UNT Libraries Government Documents Department - 39 Matching Results

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Craters From Four Equal Charges in a Horizontal Square Array

Description: Craters were observed resulting from square arrays of 64-pound charges at various spacings and depths. The closest spacings yielded craters very like those from single 256-pound charges, while wider spacings yielded craters more or less square in shape and with a mound or pier at the center. Generally, the areas so uncovered were greater than for single 256-pound charges, except for very deep charges. Volumes, too, were enhanced by this configuration by as much as a factor of three. If the same factor is maintained for nuclear charges, the cost per unit volume of a crater from such an array will be within 20 percent of that for a single charge.
Date: March 1965
Creator: Vortman, Luke J.

A Small-scale Investigation of the Possibility of Constructing Low-Relief Earth-Fill Dams Using Nuclear Explosives

Description: The experiment described herein has shown that the concept of low dams produced by ballistic collision of ejecta from simultaneous detonation of properly spaced parallel rows of charges is a feasible one. Rows of 8-pound charges were buried 3 feet deep with 4-foot spacing between charges. When two such rows of charges were placed parallel and 17.5 feet apart, the maximum height of the "dam" was achieved. The spacing of 17.5 feet between rows corresponds to 4.7 times the crater radius of one 8-pound charge at the burial depth which maximizes the single-charge crater. The extrapolation of these results to larger explosions is discussed. The height decreases and the width increases as the spacing between rows is further increased. The mass of material in the "dam" cannot exceed that in the crater of one of the rows. At the spacing between rows which maximizes height, the volume of the "dam'' is about 50 percent of maximum volume theoretically achievable. At wider spacings, the volume increases to 75 percent.
Date: February 1965
Creator: Vortman, Luke J.

Re-entry Flight Demonstration No. 1 (RFD-1): Optical Data and Fuel-Element Experiment

Description: This report on the RFD-1 optical data and external fuel-element experiment includes a description of the instruments and test components used, a presentation of the data obtained, an explanation of the methods of data reduction employed, and a statement of the conclusions derived. It covers the theory, design, qualification tests, flight-test data, and results of the external fuel-element experiment. Also presented is a theoretical analysis of observed versus predicted ablation times and altitudes for the external fuel elements. In addition, this report presents recommendations for improvements to data acquisition and reduction methods in future, similar flight tests.
Date: October 1964
Creator: White, I. B.

High-Explosive Ditching from Linear Charges

Description: Abstract: "Weights of linear high-explosive charges fired on the Yucca Lake playa of the Nevada Test Site varied from 0.23 to 42.7 pounds per foot. Crater and ditch dimensions and volumes resulting from these shots, fired during the fall of 1959 and spring of 1960, are presented here as a function of charge burst depths. Scaling relationships determined are as expected; i.e., square-root scaling of linear-charge weight per foot for ditch width and depth and a direct linear-charge weight relationship to ditch volume are obtained. Permanent ground surface displacement varies as the -3.22 power of the scaled distance from the charge. Detonation effects, charge shape effects, ditch erosion, and ditch cross sections are discussed. The appendixes present Toboggan data, results of soil investigation, and mathematical treatment given the data."
Date: July 1961
Creator: Carlson, R. H.

Salton Sea Meteorological Instrumentation Test Series, Salton Sea, California, Conducted in September 1959

Description: Abstract: "This report discusses tests conducted to determine the accuracy of meteorological equipment which is used to gather upper air data. Equipment tested was the GMD-2, SMD-1A, GMD-1B, and the WBRT-57. A four-station phototheodolite network was used as a standard for point-in-space determinations."
Date: January 1961
Creator: Jones, L. E.; Levesque, R. L., Jr.; Niper, E. D. & Willis, John T.

High Explosive Crater Studies: Tuff

Description: Abstract: "Spherical charges of TNT, each weighing 256 pounds, were exploded at various depths in tuff to determine apparent crater dimensions in a soft rock. No craters were obtained for depths of burst equal to or greater than 13.3 feet. It was deduced that rock fragments were sufficiently large that charges of greater magnitude should be employed for crater experiments intended as models of nuclear explosions."
Date: April 1961
Creator: Murphey, Byron F.

High Explosive Crater Studies: Desert Alluvium

Description: From abstract: Crater dimensions have been determined for 23 explosions of 256-pound spherical TNT charges buried in desert alluvium. As opposed to previous work covering depths of burst as great as 6 feet, the work presented in this report extends knowledge of apparent crater radius and depth to depths of burst as great as 30 feet.
Date: May 1961
Creator: Murphey, Byron F.

Stress Pulse-Trains from Multiple Reflection at a Zone of Many Discontinuities: a Notation for Machine Solution

Description: Abstract: "Presented in this report is a numerical method by which may be calculated the amplitudes of the trains of pulses that result when a single simple stress pulse encounters a zone of many abrupt discontinuities in a slender rod. The notational scheme employed enables the system of multitudes of individual progagating waves to be studied in terms of analogous number sets which may be mechanically generated. The notational concept and related operational rules, described in this report, have been used to program the problem for solution with the IBM 704 computer. The program is briefly discussed. Illustrative examples were computed for rods of two to ten discontinuities. These were compared with a pulse reflected in a rod of an unlimited number of steps."
Date: August 1962
Creator: Reed, R. P.

Irreducible Representations of Line Groups: the Dynamics of Polymer Chains

Description: Abstract: "The symmetries of infinite polymer chain molecules are discussed using the concept of line groups. Explicit directions are given for obtaining the irreducible representations of line groups employing the formalism developed for three-dimensional space groups. Line groups containing primitive and nonprimitive operations are discussed. Detailed considerations of the line group Vh are given with specific applications to the polyethylene molecule. Directions for generating symmetry-adapted vibrational coordinates for chain molecules are outlined."
Date: December 1961
Creator: Lawson, Katheryn Emanuel & Crosby, G. A.

A Scale-Model Experiment of the Crater Produced Through Terrain of Randomly Varying Elevation by Row Charges

Description: Abstract: "A scale-model experiment was made to check the application of charge spacing rules developed from earlier studies to terrain of randomly varying elevation. Since a prominent possible peacetime use of nuclear explosives is the excavation of a trans-Isthmian canal, the model used was a portion of such a route. The experiment resulted in nearly the desired linear crater dimensions; the spacing rules developed for level trerain give a satisfactory channel when applied to terrain with elevations varying in random fashion."
Date: November 1962
Creator: Vortman, Luke J.