and the two body reaction problem is developed in the relativistic limit and exact expressions obtained for the energies, angles, and solid-angle transformations involved. The results are specialized for zero rest mass of one or more of the particles involved. An outline for the coding of the problem on the I.B.M. Electronic Data Processing Machine, Type 701 is presented."
Date: August 1955
Creator: Blumberg, Leroy & Schlesinger, Stewart I.

The Metal-Dielectric Junction of High-Voltage Insulators in Vacuum and Magnetic Field

Description: From introduction: "This study is concerned with the shape of the electrodes of high-voltage insulator and with the method of joining them to the dielectric. The study is limited to insulators operating in vacuum, with special interest in the cases where strong magnetic fields are present. It is further limited to insulators with the high-voltage electrodes maintained at negative potential. The object of the study was to obtain information that would aid in improving the design of the insulators in two respects. First, to decrease to a minimum the number of charged particles set free which may directly or indirectly cause early failure of the insulator. Second, to increase the voltages at which partial or complete flashovers occur. Therefore, experiments were made to determine the principal phenomenon which have as their primary source the insulator under high electrical stress in vacuum."
Date: August 8, 1945
Creator: Kjofoid, M. J.; Alger, Raymond S. & Graves, D.

Operating Manual for the MTR, Section Two -- Exclusion Area, Materials Testing Reactor

Description: From summary: "This manual is designed for the purpose of clarifying operating procedures of the Materials Testing Reactor and its associated equipment. In assembling this manual a description of each item of equipment and its function is presented. In addition, the generally accepted method of operating the equipment and the best corrective measures concerning all emergencies that might be encountered are set forth herein. Descriptive drawings and written instructions pertaining to the equipment have been included to further clarify the manual."
Date: 1955
Creator: Phillips Petroleum Company. Atomic Energy Division.

Alpha Particle Detection and the A. C. Operated Detector "A" (Howler)

Description: Abstract: This discussion concerns the operation, construction, and servicing of an alpha rate meter of medium sensitivity (30,000 alpha particles full scale per minute) and good stability. The instrument is equipped with an oscillator which increases both in frequency and loudness as the alpha activity is increased. The oscillator circuit includes an anticipator which causes a change in frequency depending directly upon the rate of change of alpha activity. Maximum sensitivity is approximately 100 millivolts full scale. Grid current varies from 1 to 5 x 10^-14 amperes. A general discussion of time constants and accuracy is included. Tables of stopping power, ionization and alpha activity are appended.
Date: January 29, 1946
Creator: Neil, Hugh G.

Application of Plastic Bags and Sheeting for Operation and Maintenance Across a Contamination Barrier

Description: The following document describes the usage of Vinylite or plastic sheeting for operation and maintenance across a contamination barrier, presenting ecological advantages, photos of special equipment and techniques used during procedure, and the purpose of eliminating open air transfer in contaminated area.
Date: 1952
Creator: Moulthrop, H. A.

The Effect of Fabrication Variables on the Structure and Properties of UO₂-Stainless Steel Dispersion Fuel Plates

Description: From introduction: "This report deals with a part of the research and development studies which preceded the manufacture of fuel elements for the Gas Cooled Reactor Experiment (GCRE)." The studies evaluate the effects of varying the type and size of UO2 particles, stainless steel matrix powders, blending procedures, compacting pressures, sintering times, temperatures and atmospheres, roll-cladding temperatures and reduction rates, total cold reduction, and heat-treating times and temperatures has been made for UO2 stainless steel dispersion fuel elements."
Date: February 18, 1959
Creator: Paprocki, Stan J.; Keller, Donald L. & Cunningham, G. W.

Graphitization Processes in Cokes and Carbon Blacks

Description: Abstract: "The effect of heat treatment of 2000 to 4650 F on the structure of carbons from several sources have been investigated, using X-ray diffraction. Of particular interest was the effect of temperature on the degree of graphitization. The process of graphitization results in a larger graphite crystallite size in the ao direction, the plane of the layers, than in the co direction. No correlation was found between the structure of the coke heated at 2000 F and the degree of graphitization attained at 4650 F. Materials coked in a closed retort yielded a more perfect graphite structure than the same material coked with access to air. Carbon blacks yield graphite with a greater co lattice constant than cokes with comparable crystallite sizes."
Date: June 19, 1953
Creator: Austin, A. E. & Hedden, W. A.

Neutron Production in the Pinch Due to Instability Breakup

Description: Abstract: "The neutrons from the linear pinch in Berkeley have been shown to originate from deuteron collisions with a large net center-of-mass velocity in one direction along the axis of the pinch tube. The interpretation of this result is that the neutron production associated with the pinch is non-thermonuclear in origin. The object of this paper is to review the experimental evidence and discuss a possible source of the neutron production."
Date: May 12, 1956
Creator: Colgate, Stirling A.

The formation of chemical film deposits on aluminum surfaces

Description: From abstract: "The purpose of this investigation was to establish basic rates of formation of chemical films deposited on aluminum surfaces from water flowing over such surfaces. It was desired to obtain specific information, within certain ranges, as to the influence of temperature, water velocity, and type of aluminum on the rate of film formation."
Date: February 1952
Creator: Andrews, R. V.

Transformations in uranium-base alloys : summary report, December 14, 1955 - March 31, 1957

Description: From abstract: "Transformation kinetics of binary U -Nb and ternary U-Nb-base alloys were investigated. Additions included zirconium, chromium, titanium, silicon, nickel, nnthenium, and vanadium. Encapsulated samples were given a homogenizstion anneal at 1000 or 1100/sup o/C, water-quenched from 906/sup o/C to retain the phase, and reheated to temperatures between 360 and 600/sup o/C. The metastability of the phase was examined by metallographic, hardness, resistometric, dilatometric and x-ray-diffraction techniques. The U -Nb system is characterized by a monotectoid decomposition of the high temperature allotrope at about 645/sup o/C to form alpha and ₂, a niobium-rich cubic structure. Decomposition in U-Nb and in most U-Nb-X alloys occurred by a continuous precipithtion of alpha from the body-centered cubic phase with a resultant enrichment in niobium of until the equilibrium ₂ composition was reached. In the U-Nb-Ti and U-Nb-V systems, alpha and /sub 2/ were coprecipitated. Annealing at 550 and 600/sup o/C produced decomposition products which, in most materials, originated at the grain boundaries; a fine precipitate which initiated throughout the matrix was observed at lower annealing temperatures. Increasing the niobium content resulted in greatly increased stability. The following elements added to a U-Nb base were found to retard transformation of the phase: zirconium, chromium, ruthenium, and vanadium. Additions of titanium, silicon, and nickel produced alloys which were less stable than the U-Nb base to which they were added. Cold-working a U-7 wt. % Nb-2 wt. % Zr composition caused a more rapid transformation upon annealing at 360 and 450/ sup o/C, and the resulting microstructures were different. Continuous cooling transformation studies were conducted on U-10 wt. % Nb materials, solution annealed at 700 and 950°C, and cooled at various linear rates to temperatures between 300 and 600/sup o/C. Cooling rates between 8.5 and 14.5/sup o/C per minute were required to prevent transformation of ...
Date: 1957
Creator: Parry, Sidney J. S.; Holtz, F. C. & Van Thyne, R. J.